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53^ H 0,33 &^,S/r/n6'. 

!^arl>arD College l^ilirars 



Descendants of Henry Bri^lit, jr., who died at Water- 
town,Mass., in i6S6,are entitled to hold scholarships in 
Harvard College, established in iSSo under the will of 

of Waltham, Mass., with one half the income of this 
Legacy. Such descendants failing, otlier persons are 
eligible to the scholarships. The will requires that 
this announcement shall be made in every book added 
to the Library under its provisions. 

Received ^.dTJ/i^^^^ /f^(f^f^ 


?//J:^ o 

Northamptonshire Notes & Queries. 

Index— Vol. II. 




IVotes & ^uerieSy 



The Antiquities^ Family History, Traditions, Parochial Records^ 
Folk-lore, Quaint Customs, &c,, of the County. 


JhE ^ZM. ^. 5. ^WEETINQ, ^.^. 
Vicar of Metcay, Mmrkit Doping. 


Itorl^ampton : 
(1 Thb Drtdbh Press, TAYLOR & SON, 9 College Street. 



Tatlob & Son, 


^JJ^ bare now concluded the second Tolume of "N. N. & Q.," the fint 
'^ part of which appeared in Jannaiy, 1884. Since that time we hare 
endeaTonred to realise our ideal, how far we hare attained to it is not for 
ns to say. The future success of oar efforts will depend largely upon the 
assistance we receive from contributors and subscribers, to whom, for their 
past faTonra and patronage, our thanks are sincerely due. 

Espedal mention should be made of the efficient and indefatigable services 
of the Rev. W. D. Sweeting, as editor ; of the kindness of Mr. H. S. Gill 
(Tiverton), Mr. R. Wroth (Britbh Museum), Mr. C. Dack (Peterborough), 
and Mr. Justin Simpson (Stamford), for tokens; and our best thanks are due 
to Sir Henry Dryden, Mr. J. A. Gotch, and Mr. M. H. Holding, for 
sketches, and to Mr. £. Faulkner, for the pedigree of the Tresham family. 

Having now established our position, we believe that we may confidently 
appeal to our readers to make a special effort to assist during the progress of 
future volumes. 


January^ 1888. 

liisf off ConfmbufoFS. 

Mr. W. R. D. Adkinj 

W. A. 

Rev. R. S. Baker, B.A- 


Mr. F. A. Blaydes 

Rev. W. E. Buckley, M.A. 

Mr. 0. Burieigh 

Mra. GoBTon 

Mrs. Crawley 

Mr. C. E. Crick 


Mr. C. Back 



M. M, D. 

Rev. V. EdliB, B.A. 

Mr. J. J. English 

** Enquirer " 

Mr. E. Falkener 

Mr. 0. W. Foster 

Mrs. Fry 

W. F. 

W. G. D. F. 

C. G. 

Mr. J. A. Gotob 

T. J. G. 

Rev. E. R. Hampden, M.A. 

Mr. J. T. Irvine 

Mr. L. D*A. Jackson 

Mist E. K. Jenkins 


Rev. H. I. Longden, M.A. 


R. E. L. 

Mr. C. A. Markfaam 

Mr. N. H. Mason 

Mr. E. Moore 

Mr. J. T. PAgB 

Mr. A. Palmer 

Rev. C. J. Percival, M.A. 

Mr. W. D. Pink 

" Querist " 

Mr. A. J. Rod way 

Mr. Aaron Sargent 

Mr. John S. Sargent 

Mr. W. M. Sargent 

Mr. R. G. Scriven 


Mr. G. L. Sbepard 

Mr. J. S. Shepard 

Mr. J. Simpson 

Rev. W. D. Sweeting, M.A. 

H. R. S. 

J. S. 

S. J. W. S. 

Mr. John Taylor 

Mr. F. A. Tole 

D. N. T. 

F. T. 

G. L. W. 

Ui&i off fliHicles- 


212 The Wake Family 

213 EngraviDg of the Battle of 


214 Wiiliam Tpdale : of North- 

amptonshire Descent P 

215 Churchwardens' Accounts at 


216 P>tchley Manor-House 

217 Ancient Village Sports 

218 Parish Registers of Isham 

219 The Preston FamUy of Heyford 

220 CivU War, 1642 

221 The Sheppard Family of Tow- 


222 Witches and Witchcraft in 


223 Local Dialect 

224 Confession of Murder at Glinton 

225 Churchwardens' Accounts at 


226 Old Scarlett 

227 Robert de Holcot 

228 WUmer Family of Sywell 

229 Meaning of the Abbreviation 

230 Registers of Maidwell 

231 MonumentsinPassenham Church 

232 Book-worm 

233 Saunderson Family of Little 


234 AnceNtors of Benjamin Franklin 

235 Parish Registers of Nassington 

236 Civil War, 1643 ; The Taking of 

Grafton House 

237 Mears Ashby House 

238 The Trevham Pedigree 

239 Robert de Holcot 

240 Registers of Maidwell 

241 Date on a Mantelpiece at Helm- 


242 The Pancake Bell 


Old Libraries : a Suggestion 
The George Inn, Northampton 
Tradesmen's Tokens : 
Michael Wodhull 
Sargent Family of Northampton 
Moravians in Northampton 
Riots in 1641 and 1642 
Northamptonshire Characters 

and Caricatures 
A Victimised Townsman of the 

Eighteenth Century 
Bible Meetings at Kettering 
Liooulation in 1790 
Stone Coffins at Cottesbrooke 
The Northampton Bills of Mor- 
May Song at Nassinffton 
Wight of Blakesley HaU 
Local Dialect 

Orme Family : Incendiary Letter 
Northamptonshire Bnefs 
Plan of Battle of Naseby 
Rockingham Account Book, 16t55 
Tradesmen's Tokens : 

Thingden or 










Preston (Great) 




Stamford Baron 


Sutton (Kings) 

264 Mantle-piece at Helmdon 

265 Th' Man an' th' Boggard 

266 William Carey 

267 The Isham Family 


Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 


268 Bow-bell at Blakesley 

269 Saxon Bell found at Peterboro' 

270 Ancient Village Sports 

271 The Duke of Tuscany in North- 

amptonahire, 1669 

272 Carey Family 

273 Whittlebury Forest Shares 

274 May Song at Nassingfton 

275 The Customs of Daventry 

276 Washingtons at East Haddon 

277 Wiffht of Blakesley HaU 

278 Gkitleries in Wellingborough 


279 A Contemporary Portrait of 

Mary Queen of Soots 

280 Hinde Family of Pipewell Abbey 

281 Garfield a Northamptonshire 


282 Dedication of Churches 

283 Town House of Bishops of 


284 An Incident of Naseby Fight 

285 "Headless Cross" near North- 


286 Memories of Franklin 

287 Chepter Family of East Haddon 

288 A Victimised Townsman of the 

Eighteenth Century 

289 The Treshams of Newton and 


290 Monumental Inscriptions in 

Peterborough Cathedral. V. 

291 John Baker 

292 Hunting Scenes at Fosters 


293 John Lettioe, D.D. 

294 Tour in Northamptonshire, 1635 

295 Races in Northamptonshire 

296 The State of the Poor in North- 

amptonshire in 1795 

297 Who was "R. W.," who was 

Eye- Witness of the Execution 
of Mary Queen of Scots P 

298 The Treshams of Newton and 


299 Mary Queen of Scots' Betrothal 


300 Early Crosses 

301 Washington Relics 

302 The Gradual Decay of Eirby 

803 Chained Books in Libraries 
304 The Garfields of Northampton- 
805 Bunyan's Porridge-Bowl 

306 Dedication of Churches 

307 Gorham Family of Flore and 



308 Memories of Franklin 

309 ** Headless Cross " near North- 


310 Mazers 

311 The Eyes of Mary Queea of 

812 Ancient Village Sports 

313 Burt and Chester Families 

314 Hampden Family 

315 Celebrated Northamptonshiro 

Booksellers. II. — John Simoo 

316 May Song at Nassington 

317 Northamptonshire Paulines 

318 Sir Walter MUdmay 

319 Round Dryden*s Birthplace 

320 A Contemporanr Portrait of 

Mary Queen of Scots 

321 Members for Northamptonshire 

322 Members for Northamptonshire 

in Long Parliament 

323 Election Squib 

324 Curiosities of Northamptonshire 


325 Early Crosses 

326 Hinde Family 

327 The " Cotes *^ near Towoester 

328 Guild and Guile Families 

329 Rothwdll Market-HouRO 

330 Sargent Family of Northampton 

331 The Rev. Canon Collins, M.A. 

332 Brabazon FamUy of Sibbertoft 

and Hothorp 

333 A. Northamptonshire Record 


334 Brooch of Mair Queen of Soots 

335 Tlie Gradual Decay of Kirby 


336 Crick Family of Hothorp 

337 Tradesmen's Tokens of North- 

Ashley Finedon 

A}mhoe Geddington 

Barnwell St. Grendon 

Andrews Haddon, West 

Bowden Harrlng^orth 

Bozeat Hartwell 

Brackley Higham Ferrers 

Brigstock Kettering 

Brington Kilsby 

Bulwick Eing^s Cliffs 

Corby Lamport 

Daventry Lowiok 

Deene Lutton 

Duddington Moulton 

338 Knights of the Royal Oak 

339 liisoellanea Genealogica et 


340 Local Dialeot 

List of Articles. 












Chained Books in Chniohes 

Northampton Castle 

Gorham Familj of Churohfield 

Sir Walter Mildmay 

Northamptonshire Briefs 

EngraTii^ in Qnnton*s Peter- 

Beoollections of the old Gram- 
mar School, Northampton 

Civil War, 1642 

Early Crosses 

Vaux Family of Harrowden 

Wellinghorongh and the Earl of 

Crosses cat in the Tarf 

Earl of Winohilsea 

Monumental Inscriptions from 
other Counties 

Natives of Northamptonshire 

Verses on an Arrest at North- 
ampton, 1658 

The Haycock at Wansford 

Lord Mayors of London who 
were Natives of Northampton- 
shire. I. Sir Kohert Clayton 

«*R. W." who sent to Lord 
Barghley the well - known 
Account of the Execution of 
Mary Queen of Scots 

Bowling Green in Sulehay 











The Cross in the Churchyard of 
St. Sepulchre's, Northampton 

Master John Ball, Minister 

Mr. Pickwick at Towoester 

Sbeppard Family of Towoester 

Mammberd, or Massingberd 

Parish dertiflcates at Glapthome 

Monumental Inscriptions from 
other Counties 

The Drummer's Mound 

Northampton Pronounced Tran- 

Diary of John Cole 

Volunteer Officers in Northamp- 
tonshire, 1804 

Gorham Family 

West Haddon : an Old Inn 

Kuotsford Monument at Malvern 

Wakerley Church 

Jack of all Trades at Astrop, 

Mason Family 

Drunken Bamaby in Northamp- 

Plague at Towoester, 1608 

Parish Registers of Deene 

Tercentenary of Mary Queen of 

Clarke, Fry, and Howett : 

Curiosities of Northamptonshire 

tiisf of 6ngiromngs. 

Brass of Wake Family in Blisworth Ghoroh Frontispiece 

Arms of Wake Family Page 1 

The Pytchley Manor House 9 

Gateway to Pytchley Manor House 10 

Witches of Northamptonshire 17 

Reduced Facsimile of title-page to " In puerbia Salomois," by Robert de Holcot 26 

Book-Worm 33 

Pedigree of the Family of Tresham 40 

Mantle-Piece at Helmdon 49 

Arms of Michael Wodhull 60 

Yearly Bill of Mortality. All Saints, Northampton, 1736-7 .... 77 
" Plane of Battell " of Naseby, as sketched by Oliver Cromwell . . .87 

John Baker 125 

Parget Work on ** The George Inn," Fosters Booth 126 

Pedigree of the Treshams of Wold 142 

Mary Queen of Scots* Betrothal Ring 143 

Northampton Cross and the Statues of Queen Eleanor 157 

The Parsonage, Aid winkle All Saints— Dryden's Birthplace . . . 173 

Aldwinkle All Saints, The Chambers Chauntry from the S.E. . . .177 

Thorpe Waterville 178 

Finial on Cottage at Tichmarsh. — Riogers Candlestick, Tichmarsh Church . ibid 

House at Oundle, £. side of Churchyard 180 

Ceiling in the White Horse at Lowick 181 

Farjrimile Title-page to " Robin Hood*s Garland " 185 

Plan of the " Cotes " near Towcester 190 

Kirby Hall, Northamptonshire 197 

Remains of early Norman Building at Northampton Castle . . . .213 

Arms of Earl of Winchilsea 225 

Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots. (From an old Print.) .... 238 
Remains of a Crucifix in the Churchyard of S. Sepulchre's, Northampton 239 

Helmet and Escutcheon over Queen Mary's Grave at Peterborough . . 262 
Facsimile Titlepage to " Delights for Young Men and Maids " . 265 

An Hieroglyphical Love-Letter 268 

Index I. 

Namks of Persons 

Abbot, 280 
Abboit, 40-1 
Abingdon, 249 
Adams, 209, 246-7 
Adelhidis, 1 
Adkina, 80, 162 
AlbermArle, ead, 260 
AlcoTe, 54 
Aldewynde, 176-7 
Aleyn, 102-3 
AUekaander, 22 
Allen, 203, 247 
Almej, 205 
Althoip, lord, 8, 68-9, 

Anuand, 210 
Amr, dame, 135 
Andz«w, 49, 59 
Andrews, 57-9, 246-7 
Anker, 104 
Anglesey, earl, 225 
Arden, 246 
Armfield, 80 
Armstrong, 246 
Arnold, 204 
Arragon, prinoe, 188 
Amndel, 209 
Anmdell, 167 
Ash, 242 
Ashley, lord, 88 
Asseby, 103 
Astin, 77 
Atkins, 122, 141 
Atkinson, 38 
Atton, Attow, 202 
Andley, 91 
Austin, 92 

Ayers, 17 

Aylesbory, eari, 260 
Baoon, 120, 201 
Bade, 48 
Bagerley, 95 
Bagley, 104 
Bagot, 227 
Bainbiigge, 138 
Baker, 11, 52, 79, 104, 

125, 129, 148, 169. 210 
Balaam, 79 
Ball, 23, 241 
Banastre, 32 
Banbory, earl, oonntess, 

Barbanzon, 195 
Barber, 18 
Barday, 74 
Barker, 51 
Barlow, 191 
Baron, 6 
Banett, 80 
Banr, 80 
Bartholomew, 203 
Bartlet, 111 
Barton, 209, 217, 260 
Barwell, 80, 201 
Basfoote, 203 
Basford. 17 
Basset, Bassett, 204 
Bathurst, 64 
Beaoher, 120 
Beale, 141 
Bearly, 205 
Beaaohamp, 40-1 
Beauolero, 247 
Bebee, 93 
Becke, 155 
Becket, 18 
Beokford, 130 

Bedell, 46 

Bedford, diiob«B, 18 
Beeeley, 68 
Bell, 95 

BellasiB, Tiao., 259 
Bellew, lord, 260 
Bellingham, 71 
Bendon, 38 
Berkeley, 60, 247 

, earl, 259 

Bernard, 121, 210 

Berridge, 78 

Bertie, 138 

Biggs, 259 

Bigland, 209 

Bm, 18 

Billing, 92 

Billinffe, 40-1 


Biron, 16 

Bishop, 108 

Bishopp, 248 

Black, 260 

Blair, 97 

Bhikesley, 201 

Blaydes, 162, 256 

Blencowe, 247 

Bloson, 38 

Blonnt, 223-4 

Bladwiok, 57, 59 

Blunt, 8 

Boddington, Bodyngtoou 

Bond, 8 

Bonney, 247, 263 
Booth, 184, 247 
Boseman, 97 
Bourne, 120 

Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

BouYerie, 247 
Bowles, 69 
Botnnan. 97 
Boyse, 154 
BrabsBon, Brabazon, &o. 

Bradshsw, 13, 20 
Brag^re, 248 
Braifield, 56 
Brathwait, 258 
Bray, 141, 209, 236-7 
Breton, 79, 219, 247 
Brey, 123 
Brian, 120 
BriggB, 80 
Briscoe, 223-4 
Britten, 7 
Britton, 70 
Brobson, 194 
Brockas, 40-1 
Brodrick, 130 
Bronson, 202 
Brook, lord, 14 
Brookbanck, 40 
Brooke, 111,256 

, lord, 16, 224 

Brookes, 258 
Brown, 80, 180 
Browne, 18, 31, 128, 

165, -^06-7 
Browning, 92, 207 
Bruce, 148 
Brudenel, Bnidnel, &o., 

228, 256-60 
Bryan, 120-1, 132, 142 
Brydell, 40-1 
Buchanan, 129 
Buck, 259 
Buokby, 201 
Buckingham, duke, 15 
Bunyan, 156 
Burghley, lord, 141, 173, 

Burghursh, 26 
Burgis, 206 
Burgoyne, 121 
Burnham, 247 
Burt, 119, 162 
Burton, 38, 57, 64 
Burwash, 26 
Busby, 259 
Busnell, 246 
Bnssey, 256 
Buston, 195 
Buswell, 201 
Butcher, 247 
Butier, 12, 67, 111-2 
Byxoh, 180 

Cadle, 203 

Campion, 78, 249, 250 
Cardigan, earl, 40-1, 

138, 257-60 

, countess, 258-60 

Carey, 101, 108, 
Carey-Elwes, 209 
Carier, Caryer, 57, 58 
Carley, 70 
Cariyle, 34, 35 
Carnworth, earl, 6 
Carr. 79 

Carter, 38, 58, 94, 247 
Cartwright, 68, 111,247 
Carysfort, ear), 247 
Castell, 80 
Catesby, 4, 40-1, 46 
Catherine of Arragon, 

107, 134 
Cauthome, Cawtbome, 

Cave, 40-1, 195, 209 
Cawood, 265 
Cecil, 113, 145 
Chamberlin, 24, 79 
Chambers, 80, 116, 177 
Chambre, Chaumbre, 

Chandler, 95 
Chapman, 40-1, 44, 123, 

141, 143, 162 
Charles i., 5, 15 
Charles n., 226, 235 
Charlotte, Q., 147 
Chece, 102-3 
Cheny, 137 
Cherry, 8 
Chester, 118, 162 
Chetle, Chettle, 205 
Chevillier, 48 
Chichester, 15 

, bishop, 129 

Christie, 66, 111, 147, 

Church, 205 
Churche, 38 
Churton, 50 
Claiton, Cleaton, 230 
Claridge, 80 
Clark, 7 
Clarke, 16, 79, 95-6, 

208, 265 
Clayton, 230-8 
Clayton-East, 237 
Clespoole, 215 
Cleaver, 61, 66 
Clement, 93 
Clerk, 121 

Cleyton, 287 
Clifford, 4 
Clipsham, 165 
CUve, 108 
Cock, 247 
Cockayne, 45 
Coldwel, 92 
Cole, 79, 243, 2i5-7 
CoUier, 93. 191 
Ceilings, 2? 
Collingwood, 204 
Colling 192-3, 247, 256 
Compton, 41, 108, 172, 

Constable, 80, 257-8 
Conway, 15 

Conyngham, marq., 225 
Cooch, 80 
Cooke, 38, 85, 209-10, 

Cooper, 55, 90 
Corbett, 108 
Cosin, 209 
Cosmo Di., 106 
Cotton, 141, 219 
Cotty, 142 
Courtenay, 3 
Courto wn, earl, countess, 

Cowper, 66, 63, 77-8, 81 
Cox, 77-8, 80 
Craine, lady, 39 
Crane, 40-1 
Crawley, 172 
Creed, 176, 178-80, 243 
Creswell, 131 
Crewe, 52 

, lord 210 

Crick, 200-1 
Cricke, 194 
Cromwell, 6, 86-9 
Culpin, 24 

Cumberland, duke, 23 
Curie, 148, 261, 264-5 
Curzon, 264 
Cyles, 247 

Back, 54, 58, 92, 248 
Dakin, 71 
Dale, 43 
Danyeli, 68 
Damley, 143-7, 182 
Dash, 162 
Davies, 36, 79 
Davis, 79 
Day, 33, 204 
De Benevent, 48 
De Bissett, 196 
De Briwere, 2 

Index I. — Names of Persons. 


Be Bnrgharsh, 26 

De Bury, 26 

De Capell Broke, 3 

De Gorebam, 156, 214 

De Holcot, 25 

De Langton, 177 

De Lemesy, 214 

De Mosely, 196 

De RuloA, 3 

De Sancto Medardo, 219 

De Stigrave, 214 

De Waterville, 177 

De Wilde, 214, 240 

Deacon, 125 

Deeping, 219 

Deepup, 209 

Denne, 49 

Dennis, 80 

Denys, 210 

Deverell, 33 

Devis, 38 

Devon, earl, 3 

Dicey, 73, 110, 184-9, 

Dickens, 241-2, 247 
Dickenson, 40-1, 43 
Dickins, 109-10 
Digby, 40. 46 
Diggles, 256 
Digbton, 71 
Dillingbaxn, 58 
Dix, 95 
Dod, 70 
Dodd, 247 
Dodson, 94 
Doiton, 98 
Dolben, 53, 246 
Doiton, 98 
Dorman, 80 
Dove, 209 
Dowse, 36 
Drake, 200 
Driden, 53-4, 243 
Driffield, 123 
Dryden, 53-4, 102-8 

173-83, 235, 247 
Dngard, 94 
Dunbar, vise., 257-8 
Doras, baron, 209 
Dusting, 228 
Dysart, earl, 182 
Eaton, 73, 92, 260, 264 
Eden, 188 
Edmunds, 51 
Edward i., 3 
Edward iv., 18 
Edward vz., 108 
Edward, Uaok prinoe, S 

Edwards, 79 
Edy, 74 
Ekius, 253, 258 
Eland^ 247 

Elizabeth, Q., 107-9, 
152, 173,197,200,226 
Ellis, 147 
Elmes, 132 
Elpbinston, 129 
Eli>ton, 79 

Essex, earl, 108, 138 
Etough, 34 
Evelyn, 232, 237 
Everard, Everarde, 256-7 
Everett, 34 
Ewyas, 4 
Exeter, duke, 3 
Exton, 172 
Eyre, 209 
Eyton, 189 
Fabian, 79 
Fairfax, 88 
ffalkener, 40-1, 42 
Falkener, 42, 119 
Fane, 258 
Farmer, 96 
Farmer, 204 
Farrer, 146 
Farrin, 79 
Farside, 247 
Fawket, 218 
Felbrigg, 92 
Ferdinand n., 107 
Fermin, Fermor, 183 
Femley, 256 
Ferrar, 243 
Ferrier, 264 
Fiennes, 89 
Filbrigg, 92 
Finch, Finoh - Hatton, 

PiBber, 157, 172 
Fitzgeoferye, 256 
Fitzgilbert, 1, 3 
Fitz Harris, 237 
Fitz Roy, 73 
Fitzwilliam, Fitzwil- 

liams, 247, 256-8 
ffleetwood, 132 
Fleming, 182 
Fletcher, 42, 263, 
Fludyer, 260 
fforster, 38 
Fossebrok, 176 
Foster, 19, 264 
Fowler, 189 
Fox, 79, 206, 248 
Fozley, 102 

Frandfl, 80 
Francis n., 107 
Franklin, 34-7, 117-8, 

Freeman, 80, 144, 204 
French, 58-9 
Frowe, 194 
Fry, 223-4. 265 
Fuggle<«, 14 
Fulch, Fulchin. 207 
Fuller, 124, 171, 173-4, 

179, 208 
FuJston, 40-1 
Gaffeile, 115 
Qage, 40-1 
Gaguin, 48 
Galton, 12 
Gandon, 91 
Gardiner, 17, 18, 171 
Garfield, Garefield, 

Gardfyld, &c., 115, 

Gates, 80 
Gawtheme, 201 
George, 33 
George in., 199 
Gerfyle, 153 
Gerlier, 48 
Geyfild, 153 
Gibbard, 252 
Gibbons, 234 
Gibson, 25, 7*9 
Gill, 54, 56, 97, 120, 203 
Gledrow, 243 
Glover, 212 
Godfrey, 247 
Golding, 206-7 
Goniston, 66 
Gooch, 247 
Goode, 259 
GoodhaU, 248 
Goodman, 76 
Gordon, 264 
Gore, 96 
Gorham, Goreham, Gorr- 

ham, &o., 63, 156, 

214-5, 248 
Goston, 207 
Gotch, 191, 247 
Gould, 191 
Grafton, duke, 73, 139- 

Graham, 227 
Grandison, 4 
Granger, 201 
Grant, 146 
Green, 210 
Greene, 147, 195 


Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Greaham, 209 
Orerille, 14 
GiifBn, lord, 138 
Groom, 80 
Grabb, 205 
Gadgeon, 80 
Guile, 191 
Gnnninfir, 129, 247 
Gyles, 79 

G^U, 112, 120-1 
HagRer, 80 
fialdenbj, 209 

Halifax, earl, 188 
Hall, 80 
Haman, 71 
Hamblin, 88 
Hamerton, 58 
Hames, 195 
Hamilton, duke, 129 
Hampden, 162 
Hand, 23 
Harbord, 209 
Haroourt, 114 
Hardy, 24, 58-9, 180 
Harington, 210 
Haipington, 210 
Harrendiue, 40-1, 257 
Harrington, 257 
Harringworth, 40-1 
Harris, 96 
Harrison, 247 
Hartington, marq., 268 
Hartshome, 40-1, 157, 

Harrey, 58 
Haselwood, 209 
Hatcher, 228 
Hathoot, 247 
Hatton, 9, 132, 152, 197- 

200, 209-10, 226-7 
Hauton, 92 
Haweis, 210 
Hawkins, 128-4 
Hayes, 80, 162 
Hayle, 17 
Hazlewood, 91 
Hazlitt, 90 
HealT, 204 
Heathoote, 264 
Heneage, 40-1, 226, 258 
Henfrev, 80 
Hennell, 210 
Henry n., 18 
Henry m., 3 
Henry vn., 108, 147 
Henry TOi., 107, 227, 250 
Henry, prince of Wales, 


Hensbaw, 209, 217 
Hensman, 80 
Henson, 248 
Hepburn, 129 
Hereford, bp., 188 
Hereward, 1 
Herman, 154 
Herron, 96 
Heeilrige, 138 
Hesketh, lady, 77 
Hewlett, 80 
Hickason, 8 
Hiokes, 120-1, 142 
Hicks, 40-1, 111-2 
Higgins, 80 
Hill, 17, 63, 116, 155 
Hillyard, 79 
Hinde, 108 
Hodges, 12 
Hodgaldn, 243 
Hodgson, Hodson, 94 
Holoot, 25-30, 47-8 
Holdenby, 201 
Holland, 3 
Holme, 51 
Holmes, 38, 153 
Holt, 19, 80, 2i7 
Hood, 185, 187-9 
Hope, 217, 
Hopkins, 19, 80 
Hotham, 3 

Houghton, 89, 209, 247 
HouHe, 85 

Howard, 224, 227, 263-4 
Howes, 17, 96 
Howett, 265 
Huddleston, 42 
Hudson, 38 
Hughes, 247 
Huit, 38 
HuU, 92 
Humble, 209 
Huntingdon, coontest, 

Huntington, earl, 188 
Huntly, marchioness, 

181, 263 
Hurland, 209, 228 
Hurst, 201 
Ingram, 65 
Ireland, 116 
Ireton, 88, 111-2 
Irvine, 262 
Isabella, queen of Spain, 

Isham, 9, 10, 40-1, 102, 

112, 121-2, 141-2, 208 
Jackson, 79 

James, 77, 80, 92, 149, 

James z., 14-^, 127, 183 
James xy., of Sootland, 

James ▼., of Sootlandy 

Jeffcut, 79 
JefEreys, 235 
Jekyll, 6 

Jenkinson, 18, 82, 209 
Jermin, 183 
Jeune, 210 
Jeires, 80 
Johnson, 80, 208-9, 228, 

Jones, 2, 16, 46, 80, 

198-9, 259 
Elatherine of Azragon* 

107, 134 
Keeple, 228 
Kemp, 17 
Kempe, 58-9 
Kenealey, 73 
Kennedy, 265 
Kennett, 193, 209 
Kent, earl, 3 
Kent, duchess, 229 
Kerby, 79 
Kerr, 247 
Kettleby, 259 
Keyes, 179 
Kinder, 256 
King, 12, 79, 209 
Kingsley, 5 
Kingston, 96-7 
Kinsman, 19, 40-1 
Kinsmill, lady, 90 
Kirby, 73, 247 
Kirkham, 208 
Kirkton, 218-9, 228 
Kirshaw, 80 
Knight, 165 
Knightley,9, 16,68, 109, 

112, 183, 227, 249-60 
KnoUea, 40-1 
KnoUys, 223-4 
Knoteseford, 250 
Knotsford, 227, 249 
Knowles, 58-9, 224 
Kye, 210 
Kynnesman, 49 
Kyrle, 249-50 
Labram, 55 
Lacy, 80 
Lads, 206 
Lamb, 103, 247 
• 133 

Index I. — Names of Persons. 


Lambert, 73 
Lancaster, earl, 8 
Lane, 9, 121, 208-9 
Langdale, 89 
Langley, 133 
Latham, 179 
Land, 103 

Lauderdale, duke, 182 
Laurence, 39, 209 
Law, 80, 207, 247 
Lawrence, 36 
Lawson, 130 
Lazton, 85 
Leander, 27 
Le Archer, 194 
Leaver, 260 
Lee, 38, 40-1, 269 
Ldefe, 207 
Le Gaunt, 196 
Lennox, 269 
Lenox, earl, 107 
Leofrio, 3 
Lettice, lz8-30 
Lewes, 142 
Lewin, 247 
Lewis, 243 
Lightfoot, 167 
Lilford, lord, ^47 
Lincoln, bp., 12, 26, 220 
Line, 166 
Linnell, 228 
Linwood, 268, 260 
Lister, 183 
Livingston, 260 
Lloyd, 247 
Lockier, 124-6, 218 
Locock, 79, 247 
Longville, 209 
Loraine, 32 
Love, 243 
Loveday, 30 
Lovel, 17 
Low, Lowe, 247 
Loyd, 10 
Lucas, 18, 79 
Lufman, 40-1 
Lumley, 247-60 
LydelU 7 
Lydiott, 246 
Lyne, 243 
Lynn, 247 
Lvnwood, 269-60 
Alackdowall, 32 
Mackesy, 123 
Haddock, 210 
Hadocks, 247 
HaidBtone, lady, 226 

Maiior, 203 
Maitland, 182, 236 
MaHm, 172 
Mallard, 72 
Malory, 40-1 
Manington, 98 
Manisty, 68, 60 
Manning, 236 
ManseU, 116, 247 
Mansfield, 248 
Mansfield, earl, 227 
MargaretTudor, 107, 147 
Markham, 80, 89 
Marmion, 201, 210 
Marriott, 97 
Marsh, 210 
Manhall, 79, 80, 96 
Marshman, 101-2 
Marstone, 196 
Martin, 201 
Martyr, 129 
Mary, queen of Scots, 

107, 113-4, 133, 186, 

141-8, 160,173,181-8, 

197, 260-6 
Mary of Guise, 107 
Mason, 69, 203, 262-8 
Massingberd, 242 
Matthews, 33 
Mauley, 92 
Maydnck, 246 
Maynard, vise., 33 
Meacock, 17, 80 
Meeke, 247 
Menzies, 263 
Mewce, 111 
Middleton, earl, 268 
Mildmay, 172-3, 216 
Miles, 247 
MiUer, 80 247 
Mills, 79, 247 
Milton, vise., 68 
Molesworth, 209 
Molineux, vise., 260 
Molyueux, 264 
Monckton, 169 
Montague, 166 
Montague, lord, 16 ; 

lady, 132 
Montgarie, vise., 40-1 
Montrose, duke, 227 
Moore, 112, 201 
More, 79 
Morgan, 18-16, 80, 208, 

Morley and Monteagto, 

lord, 40-i 

Morris, 26, 79, 230, 247 
Mortimer, 69 
Moulso, 208 
Mountague, 177 
Mulliner, 80 
Mulsho, 40-1, 46 
Mulso, 119 
Munday, 43 
Murray, 264 
Muse, 111-2 
Musson, 201 
Myles, 166 
Kaddson, 243 
Napier, 129 
Napoleon, 199 
Nedham, 166 
Negus, 206 
Nelen, 243 
Nelson, 40-1 
Nevell, 266 
Newburgh, earl, 260 
Newby, 80 
Newoome, 79 
Newman, 17, 98 
Newport, earl, 223-4 
Nickolls, 41 
Nin, 204 
Norman, 80 
Norris, 201 
Northampton, earl, 107- 

8, 172, 197, 220 
Northampton, marq., 41 
Norwich, 39, 40-1 
Norwich, earl, 209 
Oarmes, 84-6 
Gates, 232 
O'Brien, 188, 247 
Odingfels, 40-1 
Odingsells, 120 
Okely, 67 
Gkey, 88-9 
Onley, 208 
Orme, 84-6, 136, 20S 
Osbom, 80, 247 
Osborne, 40-1 
Ossory, earl, 232 
Oudeby, 194 
Ouseley, 8 
Overstone, lord, 10 
Oxe, 38 

Page, 61, 160, 209 
Paget, 226 
Pakeman, 12 
Palmer, 96, 182, 208, 

Fargiter, 32 
Parham, lord, 40-1 
Parkar, 80, 97, 144, 20» 


Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

Parkhurst, 209 
Parr, lord, 40-1 
Partridge, 263 
Pasham, 189 
Pashler, 93 
Pateahull, 3 
PatiHon, 265 
Patrick, 216-9 
Patridge, 256 
Pattinson, 48 
Payne, 9 
Peach, 80 

Peacock, 87, 100, 160 
Peare, 93 
Pell, 38 
Pendred, 51 
Pennell, 173 
Penyston, 40-1 
Perceval, 71 

Percival, 24, 109, 169-70 
Perrin, 48 
Perrott, 75-6, 119 
Perry 80 
Peryn, 208 

Peterborough, bp., 24 
Peterborough, dean, 262 
Peterborough, earl, 132, 

209, 220 
Pevensey, viao., 172 
Peycok, 177 
Phillimore, 152, 154 
Phillips, 19, 68, 80 
Philpott, 227 
Phipps, 80 
Pickering, 174. 176, 179, 

183, 209, 228 
Piggot, 121 
Piggott, 141 
Pigott, 40-1, 53-4 
Piner, 17 
Pitt, 64 
Plaokett, 79 
Plantagenet, 3 
PockliDton, 133 
Ponder, 94 
Pool, 116, 220 
Poole, b6 
Poppet, 72-3 
Porter, 223-4 
Portland, duke, 264 
Poule, 195 
Powel, 180 
Powis, 247 
Preston, 12-15 
Pretty, 201-4, 240 
Price, 77, 249-50 
Pridmore, 247 
Praoe, 202 

Puddington, 24 

Pumell, 62 

Pygott, 32 

QuickC, 256 

Quincy, 23 

Ragesdale, 168 

Ragsdale, 168 

Raikes, 186 

Rainbow, 164 

Rainsford, 12 

Ramsey, 135 

Rands, 56, 202 

RatoUf , 92 

Ravenet, 6 

Raynsford, 11 

Reed, 40-1 

Rembolt, 47 

Renalde, 50 

Resby, 97 

Reynolde, 50 

Rhoades, 18 

Ricalde. 40-1, 46 

Rice, 227 

Rich, 226 

Richard i., 229 

Richard ii., 3 

Richard in., 4, 18 

Richard I., of Normandy, 

Richardson, 8 

Richmond, countess, 108 

Richmond, duke, duch- 
ess, 259-60 

Rioroft, 38 

Ridgeley, 249-50 

Rigby, 8 

RingTose, 49 

Rippon, 243 

Roane, 256 

Robbins, 44 

Roberts, 24, 80, 172 

Robinson, 209, 246-7 

Rockingham, earl, 89; 
lady, 90 

Rooke, 31 

Rookwood, 46 

Rose, 128-9, 247 

Rossiter, 89 

Rowe, 148 

RoweU, 243 

Rowlett, 205 

Rupert, prince, 6 

Rush, 247 

Russel, 69 

RusseU, 78, 233 

SackviUe, 173 

St. John, 3, 182, 210 

St. Lix, 107 

Salmon, 247 
Samuel, 111 
Samuell, 138 
Samwell, 138 
Sanderson, 209, 260 
Sandwich, earl, 46 
Sargeant, 67 
Sargent, 56, 67, 191 
Saul, 93 

Saunders, 40-1, 43, 121 
Saunderson, 34 
Savage, 110, 227, 250, 

Savage, yiso., 258 
Saville, 3, 258 
Sawbridge, 210, 247 
Sawman, 38 
Sawyer, 12 
Scarlet, 38, 73, 134 
Scarlett, 25, 31 
Scharf, 114, 181, 183 
Schenck, 168 
Sootin, 16 
Scott, 73 
Scrimzeor, 129 
Sculthorpe, 76, 150 
Seachill, Sechell, 69, 60 
Seago, 74 
Seer, 98 
Segar, 191 
Selby, 56, 247 
Selyman, 176 
Serjeant, 67, 210 
Seveme, 61 
Shakepear, 61 
Sharman, 224 
Sharp, 80 
Sharpe, 38 
Shaw, 19 
Sheffield, 89 
Shepard, 209, 242, 255, 

Sheppard, 16, 17, 209, 

Sherard, lord, 223-4 
Sherrard, 247 
Shinn, Shinne, 59 
Shore, 18 
Short, 103 
Shrewsbury, earl, 141-2^ 

Sibley, 247 
Sikes, 210 
Silsby, 56 

Simco, 162.5, 169, 184 
Simpkinson, 210 
Simpson, 54, 207, 247 

Index I. — List of Persons. 

Skippon, 88 
8kipt4jii, 40 
Skrimshire, 189, 246 
Sladden, 149 
Sly, 209 
Slye, 59 

Smallfield, 54-6 

Smith, 24, 32, 79, 80, 
98, 210, 246-7 

Smithson, 80 

Smyth, 55 

Soane, 197 

Somen, 133 

Somxners, 69 

Sotheryn, 209 

SoathweU, 258 

Spalding, 247 

Sparrow, 210 

Spencer, 137, 183, 243 

Spencer, earl, 183, 247, 
264 ; ooantesB, 166 

Spenfter. 209 

Spicer, 55 

Spinckes, 177 

Spokea, 72 

Sproxton, 196 

Squire, 247-8 

Stafford, 8, 152, 197-9, 

Standiah, 217 

Staonton, 258 

StaweD, 3 

Stephen, kin/r, 1 

SWcng, 17, 55 

Sterenaon, 93, 247 

Stiff, 19 

Stoakes, Stok^m, 2#S 

Stockbuixi, 80 

8tonrton,lozd, 40-1 

Strafford, 90 

Strafford, eaxj, 89 

Stratfort, 79 
Strickland, 112, 144-^ 

Strong, 85 
Stoart, 107, 263 
Stnrgia, 79 
Stuteley, 186 
Suffolk, esrl, 224 
Sondezlaifed, ettmrnttem, 

Sofloez, etii, 171, 2S6 
8iitt<m,24, 79,247 


Swift, 133 
Talbot, 141, 258 
Taler, 69 
Tanfield, 40-1, 

142, 219 
Tate, 40-1,120, 208 
Taylarde, 267 
Taylor, 30, 33, 67, Tt, 

129, 162, 193 
Tenison, 86 
Terrick, 124 
Thamer, 217 
Thatcher, 40-1 
Thoiaaa,26, 116 
Thooipcoa, 69. 244 
Thorold, TkxnU. ^7 
Thorpe, 9, 197-4 
Thnrfiida, 1 
Tbvraby, 206» 247 
•n-ley. - 

Tile, 91. 97 
Toie, 166 




Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

William of Ireland, 167 
WiUiama, 17, 39, 80, 

124, 203, 210, 259 
Williamson, 42, L33 
Willis, 262 
Willmot, 96 
Willoughby, 208 
Wilmer, 31, 210 
Wilmington, earl, 172 
Wilson, 129, 246 
Winchilsea, earl, 160, 

197-8, 226-7 
Wing, 269 
Wingfield, 210 
Winter, 46 

WodhuU, 60-6, 210 
Wolfer, 107 
WoUaston, 71 
Wood, 248, 269, 263 
Woodford. 171 
WoodhuU. 210 
Woodhull, lord. 40-1 
Woodstock, Henry of, 3 
Woodville, 18 
WooUey, 79 
Woolsey, 209, 269 
Worley, 209 
Worme, 136 
Worthington, 98, 206 
Wortley, 141-2, 248 

Wright. 17, 22, 46, 80, 

144, 202. 247 
Wyatt, 144, 146 
Wykes, 80 
Wyldbore, 21-2 
Wyndham, 61 
Wynyates, 86 
Yakesley, 196 
Yarborough, 66 
Yelverton, 171 
Yonge, 161 
York, 247 

York, duke, 183, 147 
Yorke, 240, 248 
Zoach, brd, 40-1, 120 

Index II 

Places in Northamptonshire. 

Abington, 208 

Achinch, 180 

Addington, Great, 40-1 

Addington, Little, 34 

Adston, 102 

Adthrop, 255 

AldwinUe, 51, 68, 132, 172-7, 180, 210 

Althorp, 69, 111, 137,264 

ApethoTpe, 173 

Armston, 176 

Aahby, Canons, 53 

Aahbj, Castle, 209 

Aahby S. Legers, 4, 153-4 

Ashley, 201 

Astoote, 190 

Astrop, 252 


Aynho, 61, 201, 210 

Badby, 209 

Baintoii, 115 

Barby, 115 

Barfoxd, 115, 244 

Barnack, 115, 248 

Barnwell, 34, 132, 173, 179, 202 

Benefield, 214, 243 

Billing, Great, 52, 209 

Billing, Little, 209 

Blakesley, 51, 82, 102-3, 112, 209 

Blatherwick, 208, 256 

Blisworth, 2, 4 

Boughton, 115 

Bowden, 202 

Bozeat, 130, 202, 224 

Brackley, 16, 183, 202-3, 253 

Bradden, 102 

Brafield, 192 

Brampeton, 209 

Brampton, 115 

Brigitock, 17, 203, 209 

Brington, 111-2, 115, 183, 203 

Brixworth, 123, 141, 208 

Broughton, 49, 223 

Bogbrook, 13, 119 

Bulwiok, 203, 230, 234, 237, 248, 259 

Borghley, 9, 200, 210, 255 

Caldecott, 190 

Castor, 148, 210, 251-2 

Catesby, 208-9 

Churohfisld, 40-1, 115, 214-5 

Clasthorpe, 115 

CUpston. 115, 141, 143 

Cold Ashby, 153, 155 

Cold Higham, 62, 126 

CoUingtoee, 2 

Corby, 204, 228 

Cotterstook, 19, 175 

Cottesbrooke, 77 

Cotton, 115 

Cottingham, 7 

Coort^nhall, 2 

Cranford, 173 

Cransley, 2, 156, 214 

Creaton, Little, 115 

Colworth, 210 

Darlescote, 190 

Baventry, 51, 109-10, 187, 204, 210, 

Deeping Gate, 225 
'De la Pi^, 40-1, 116-7, 208 
Dene, 7, 204, 256-60 
D^Lshangfer, 115 
Desborongh, 159 
Descote, 190 
Dosthorp, 209 
Draaghton, 49 
Drayton, 132, 181 
Doddington, 204 
Eaglethorpe, 115 


Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Karls Barton, 115 

Eastoote, 19« 190 

Easton Mauduit, 171 

EaKton Neston, 69, 210 

Ecton, 34-6, 117, 167 

Elmington, 116 

Everdon, 228 

Eye, 125 

Eyeburie, 116 

FarndoD, 162 

Farthinghoe, 64 

Fawcote, 116, 190 

FawPley, 16, 70, 109, 183 

Finedon, 63, 96, 206, 208, 246 

Finetthade, 169, 208, 228 

Flore, 166, 214 

Forsters Booth, 126 

Foscote, 190, 242, 266 

Fotheringhay. 39, 108, 133, 141, 143-4, 

146, 179, 182, 209, 228 
Foxley, 102, 116 
Frampton, 132 
Gayton, 40-1, 120 
Geddington, 40-1, 41, 119, 142, 206, 

Glapthome, 243 
Glinton, 21-2 
Grafton, 39. 209 
Grafton Underwood, 70 
Greens Norton, 172 
Gretton, 160, 166 
Grimsbnry, 116 
Guilsborough, 18, 76, 210 
Gunisberry, (?) 209 
Hackleton, 2 

Haddon, Eaat, 111-2, 118, 120-1, 162 
Haddon, West, 104-6, 170, 206, 248 
Hardingstone, 70 
Hargrave, 129, 148 
Harlestone, 137 

Harringworth, 40-1, 76, 206, 210 
Harrowden, 40-1, 223 
HartweU, 2, 206 
Heathencote, 115, 190 
Helmdon, 49, 97 
Helpston, 7, 148, 209 
Heyford, 12-16, 172 
Higham Ferrers, 61, 70, 106, 172, 

206-6, 209, 246 
Holcot, 26, 27-8, 30, 190 
Holdenby, 9, 10, 111-2, 198, 209-10 
Horton, 2 

Hothorp, 194-6, 200-1 
Hoaghton, Great, 192 
Huscote, 190 

Irthlingborough, 172, 209, 246 
Isham, 11, 12, 209 
Idip, 84, 61 

Kelmarsh, 19, 40-1, 194 

Kettering, 7, 76, 108, 137, 184, 206, 

210, 224, 244, 246 
Kilsby, 163, 192, 206 
Kings Cliffe, 62, 71, 166, 201, 206-7, 

Kingsthorp, 62, 209 
Kingsthorpe (Folebrook), 116 
Kirby, 9, 149-62, 197-200, 227 
Lamport, 40-1, 102, 122, 141-3, 207-8 
Lilford, 110, 180 
Linson, (probably Lilford), 132 
Liveden, 9, 40-1, 41, 46, 180 
Loddington, 40-1 
Longthorpe, 84-6, 210 
Lowick, 34, 61, 181, 192-3, 207 
Luddington, 116 
Lutton, 207 
MHidford, 102 
MaidweU, 32, 48-9, 112 
Marston Trussell, 201 
Maxey, 116 
Mears Ashby, 20, 41 
Middleton, 244 
Middleton Cheney, 62 
Milton, 267 
Milton Malsor, 2 
Moulton, 132, 207-8 
Musoote, 190 

Naseby, 6, 6, 19, 86-8, 116, 199, 210 
Nassington, 7, 37-8, 81, 109, 169, 216 
Nethercote, 190 
Newbold, 116 
Newborough, 24 
Newbottle, 66, 115 
Newton, 10, 40-1, 41-2, 46-6, 119, 121, 

142, 174 
Newton Bromshold, 209 
Northampton, 6, 8, 16, 19,27-8, 33, 39, 
62-6, 67, 71-9, 81, 86, 106-7, 113. 
116-7, 119, 121, 131, 137-8, 147, 
167-9, 162, 171, 186, 191, 201, 209- 
10, 222, 228, 240-1, 244-7 

Castle, 18, 132, 213 

Free school, 14, 62, 219-21 

All Saints', 62, 77-9, 220 

S. Andrew's hospital, 132 

S. Giles', 62 

. S. Gregory's, 219-20 

S. John's hospital, 8, 62 

8. Peter's, 62 

S. Sepulchre's, 62, 239-41 

Norton, 102 

Norston, 209 

Oakley, Great, 173 

Oakley, Little, 166, 173 

Old (Wdd), 40-1, 44, 119, 121, 128, 
141-8, 210 


Index II. — Places in Northamptonshire. 


Onley, 115 

Oriingbniy, 116 

Oimdle, 19, 61, 91-4. 108, 116, 181, 

176-6, 178, 180, 201 
Orentone, 10, 40-1 
Oxenden, Little, 116 
PsaaBenhaxD, 32, 209 
FMton, 93, 242 
PattiBhall, 126 
Panlerspmy, 108, 209 
Peakirk, 8, 22-4 
Peterborough, 11, 24, 67-9, 67, 73, 

84-5, 97, 104, 107, 116, 118, 12^ 

133-8, 172-3, 201, 208-9, 245, 247, 

268, 260-6 
Cathedral, 73, 84-6, 107, 123-6, 

133-6, 162, 192, 216-9, 238 

S. John's, 59 

I^ddmgton, 2 

Rlton, 40-1, 41-2. 119, 142, 174 

Pipewell, 114-5, 177 

Rtoford, 7, 121, 162 

Polebrook. 82, 116 

Potterspury, 93 

Pretiton, Great, 2, 93, 116 

Parston, 115 

Pytchley, 9 

Qninton, 2 

Bingstead, 116 

Roi^ 138-41 

Rockingrham, 89, 90, 93 

Rothwell, 93-4, 137, 162, 191 

Rojsthorpe (?), 209 

RuBhden, 94, 128-30, 191, 224, 263 

Ronton, 40-1, 41, 45, 114, 119, 267 

Saloey, 2 

Scaldwell, 209 

Sibbertolt, 194, 196 

Bilverston, 102 

SHpton, 192 

Southorpe, 248 

Stamford Baron, 34, 61, 73, 94, 209, 

Stanford, 40-1 
Staniem, 7 
Stanwick, 61 
Staverton, 61 
Stene, 209-10 
Stoke Braem, 208-9 
Stoke Doyle, 132, 172 
Stowe (?), 96 
Btow-Kine-Chnrohes, 223 
Stratford, Old, 116, 166 
Strizton, 129 
Sndboiotigh, 61, 248 

Solby, 9, 196 

Solehay, 7, 238-9 

SattoD, Kings, 96 

Syresham, 126 

8ywell,31, 401, 210 

Tansor, 6, 7, 269 

Teeton, 116 

Thenford, 60, 64, 210 

Thingden («m Finedon) 

Thomhaugh, 209, 244 

Thorpe Malsor, 116 

Thorpe WaterWlle, 177-9 

Thrapston, 68, 86, 95, 181, 216, 248 

Tichmarsh, 115, 174-9 

Tiffield, 192 

Towcester, 16, 17, 39, 96-7. 108. 116, 

126, 162, 184, 190, 209, 216, 241-2, 

Upton, 166 
Wadenhoe, 172, 180-1 
Wakerley, 209, 250-2 
Waloot, 115 
Walgrave, 213 
Wansford, 97. 229, 263-4 
Wdppenham. 115 
Warkworth, 209 
Warmington, 116 
Watford, 208 
Weedon, 97. 173, 228, 264 
Weekley, 116 

Weldon, Great, 97, 227, 269 
Welford, 97 
Wellingborough, 20, 61-2, 67, 97, 106, 

113, 117, 132, 156-7, 160, 224, 246, 

Welton, 19 

Weston Pavel], 77, 246-6 
Weston Underwood, 77 
Weston, 209 
Whiston. 40-1 
Whittering, 248 
Whittlebury, 97, 108 
Whittlewood, 126-7 
Wicken, 126 
Wigsthorpe, 116 
Wilbarston, 209 
Wilby, 209 
Wilford (P), 209 
Wold («M Old) 
Wolphege (?), 210 
Woodend, 102 
Woodford, 40-1, 73-4 
Wootton, 74, 97 


Index III 

Places not in Northamptonshirk . 

Abbotsford, 265 
Aberdeen, 264 
Aiz la Chapelle, 23 
Amberlej, Sus., 223 
America, 117, 125 
Aquilate, 189 
Arden, Leic, 162 
Anmdel, Sub., 137 
Banbury, Oxon, 30, 131, 157 
Barksion, Leic, 195 
BaxTDwden, Rat., 250 
Bee Normandy, 3 
Beckhampton, Bocks, 40-1 
Bedford, 4 
Bedfordshire, 14, 19 
Bed^hire, 252 
Betchworth, Snr., 196 
Billericay, Essex, 252 
Blackheath, Kent, 74 
Blenheim, Oxon, 114 
Bletchingley, Sur., 233-4 
Bletsoe, Beds, 253 
Boston, Line, 160, 245 
Boston, Midd., 183 
Boston, U.S., 34 
Boswortb, Leic, 4 
Bottesford, Line, 216 
Bowen, Line, 1, 3, 5 
Brabazon, Normandy, 196 
Bretagne, 156 
Brickhill, Little, Berks, 216 
Brixton, Snr., 74 
Brodhobne, Notts, 3 
Buckinghamshire, 32 
Buckminster, Leie, 201 
Burford, 40-1 
Burston, 40-1 
Burton Constable, 257 
Byland, York, 3 
Cadeby, Leic, 201 

CalcutU, 101, 108 

Caludon, 12 

Cambridge, 5. 12, 14, 15, 29, 117, 124, 

128, 130, 171-2, 174, 228, 236, 241, 

Cambridgeshire, 19 
Carlisle, Cumb., 5 
Chester, 3, 196 
Cheriton, Olam., 192 
Chesterton, Hunts, 53 
Chichester, Sus., 171 
Clapham, Sur., 252 
Cleyedon, Som., 2 
Colchester, Essex, 74 
Compton Wynyates, War., 85 
Conington, Hunts, 219 
Copenhagen, 129 
Corfe, Dors. , 158 
Cornwall, 148 
Coventry, War., 52 
Crowland, Line, 3, 136 
Croxhall, Derby, 196 
Crozton, Beds, 38 
Deddington, Oxon, 5 
Deeping, Line, 1, 3, 146 
Derby, 117, 245 
Derbyshire, 2 
Dodington, Hunts, 257 
Douai, 264 
DonsUble, Beds, 52 
Durham, 124 
Eastwell, Kent, 226-7 
Eastwell, Leie, 194, 196 
Ecoleshall, Staf., 189-90 
Edmundthorpe, Leie, 194 
Ehnley, Kent, 250 
Elsdon, Northum., 117 
Ely, 19, 136 
Essex, 131 
Eton, Bucks, 228 


Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

Evelin, Salop, 189 

Exeter, Dev., 172 

Eyam, Derby, 148 

Pelbrigff, Norf., 92 

Flanders, 46 

Fording, 228 

Fritchley, Derby^ 4 

Gartborp, Leic, 196 

Germany, 15 

Glenfield, Leic, 194 

Glenywem, Denb., 262 

GlooBton, Leio., 260 

Gloaoestorshire, 7 

Grinstead, East, Sua., 172 

Guernsey, 2, 226 

Gumley, Leio., 196 

Gtinby, Line, 242 

Hainton, Lino., 40-1 

Hampsbire, 131 

Hampton Court, 183 

Harborougb, Leio., 196 

Harby, Leio., 194 

Hareworth, Notts., 196 

Hartley Mauduit, Hants, 171 

Hemley, Suff., 172 

Henley-on-Thames, Oxon, 236 

Hereford, 244 

Herefordshire, 160 

Heversham, Westm., 12 

Hitchin, Herts, 81 

Holker, 12 

Holyrood, 146 

Homerton, 166 

Hornby, Lane, 40-1 

Hougham, Lino., 266 

Huntingdonshire, 19, 63, 109 

Husband Bosworth, Leic., 195, 201 

India, 107 

Indies, West, 262 

Ireland, 90, 126 

Itchington, Long, War., 40-1, 106-6 

Ixworth, Suff.. 208 

Keuilworth, War., 40-1 

Kennet, Soot., 148 

Keynsham, Som., 268 

Kimbolton, Hunts, 107 

Eirklees, 186 

Lancashire, 12 

Lathbury, Bucks, 39 

Leicester, 73, 196, 241, 246 

Leicestershire, 42 

Leigh, Kent, 260 

Lenton, Line, 109 

Lichfield, Staff., 66 

Lincoln, 241 

Lincolnshire, 108 

liverpool. Lane, 71 

Loohleyeii, 146 

Longues, Normandy, 3 

London, 6, 9, 11, 12, 15, 28, 84-6, 
46-6, 61, 66, 69, 71, 74-6, 90, 97, 
103, 108, 116, 119, 125, 146, 169, 
162, 169, 171-2, 196, 216,222, 226, 
229-38, 241-4, 262, 268 

Luffenham, North, But., 269-60 

Lutterworth, Leic, 96 

Madeley, Salop, 266 

Maine, 166 

Maiden, 173 

Malvern, Wore, 227, 249-60 

Marde, 260 

Marden, 236 

Marston, Long, 19 

Marston Moor, York, 88 

Massachusetts, 242 

Membury, Dev., 223 

Middlesex, 183 

Milium, 42 

Missendeu, Great, Bucks, 82 

Morbome, Hunts, 166 

Morcot, Rut., 40-1 

Mowsley, Leie, 194. 196 

Newcastle, Northum., 12 

Newmarket, Gamb., 73 

Newport Pagnell, Bucks, 39, 40, 76 

Niblev, North, Glo., 6 

Norfolk, 19 

Normandy, 2, 3 

Northumberland, 6 

Norwich, 131, 221, 241 

Nottingham, 117 

Nuneham, 241 

Oakham, Rut., 130 

OdeU, Beds, 252 

Olney, Bucks, 108 

Orton LongviUe, Hunts, 141-2, 181 

Osbaldwick, York, 148 

Gudeby, Leic, 194 

Oweston, Leie, 194 

Oxford, 3, 16, 26-9, 61, 66-6, 181, 171, 
192, 233 

Oxfordshire, 131 

Paris, 264 

Feasemarsh, Sus., 129-30 

FershaU, 190 

Philadelphia, 118 

Flacentia, 216 

Preston, Lane, 13 

Preston Patrick, West., 12 

Raunton, Staff., 114 

Ravenstone, Bucks, 226 

Rutland, 42 


Saddington, Leie, 194 

S. Albans, Herts, 166 

8. Nsots, Hunts, 71, 106, 214 


Index III. — Places not in Northamptonshire. xxiii. 

SaU^mnr, Wilts, 146, 172, 244 

Sunt, Herts, 215 

Saxbj, Leio., 196 

Scotland, 23, 129 

Sertmpore, 101 

Shambrook, Beds, 262 

Sherebeby. 96 

Shiewsburj, Salop, 42 

Shnipshire, 61 

Skelton, York, 40-1 

Somerset, 3, 4, 40-1, 131 

SonthweU, Notts., 248 

Sproxton, Leic, 194, 196 

Staffordshire, 191 

Stamford, Line., 67, 85 

Stanton Wyrill, Leic, 257 

Stibbington, Hants, 243 

Stilton, Hunts, 144 

Stirling, 146 

Stoke Dry, Rat., 40-1, 46, 194 

Stony Stratford, Badn, 33, 126, 156 

Stoogfaton, Lane, 40-1 

Stonibridge, Wore, 11 

Stow, 106 

Stow in the Wold, Qlo., 88 

Stowe, Bocks, 40-1 

Stowmarket, Saff., 74 

Stratford on Avon, War., 108 

Stretton, Rat., 189 

Snflblk, 82 

Sussex, 40-1, 131, 172 

Swanboome, Backs, 33 

Swynahed, Hants, 148 

Tellisford, Som., 158 

Tewkeebury, Olo., 244 

Theddingworth, Leio., 194-5, 201 

Theobalds, Herts, 15 

Thomey, Gamb., 3 

Tiverton, Der., 56 

Twyford, Backs, 61, 65 

Twyford, Derby, 196 

Ullestborpe, Leic, 96 

Uppingham, Rat., 42, 244 

Verolun, Herts, 214 

Walflet, Line, 38 

Walaham, North, Norf., 216 

Walt<»n, York, 146 

Wappenbary, War., 12 

Warmington, Hants, 144 

Warwick, 18, 61, 71 

Warwickshire, 108 

Wemyss, 146 

Westminster, 5, 25, 135, 175, 179, 236, 

Westmoreland, 84 
Weston, War., 12, 15 
Westwick, Herts, 156, 215 
Whitcharoh, Salop, 67 
Wickhamford, Wore, 149 
Willesford, Lme, 3 
Wilmington, 49 
WUtsbire, 131 
Winoeby, Line, 88 
Winchester, Hants, 64-5, 171, 253 
Windsor, Berks, 172, 265 
Witham, Line, 257 
WoUord, War., 65 
Woobum, Beds, 108 
Wormleighton, War., 209 
Wormwood Sorabbs, 74 
Wrighton, 154 
Yarty, Dev., 223 
York, 14» 
Yorkshire, 108 

Index IV, 

Of Subjects. 

AbVreTiation « «t.," 31 

Arrest, Tenes on, 228 

Baker, John, 125 

BaU, John, 241 

Bible Meeting at Kettering, 76 

Billa of Mortality, 77 

BiAhops of Peterborough, theiz town 

house, 116 
Booksellers : Simoo, 162 
Bookworm, 33 
Bowbell at Blakesley, 102 
Bowling-green at Sulehay, 230 
Briefs, 86, 216 

Bunyan's Porridge Bowl, 166 
Carey, William, D.D., 101 
ChaiDed Books, 152, 212 
Characters and Caricatures, 67 
Churchwardens* Accounts, at Peakirk, 

22 ; Pitsford, 7 
Ciril War, 16, 39, 221 
Clayton, sir Robert, 230 
Cole, John, his diary, 245 
Collins, William Lucas, MA., 192 
Confession of murder at Glinton, 21 
Cotef>, 190 

Coitesbrooke stone coffins, 77 
County members, 183 
Cross at S.' Sepulchre's, Northampton, 

Cross, headless, 116, 157 
Crosses, early, 148, 189, 223 
Crosses in turf, 225 
Daventry, customs, 109 
Dedication of Churches, 115, 156 
Drummer's mound, 244 
Drunken Bamaby, 253 
Dry den's Birthplace, 173 
£arthquake, 245 
Election squib, 184 

FamilieB of Korthants :— Brabaion, 
of Crick, etc., 194; Carey, 272; 
Chester, of East Haddon, 118, 162 ; 
Clarke, 265 ; Crick, of Hothorp, 
200; Drydeu, of Canons Ashby, 53; 
Franklin, of Ecton, 34, 117, 157; 
Fry. 265 ; Garfield, 115. 152 ; Gor- 
ham, of Flore, &o., 156, 214, 248 ; 
Hampden, of Rothwell, 162; Hinde, 
of PipeweU, 1 14, 189 ; Howett. 265 ; 
Isham, of Lamport. 102 ; Mason, 
252 ; Massingbeiu. of Northampton, 
242 ; Orme, of Peterborough, 84 ; 
Preston, of Heyford, 12 ; Sargent, 
of Northampton, 67, 191 ; Saun- 
derson, of Little Addington, 34; 
Sheppard, of Towcester, 16, 242; 
Tresham, of Newton, &c., 41, 119, 
142; Vaux, of Harrowden, 223; 
Wake, of Courteenhall, 1 ; Wash- 
ington, of East Haddon, 111, 148 ; 
Wight, of Blakesley, 82, 112 ; Wil- 
mer, of Sywell, 31 

Franklin*s ancestors, 34 ; memories of, 
117, 157 

Forsters Booth, hunting scenes, 126 

Glinton, murder at, 21 

Grafton house, 39 

Gunton's PeterbuTgh engravings, 216 

Haycock at Wansford, 229 

Helmdon, roantel-pieoe, 49, 98 

Holcot, Robert, 26, 47 

Hunting scenee at Forsters Booth, 126 

Incendiary letter, 84 

Inoculation in 1790, 76 

Inscriptions, monumental : — Other 
counties, 207, 244, 249; Passenham, 
32, Peterborough, 123 

Jack of all tradas at Aiisrop, 263 


Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Kettering bible meetings, 76 

Kirby haU. 149, 197 

Lettice, John, D.D., 128 

Libraries, old, 62, 152, 212 

Local dialect, 20, 83, 210 

Lord Mayors, natives of Korthants, 

Mary, queen of Soots: — execution, 
141, 238 ; eyes, 160 ; portrait, 113 ; 
ring, 143 ; brooch, 197 ; tercentenary, 

Hay song at Nassington, 81, 109, 169 

Mazers, 159 

Mears Ashby house, 41 

Mildmay, sir Walter, 172, 216 

MiHceilanea G^nealogica et Heraldica, 

Moravians in Northants, 67 

Naseby, battle, o, 86, 116 

Natives of Nurthants at King's col- 
lege, Cambridge, 228 

Northampton : — Bills of Mortality, 
77 ; castle, 213 ; arrest at, 221 ; 
Cross in S. Sepulchre's, 239 ; Q^orge 
inn, 63 ; grammar school, 219 ; 
pronounced Tranton, 244 

Old Scarlett, 25 

Pancake bell, 50 

Parish certificates, Glapthome, 243 

Parish registers :—Deene, 256 ; Isham, 
11 ; Maidwell, 32, 48 ; Nassington, 

Paulines, 171 

Peterborough : — earthquake, 246 ; en- 
gravings in Gunton's Peterburgh, 
216 ; incendiary letter, 84 ; old 
Soarlett, 26 ; Saxon bell at, 104 

Pickwick at Towoeeter, 241 

Plague at Towoester, 256 

Printing curiosities, 184, 266 

Poor in 1796, state of, 138 

Pytchley manor house, 9 

Races, 137 

Record society, 196 

Riots in 1641-2, 67 

Rockingham account book, 89 

Rothwell market house, 191 

Royal Oak, Knights of, 208 

R. W. at execution of Mary, queen of 
Scots, 141, 238 

Saxon bell at Peterborough, 104 

Simco, John, 162 

Sulehay, bowling-gfreen, 239 

Th' man an' th' boggard, 99 

Tour in Northants, 131 

Towcester, 241 ; plague at, 266 

Tradesmen's tokens, 54, 91, 201 

Tranton, pronunciation of North- 
ampton, 246 

Tubcany, duke of, 106 

Tyndale, William, 6 

Victimised Townsman, 76, 119 

ViUage sports, 11, 104, 160 

Volunteer officers, 246 

Wakerley church, 250 

Wansford, Haycock at, 229 

Wellingborough :^arl of Warwick, 
224 ; galleries in church, 113 

West Haddon, old inn, 248 

Whittlebury, forest shares, 278 

WincbUsea, tenth earl of, 226 

Witchcraft, 17 

Wodhull, Michael, 60 


Past IX.-^ANnARY, 1866. 
I praj jon. let ns satiafy our eyas 
With the memorialfl and the thingt of fame 
That do renown thiB city. 

Shaxsfbbb, Twelfth Night, iii. S. 
Want of a due Care in preseryinfif Pedigrees, and reg^istring Deeoents, has 
often occasioned Contentions in Families, and oftner Confusion in Histories, 
whereas a well attested Pedigree preserves the Memoirs of eminent Personi, 
and determines the Places of their Natiyitj. 

Tbobebbt, Ducatut Ziodietmst p. 100. 

Pabt X.— APRIL, 1886. 

I lore every thing that's old : old friends, old times, old manners, old books, 
old wine. Goldsmith, She Stoops to Conquer , i. 1. 

What beautiful diversity does the face of this dear island present ! What 
a school for study and contemplation ! Where are to be found twenty-four 
cathedrals, the finest monastic buildings, thousands of parochial churches, and 
interesting remains of antiquity without number, all within a boundary of a 
few hundred miles ? Each county i8 a school, where those who run may read, 
and where volumes of ancient art lie open for all enquirers. 

A. W. Puaor, in Purcell's Writings and Charaetere, 356. 

Pabt XI.— JULY, 1886. 

Nihil sub sole novum, nee valet quisquam dicere : Ecce hoc reoens est : jam 
enim pnecessit in ssDculis, qu» fuernnt ante nos. Eooles. i. 10. 

To make the past present, to bring the distant near, to place us in the 
society of a great man or on the eminence whi^ overlooks the field of a 
mighty battle, to invest with the reality of human flesh and blood beings whom 
we are too much inclined to consider as personified qualities in an allegory, 
to call up our ancestors before us with all their peculiarities of language, 
manners, and garb, to show us over their houses, to seat us at their tables, to 
rummage their old-fashioned wardrobes, to explain the uses of their ponderous 
fomiture . . . parts of the duty which properly belongs to the historian. 

1£aojlt7LAT, Eseaif pn Ealiam. 

xxviii. Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Past XII.— OCTOBEB, 1886. 
Miratnr, f aoUesque ooulos f ert omnia cironm 
iEneaa, oapitnrque locis, et smgcla letns 
Exquiritque auaitque Yirikm monimenta prioram. 

YzBOiL, ^£n, Tiii. 810. 

1^ thoughts are with the Dead ; with them 

I UTO in long-past years, 

Their Tirtaes love, their f anlts condemn, 

Partake their hopes and fears, 

And from their lessons seek and find 

Instmotion with an hmnhle mind. 

SoxTTHET, The Scholar. 

Pabt Xm.— JANUABT, 1887. 
We mark'd each memorable scene, 
And held poetic talk between ; 
Nor hill, nor brook, we paced along, 
But had its legend or its song. 

SooTT, MarmioHf Canto ii., Introd. 

There is cause why we should be slow and unwilling to change, without 
Tory urgent necessity, the ancient ordinances, rites, and long approved customs, 
of our venerable predecessors. The love of things ancient doth argue stayed- 
ness, but levity and want of experience maketh apt unto innovations. 

HoossB, Eeel. Polity, Bk. v., vii., 3. 

Pabt XIV.— APRIL, 1887. 
The antiquities of the common people cannot be studied without acquiring 
some useful knowledge of mankind ; and it may be truly said, in this inittanoe, 
that by the chemic^ process of philosophy, even wisdom may be extracted 
from the follies and supeistitions of our forefathers. 

Bbani), Preface to Popular Antiguitits. 

Yon warlike mound is formed all round 

For warlike armes and actes. 
And everie stone, by time o'erthrown, 

Attests historic facts. 

Mrs. Thoiob, Walke and Talks (1836). 

Pabt XV.— JULY, 1887. 

It don't look well, 
These alterations, Eir I I'm an old man 
And love the good old fashions. 

SouTHBT, The Old Mansion. 

How far more interesting was the old Begister, which gave some scope to 
the taste and feelings, as well as to the activity of mind and research ox the 
Clergy, than the present dull and mechanical, though more accurate, form ! 

Taylob, Sussex Oar land. 

Pabt XVI.— OCTOBER, 1887. 

For in ensigns there, 
Some wore the arms of their most ancient town. 
Others again their own devices bear. 

Northampton with a castle seated high. 
Supported by two lions thither came. 

Dbattoit, The Battle of Agineourt. 


Part IX, Vol. 11. JANUARY, 1886. Price Is. 6d. 

/ pravjtP^ ) l e t ff » ^cjUfj/ our eyes 5f /; ^ 

unu<<i^.^QnUdkjl^>>Lh^lking5offame '^ ^ ^ 

[•//JA M^A/, iii. 3. 

IVajit of a due\Care in preserving Pfd/grees, and regis t ring Descents, 
has often occasioned CohUmi&Vi S^nni^t^^ oflner Confusion in Histories, 
whereas a tvell attested Pedigree preserves the Memoirs of eminent Persons^ 
and determines the Places of their Nativity, 

Thoresbt, Ducatus Leodiensis, p. 100. 


Notes ^ Queries, 



The Antiquities, Family History^ TraditionSy Parochial 
Records^ Folk-lore, Quaint Customs^ &c., of the County, 

£OtteS bs 
JhE I\eV. '^Y• P* ^WEETINQ, f[ . ^ . 
Vicar of Alazey, Market Deeping, 



212 The Wake Pamily. 

213 SngraTing of the Battle of Kaseby. 
21^ WilUam Tyndaie : of Horthampton- 

shire Descent 1 

215 Churcliwardens' Accounts at Pitsford. 

216 PytcMey Manor-Honse. 

217 Ancient Village Sports. 

218 Parish Segisters of Isham. 

219 The Preston Family of Heyford. 

220 CiTll War, 1643. 

221 The Sheppard Family of Towce^ter 

iioxtffampton : 

LoNOON : George Redway, 15 York Street, Covent Garden. 
[Entered at Stationers' Mail.'] 

223 Witches and Witchcraft in Korth- 

333 Local Dialect. 

334 Confession of Murder at Olinton. 

335 Churchwardens* Accounts at Peakirk. 
836 Old Scarlett. 

337 Bohert de Holcot. 

338 Wilmer Family of Sywell. 

339 Meaning of the Abbreviation " £t.*' 

330 Begisters of Maidwell. 

331 Monuments in Passenham Church. 






. > 


*^ o 

















9B< WHw wr two 1^ It ^ahdwAf 


IB a< tut ;> tHiBQ lOiw: (WW 



Notes and ^eries. 

HE WAKE FAMILY.— If some member of this family 
would publish a history of his ancieot race, he would 
confer a great obligation upon all students of genealogy. 
There are not many families whose records supply such 
an abundance of materials for an interestiug volume. 
The present head of the family, the twelfth baronet, can trace an 
unbroken male descent from Hugh Wacb, or Wake, who married 
Emma daughter of Baldwin Fitzgilbert, lord of fiowen. Deeping &c., 
CO. Line. This descent includes twenty-six generations. This 
Baldwin, whose name has been retained in so many members of the 
Wake family, was jth in descent from Richard i., duke of Normandy, 
and therefore stood in the same relationship to him as our kiug 
Stephen. His wife Adelhidis, mother of Emma, was grand-daughter 
to Thurfrida, the daughter of Hereward the Wake, the great Saxon 
patriot A vezy careful and well-drawn pedigree was published in 
Associated Societies* Reports and Papers for 1861. It was given in 
connection with a delightful history of Hereward from the pen of the 
present bishop of Nottingham. In Playfair'^ British Family Antiquity, 

2 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

vol. VI., is an account of the chief members of the family : and of 
course few works that treat of the older families of England are 
without notice of the Wakes. 

When they first acquired possessions in this county cannot perhaps 
be precisely ascertained. Baldwin Wake, called Baron of Lydell, 
certainly came into possession of the manor of Blisworth, as being 
heir to bis grandmother, Isabell de Briwere. He died in 1282. This 
is probably the earliest instance of a Wake being a Northamptonshire 
landowner, previous heads of the family being spoken of as lords of 
manors in Lincolnshire, or as owning lands in Normandy, Guernsey, 
Derbyshire, &c. This property was however lost to the family about 
1522. We find also at various times lands in possession of the family 
at Milton Malsor, Colli ngtree, Cransley, Preston, Piddington, Horton, 
Quinton, Hackleton, Salcey Forest, Courteenhall, Hartwell, and 
other places. The Clevedon property, co. Somerset, the residence of 
the earlier baronets, came to the Wakes through the marriage of sir 
Thomas, "The Great Wake," with Agnes, heir of sir Thomas 
Lovell, kt This was in the 15th century. The Courteenhall 
property came to the family by bequest of sir Samuel Jones, kt., in 
the 17th century. He is described as a maternal kinsman of sir 
Baldwin, the 5th baronet, but the precise relationship I have not been 
able to discover. He left the property to Charles, sir Baldwin *s 
second son, and he in turn to his nephew, Charles Wake, who 
succeeded his grandfather as 6th baronet. Both the 6ch baronet and 
his uncle assumed the name of Jones, but this addition seems to 
have been discontinued in the next generation. Another point upon 
which more exact information is desirable is the precise significance 
of the title " baron " as applied to some early members of the family. 
In 1295, John Wake, then head of the family, was summoned to 
parliament as baron Wake ; and his two sons both succeeded him in 
the title, and both died without issue, so that, the barony became 
extinct. But this John's father, Baldwin, is styled " baron of 
Lydell : '* and bishop TroUope, in his paper above mentioned, calls 
him "the second baron Wake:** and Plajrfair calls still earlier 
members of the family by the title of " lord Wake." But it is clear 
that this Baldwin was not a peer of the realm, for his descendants in 
the male line are very numerous, and he is the direct ancestor of the 
present baronet. 

It would be no easy task to draw out a list of the present noble 
families who can point to a lady of the Wake family among their 
ancestors. Such a list would be a very long one. Twice have there 
been alliances with royalty, but in neither case are there descendants 


The Wake Family. 3 

at the present time. Thomas, the 3rd and last baron Wake, 
married Blanche Plantagenet, daughter of Henry, earl of Lancaster, 
grandson of king Henry iii. : and Edmond of Woodstock, son of 
king Edward 1., married the same Thomas's sister, Margaret, and 
their daughter Joan, the fair maid of Kent, was wife to the Black 
Prince, and mother to king Richard 11. Joan had previously been 
married to sir Thomas Holland, K.o., created lord Wake of Liddell, 
jure uxoris, aud earl of Kent : and the earls of Kent, as well as the 
.dukes of Exeter of the Holland family, were descended from the 
marriage. Among other families who can claim a Wake ancestress 
are these : — Courtenay, earls of Ddvon 5 Ouseley, baronets ; Walker, 
baronets ; de Capell Broke, baronets ; St. John, barons St. John ; 
Hotham, baronets. And there are many families now extinct which 
were allied to the Wakes, as the families of Stawell, Saville, Pateshull. 

The four heads of the family who died in the 14th century every 
one received the honour of knighthood. We find among the earlier 
members very numerous instances of considerable benefactions being 
made to the monastic institutions of the day. Thus Leofric was a 
benefactor to Crowland ^ Richard de Rulos to S. Werburgh's abbey, 
Chester, and to the hospital of S. John ; Fitzgilbert to Vaudey, co. 
Line, and to Thomey, co. Carob. ; and these received further 
benefactions from their descendants, as well as Brodholme, co. Nott., 
By land, co. York, and Bee, in Normandy. The abbeys of Longues, 
m Normandy, and Bowen, co. Line, and the priories of Willesford 
and Deeping, both in Lincolnshire, were all founded by direct 
ancestors of the present head of the family. Dr. William Wake, 
archbishop of Canterbury, who died 1737, was a member of the 
Dorset family, descended from William Wake, first cousin of the first 
baronet : but details of the descent have not been given. Other 
members of the family who obtained conspicuous ecclesiastical 
preferment are these: — Arthur, master of S. John's hospital at 
Northampton, d. 1503 ; George, ll.d., also master, and chancellor of 
the diocese of Peterborough, d. 1682; Robert, dean of Bocking, 
d. 1725. Sir Isaac Wake, fellow of Merton college, Oxford, public 
orator, m.p. for Oxford, and ambassador to several foreign courts, was 
first cousin to sir Baldwin, first baronet. In Bridges* list of sheriffs 
of Northamptonshire, occur Thomas, 3 Ed. iii., and again from the 
loth to the 14th year of the reign j Thomas, i Hen. v. ; Thomas, 
13 Hen. VI., and again (probably " The Great Wake ") 25 and 29 
Hen. VI. ; Thomas, 2 and 3 Ed. iv. 5 Roger, 2 Rich. iii. After this 
time, the chief residence being in Somerset, we have no more 
members of the family sheriffs of Northamptonshire until after the 

4 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries: 

reign of queen Anne. The county has sent a Wake to parliament 
several times. Thus sir Hugh was member 1300-1305 and 1309- 
131a} Thomas 1408-1410, 1414 and 1417-20 ; Thomas 1436-144 1 ; 
sir Hugh was member for Wilts, 1306, and sir Thomas for Somerset, 
1449. ^^^ William, 8th baronet, was member for Bedford. Doubtless 
roiany others could be found, if complete lists of members were available. 

The Wakes are descended from eleven noble families. Among 
these are Grandison, Ewyas, and Tragoz barons \ the former of these 
titles is in abeyance, the latter are claimed by the Cli^ords, descended 
from a junior branch. 

With this part is given a reduced fac-simile of an interesting brass 
in Blis worth church to Roger Wake. He was great-great-grandfather 
of the first baronet, and has been already mentioned as having been 
member for the county. He founded a charity in Blisworth church, 
and a free school, still existing. He was engaged in the battle of 
Bosworth on the side of Richard iii., for which he was attainted, 
but afterwards pardoned. He married Elizabeth, daughter of sir 
William Catesby, of Ashby S. Legers. In the pedigree prepared by 
Mr. Close, given with the life of Hereward before referred to, of 
which copious use has been made in preparing this account, this 
Roger is credited with four sons and two daughters : but, if this 
brass is to be taken as evidence, he had three sons and seven 
daughters. The coats of arms are (i) the well-known shield of the 
Wakes, Two bars, in chief three torteaux 5 and (a) Wake impaling 
Catesby, two lions passant crowned. The tinctures on the Wake 
shield have varied from time to time. Originally the field was Or, 
and the charges Gules. In Edward ii.'s time sir Hugh used the 
field Qules and the charges Argent, and the coat thus tinctured 
appears, according to Bridges, on the north side of the monument 
bearing the brass to Roger in Blisworth ' church. And in the 
14th century the field was Argent, and the charges Gules. The old 
tinctures are said to have been resumed in the reign of James i. The 
inscription is as follows : — '' Here lyeth Roger Wake Esquyer lorde of 
Blysworthe in the counte of Northampton and Elyzabeth his wyflFe . . 
. . which Roger decessyd the xvj day of Mafche the yere of oure 
lord god M^ccccc iij on whose soule^ ihu haue mcy." Bridges says 
that on the north side of this monument are two coats, (i) Wake 
impaling Catesby, and (a) Wake impaling three chevrons. There 
are many families using this coat, but none into which the Wakes are 
known to have married. It is not known who Roger's mother was. 

The lithograph of the brass was prepared for Mr. H. T. Wake, 
of Fritchley, co. Derby 5 and the readers of "N. N. & Q." are 

The Battle of Naseby^ 5 

indebted to him for permission to reproduce it io these pages. The 
accompaDjing sketch of the coat of arms is by permission taken 
from Debrett^s Peerage, Baronetage, etc., published by Messrs. Dean 
and Son; and presented by Sir Herewald Wake, bart., who is himself 
engaged in collecting materials for a popular account of the family, 
and would be grateful for any assistance towards making it complete. 
The Wake coat appears on the front of the old house on the 
Market-square, Northampton (155). 

The following list of works has been collated by Mr. John Taylor 
from bis Bibliotheca Nortkantonensis : — 

A Brief Enquiry into the Antiquity, Honour and Estate of the Name and 
Family of Wake. With a summary deduction of ' the lineal suooeesion of 
the chief branches of it, from its first rim, down to this present time. By 
William Wake, D.D. Bector of St. James's, Westminster ; Chaplain in 
Ordinary to the King ; and afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury. 
IVarmdcsteb : Printed by J. L. Vardy. MDCCCXXxm. Octavo. 76 pages. 

With Anna, from a carriDsr in box wood on the lid of an ancient Snuflfbox 
belonging to Archbishop Wake, with the Trefoil added. 

A Genealogical Table of the Wake Family, by H. T. W. 
T. Caleutt, Printer, Deddington, Oxon. [1853.] Sin^U Sh^, 

A Memoir of a Branch of the Wake Family of Northamptonshire and else- 
where, from 1666 to 1860. 
Carlisub : Hudson Soott, 11, English Street, mdcoolxi. Duodecimo, 16 pages. 

Hezeward, the Saxon Patriot. A Paper read at the Bourn Meeting, June 6, 
1861. By the Rey. Edward TroUope, M.A., F.S.A. Qenealogieal Tables, 
AssocieUed Architectural Soeieiiei lUporU and Papert, vol. yi,, 1861, pp. 1—20. 

Hemward the Wake, ** Last of the English." By the Bev. C. Eiugsley, 
Author of " Westward Ho ! " ** Two Tears Ago," etc. etc. 
LoirooN and Cambridge : Macmillan and Co. 1866. Octavo, 2 vols. 

Illustrations by H. C. Selous of " Hereward the Wake/' by Charles Eingsley. 
Art-Union oi London, MDOOOLXX. Ohhng Folio. 


213. — Engraving op thb Battle op Naseby. — A rare 
engraving of the battle of Naseby has lately come into my possession, 
and as it appears to be unknown to most of our local collectors of 
Northamptonshire prints, a short description of it may interest your 
readers. It represents the close of the fight, when the day is 
irretrievably lost for the Cavaliers, who are being hurled back in 
confusion by the resistless advance of the Roundheads, whose dense 
hattalions of pikemen are seen advancing in unbroken array. In the 
immediate foreground, Charles, sword in band, is trying to lead on 

6 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

his body-guard for a last desperate charge^ but bis. bridle is held by 
the earl of Camworth, who turns the horse's head round and 
compels the king to quit the field. 

The engraving, which is almost square, measuring 17 J inches by 
17, is unsigned; but there is no doubt that it may be attributed to the 
time of Hogarth, and is the work of Baron, Scotin, Ravenet, or some 
other artist of that period. Above the engraving is the heading "The 
Battle of Naisby : ** and under it is the following quaint description 
of the fight : — 

** This Battle wHioh gave the fatal turn to the King's Affiiirs happen'd 

on the 14th. June 1645 the first charge was given by the right wing of 

Horse and Foot commanded by Prince ftupert and his Brother, who boro 

/ down all before them, the left wing and the Northern Horse engageing, 

Cromwell and the Enemies right wing against odds of numbers and the 

advantage Ground were pyt to Flight. The King at the head of his 

reserve of Horse was even ready to charge those which pursued his left 

wing which might have recovered the misfortune when on a Sudden such 

a panick fear siezed on thtnl that they all ran near a quarter of a mile 

without stopping, which happen*d upon an uncommon accident For the 

Scotch Earl of Cam worth on a Sudden laid his hand on y« Eling*s bridle,. 

crying out with 2 or 3 Oaths, will You go upon your Death in an Instant ! 

and before his Majesty understood what he would have tum'd his Horse 

round, upon which a word run thro, the Troops, March to the Right which 

unfortunately led them from charg^g the Enemy & assisting their own 

Men, and caused them ail to turn their Horses and ride upon the Spur as 

if every man was to shift for himself. After this Disorder the King not 

being able to prevail with his Troops to rally and charge the Enemy He 

retreated as well as He could and left Fairfax entire master of the field." 

Northampton. J. S. Shefard. 

A copy of the finest engraving representing the Battle of Naseby 

is to be found in the unique and sumptuous copy of Lord Clarendon*s 

History of the Grand Rebellion^ vol. iv.. No. 144, in the Print 

department of the British Museum. An earlier printed copy of the 

engraving referred to by Mr. Shepard is to be found in the same 

collection 5 the descriptive letterpress slightly varying. J. T. 

214. — William Tyndale : op Northamftonshirb descent? 
— He is said to have sprung from an ancient baronial family of 
Northumberland. One of that family moved from the north in the 
reign of Edward i. and settled at Tansover, now Tansor, in North- 
amptonshire : and it has been suggested that the settlement at 
North Nibley, co. Glouc, where it is thought the martyr translator 
was born^ bad its origin in some member of the Northampton- 
shire family. Jekyll^ quoted in the Biographia Britannica, and a 
writer in the Baptist Magazine for October, 18 19, suppose this 
to have been the case. In its time the family was of some 

Churchwardens' Accounts at Pitsjord. 7 

influence in thb county. Thus we find John Tyndale sheriff of the 
county in Richard ii*s reign, and six times one of the same name 
was returned to parliament for the county in the same and two 
following reigns. Elias Tyndale was lord of Tansor in 13 16. From 
1359 the family were in |>osses8ion of lands in Nassington, Yarwell, 
and of the bailiwick of Sulehay forest. Id 1376 John de Tyndale 
had become possessed by marriage of the manors of Dene and 
Staniem, sold by a successor about i486. In 1396 we find John 
Tyndale one of the patrons of the livings of Kettering and Cotting- 
ham. In 1286 William was patron of Tansor, and again in 130 1. 
One of the family, John, held the rectory of Tansor in 1325 : another^ 
Richard, had the lordship of Helpston in 1416. 

Can any distinct evidence be adduced that the Gloucestershire 
family derived its origin from any one of those named above ? 


. 215- — Churchwardens' Accounts at Pitsford. — ^These are 
contained in a book bound in parchment measuring sixteen inches 
by six inches. It is marked 3 / f. r. on the back and is inscribed on 
the first page : — 

PisFORD / Churchwardens / Book / Pisford. 
The following are some of the most interesting items in the 
accounts : — 

Pisford in the County of Northampton the Churchwardens Book 
of Accompts Begins with the Jnclosing of the Field 1756 at 
Michalmass in the year 1 756 

The Disbursements of Tho» Ward and Rich* Britten Church 
Wardens from Michalmass 1756 Till Easter 1758 

£ s. d. 
Out of Pocket Michalmass 1756 . . -073 

for Gr^en to stick }• Church Christmass . .006 

1757 April, paid Court fees and charges . . o 12 6 
Paid the Boys for killing sparrows . .074 

1758 * paid Rich** Lydell for mending y* Great Bell Claper 010 

p** Jsaac Clark for putting in the Claper and other 
work then . . . . . . i 6 

paid for a new sett of Bell Roops . . o 14 o 

paid for Ale at 3 several times for the woorkmen at 
the Church . . . . . .030 

for writing the account one year and half from 
Mich*. 1756 to Easter 1758 . . . .030 

1758 August 17. p* for 6 Dozen of Sparrows more • o i o 

& one Hedghog . • • . .004 

8 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Tho*. Bond Churchwarden for the year 1761 the Receipts & 
Disbursements are all lost. 

£ s. d. 
1764 May 4 p** for the new Surplice . , .320 

1767 p** for a new Church Wardens Book . .036 

1770 p** W"» Blunt for a New Wheel & a Yoak for the 

Great Bell & other work . . . .2176 

1772 P^ f or y* Register Book . . . • o 10 6 

1776 paid John Richardson for Collecting all theese 

Accounts the Best he could and Putting them in 

this Book for 20 years past they haveing Been 

neglected all that time . . . .100 

1778 Paid for tiring . . . . .006 

ijyg Dec'. 4 Charges the Brasses were taken out to 

go to Northampton to be cast . . .026 

Dec'. 18 p^ in Exchange for 4 new Brasse^ beside the 4 

old ones . . . • . . i 15 o 

Jan^. 4*** 1780 p^ in Exchange for 4 more new Brasses 

beside the old ones as by the Bills doth Appear . i 14 8 
p** Benj" Rigby for digging up Will' Hickason 

when the Coroner sat up him . . . .016 

Jan 20 p^ for Ale when the Bell Gudgeons was taken out 010 

1782 for a Strike of are . . . .012 

1783 for atrier [a terrier] for the Glibe Land • ,020 
for Stams [stamps] and a Licence taken out for 

the Rejester . . . . ..060 

1785 Feb^ 9 George Stafford for ironwork at the 

Chircb Gate . . . . .119 

1789 P** for a N^w Cloath and fringe for the Com- 
munion Table . . • . . i 10 9 
For Makeing ditt" • . . .010 
1809 Sept' II. F^ Mr. Cherry for the commandments 

and putting up • . . . . 11 ,0 o 

Same time for y* Kings Court of Arms . . 5 10 o 

For fetching I> from Northampton . .050 

1850 Dec' 30 P* for tolling Bell when the King was 

buried . . . . . .010 

1833 Dec' 14th A Post letter from L** Althorp ^ 004 

1867 Se^y 9 Ringers, Re-opening of Church . . 1 10 o 

C. A. M. 

The strike of hair was used with sand, kc, in some repairs. 
It is frequently found in Churchwardens* books, (see Peakirk books). 


The Pytchley Manor-Home, 

216. — Pytchley Manor-House. — This old house — for many 
years the head-quarters of the Pytchley Club, which rendered the 
fox-hunting of Northamptonshire famous throughout England — has 
now entirely disappeared, having been pulled down in 1829, some 
dozen years after the club came to an end. It was at that time the 
property of Mr. George Pajrne, of Sulby, who became possessed of it 
after it had passed successively through the families of Isham, Lane, 
Washbourne, and Knightley. Jt owed its existence to the Ishams, 
who had long possessed a manor in Pytchley. According to Bridges 
there was a manor-house here at the beginning of Elizabeth's reign, 
probably surviving from mediaeval times. The then possessor of the 
manor, sir Eusebius Isham, (b. 1550, d. 1626,) seems to have 
followed the fashion of his day and to have pulled down the old 
house, replacing it with the building of which we give a woodcut. 
It presents all the usual features of a Northamptonshire manor-house. 
Bridges asserts that the same architect who designed Holdenby for 
sir Christopher Hatton was employed here, but we must not suppose 
that Pytchley Hall was so magnificent as Holdenby. The architect 
of Holdenby was, not improbably, John Thorpe, who we know was 
employed at Kirby Hall, Burghley House, and Ljrveden New 
Building, for plans of all those three buildings are included in his 
MS. book of designs in the Soane Museum, and a search through 
that collection might result in the identification of one of the designs 
as Pjrtchley manor-house.* But however this may be, the house was 
built on a type very common at that time. In its main features the 

* I have looked through John Thorpe's drawings again, bnt do not find any 
plan that agrees with the published views of the hail. 

lo Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

plan resembles the letter H, the entrance porch being in the miadle 
of the cross-stroke, and the upright strokes representing, one the 
servants' offices and one the family apartments. The cross-stroke 
would contain the hall on that side of the porch next the family 
rooms, and on the other the buttery, which was always a prominent 
feature in houses of that date, and passage to the kitchen. A glance 
at the woodcut will shew that each of the angles where the cross-stroke 
of the H joins the uprights is filled with a projection pierced with 
windows on its two sides. This was a common arrangement in the 
larger houses of the period. One of these projections formed the 
bay-window of the dais in the hallj the other gave light to one 
of the servant's apartments, or possibly to the winter parlour, which 
was often placed near the kitchen ; the hall was evidently, of only one 
story in height So far we may be tolerably sure of our ground, in 
spite of there being no plan extant, but anything beyond this would 
be mere conjecture. It is impossible to say in which wing the 
family lived, and in which the servants. No doubt there was a long 
Gallery and a Great Chamber 5 but we cannot say where. 

The woodcut also shews the fine entrance gateway which bears a 
family likeness to those at Holdenby. Fortunately this gateway has 

been preserved, and now forms 
the entrance to Overstone Park, 
whither it was carried in 1843 
by Lord Overstone, then Mr. 
Loyd. The house stood to the 
south of the church, but no re- 
mains are left, and it is said that 
a road now passes over the site. 
A fine plate in Baker's history 
preserves the features of the 
Hall, in which respect it is more 
fortunate than the Treshams' 
mansion at Newton-cum-Ged- 
dington, for that has disappeared 
from the face of the earth, and would bid f^jr to be entirely forgotten 
were it not for the dove-house which yet remains, and the garden- 
flowers which are said to be still found in the adjoining fields. 

In A Delineation of Northamptonshire . . By theTravayle of John 
Norden, in the year M.DC.X. are given lists of the principal seats : 
among the thirty-eight "Esquires, the most of them also very 
pleasingly Seated within this Shire," are " Eusebe Isham at Pitchley" 
and "Thomas Fresham (sic) at Newton." 

Kettering. J- Alfred Gotch. 

Ancient Village Sports. ii 

217. — Ahcibwt Village Sports (135, 173, 19*). — Since Mr. 
Baker requests information of the spread of the game of *' Choosing 
Partners," it will interest him, and perhaps others of your readers, to 
know that it prevails among our youth here, in a slightly modified 
form. The second line has 

** Where oats, pease, beans and badey grow," 
the English version having no mention of pease. And the lines 
recited immediately before the choice is made are these : — 
'* Take the one that yon love best. 
Before yon dose your eyes to rest." 
Portland, Maine, U.S. W. M. Sargbnt. 

218. — Parish Registers of Isham. — The following inter- 
esting extracts from the parish register are taken from the Lansdowne 
MSS. in the British Museum. J. S. 

1620 This was a cheap yeare of all grain. Ordinary wheat at 18^. 

the stryke, Rjre at i6(/. & after at laci. Ba^ey at nine & ten pence, 

& Mault at I j & i6<f. a strike. 
1 6a I A very dear yeare of all manner of come, & about the end of 

1 6a 2 wheat 45. & more. Barley 35. Mault 4^. & the prices of 

these some market daies more. 
i6aa July a in the morning there was a great Thunder & extra- 
ordinary Raine. which caused a wonderfull great flood that did 

overflowe all our Meadowes. Very little Snowe this year. 
i6a5 This year was the great Plague, a deer yeare, & no fair kept 

at Sturbyche* nor Peterboroughe 
i6a8 ao March A general day of Humiliation & publick fisisting 

& Prayer holden. 
1630 This yeare there was a great Plague at Cambridge, so that 

ther was no Stirbyche ffaire kept, & this was a dear yeare. 

\Vheat at 85. a strike. Pease 65. & Mault at 65. M. Pulse at ^s, 

never so deare as at this time. 

1633 This yeare the Roof of the Chancell was new builded by Ric. 
Raynsforde, Parson of both Parsonages. 

1634 This yeare was a great frost & did frise the Thames & a great 
Snowe which lasted longe. 

1635 ^ 1^38 1 This yeare was a Tax laid on all Parishes & 
Ministers towardes the repairinge of St. Paul's in London. I 
gave towards it 20«. & a tax on all towards makinge of ships 
for the Sea. I gave 2s. The towne did levy me above the tenth 
part. A collection ior the distressed in the Palatinate. Ric. 

• Stourbridge, near Cambridge. 

t Certainly the former as the rector was buried here 2 November, 1637. 

• 1* 

12 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

1636 This yeare a great Plague in London, no term kept at 
Micbaelmass in London nor any where else. No Midsummer 
Commencement kept at Cambridge by reason of the Plague 
there. No Styrbricke faire kept. A great plague at Newcastell 
which tooke awaye allmoste all the people there. 

1668 A bad yeare at Isham by reason of the spotty ffeaver. 

1591 Ric Rainsford & Jasper Pakeman were Comportioners, the 
last was parson of (Upper Isham, or) the Over Fee & was buried 
he died 11^ of the said moheth. Ric. Rainsford Parson of 
Isham buried 2 Nov. 1637. 

Moses Hodges was Rector of Upper Isham An. 1640. He resigned 
An. 1 66a & was succeeded the same year by ffrancis Sawyer. 

John Butler was rector of Lower Isham i66a, but his title was 
found null occasioned by his contending for the Upper Parsonage 

M' Galton was presented to both by the Bishop of Lincolne & the 

219. — ^The Prbston Family op Hbtforo, from the Original 
MS. in the Ward Collections for the Continuation of Dugdale's 
Antiquities of Warwickshire, in the British Museum. (Add. MSS. 
29,264 fol. 174b.) 

''The Preston Family had a very considerable Estate in Heversham 
Parish in Westmorland & at Preston Patrick in the same county & 
other Places : And Sir Thomas Preston Bart, becoming a widower 
was persvaded by the Romish Priests to return to his former 
Function. Upon which he settled his Westmorland Estate on his 
two daughters & his other Estates in Warwickshire of which this of 
Weston with the Manor House Wappenbury & Caludon & the 
Northamptonshire Estates likewise And he went beyond the Seas ; 
Having first settled his Estate in Lancashire which was very 
considerable & called the Manor vpon the Jesuits. On which Grant 
there was a Trial in the Exchequer & the Estate was adjudged 
forfeited to the King : who seized vpon the same & granted a Lease 
thereof to Thomas Preston of Holker Esq. 

* * * * 

'* Of the family of Preston it may not be esteemed superfluous to 
digress a little & relate somethings not only Memorable but very 
interesting & especially of Dr. Preston who was one very highly 
esteem'd for his Learning & Singular Piety & in the Greatest Favor 
with King James the first. John Preston son of Tho & Alice 
Preston was born at Heyford in Northamptonshire. The House & 

The Preston Family. 13 

Fann wherein his Father resided was in the Parish of Bugbrook 
and he was baptised there Octob the 27 : 1387. He was descended 
from the family of the Prestous that lived at Preston in Lancashire 
From whence his Great -Grand Father removed vpon occasion of a 
Fatal Quarrel with a Gentleman of the name of Bradshaw who lived 
near him. With whom he fought though much against his will & in 
the contest Bradshaw was killed, & being compelled to stand the 
Trial He was acquitted honourably. And though the law was 
satisfied Yet the family of Bradshaw still retained their Animosity 
and vowed what they would do when they had it in their Power. 
And it fell out not long after that Mr. Bradshaw*s next Brother meets 
Mr. Preston near the Place where the Battle took Place & where his 
Brother was Killed. And he flew into a Passion telling Mr. Preston 
he would be revenged on him For killing his Brother Or he 
would lose his own Life in the Quarrel. Mr. Preston remonstrated 
with him & informed him how Grieved he was at it^ and the continual 
uneasiness it gave him \ and that he killed him much against his will 
& in his own defence and that he had no ill will against him or his 
Family & beg'd him to be pacified. But when nothing would do to 
please him They fought and in the conflict the other Bradshaw was 
killed so that both the Brothers were slain by his Hands. 

** Mr. Preston was vpon this so troubled & Grieved that he 
resolved to leave Lancashire his Native Country Where Things had 
turned out so fatal & unlucky Though he had a very considerable 
Estate there, and was of a family of the first consequence. And 
walking one day very pensive & mournfully alone in Westminster 
Hall Mr. Morgan of Heyford with whom he was acquainted, the 
son of Judge Morgan Came to him & asked why he was so sad 
to whom he related his Misfortunes with the two Bradshaws & the 
continual distress it gave him \ And that he was obliged to leave his 
Native Country Through the Grief it occasioned him continually. 
Wherevpon M. Morgan knowing him to be a Gallant man very 
much pitied him and told him if he would go with him to Hejrford 
He would let him have a good Farm of his to live in & whatever 
else he could befriend him. Mr. Preston thanked him & after some 
consideration accepted his offer and went & became a Farmer in 
Northamptonshire, where he died & his Son succeeded him, & his son 
afterwards & so it came to Thomas Preston, as I have before 
mentioned. These Prestons though removed from their Native Soil 
Lancashire & much impaired in their Revenues retained always the 
dress and manners of their Ancestors & were accounted Gentlemen. 

14 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

There was something in this lohn Preston*s manners & conduct 
that was by no means vulgar & from his very infancy such sparklings 
of aspiring ingenuity as argued in him soniething that was not 
common. As for his Edvcation it was at the Free School at North- 
ampton & afterwards in Bedfordshire. From whence he became a 
Member of Queen's College in Cambridge of which College he was 
elected a Fellow in 1609, having been a Member of the College only 
^\e years. Sir Fvik Greville who was afterwards by King James the I : 
created Lord firook was a great Friend to him & settled vpon hina 50 
Pounds yearly and introduced him to court, where he was Presented 
to the King. But about this time his Friend Mr. Morgan of Heyford 
died & had left his heir Thomas Morgan in trust with some of his 
Relations. This Mr. Morgan under whose Family these Prestons 
had so long lived was by his Guardians now commended to his care 
in his Education. Not only for his living at Heyford his *Birth Place 
and relation to the Family of Morgan But also that the young 
Gentleman might be preserved from the influence of his other 
Friends who were many of them of the Roman Catholic Religion. 
King James the ist had been so well pleased with the University 
That he resolved upon paying them another Visit And the 
Heads of Houses had a conference in which it was decided to 
entertain the King with extraordinary Splendor and a Comedy was 
prepared. There was a Man of great comic Wit of the name of 
Fuggles who was a Member of Clare Hall a man famous in the 
University for wit & sharp at repartee. He had written a Satirical 
Comedy against the lawyers & gave it the name of Ignoramus. 

" This was determined vpon for to be acted before the King & 
great care was taken to furnish and make up all th^ Parts with actors 
that were fit & suitable to perform the different acts of the Play 
before the Court. Young Mr. Morgan of Heyford was a very hand- 
some modest young Gentleman & it was believed would well become 
the dress of a Lady. For in those days it was esteemed a strange & 
monstrous depravity For a Female to appear as an Actress vpon the 
Stage in any Play. And accordingly his Tutor Mr. Preston was sent 
unto for his concurrence. But he wa^ much offended at its being 
even mentioned to him And declared he would not agree the young 
Gentleman shou'd take any part in such Buffoonery considering the 
Family he was descended from, & the great Estate he was in possess- 
ion of. And said further he could not believe the Friends of the 
Young Gentleman intended him to be a Player, and so he desired 
that they would please to look out & find some other, that was inferior 
in Family & Estate to perform the Part in the Comedy before the Court. 

The Prestoft Family. 15 

" But the Gaardians were of another OpinioD not so exact & 
scrupulous. For they imagined if he play'd this Part so as to please 
the King & Court, He might make himself many Friends, which in 
his future Life might introduce him into the j:ompany of the Great 
& by that means advance him in the World. For he was a Young 
Gentleman very handsome in Person, & in possession of a very fair 
inheritance from his ancestors at Heyford in Northamptonshire & also 
at Weston tmder Wetherley in this county with the famous Manour 
House where he frequently resided for the Family had two Seats 
which they made use of Heyford House & this Mansion called 
Weston Hall and the family were designated more of this last Place 
than of the former for they in general resided more in Warwickshire 
than the other and in all writs & summonses were called of Weston 
under Wetherley Though they had at Heyford a very good Family 
House. And therefore the Guardians being willing Young Mr. 
Morgan was allowed to act his Part in the Play before the Court 
which gave great applause. For King James & the whole Court was 
highly diverted at the Humour of the Comedy and with the manner 
of the young Genfleman. / 

"And soon afterwards He became a Member of the University of 
Oxford and was suffered to act & Play as he pleased and by which 
means being often with 'the Roman Catholics he was by them 
persuaded to relapse into Popery which hath says my author proved 
fatal & unfortunate to him & his Family. 

" But to return to our Mr. Preston who was now in the University 
& chosen Master of Emmanuel College and being appointed chaplain 
to Prince Henry the eldest Son of King James tho he had not taken 
his Doctor's Degree. Yet he was so favourd at Court that a Mandate 
was issued that the University should admit him to the Degree of 
D.D. that he might be ready to attend the Service of Sir Arthur 
Chichester afterwards an Irish Baron As Ambassador, into 
Germany about the aiFairs of the Palatinate. But it came to nothing. 
Sir Arthur did not go, and therefore the Doctor remained & became 
one of the Chaplains to the King, and attended the court One Month 
in the Year until the day of his death which came to pass at 
Theobalds. March 27. 1625. 

•• And Sir Ed : Conway & the other Lords drew . up the Pro- 
clamation wherein the Prince Charles the !•• was proclaimed King 
with all his Titles, and haste was made to send away to London The 
Duke of Buckingham & the Prince & our D^ Preston in coaches 
shut down, to hasten to Whitehall for the Proclamation. For the 
Doctor was in the greatest favour at Court which did not leave him 
until his death. For finding his Health to fail he went into the 

1 6 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

country for change of air to Fawsley in Northamptonshire to the 
Family of the Knightleys where he yielded up his breath into the 
hands of his Saviour, and found Sepulchre in the Church of Fawsley 
July 20*^ 1628, being of the age of 41 years." 

220.— Civil War, 1642.—'' Northampton, Septemb. 6. The 
Lord Brooke with his Forces came hither on Friday last, since their 
comming we sent a considerable Force to the Lord Mountagues 
House and tooke him prisoner, notwithstanding he had 100 men for 
his defence, wee tooke three Knights more that were Commissioners 
of Array, and brought from his .Lordships house two Cart loads of 
excellent good Armes, divers of our Souldiers are so unruly notwith- 
standing the vigilancie and care of the commanders, that they 
plunder mens houses^ and commit divers insolencies, and if the 
Parliament that gives us power to kill and slay those that oppose the 
King and them, will not give us power (pro tempore) to execute 
marshall Law upon some of the unruly Souldiers, whose example 
may make others conformable, otherwise their absence will be desired 
rather than their presence, and they will be as odidus to the country 
people as the Cavaliers are. Here came to town one Master Clarke 
dwelling neare Brackley in this County, who hath received a menacing 
Letter from Sir yohn Biron (who runne away from thence to Oxford 
with two Troopes of Horse) wherein he lets him know that he hopes 
yet to see the day to have satisfaction out of Master Ciarkes estate, 
and the estate of all those other Traytors and Rebels of Brackley and 
Northamptonshire, that beate and tooke 50. of his Troopers Prisoners, 
aud demands restitution, but they are resolved to send him an answer 
to advise him to come out of Oxford with all his strength to receive 
his desires, and if they make him not runne away twice as fast as he 
did before they will give him treble satisfaction." 

The above is taken from the fifth number of Speciail Passages 
And certain Informations Jrom severail places, Collected for the use of 
all that desire to bee truely Informed, p. 35. 

221. — ^The Sheppard Family of Towcestbr (59, i58). This 
extract from the "Account Book for 1802" of Francis Sheppard, 
of Field Burcote, a member of the Towcester family, is curious as 
telling us something about a farmer's funeral at the beginning of the 
century : — 

" What be not you gone Frank. No. but I am a going tho' now 
These were the last words of my father to me on friday the 20^ day 
of April when I was going to a Sale to write for Jones at Culworth 
and on the Wednesday morning following about 5 oClock he expired 

Witches and Witchcraft. 


and on the mondaj folio wing the 30^ he was huried at Towcester in 
the 70 year of his ag^ he was Carried in a Hearse drawn by 4 
Horses after them a Chaises in the first were 3 Sisters Mother & 
self in the a"* were Aunts Hayle Lovel Sheppard & Gardiner & 
Brother Samuel Next followed brothers W-». Jn*. & M' Hill on 
Horse backe & Unkle Lovel & Miss Waters Horseback & Jn». 
Sheppard Horseback Next came the Cart with Unkle Sheppard & 
Bet & last were 6 Paul bearcs (Viz) Jn». Ayers Rich* Jones David 
Kemp Jn*. Howes W" Howes & Tho*. Newman on Horse back & 
Carriers walked viz. Tho». Stevens Edw*. Williams Rich Wright Jo», 
Meacock W". Basford & Hemy Piner" 

Towoeifear. W. F. 

222. — Witches and Witchcrapt in Northamptonshirb. — 
Although with the greater enlightenment brought by the spread of 
education much of the attractiveness of tales of witches and witch- 
craft has passed away, along with the popular belief in such stories, 
a short summary of the subject so far as it relates to Northamptonshire 
will probably not be thought out of place in a miscellany like 

'*N. N. &a" 


i8 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

Beginning in order of date, the first mention of witchcraft of 
local interest is the charge of sorcery said to have been brought 
against Thomas & Becket by Henry ii., at Northampton Castle, in 
the year 1164 ; and next we have the remarkable story of the duchess 
of Bedford, who was accused of having by witchcraft fixed the king's 
(Edward iv.) love upon her daughter, Elizabeth Woodville. The 
charge against the duchess was brought by *' Thomas Wake, esquier" 
(of Blisworth), who, while the king was at Warwick, presented 
before him an '' image of lede made lyke a man of armes, conteyning 
the lengthe of a mannes fynger, and broken in the myddes, and made 
fast with a wyre, sayying it was made by ' the duchess ' to use with 
witchcraft and sorsory." But being unable to substantiate his 
testimony the duchess was '' clerid and declared of the noises and 
disclaundres " against her. On the accession of Richard iii., 
however, the accusation was revived; readers of Shakespeare will 
remember how he declared that — " Edward's wife, that monstrous 
witch, consorted with that harlot-strumpet Shore," had withered up 
his arm, and demanded what punishment was their due who thus 
conspired against him. 

Later on, in the reign of James i., cases of alleged witchcraft 
became of frequent occurrence, probably in consequence of the 
facilities for their apprehension and prosecution afforded by the Act 
passed in the first year of this king's reign. Of the greater portion 
of these trials we possess no record, but certain rare tracts published 
during the 1 7th century afibrd us particulars of sundry cases occurring 
in this county. One of these tracts, dated 161 2, is entitled The 
Witches of Northamptonshire, and recounts the trial and execution of 
Agnes Browne, loane Vaughan, Arthur Bill, Hellen lenkinson, and 
Mary Barber, all reputed witches, who were hanged together at 
Abington gallows, on the 22nd of July, in the year above-mentioned. 
Of Agnes Browne we are told that she, with one " Katherine Gardiner, 
and one loane Lucas, all birds of a winge, and all abyding in the 
towne of Gilsborough, did ride one night to a place (not aboue a 
mile oflf) called Rauenstrop, all vpon a Sowes backe, to see one 
Mother Rhoades, an old Witch that dwelt there." 

In the fac-simile woodcut {>refixed, we see these interesting 
individuals riding on their strange steed down Guilsborough hill 
to visit their ally. This village would seem to have had more 
than its fair share of these suspected servants of the evil one— even 
to this day it possesses (or did quite recently) a family who rejoice in 
the name of "the witch family," though it is to be hoped no 
inconvenience arises to them or their neighbours from this sinister 

Witches and Witchcraft. 19 

A letter dated 1658 furnishes particulars of a me morable piece of 
witchcraft which occurred at Welton, near Daventry, " at the House 
of Widdow Stiff, whose youngest daughter vomited in less than three 
days three Gallons of Water and a vast quantity of Stones and Coals.*' 
As some of these stones were said to weigh a quarter of a pound, and 
were so big that they had enough to do to get them out of her mouth, 
one has about as much difficulty in swallowing this narrative as the 
afflicted damsel must have had in delivering herself of the aforesaid 

Another tract presents " A Full and True Relation of the Tryal, 
Coodemnatiou, and Execution of Ann Foster/' showing how she 
plagued a farmer of £astcoat by bewitching his sheep and horses and 
setting his bams and corn on fire 5 also in what likeness the devil 
appeared to her in prison, and how she was hanged at Northampton on 
Aug. 22, 1674. 

Matthew Hopkins, the celebrated witch-finder, commenced his 
career in 1645, and in the defence of his conduct published three 
years afterwards, he boasted of having been concerned in the 
conviction of about 200 witches in Suffolk, Northamptonshire, 
Huntingdonshire, Bedfordshire, Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, and the 
Isle of Ely. Towards the end of the century, witch prosecutions 
were greatly discouraged by Chief Justice Holt, who so directed the 
juries that large numbers of accused persons were acquitted. In 
1705, however, Northamptonshire witnessed the trial and condem- 
nation of two witches, in the persons of Ellinor Shaw and Mary 
Phillips ; the first bom at Cotterstock and the latter at Oundle. The 
story is remarkable : their compact with the evil one, and subsequent 
pranks — in nine months destroying ij children, 8 men, 6 women, 
40 hogs, 100 sheep, 18 horses, and 30 cows — have enough of the 
marvellous to satisfy the most insatiable- appetite, while the manner 
of their execution was horrible enough to daunt intending imitators, 
for after being hanged until they were almost dead they were then 
burned to ashes at the stake. Notwithstanding the discouragement 
of the judges, the trial by water long continued to be appealed to in 
the case of suspected witches. In 173J, a poor shoemaker named 
John Kinsman, of Naseby, was almost killed by repeated immersions 
in a "great pond in Kelmarsh lordship," and in 1751 an old woman 
named Osborne actually lost her life at Longmarston in this manner, 
one of her persecutors being afterwards hanged in chains for his 
share in the transaction. This outrage led to the repeal of James*s 
Act against witchcraft, but the water trial was still occasionally 
resorted to until a much later date. The Northampton Mercury 
of August I, 1785, mentions that *'on Thursday last a poor 

20 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

woman named Sarah Bradshaw, of Mears Ashby, in this County, 
who was accused by some of her neighbours of being a witch, in 
order to prove her innocence submitted to the ignominy of being 
dipped, when she immediatel7 sunk to the bottom of the pond, which 
was deemed an incontestible proof that she was no witch.** And, to 
close the list, about the beginning of the present century, an old 
woman named Warden, living in St. John street, Wellingborough, was 
subjected to the same test and was rescued by her son only just in 
time to prevent mischief. F. T. 

223.— Local Dialect (43, 64, 109, 167). — I have heard the 
following words and expressions in the northern part of the county : 
they are not to be found in the glossaries of Baker or Sternberg. 

Rent: used for a contract with a medical man for professional 

services. " I rented him for years : I paid him a pound a year 

for myself and the children.'* 
Robin : Robert I have only heard this used of old men, never of 

Sads : sods of turf. 
Sample : '' I never seen such a sample in all my born days," said of 

an unusually large congregation on a week day. 
Saucy : dainty. " The pigs ha' been made to eat anything, so when 

they get to a new trough they don*t get saucy." 
Scare : scar. 
Scarlet : first symptoms of scarlet fever. '' It looked as it it had got 

a scarlet." 
Scrat : the glossaries give this word for " scratch." I have heard the 

word chiefly in connection with scraping together enough money 

for the rent. " It takes all I know to scrat the rent." 
Screed : a long strip of land. *' He has a screed of land next ours." 

Baker's glossary has the word in the sense of a fragment. 
Seat : sitting of eggs. 
Second-handed : second-hand. 
Seek after 5 seek to : look after. 

Shelvings : additions to a cart to enable it to hold a larger load. 
Shivery : frightened, alarmed. A woman had lost two children in a 

year, and a third was ailing, and it made her feel *' shivery " lest 

it should go off like the others. 
Sipe : to leak. 
Skid : a large round piece of wood, employed in raising trunks of 

trees on to waggons. Smaller pieces of wood used to steady the 

wheeb are also called by this name, and this connects the word 

with the verb given in Baker's glossary. 


Confession of Murder at Clinton. 21 

Slattering, slatting : wasting money. 

Slotbering : stambliog, with unsteady gait. '' I go slotbering across 
the room.** lo Baker "slitter" is given in much the same sense. 

Spile-hole : the hole in a barrel in wbich the peg, the " spile-peg," 
b put. 

Sqaench : variety of quench. Heated iron, cooled with water, is 
said to be " squenched." 

Squiz: squeezed. 

Stick my stall : stay in the position I have taken, and make the best 

of it. " He leather'd me, and I left him : but I can't keep 

myself, and he must take me back." ** But, perhaps, if he does 

take you back, he'll leather you again." " Well, if he does, I 

must stick my stall." 

(To be tontinued,) 

224. — Confession op Murder at Clinton. — The original 
document from wbich the following has been transcribed is preserved 
in the church chest at Clinton. The scene of the murder is tra- 
ditionally said to be a large old low house next to the manor house. 
The name of Wyldbore occurs very frequently in the registers. Ed. 

Cood people, I am very glad to see so many spectators of my 
death, which I am now about to suffer for giving Death to one of my 
fellow-creatures I say I am glad to see so many witnesses of my 
death, because I hope you will be all witnesses of my Sinceere and 
hearty Repentence. ffor I confess, that I am most guilty of the 
breaches of all Cod*s Lawes (tho* I must confess them all to be most 
holy just and good) I have transgrest tliem so often that should I 
number my sinns ; and the severall times I have fall'n into them, the 
day would faile me, & I must not die to day, should 1 once attempt 
it. I have offended against Cod, my neighbour and myselfe. Against 
Cod in propbaneing his Sabbaths and neglecting all his holy ordi- 
nances, which he hath most graciously provided to supply us w*** grace 
to keepe us from falling into any sinn. I have sinned against my 
selfe in makeing my body nothing but a cage of uncleaness by 
drinking so often to excess, that at last I had gotten so perfect an 
habitt of drunkenness, that I had almost lost the Notion of Sobriety. 
I was never well but in drinke & it was this sinn against my selfe, 
which made me comitt this most notorious sin of murder — murder in 
the plaine sense of it against my poore neighbour Cod grant I 
have not murder'd him body and soule. Cod grant I have not sent 
him out of the miseries of this world for a moment, to those of 
the next to all Eternity. Tis this, Cood people, this feare I have, 
I have ruin'd him for ever, makes me wish mine eyes a fountaine of 
teares, and that I had a longer time granted me on purpose to weepe 

22 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

day an'J night for a week, for a month, for a whole yeare together^ 
But since this is deny'd me, 1 hope our mercifull God, who does not 
weigh our Services by the number or length of them, but only by our 
sincerity, when we performe them, if we perform them so often as 
occasion offers it selfe this God I hope will accept of that brief time 
is alowed me and make me truly sinceere. I wish with all my heart I 
could melt into a whole flood of teares. to testify my repentance to 
you. But God I know does not measure my sincerity by them 5 nor 
will you I hope judge me less sinceere because so litle aflected. I 
could wish I were dissolved into water, but if I were, 'tis the water 
and blood only of Jesus Christ my Saviour must cleanse me from all 
my sinne. And I pray God to bath me well in that, and then as I 
confess to beleive, so I shall need no other Purgation for all. I shall 
say no more when- I have desir'd you all to pray for me, and to 
continue your prayers as long as you shall think there is any of life in 
me, and then to continue them for your selfes, lest the Devil at last 
gett the dominion over you, and so you comitt the same sinns, and 
you come to the same punishm^ which I pray God by his infinite 
mercy & grace to prevent through Jesus Christ our Lord, for whose 
sake alone tis, I comend my soule into the hand of God, who is a 
faithfull Creator who will preserve it pui«e till the comeing of our 
Lord Jesus Christ Amen Amen. John Wyldbore. 

225. — Churchwardens' Accounts' at Peakirk, 1708-88. 
—Among the parish documents at Peakirk is a volume of accounts 
extending from 1708 to 1788. Many of the entries are of general 
interest, and a selection from them is here given. The dates are printed, 
for the sake of distinctness, at the commencement of the several 
extracts, but are not taken verbatim from the original. A few notes 
are added in parentheses. Ed. 

• On the cover is this note : 
1740. 4 Oct. " Be it Remember d y* there was a Gunn bought of 

Ed : Wright of Peterborough y« prise was Seven Shillings & 

Sixpence & pay^ for per Peakirk & Glinton & is for y* Use of y* 

Said Towns ** 

The rest of the entries are in regular order, except that the 

accounts for the last year are on blank pages that bad been missed 

between the years 1 7 1 3 and 1 7 14. <^ s. d. 

1 708. 9 May. for Going a proseseng of holey tbursday 068 

(The perambulation of the parish, beating the bounds.) 

. for y* funt Remouing . , . .020 

Paid to John Alleksander for pueing the Church 

fiften pounds • . . . . 15 o o 

Churchwardens^ Accounts at Peakirk. .23 

£ s. d. 
1712. I Nov. paide to Thomas Suthell for mecking y* north 

dore aod one pew and sets and funt : civer for tow pare 

of gouts and nailes and a Bord and a Knob for y* funt i 1 1 o 

171 7. Paid to M' CoIIings for ye kings armes and 

Lackering y* frame . . . . . 4 J2 o 

1726. Paid for y« Chilldms Vitells And drink at y« Viset- 

tation . , . . .'056 

Paid for y« tarer of y* glibe . . .010 

(The terrier of the glehe.) 

1727. Paid for mending y* meeds pew and y* fep fowkes 

pewe to thorns dye . . . . .006 

(What waa the «* meeds pew P ") 
for and oters Hed.. . . . .0x0 

(This is the first otter paid for in this hook. There are hetween 
fifty and sixty sinular entries. Frequent payments are 
made for hedgehogs, 2d, each ; for fnUmords (polecats), 
2d. each ; and for foxes, 1«. each.) 

^734- 5^^' for a pece of wood to make a halfe bolker 006 

(What was this P) 
6 Oct.. p* W». Ball for makeing a Crampe . o o x 

1744. 24 Nov. p* J. Hand for a purl & Keay . .cox 

(For mending a hell.) 

1745. 23 May. Spent at y« Preram bleat ion . .080 

1746. II Apr. for an act of Parlem* Relateing to y* 

Horn*d Cattle . . . . .0x0 

(Between this date and 2 Apr. 1748, no less than nine entries 
occur of payments for acts of parliament relating tp the 
homed cattle, and fonr payments tor orders on the same 
subject. In 1748, 23 May, is payment for a form of prayer 
for the cattle.) 

15 Apr. p* on y« Duke of Cumberlands Birth Day 
for Ringing . . • . . .010 

X May ye same time money Spent per y« order of 
of (sic) y* Towne on account of y* Victory gaind 
over y Rebels in Scotland p** to ye women to ward 
their Cake . . . .. . .050 

pd Wid Quincy for ale . . . . o 15 o 

p*R: Tyers for ale . . . . o 12 2 

p* R : fFoot for Gunpoudor . . .028 

pd W» : Leay for playing of y* Mustek . .020 

1749. I May. p^ R**. Tyers for ale on accompt of y^ 

peace being Concluded . . . .050 

p* Wid Quincy D» . ... .050 

(This was after the treaty of Aix la Chapelle.) 

24 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

£ s. d. 
1750. 12 May. Sold R* : Smith two peces of Wood to 

mend y* Stockes . . . . .006 

1753. 20 Dec. p'^R: Culpin for a Sparrow nett . 040 

1757. 28 Jan. p<* W» Sutton M' Chamberlins man of 

Etton for a Badger , . . . ,010 

(About 4 other sunilar entries are found.) 
^759* ^3 Apr. for a prair for the Seaceing of the Dis- 
temper that Raged amongst the horned Cattle .010 

14 June. p4 M' Percival one pound nine shillings 
for the Singin Looft . . . . ,190 

17^1. S Jan, p* to the C07 nian for two otters . 020 

(Clearly one of the men in charge of the wild duok decoy. 
This is still in a flourishing condition, about two miles from 
Feakirk church. It is now in Newborough parish, but the 
whole of Borough fen was extra-parochial at the date of 
these aooounts. From an entry in 1727 ire see that a seat 
in the church was assigned to the fen folk, who had no 
parish church of their own. See also under 1766.) 
1764. 3 Aug. To Jn* Roberts for the Surplis washing 
& Church Cleaning on Acc^ of the Bishop takeing 
the Sacrement . . . . .020 

1 7^5* 30 May. To Breefes un Red . . .020 

(This occurs several times afterwards. To save the trouble of 
collecting, the parish contributed a small sum from the 
general funds. At the beginning of this century, briefs, 
though still read, were not much regarded. Sometimes, as 
I was told by one who had often seen it, the Churchwarden 
would walk round the church with a plate, for form's sake, 
but without the least pretence of soliciting any offering.) 

1766. 20 Apr. To W°» Hardy for fioaring & wainscoating 

y* fenn pue & Mending other pues two pounds four 

Shill'. Thirteen Shillings & fourpence Their of was 

p<J by y« Gent : of Boro fenn . . . i 10 8 

(See above, 1761.) 

1773. To Ja'. Puddington J : Roberts & W» Hardy for 

puting up y* Kings Armes w** Fell Down . .020 

1779. I Oct. Recv^ of M' Sutton for acknoledgment 

for His pew Whitning . . . .016 

1782. 29 Mar. p^ Rich^. Percival for making The Shade 

for y* burel Sarves as apers by his Bill . , i 1 1 6 

(A shade for the burial service was probably a sort of sentry 
box for the use of the officiant in the rain.) 

1786. 5 Sep. for Groing to Peter Boro It bein in harvest 026 

Robert de Holcot. 


226. — Old Scarlett (205). — It is stated, p. 249, that in 
the eDgraving given in Chambers's Book of Days this worthj is 
represented without the whip in the belt. My authority for this was 
the passage in Notes and Queries, But on looking at the engraving I 
find the whip is there, though not very distinctly shewn : and this 
correction was also given in a later number of Notes and Queries, £d. 

227. — Robert db Holcot. — Although there is some uncertainty 
as to the exact birthplace of this celebrated author there is no reason 
to doubt that he was a native of Northamptonshire. Leland calls 
bim "Avoniae Borealis alumnus/* to which Bale subjoins ''seu 
Northamptonae/* as does the MS. Trin. quoted by Tanner in his 

note. Pits says "North- 

Sn ^ucrbfa Contois 

ilobcm IxIcailltaiSbOMc iSoildtt tln(lliit Mc 

<t:)cplan9noe6 locupktir 

' - BbtftoacqfcbalamftudiBoifiaiti 

d<tionqicoi iipUacmct ;nytopiDopacd>tti» 

amptonse in Anglia natus/* 
in which be is followed by 
Henry Wharton in the 
appendix to Cave's Historia 
Literaria. Fuller, however, 
both in his Church History 
and in his Worthies of Eng- 
land, states that he was born 
at Holcot, a village in the 
county of Northampton, and 
in the margin of his Worthies 
allies " Camdens Britannia 
in Northamptonshire'* as his 
authority, but I am unable 
to find any such passage 
in Gibson's Translation, 
London, 1695. There must 
have been such a statement 
however in some edition 
for in my copy of Cave's 
Historia Literaria, Oxon. 
1743, there is this MS. 
note, in an old hand, "natus apud Holcot in agro Northton 
nt Camdenus noster, et ex antiqua Famili& inde nomen sumente.*' 
This note confirms a conjecture which I had ventured to make that 
he might have been a son of Robertus de Holcot, who was one of 
the Knights of the Shire in the Parliament at Westminster in the 
year i3'-«8, the second year of King Edwaid 111., as given by Bridges 
in his History of Northamptonshire, vol. i. p. 9. That the family 

iLls^fliMm'nif ^fliTbfl^g intdSboB UlirnifftnC^ 
' ppiniifjoaaolijrdloa* 

26 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

derived their name from the place seems clear, but what is the 
etymology of Holcot, or Holecot as it is in Domesday ? Dr. R. Morris, 
in his Etymology of Local Names, p. ^^, has " Hol, (holiowj Hol- 
beach, Hol-land, Hol-bom, Hol-bell, &c./* but whether the natural 
features of the locality justify this meaning I am unable to say. Our 
author himself has his ^ own explanation of his name, " Per verba 
prima [super lib. Sapieniiai] autor alludere mihi videtur ad nomen 
suum, quod clarius postea in praefatione insinuat. Post verba adducta 
ex Cani. ii., CoUimha mea in foraminibus petrcB, addit, Hie [fuse ed.] 
sunt autem foramina domunciUi sive casa, in quibus juxta cognitionis 
mecs sensum debeo conversare, Sicut enim nonien in robore, ita 
cognomen habeo a [a hole] foramine [a cote"] casae datum: et ideo sicut 
nomen meum [Robertus in ed.] in robore, ita [Holcot in ed.] cognomen 
intueor in foramine petrcs. In marginibus libri notantur plerumque 
et autorum nomina, et materia quae ibidem tractatur.*' Ita CI. Langb. 
Ms. Baliol, Ixxi. p. 24. This note is from Tanner, who adds that he 
was educated in the monastery of the Dominicans at Oxford, where 
he obtained the degree of Doctor in Divinity, and was a public 
Professor in that faculty. He was admitted to hear confessions by 
the bishop of Lincoln, Henry Burwash or de Burghursh, or as it is in 
Tanner's note. Burghers, on the 11 Kalend. April mcccxxxi-ii., ue. 
March 22, 1332. Ant. Wood in his Hist, et Antiq, Oxon, i. 65, 
informs us that Holcot was " primo justitiarius, dein Frater Praedi- 
cator " or one of the Dominican Order. Ducange explains Justitiarius 
as being equivalent to Judex, but Wood, I presume, uses it as a term 
for a Student in Canon or Civil Law, a meaning, however, which is 
not found in Ducange. 

Those who consider Holcot to have been the author of the 
Philobiblon, generally ascribed to Richard de Bury, Bishop of Durham, 
suppose that he was one of his chaplains, as *' the bishop had always in 
his house many chaplains, all great scholars.*' Warton's History of 
English Poetry (i. p. cxlviii., ed. Price 1824). Nay, the French 
editor of the Philobib, H. Cocheris, (Paris mdccclvi.. Introduction, 
p. xxii.) says boldly " Holcot 6tait un des familiers les plus intimes de 
r^v^ue de Durham ) il a pu copier plusieurs fois I'ouvrage de son 
ami, et m6me y mettre son nom." So far however as I am aware 
there is no clear evidence to prove that he was an intimate friend, or 
chaplain, of that learned and book-loving and book-collecting Prelate, 
although it is by no means unlikely that they were acquainted, and 
even connected, with each other.* 

• See an Artlde by Emest 0. Thomas ** on the manoBoriptB of the Philo- 
biblon," in the Lihrary Chronicle^ (noB. 20-21, vol. ii., Oct., Nov., 188fi,) for a 
full diacnasion on this inbjeot. Hr. Thomaa, p. 186, caUi Holoot *' one of de 
Boi/e chaplains." Bat this has not been proved. 

Robert de Holcot. 27 

The large nmnber of works attributed to Holcot prores that be 
most have been constaDtly emplojed at Oxford, and perhaps at 
Northampcon \ at which latter place be was carried off by the plague 
while lecturing upon the book Ecclesiasticos^ having reached the 
seventh chapter. " Nota qa&d dnm exponeret caput septimum, obiit»** 
as Pits writes, in the year 1349. He was baried in the Dominican 
monastery at Northampton. His character is perhaps best given by 
Pits, who writes after Leland and Bale, and describes him as, " Vir 
solidi ingenii, oonstantis judicii, multi laboris, incredibilis Industrie^ 
tantaeqne lectionis ut pen^ omnes melioris notae antiquiores Theolpgos 
perlostraverit. Prudens in rebus agendb, foelix in negotiis dirigendis 
dexter in expediendis. Litteras humaniores, et omnes liberales artes, 
Qtcumque tenuit, melius Pbilosopbicas scientias, Theologicas autem 
et accuratissime didicit, et utilissime docuit Non enim solum in 
Tbeologia scholastica, sed etiam in antiquis patribus, in primis £cclesi« 
Doctoribus, in oecumenicis Conciliis, et in sacris denique scripturis 
vald& fuit exercitatus ut non immerito has et similes laudes ei tribuant 
inter alios Trithemius, Sixtus Senensis, et Leander Albertus Bonon- 
iensis." Leland and Bale are equally laudatory in their remarks on 
his ability, industry, and learning, though the former questions the 
excellence of his style, and the latter, as might be expected, criticises 
the soundness of some of his doctrine. Leland sajrs, ** Nunquam 
tamen vel horalam unam cessavit, quo minus voti compos esset. 
Unde effectum est, ut si non facundiam undecunque luculentam» 
redundantem, variam, rerum saltem comparaverit sibi sublimium 
cognitionem, altam, certam, exactam ; quae nisi accedat, quid aliud est 
eloquentia, quam pnrpureus fucus distorto corpori male conveniens.*' 
And Bale observes, ''£t licet ejus doctrina non sit omni ex parte pura, 
aut syncera, est tamen non mediocri eruditione pluribus in locis 
referta.'* After these testimonies to Holcot's ability and labours it 
will be appropriate to conclude with our Northamptonshire Fuller's 
account of his brother county worthy. 

Fuller in his Worthies, among the writers of Northamptonshire, 
includes Robert Holcot, who, he says, " was bom in a village of this 
county so named, bred in the university of Oxford, and afterwards 
became a Dominican in Northampton. A deep scholar, and yet 
commended to be prudent in rebus agendis, and accounted one of the 
greatest school-n^n in that age. Nor was he only a candle, or 
domestick light, confin'd within the walls of his own Country, but his 
learning was a publick Luminary to all Christendome, as appears by 
the praise which Trithemius bestoweth upon him. He died at 
Northampton of the plague Anno 13491 before he had finished his 


28 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Lectures on the seventh of Ecclesmstes.* I say of the plague, which 
at that time so raged in England^ that our Chroniclers affirm^ scarce 
a tenth persoa of all sorts was left alive. Insomuch^ that the 
Churches and Church- Yards in London not sufficing for their inter- 
ments, a new Church- Yard was consecrated in West'Smithfield^ 
wherein fifty thousand were buried, who at that time died of the 
pestilence.** (Part ii. p. 289.) 

Fuller speaks of Holcot again in his Church History, (Part iii. 
pp. 94, 9j,) in his enumeration of the ''nine eminent School-men of 
the English Nation." "8. Robert Holcot, flourished under Edward 
the third 1349, a Dominician, bom at Holcot in Northamptonshire, 
bred in Oxford, buried in Northampton, where he died of the plague.** 
He is the only one of the nine without a special title, each of the 
others having such a distinction, as for instance John Duns Scotus, 
Doctor Subtilis ; and he is the only Dominican. Five were Franciscans, 
two Secular Priests, and one Carmelite. On p. 98 Fuller says, 
*' Robert Holcot was not the meanest amongst them, who died of the 
plague at Northampton, just as he was reading his Lectures on the 
seventh of Ecclesiasticus ;t wherein as many Canonical truths as in 
any Apocrypha chapter ; and although as yet in his publick reading 
he was not come to the last verse thereof (so proper for mortality) 
wee -may charitably believe he had seriously commented thereon, in 
his private meditations. Whatsoever thou takest in hand, remember 
the end, and thou shalt never do amiss, (Eccles. vii. ^6,) ** Lastly on 
p. 59 he remarks, "Yet these School-men agreed not amongst 
themselves in their judgments. . . . Holcot being a Dominican, 
stiffly resisted the Franciscans^ about the conception of the Virgin 
Mary^ which they would have without original sin." 

The edition of Holcot*s Opuscula, In Quatuor Libros Sententiarum ; 
De Imputabilitate Peccati ; and Determinationes j printed at Lyons by 
John Clim, 15 18, 4to, a copy of which is in the British Museum, 
contains also Auctoris ipsius vita nuper Adjecta. This was probably 
the source from which Leland and the rest derived their information, 
but it is taken from Trithemius de Scriptoribus Ecclesiasticis, first 
printed in 1494. 

Pits gives the fullest catalogue of his works : — 

In Prophetas Minores. 12 separate CommeDtaries. MSS. in Balliol 

Library and Bodleian. 
In Prorerbia. MS. in Balliol Library. 

• Thia Bhonld be " EeeUtiaitieut," 
t This is alluded to in the colophon of the work printed at Venice, 1509. 
« Qoam doctor ipse preclams a dec yooatns, ao morte preventos explere non 

Robert de Holcot. 29 

In Cantioa Ckntiounim. 

In EodflUAsten. 

In Sapientiam Solomonis. ocziii Lectionefl. 

In Septem priora capita Eodeaiastici. Izxxyiii LeotioneB. 

In Quatnor Erangelia. 

\t^ firangeHiim S. MatUuei. 

Allegoric Utrinsqne TertamentL MS. in S. Peer's OoU. library, 

£zempla Scriptone. 
Morales Ezpoeitiones. 
Moralizationes Sacro Soriptnra pro Eyangeliiaatibns Yerbom Dei. MS. 

in Magdalen ColL Ozon. 
MoralizatioDee Historiamm. 
De Ptedicatoris Officio. 

Sennonee per Annum. MS. at S. Peter's Coll. Cambridge. 
Sermones de Sanctis. 
Sermones FestiTales. 
Sermones Qnadragesimalee. 
Super quinque Uoiversalia. 
Leotune SoholasticsB. 

Qusstiones super Magistrum Sententiarcm. 
Quffistionum Determinationes. 
Qnodlibeta. MS. at Pembroke CoU. Cambridge. 

In Magistrum Sententiamm. MSS. at Balliol, Morton, Oriel Coll. Oxon. 

Distinctionxmi Liber Unus. MSS. 'at Bodleian and Merton CoU. Oxon. 
Super articuUs impugnatis. 
De Immortalitate Animse. 
De Prascientla et Pnedestinatione. 
De Peccatis Mortalibus. 
De Libertate Credendi. 
De Imputabilitate Pecoati. 
De Fautoribus Hsretioorum. 
De Amore. 

De Umbra, naturis, motibus et efibotibus SteUamm. 
De Ludo Scacohorum. 

Tn the " Scriptores Ordinis Praedicatorora," by Quelif and Ecbard^ 
the following additional works by Robert Holcot are enumerated : — 

De Orlgine, definitione et remedio pecoatonmiy Paris 1517. Brugis 1617. 

ConcordantifiB AnglicansD. 

De Serpente. 

Beductorium Morale in Ayenione factum et Parisiis oorrectum et tabolatum, 

▲.n. 1342. 
Breyiloquium Thom» Holcot. 
Dicta SalutlB per Bobertum Holcot, yel Guilielmum Aquitanicum. 

It seems doubtful whether these two are by him. Echard states 
that the Sorbonoe MS. places Holcot at Cambridge instead of Oxford^ 
but this is no doubt a mistake. 

30 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Another writer on the Dominican Order, *'de Altamura^** Rom. 
1677, pp. 123, 123, mentions these works : — 

Boberti Holoot de Septem Peccatia Capitalibufl. 

Be Umbra Stellamm. 

De Natora, de Motibua, et de EfEeotibns SteUamm. 

De Amore Stellanun. 

De Motibut Natnraliboa. 

Liber de Impunitate Pjdocati [forte, Impntabilitate]. 

De Amore Ldbromm, ad Epiacopiim Dilmonensem. [Dnnehnenaem]. 

The work entitled simply De Amore in the previous list from Pits 
may be this work, better known as the Philobiblon, or Philobiblion. 

There is some difficulty m accounting for Fuller's reference to 
Camden's Britannia as his authority for the birthplace of Holcot, in 
his Church History published in 1656, and his Worthies in 1662. My 
friend, J. E. T. Loveday, Esq., of Williaroscot near Banbury, kindly 
examined the Latin editions of the Britannia^ London, 1607, fol. and 
Franofort ad Maen. 161 6, quarto, and Dr. Philemon Holland's Trans- 
lation^ London, 1610, in the British Museum, without finding any 
mention of Holcot. Lowndes gives another edition of Philemon 
Holland's Translation, '* finally revised by the said author," Lond. 
1637, ^ol*> A°^ i^ IS iTOTCi this, I suppose, for I have not had an 
opportunity of consulting it, that Fuller derived his statement. Bp. 
Gibson, in the Preface (p. a, a 2 verso,) to his Translation of the 
Britannia m 1695, speaks of Dr. Holland's ''additions and inter- 
polations," and says that he has omitted them in his version, which 
was made from Camden's genuine Latin text. Later editions of 
Camden repeat the statement that Holcot was bom at the village so 
Darned^ e.g. that of 1724, under the hundred of Hamfordshoe, 
No. XIII. of the hundreds in the county, has ''Holcot, a small 
Village, famous for the Birth of Robert Holcot, whose Ancestors took 
the Name from it, an Argument, that at that Time they were the Lords 
of the Manor, and chief Men in it." Then follows an account of 
his life from Trithemius. After all it seems that Fuller's statement 
is based on a guess of Dr. Holland's derived from Holcot's name. 
This is not an improbable conjecture, but perhaps is now incapable 
of proof. 

Bale mentions a treatise De Impunitate Peccati, which may be a 
mistake for Impntabilitate. Several have been printed, viz:— In 
Proverbia, Ecclesiasticum, Sapientiam Salomonis, Moralitates and 
Moralizationes, Sermones per annum, In 4 Libros Sententiarum, 
Conferentiae, Determinationes, De Impntabilitate Peccati, Distinctiones. 
The full titles of these have been collected by Mr. John Taylor, and 
shall be given in the ensuing part of " N. N. & Q.** 


Meaning of ''/Etr 31 

228. — ^WiLMBR Family of Stwbll. — I am engaged in 
compiling a pedigree of this family, and should be very much obliged 
if any reader of " N. N. & Q." can help me. I am specially anxious 
to make the pedigree complete for the latter part of the eighteenth 
century. I should add that I have consulted the Sywell and Ryton 
registers and the printed vi^tations of heralds, as well as the works 
of Bridges, Baker, Nash, and of the Harleian Society. 

a Jolm'i CoUag*, Oxford. C. WiLMXR FoSTBR« 

229. — Mbanino op thb Abbrbtiation *'iET." — ^There seems 
some uncertainty as to the meaning of this term ; and as it is in 
constant use, its interpretation should, I think, be definitely fixed. 
Does ''act 5o"=statis quinquaginta annorum=aged jo; or does 
it=anno aetatis quinquagesimo^aged 49 ? In sending some abbre- 
viated inscriptions to our worthy editor I used the term "set" as 
equivalent to ** aged 5 " and, in reply, he drew my attention to it as, 
in his opinion, an error. I had used the term as a useful, and, as I 
believed, an ordinary abbreviation, without giving any thought as to 
its exact meaning ; but on looking up the matter I find that my 
interpretation is at all events not an uncommon one. In the pedigree 
of Rooke (Genealogist, iv. 196), I find "Wm. Rooke bapt. 1588, 
bur. 1645, art. 57 5" which should be " act. 58," if "art." is equivalent 
to "anno aetatis.*' In the pedigree of Browne (Genealogistf iii. 73), 
lieut col. Browne, bom 1798, died 1864, is said to have been ''act. 
66,*' which, on the same supposition should be " act. 67." Again, in 
Sleigh's History of Leek, an infant is put down as dying "art. 15 
months.** These instances however only convinced me that mine 
was a common use of the term, not that it was the right use ; so I 
wrote to the editor of The Genealogist, and he in answer gave it as 
his opinion that I was right : and supported it by the authority of the 
loquisitiones post mortem, where we have *' aetatis triginta annorum 
et amplius," the words " et amplius *' denoting the period over and 
above the last birthday. Curiously enough in the October number 
of our " N. N. & Q.,** pp. 249-50, the point is raised in speaking of 
the age at death of old Scarlett. 

Great floughton, T. J. 

It is very desirable that any uncertainty as to the meaning of the 
word ''aet " on tombstones and monuments should be removed. If 
it is, at all generally, regarded as equivalent to ** aged,** I am still of 
opinion that this translation is founded on a misconception. It will 
be observed that two of T. J.'s instances decide nothing one way or 
the other 5 William Rooke, baptized 1588, and buried 1645, might 

32 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

have been aged j7, or in the 57th year of his age, according to the 
months of his birth and death. If, for example, he had been born in 
May and died in June, he would have been aged 57, but if born in 
June and buried in May he would have been aged 56. And so with 
the second example. The other two certainly imply that "aet"=aged, 
and I should be glad to have further opinion on the matter. I have 
consulted one eminent classical scholar, late fellow and tutor at 
Oxford, who writes to me in these terms : — " I have no doubt you are 
right, and that the expressions quoted on the other side have arisen 
out of a misunderstanding of the act 5 aetatis could not mean 
absolutely * of the age.' " Ed. 

230. — Registers op Maidwell. — In Bridges* Northampton- 
shire (1791), it is said that the registers of Maidwell date from 1570. 
The parliamentary returns in 1833, however, give 1780 as the earliest 
date of the same. The transcripts in the diocesan registry at 
Peterborough commence, I believe, at a date subsequent to 1700. I 
should feel obliged for any information as to the older missing 
registers and transcripts. 

Dublin. R. E. L. 

231. — Monuments in Passenham Church. — I notice that 
the monuments in this church to Antony Trye, rector (1701), 
Anthony Trye, gent. (1698), Mary Pargiter (1694-j), Gul. Leon. 
Mackdowall (17 13), and Elizabeth Mackdowall (1720), Anna 
Pygott (161 1), Rev. Mr. Jenkinson (1751), and Anne his wife 
(1762), and the slab within the altar rails to sir Robert Banastre 
(1649), 3re not now visible, unless they have by any accident escaped 
my notice. Perhaps some of your readers may know what has 
become of them. (See Baker, ii. 193 j and Bridges, i. 304.) I should 
be glad also to know what family bore the coat of arms which appears 
in the screenwork and stalls of the chancel, described thus : — Ermine, 
on two bars six mullets. Sometimes the shield of Banastre, A cross 
flory, impales the above, and sometimes quarters it. These initials 
and date appear on one of the stalls : — b : r : m : 1628 : 

The following inscriptions are not mentioned in Baker's history, 

some being of more recent date. 

I. On a tablet on the north wall of the chancel, surmounted by crests 
of Loraine and Smith j and with the arms of Smith (?) quartering 
Loraine, and four others : — " Within a vault in the adjoining 
Churchyard, are deposited the mortal remains of the Rev. 
Loraine Loraine Smith, l.l.b.. Magistrate for the counties of 
Northampton and Buckingham, and Rector of this Parish for 

Cabinet Ulaker, ^pl^olsterer, tk. 

Every Pescf\iption of Fut\NiTURE, 

(In Antique or Modem Styles.) 

Antique Furniture carefully Restored and Renovated. 
57 St. Giles' Street, Northampton. 


/n Newest Designs and Colourings^ 





An immense Stock of the above may be seen at 


14 Wood Street, Northampton, 





3(3, 35, 37, 39, 

The Drapery, Northampton. 





33, 35, 37, 39, 

The Drapery, Northampton. 


Part X. Vol. II. 

APRIL, 1886. 

Price Is. Gd, 

/ love every ihin^ 
books, old tvine. 

old times, old manners, old 
e stoops to conquer, i. r. 

IFhat beauiiful a^veATrpdo^niefSi:e<g' thp dear island present ! fVhat 
a school for study am^of^m^/atiorU'ofFkM are to be fr.und twenty-four 
cathedrals, the Jinest *"^^>^^^ ^^ihi0^^^^ufr^.t^^,tj ^^j parochial churches, and 
interesting remains of antiquity without number, all within a boundary of a 
Jew hundred miles ? Each county is a school, where those who run may read, 
and where volumes of ancient art lie open for all enquirers, 

A. W. PuoiK, in Purcell's JVritings and Characters, ^$6, 


Notes ^ Queries, 



The Antiquities, Family History^ Traditions, Parochial 
Records, Folk-lore, Quaint Customs^ &c,, of the County, 

£DtteS ii8 
Jh^: f(EV. N{ . p. ^WEETINQ, ^.^. 
Vicar of Alaxey, Alarket Deeping, 





Old Libraries : a Suggestion. 


Saunderson Family, Little Addington. 


The George Inn, Northampton. 


The Ancestors of Benjamin Franklin. 


Tradesmen's Tokens : 


Pariflh Begisters of Kassington. 



CivU-War, 1643: The Taking of 


Grafton House. 


Michael Wodhnll. 


Hears Ashby Honse. 


Sargent Family of Northampton. 


The Tresham Pedigree. 


Moravians in Northampton. 


Bobert de Holcot. 


Biots in 1641 and 1642. 


Begisters of MaidweU. 


Northamptonshire Characters and 


Date on a Mantle-piece at Helmdon. 



The Pancake Bell. J 


London : George Redway, 15 York Street, Covent Garden. 

n?,**^^/l nf Rtnfit^m*^,'*,^ TT/tJ/ 1 

Monuments in Passenham Church. 33 

forty five years : He died the 20th of May, 1857, aged 73 years. 
Instigated by his own good ^ste And from a grateful feeling to 
his esteemed Patron, Charles Viscount Maynard, He considerably 
enlaiged and ornamented The Rectory House and Grounds and 
improved the Church aod Churchyard. This tablet is erected to 
his memory by Isabella Charlotte his affectionate widow Who 
also lies in the same vault. Having closed a life of loving self- 
denial on March ai**, 1870, aged 81 years." 
a. On the west wall, above the gallery, is a tablet, thus inscribed : — 
, " In Memory of Judith wife of William Tompkins of this parish 
who after having lived beloved died lamented by all that knew 
her y*. 1 8th of Jan^. 1 754, aged 74 years. Also the said W". 
Tompkins who was Inter'd June 15^, 1762, aged 84 years." 

3. On a brass tablet on the north wall of the chancel : — " To the 

Glory of God and in afifectionate remembrance of her brother, 
Thomas Day, late of Stony Stratford, and as a grateful memorial 
of the goodness of God, the East Window in this Church was 
erected by Priscilla Day, Anno Domini, 1867." 

4. On a tablet on the outside of the south wall : — *' Near this place 
are deposited the remains of Mr. William Matthews (formerly 
of Swanboume, Bucks), Who died 2"** of Nov* 181 8 aged 6^ 
jezts. Also of Mrs. Mary Deverell his daughter, who died %^ 
June 18 18 aged 34 years.** At the foot are two Imes of verse. 


232. — Book-worm. — About two years ago, Mr. John Taylor, 
of Northampton, brought to me a book -worm which he had found 
in a choice copy of Cole's 'Herveiana, in the town library, and which 
was exhibited at the next meeting of the Natural History Society. 

It was the caterpillar of the moth CEcophora pseudospretella, and 
in appearance a "maggot** about i inch long and \ inch thick, 
_ yellowish white in colour, with a horny head, and 

six legs all crowded in the front part of its body. 
I kept it for some little time in an old prayer book, 
but the quality of the paper would not suit its 
fastidious taste. It would not eat, and only lived a 
day or two. Although the holes left by this cater- 
pillar are only too common, yet the insect itself is not often met with. 
In the Northampton town library many of the older books exhibit 
frequent holes, and Mr. T. J. George, F.G.S,, the librarian, tells me 
that when moving some old books a short time ago he saw and killed 

Northwnpton. C. E. Crick. . 


34 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

233. — Saundbrson Family op Little Adding.ton (ioi, 113, 
t6o). — The following inscription from a mural monument in the 
south wall of S. Martin's church, Stamford, will help to complete the 
account of the Saunderson family. . Particulars of Martha SaundersoD, 
afterwards Etough, will he found at vol. i., p. 115. 

'' M. S. Martha Etough Relict of the Rev. Henry Etough M.A» 
Rector of LufFwick and of Islip in the County of Northampton, and 
Eldest Daughter of the Rev. Anthony Sanderson Rector of Barnwell 
S*. Andrew. Died 20*. April 1835 ^g^^ 75 years. The Rev. Henry 
Etough died 25"*. March 1795 at Methley in the County of York 
where he is interred aged 39 Years. Martha their 3<* Daughter died 
24<^. February 1832 aged 45 years." 

At the top is the coat of arms of the Etough family. These 
arms were borne quarterly with the Saunderson shield by this lady's 
son, and his children. 

234*. — ^Thb Ancestors op Benjamin Franklin. — "The Bosttm 
Daily Courier ol April 10 [1857], in an account of the annual meeting 
of the Massachusetts Historical . Society, on the previous day, 
gives the following very interesting account of an old MS. relating 
to the ancestors of Benjamin Franklip, in the parish of Ecton, in this 

The Hon.* Edward Everett in a yery eloquent manner presented 
to the society a rare English manuscript, which he had received from 
the celebrated Thomas Carlyle, containing memorandums relating to 
the Franklin family in England, previous to their removal to America. 
He spoke in substance as follows : — 

I felt strongly impelled, Mr. President, to say a few wortjs by way 
of seconding the resolution so appropriately moved and so handsomely 
supported by Governor Washburn 1 ... I rise only, therefore, 
at this somewhat late hour of the morning, to offer to the acceptance 
of the society, through you, what I am confident you will regard as 
an interesting reljc, viz., the original manuscript record book of the 
small tithes of the parish of Ecton, Northamptonshire, England, 
from 1640 to about 1700, the parish, I need not tell you. Sir, where 
the family of Benjamin Franklin had been established for several 
generations previous to the emigration of his father to Boston in 
1682. This venerable relic had, it seems, been found in North- 
amptonshire by Mr. Wake, an English gentleman, who presented it 
to Mr. Thomas Carlyle. Mr. Carlyle, justly presuming that it would 
be of greater interest in this countiy than it could have been in 
England, sent it to me, leaving the disposal of it to my discretion. 

The Ancestors of Benjamin Franklin. 35 

I immediately determined, after having it suitably bound, to present 
it to the Historical Society, deeming this body, as the oldest historical 
society in the United States, and established too in the city where 
Franklin was born, to be the proper place of deposit for a document 
of some interest in reference to his family. Mr. Carlyle sent nae the 
manuscript, by the hands of his friend, the e.minent artist, Mr. Samuel 
Lawrence, with a letter bearing date ad December, 1853, which, owing 
to accidental circumstances, did not reach me till November of the 
following year. I have, with Mr. Carlyle's permission, had the 
portion of this interesting and characteristic letter, which r^tes to 
the manuscript, copied into one of the blank pages, in the following 

Mr. liawrance oames for me a little packet to your address : A strange old 
broim MS., which never thought of travelling ont of its native pariah, but 
which now, so curious are the vicissitudes and growths of things, finds its 
real home on your aide of the Atlantic, and in your hands first of alL The 
poor MS. is an old Tithes-Book of tlie parish of Eoton, in Northamptonshire, 
from about 1640 to almost 1700, and contains, I perceive, various scattered 
faint indications of the civil war time, which are not without interest ; but the 
thing which should raise it above all tithes-books yet &eard of is, that it 
contains actual notices, in that fashion, of the ancestors of Benjamin Franklin 
— blacksmiths in that parish ! Here they are — their forge hammers yet 
going — renting so many '* yard-lands " of Norlhamptonshire church-soil — 
keeping so many sheep, &o. &o. — lit£le conscious that one of the demigods was 
about to proceed out of • them. I flatter myself these old plaster-cast 
representations of the very form and pressure of the primeval (or at least 
prior-eval) Franklins will be interesting in America ; there is the very stamp 
(as it were) of the black knuckles, of their hob-nailed shoes, strongly preserved 
to U0, in hardened day, and now indestructible, if we take any care of it. 

In the interior of the parcel are the neocEsary further indications of its 
history. I am very happy now to give up this MS. to your piety— such being 
the best dictate of my own piety upon the subject. To your wise keeping and 
wise disposal I now surrender it ; and it is you that have it on your conscience 
hereafter, not I. 

I lost no time in thanking Mr. Carlyle for sending me this inter- 
esting document. I informed hini of the use that I proposed to 
make of it, and that an opportunity would probably occur of bringing 
it to the public notice^ on occasion of the inauguration of the statue 
of Franklin, which was already in anticipation. I placed it in your 
hands, Mr. President, at the proper time for that purpose, rejoicing to 
have it in my power to contribute in this way, however slightly, to 
the materials of the admirable address delivered by you on that 
occasion. In reply to my letter of acknowledgment, in which I had 
asked Mr. Carlyle's permission to publish his part of the correspond- 
ence between us, he addressed a second letter to me dated 2ad 


36 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

December, 1854, of which I have caused the following extract to be 
copied also in one of the blank leaves : — 

All is right with this matter of the old Tithes-book ; and I am heartily 
pleased to find that it so pleases yon, and is to have snch honors as you indicate. 
A poor half -foolish and yet partly very serious and worthy old object has been 
rescued from its vague wanderings over cosmos and chaos, and at length 
helped into its right place in the creation ; for which small mercy let us be 
thankful, and wish only that, in bigger cases (of which in nature Uiere are so 
many, and of such fi tragical sort,) the same perfect service could always be 
done ! A1im» ! alas ! 

To-day I am in considerable haste ; but would not lose a post in answering 
you about the letter you speak of. I quite forget what was in the letter in 
question : but do not doubt it would be some transcript of my then f eelingrs 
about the matter on hand, — part of the truth, therefore, and I hope not of the 
untruth, in regard to it; —and I will very willingly commit it altogether to 
your friendly discretion, to make whatever use of it you find to be reasonable 
and feasible, and so will say, long life to 'Franklin's memory ! and add our 
little shout to that of the Bostoners in inaugfurating their monument for him. 
** Long life to the memory of all brave men," to which prayer if we could add 
only ** speedy death to the memory of all who were not so,*' it would be 
a comprehensive petition, and of salutary tendencies, in the epoch Bamum and 
Hudson ! 

I will not take up your time, Mr. President, at this advanced hour, 
by a more detailed description of- this ancient and interesting 
document. Mr. Wake has facilitated the use of it by marking with 
a pencil the passages where the name of Franklin occurs. I feel 
gratified that it has fallen to my lot on this occasion, when we are 
taking formal possession of Mr. Do>yse's magnificent library, to 
have it in my power to make the first uffering to the society after that 
happy event, and that this offering should .be an original manuscript 
volume, possessing some antiquarian interest in connection with the 
family of the great man, whose merit was so fully appreciated by 
Mr. Dowse, and to whose memory, among the last acts of his life, 
he erected a monument in granite near his own last resting place at 
Mount Auburn.** 

The above is taken from a slip found in a large collection of 
cuttings from newspapers. It is presumed that it appeared in one of 
the local newspapers, which I have not been able to verify. Feeling 
the desirabiUty of noting any of our parish documents which have 
been taken away from their parish chests, containing curious and 
valuable information pertaining to the early English emigrants to 
America, I thought it well to insert the particulars in our " N. N. & Q.** 

By corresponding with the Rev. C. T. Davies, rector of Ecton, I 
find that the parish registers there are in very complete order, being 

Parish Registers of Nassington. 37 

contained in thirteen volumes^ the two earliest of which contain 
"Christenings, Marriages, & Barialls " from 1559 to 1637, ^^^ ^0°^ 
1638 to 1754, respectively. There is also an old book of church- 
wardens' accounts from 1665 to 1703. Two members of the Franklin 
family, Thomas and Nicholas, appear to have acted as churchwardens 
about 1650. All memory of the family has now passed away : and 
forty years ago the oldest inhabitants had not the least recollection of 
any members of it. The MS. before referred to as having been in 
Carlyle*s possession, was merely a memorandum book relating to the . 
tithes. J. T. 

235. — Parish Rboisters op Nassinoton. — ^The first volume 
of these registers extends from 1560 (the marriages from 1580) to 
165a 5 the second goes down to 1748. These trades appear :— hemp- 
dresser, glassman, glover and wooll winder, sopeboiler. In 1812 
" Trinity " occurs as a Christian name. 

"Feese that are founde written in this booke kever at the begining 
on the in ward side the letters not well perceved those feese was 
caused to be neeuly written A* Domini 1625. 
For serchin &giveing in a note the name of any here Registered tha 

(sic) fiaptizd Married or Buried the fee is sixtenepene. 
For writing the whole yeares chrisning marying & Burying the fee is 

two shillinges. 
For writing the townsmens names for ther levie & soming of it the 

fee is sixpence. 
For writing their bill of presentment y« fee is twelve pene. 
For churching of wemen the fee is if the Child live till then sixpence. 
For marrying the minister is to have for his fee two" vj pence. 
To the clarke for bis paynes making his fee is sixpene. 
The Offering at Easter, every househoulder threepence, every child or 

a sarvant a penny. 
For burialls every hoshoulders mortuary according to his Inmitory 

as it is found in the statut. if it amount y« value of six pound 

thirtene shillinges four pence, and under three 30 li pound 

($ic='£^6) it is three sbilinges four pence, if it be the value of 

thirtie pound under forty, six shilings 8**. 
From fortie and upward tenn shilings. 
For bunng in Church one shilling, in the churchyard vj^. 

Prohibiting of Marriage. From the Saturday next before Advent 
Sunday imtil the i^^ of Januarie : And from the Saturday next before 
Septuagesima Sunday untill the Munday next after Low Sunday 5 And 
from the Sunday before the Rogation weeke untill Trinitie Sunday." 

38 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

1604. 15 Aug. Buried " Eliz : uxor Radulphi Pell filia Johannis 

Hudson sacrae Theologiae doctoris." 

Between June 1604 and January 1604-5, ''68 de peste 

obierunt. Ra. Pell Vicarius." 
1613-14. 27 Feb. " Ricardus Scarlet filius Gulielmi S : cuiusdam 

Vagrawtis Uiendici de Walflet in Holland baptizatus fuit.** 

27 Jan. . Buried " Annis Sawman a poore Olde Maide of the 

age of three score & upwards." 
1614-15. " Joane Burton was buried the 7* of Februarie by moone 

light about two a clock in the morning dying in childebed & not 

1615-16. 7 Jan. Baptized "Richard Bloson alias Churche alias 

Devis the sonne of John Devis alias Oxe." 
1623. " William Lee the parsons 'Sonne of Croxton in Bedfordshire 

Servant to S' John Huit being casualie drowned in the river over 

against the Mill howe was buried here^upon the third day of 

Aprill 1623.** 
1623-4. • "A crisum childe of John Bendons bur^ 12 March it 

departed presently after it was borne.*' 
1625. " Ann Hamblin wife to Addam he knockt her on the hed on 

the 8 of December & shee was buried on y* 11 of December.** 
1629-30. 15 Mar. " John s: Francis Cooke, who was drowned in 

a swilling tube March 11" was buried. 
'^34- 5 June. Buried "John Sharpe the sonne in law of Willm 

Holmes was drowned in the well belonging to M' Carters house 


18 July. " John Atkinson servant to M' Lee was cast -from 

his horse & slaine lulie [6 & buried in the cl^urchyard of 

1636. "William fFoster servant to Tho: Ricroft was slaine wt a 

timber strike coming down the hill from Yarwell 27 Maij & was 

buried the 30 Maij." 

1644. 9 Apr. Buried " Susanna Willcock the moth' of firan : W: 
Vic. chan :" 

Francis Wilcocks was vicar from 1627 to 1657 j he was buried 
at Nassington, 29 Sep. 1657 ; the last word " chan." possibly 
means that his mother was interred in the chancel. 

1645. ^9 ^^P- Buried " Robert the sonne of ffrancis Whitewell 
the nose eaton of w*** a ferret & killed the child." 

This entry is written on the inside of the back of the first 
volume : — " Rich'* fForster iu« child christned at ffotheringhay by 

Civil War, 1643. 39 

M'Welb/ & not signed w^ the signe of the crosse 2 June 164 a/* 
iTiese lines are signed " J. L.,** probably John Laurence^ the 

"Hie Kcet exiguus tria continet iste Libellus 
Gyram vita; conjugium ; baptisma, sepulchrum.'* 
The times within which marriage might not be solemnised are 
thus rendered in Latin : — " Solempnizatio Matrimonii non debet fieri 
nisi post Banna Canonice edita. £t non potest fieri a prima 
Dominica Adventus usqi^e 'ad Octavas £piphaniae exclusive et a 
DominidL SeptuagesimU usque ad primam Dominicam post Pascha 
inclusive et a pnm4 die Rogationum usque ad Septimum Diem 
Pentecostes inclusive." 

236. — Civil War, 1643 : The Taking of Grafton House. 
— ^"I thought good to relate unto you, the service lately performed here 
in these parts. On Thursday night last, about eight a clocke there 
was command given, for a party of a thousand foot or thereabouts, 
to be ready to march the next morning by two of the clocke j where- 
npon they met at their Rendevouze at Lathhury, a mile herehence, 
where a brave party of horse of our owne, and Colonell Nonuiches 
met with us, and were our Van and Reare-gaurd, so we marcht with 
foure peeces of Artillery towards Grafton Regis, six miles off from^ 
this place, where we understood that our £nemies were inclosed in a 
strong house of the Ladie Craines, and the Church of the same 
Towne : whereupon we faced it, & leaving it on our right hand, we 
marcht forward towards Toxiter, as though we had beene bound 
thitherward. But when wee came within a mile of the said Towne 
of Taxiier, wee met with a party 6f horse and foot that came from 
Northampton for our assistance, under the command of Colonell 
IVettam, whereupon wee faced about, and the party of the Orange 
Regiment, which before brought up the Reare, then marcht in the 
Van, and Colonell Williams Forces followed in the Reare of the 
party that canoe from Neivpott, But vhen wee came within sight of 
the house, the old souldiers of my Lords outmarcht, us, and gave 
the onset on the house very couragiously, and were as bravely 
answered, and by reason of the strength of the walls, and well 
fortifying of the same, our Musquetiers did them small injury at that 
time ; whereupon there were two of our peeces planted against the 
house, and playd upon it, but they did not much annoy them neither. 
On the Saturday morning the Orange and Greene Regiments relieved 
my Lords souldiers, and when any advantage could be gained against 
our Enemies, we made use of it. They within had very long pieces. 

40 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

and could reach us at a great ^dista nee. At our guard we having 
found a convenient place to plant a piece, made use of it^ & beat down 
with our Sacre before Saturday night a breast work on the top of the 
house, which had done us much annoyance, & also a window whereat 
they shot out at us. On Sunday morning we were relieved by those 
Northampton forces, under the command of Colonell PTettam, and 
about two houres after, he had the guard, they within sounded a 
parley but through the eagernesse of the Souldiers the Drum, was 
shot, but not slaine out right, whereupon they sent out a Trumpet 
' and had parley granted for halfe an houre, and after that another halfe 
houre, so then they yeelded themselves prisoners being in number 
ninescore and seven besides Officers whereof Sir John Digby was 
chiefe, there was another Officer of note viz. Major Brookbanck, and 
diverse Captaines, some of them men of about 700 It, yeare a piece 
whose names are to me unknowne. About two of the clocke on 
Sunday the souldiers entered the house, where they found great and 
rich plunder, which they had for their paines ; In the taking of this 
house wee lost about 20 men ^nd had hurt 10, besides 9 that were 
hurt by our own powder, on Christmas day before day, order was 
given to fire our huts which we had made in the field, and for pre- 
vention of future inconveniences the house was fired also, so we 
marcht- with our prisoners (guarded by those others forces that 
assisted us) towards Newport, very weary by reason of the foulenesse 
of the weather and deepnesse of the way, but praised be God we 
came safely thither, where we now lye expecting reliefe every day, 
that we may come and rest our selves, I thank e God that neither my 
selfe nor any of my souldiers are hurt, nor not one of our Regiment 
slaine, notwithstanding we were iii great danger and hazard, I beseech 
God make us thankfull for this preservation of us, there were some 
that came to us on our guard as spectators, being a surveyor of the 
workes, and a Captain of a Troope of Horse slaine at one shot, and 
also a Gunner that belonged to the Sacre, in our guard. I pray 
remember my love to my neighbours, so with my best respect unto 

^""Newport Pannell. ^°^^ ^^'''"S '^'^d and neighbour 

25 Decemb. 1643. 

The above is taken from A true Relation of the Taking of Grafton 
House by the Parliaments Forces, under the Command of Sergeant 
Major Skipton. With the Demands of Sir lohn Digby upon a 
surrender. And the Resolute Answer of Sergeant Major Skipton. 
. . . With the Names of the Chiefe Commanders that were taken 


40 Northamptc 

and could reach us at : 
found a convenient place 
with our Sacre before St 
house, which had done 
they shot out at us. Oi 
Northampton forces, u-ti 
about two houres aft^ 
parley but through th& 
shot, but not slaine o«^«^< 
• and had parley grantedl 
houre, so then they >r« 
ninescore and seven ti 
chief e, there was anotb 
diverse Captaines, sorri 
whose names are to trsn 
Sunday the souldiers ^ 
rich plunder, which t:fa 
house wee lost abou^ ^ 
hurt by our own po '^*^* 
given to fire our hut^s- 
vention of future i»::^< 
marchtwith our p*"* 
assisted us) towards^ 
of the weather and ^ 
came safely thither, ^*^ 
that we may come ^^ 
selfe nor any of mr — 
slaine, not withstand* •^ 
God make us thank •^'' 
that came to us oa ^^ 
workes, and a Capt^"^ 
also a Gunner th»*^ 
remember my lov^ '^^ 
you, I rest. 
Newport Pannel-^-* 
25 Deccmb, ^ ^ 

The above is A:^*-"*^ 
House by the p^M^'^^ 

Afajor Skipton. 

surrender. And '^^'^ 




Thomas Tre 

Thomas Treeham, Lord of 

Sir William Treebam of 
North'pt., Knt., Attorney G«nl. I 
v., obtained Rushton 17 fiea. VI. 

Sir l^omas Treeham of Ri 

*>"*•» Comptroller of Household tc 
VI. Beheaded as a Lancastrian I Ed 

JohnTreeham of Rushton and Li 
High Sheriff 92 Hen. VII. Held mi 
Churchfleld 15 Hen. VII., d. 38 Hen 

Sir Thomas Tresham. High i 

2 Ld. VI. after death of 2nd wfe, 
Prior of St. ;ohn of Jerusalem in En 
1 559- Beautiful marble monumcnt.for 
"?. St. Peter's, now in All Saints, Rut 
Figured in A. Hartshornc's "Monun 
Effigies " in Northamptonshire. 

Sir John Tresham of Rus 

Knt. , d. a.p. 

Sir lliomas Tresham, b. 1 

knichtcd at Kenil worth 1575, High SI 
14 Eliz. Built Liveden. d. 1605. 

Sir Lewis Tresham. a son, ere 

Bart. 1 61 1, estates escheated totheCrt 
d. 1639. 

Sir William Tresham, Bart., 

1642. Harl. MS. 1094. Letters of Aumii 


^ttn^xtt d 


..... IMuULyKav, i ofSaifc Andrew. 

Maudc^Rd. Beawdiamp. 


DM ItVibtm, Loid of SyweHjiaodiLonhuttNi. 

TMian of 

i'bl, Kol, Aaotan GaL to 
' -~ ihfooi7&i.VI. 

.dofSirWa. Vaux 
of HvTovdco, KoL 

^OBUM Tmham of Rashioo,fMjinRt,(l.ofWilliam Lord 
" r of HoaieWd to Hffl. Zooci of Harinparth. 

— hin rfB«litMind L'wdco.?Eliabcd». d. of Sir James Harringworth 
eriTaHmVILHddiiMDorof of Horabr, Ijaci Knt. 

Iaabel.=Henry Vere 
of AddiogtoD 

I. John of J«niial« m EngL, i Caihenoe »r. 


aNortJa«ipMoili«. | 

a Trtabim of R'»«**»'T^.'of^Vhi5too. 

=2. l^etiiia Penyston, widow of Rt. KnoIIeSty aemerf 

Spafterwards widow of Sir Robt. Lee of 
Burston, and d. o! 57-8. 


Sir Francis Knollest 

IsabeI,=Thos. Catesby, s. Anth. 
d. 1580. Catesby of Whiston. 


' i1l4<tr^ 



I Urcden, 4 i«5' 


William, Gent. Pensioner 
to Q. Elizabeth. 

Isabel.=Siif;eo. Walton 
of Stoughton, 
Lane. ' 


FtB&CiS, eldest=irAnnc, d. and h. of 

soo, attainted for 

W^gri^'SS^ SSSSl' GiF«wd.rPK«. 

John Tuston of Hat* 
field, Kent. 

Sir William,=FTheodosia i 
3 son. Col. under Will in Soni 
Prince of Orange d. 1657. 
z628-67. I 

£lizth.=SirGeo. Heneage 
of Hatnton. 

Elizabeth Tre8ham.=f-Everard ffalkener of Stokedry Rutia 

Elizth. 1645. Maurice 1659. And seven other children. 
(See Uppingham Reg. and "Genealogist" for i884> I 

' iht yamtlj 0f toabam, of JUisIita 

itina, a nun. Marble 
tent formerly in St. 
f Rushton. 

1 TreehaXDUf Elizabeth, d. of Sir 
Robert Lee. 

Mary.=Win. Lord Vaux Thoe. Tre8ham=.. d. of Letttice=Jonn 

of Harrowden. of the Loiind. Diroock. Tresham. Treehftm, 

4 son. 

Reed. ThomaB, 
I. Ho., 4 son. 



Annc.=i. W"'* Thatcher. 
a. Visct. Montgarie 
in Ireland. 

MarY.=Krudenell Earl of 

Frances.==Edward Lord 

Eli2th.=Willm. Lord Morley and 
Monteagle. Discoverer of 
Gunpowder Plot. 

Bridget.=Sir Edwd. Parham, Knt. 
^ of Somersetshire. 

Katherine.=Sir John Webbe, KnL 




a soo- 




pUtoo.d. 3© **«**• 


Henry Treebain 





Elcanor.=i. Edw. Vavasour of Overiion. 
=3. Rd. Boydell of Barford. 
=3. Rt. Kinsman of Loddiogton. 


Bridgct.==E<lw. Harrcn- 
dine of Morcot, 

Dorothy .=Symon Malory of 

Mary.=Rd. Nelson of S kelton. 

I. The 

P- R. 

a William. 

3. Maurice. 

4. Valentsme. 

Richard=f Ann. Maurice, 

of Wold, 
b. i6i3,d. 


d. 1687. b. 1618. 

)eth.=>John Chapman. 

The Tresham Pedigree. 41 

237. — MsARS AsBBT House. — The following was found 
in a secret drawer of an old cabinet, by a workman employed 
to repair it, while in the possession of a dealer in second-hand 
fomiture. It is written on a small scrap of paper, yellow with age ; 
the figure before the two oo's is illegible. The cabinet has now 
been purchased, with its contents, by the Marquis of Northampton. 
Can any of your readers throw any light upon the writer ? 

"To whosever finde this I bequath Mears Ashby House for 
ever Also in the comis of my bestead will be found *oo guineas 
They are now upon us A. S. Compton " 


238. — ^TflB Trbsbam Pbdigrbb. — ^Who was the last baronet 
of this old Roman Catholic family ? In Nicholl*s Extinct Baronetage 
and in Burke*s Extinct Baronetcies, it is stated to be Sir William, 
the son of Sir Lewis of Rushton and Liveden, the first baronet. But 
Betham, a laborious writer, in his Baronetage, speaks of a ''Sir 
Maurice Tresham, Bart.** As his name does not appear in the 
Herald*s Visitation of 16 18,. and as no later' pedigree is extant, the 
simplest way is to decide that Betham made a mistake, and that the 
individual he speaks of was either simply Maurice Tresham, or Sir 
Maurice Tresham, knt As there is no record of the creation of a 
knight of this name he could not have been a knight, and so he 
must have been either Sir Maurice Tresham, hart, or simply Maurice 
Tresham. If the former, he must have been of the Rushton or main 
stem or stirp -, if the latter, he must have been one of the five Maurice 
Treshams of the Newton branch. 

1 . 2 

Y Maurice Treaham T 
of NewtoQ 


SirThomaa "" 
of Newton 
knt. 1 Bon 

William =• 
2 son 

Thomas = 
of Paton 
2 son 1618. 

1 son 
**»t 22." 

Manrice Tresham 
of GMdington 
8 son. 


3 son 



Maurice Treaham 

42 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Before we endeavour to identify any of these five Maurices with 
Betham's Maurice Tresham, we must ascertain the date of this 
Maurice Tresham. 

Treating of the Williamson baronetcy, Betbam has to narrate that 
Sir Hed worth Williamson in 1748 married Elizabejth, daughter of 
William Huddleston, lord of Milium, and he then, instead of enlarging 
upon the ancestry of this family, and narrating bow nine brothers 
were officers under Charles i., unnecessarily goes out of his way to 
state tbat tbe fatberof tbis William, "Ferdinand Huddleston, married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Lyon Falkener, Esq.,* of Uppingham, wbose 
father Everard married Elizabeth, daughte'r of Sir Maurice Tresbam, 
hart.'* Here we have circumstantial evidence. We see a genealogist 
taking up the subject of baronetcies, and when describing the William- 
sons, gratuitously and unnecessarily going out of his way to trace up 
the pedigree to four generations of the wife of one of tbe Huddlestons, 
evidently and solely because this fourth ancestor of Lady Williamson 
was also a baronet. Can we suppose tbat he did bis work so slovenly, 
so carelessly, tbat be took all this trouble witbout knowing whetber 
he was a baronet or not ? ' It is manifest, therefore, tbat, as baronetcies 
were his subject, be bad- evidence before him which we have not now. 
With tbe scanty knowledge tbat we possess he could neither have 
given a baronetcy to the Newton branch, nor a Maurice to the main 
stem. He must have known what he was about ) and could not have 
stated this fact unless he knew it to be true.f 

Turning now to the Uppingham Register, we find that Everard 
ffalkener's wife was Elizabeth, and that her first-born child was 
Elizabeth, bom in 1645 j and that her fifth son, Maurice (spelt 
"Morris" in the Register), was born in 1659. We may therefore 
conclude tbat she married in 1644. Let us suppose that she married 
at the age of 20 : if so she was bom in 1624 : and we will suppose 
that her father, Sir Maurice, was 26 years of age when he married : 
if so he was bora about 1597. 

* The pedigree of this family, remarkable for having a line continued 

constantly by eldest sons for 400 years in Leicestershire, and then through a 

seoond son being continued again constantly by eldest sons for another 400 years 

- in Rutland, is giren in The Oenealogitt for 1884, and in Leieetterahire Pedigreu^ 

by the Rev. W. G. D. Fletcher, of Shrewsbury, now in course of publication. 

t Another proof of Betham's accuracy is shown in the fidelity with which 
he mentions the Falkener family. He gives the pedigree correctly, and liow 
could he have found it out, or heard of it P He spells the name properly, which 
so few people do ; and merely spells Lion with a- " y," and writes ff for the 
capital letter " F," because those living in his time spelt their name so. We 
have every reason therefore to aooept his evidence. 


The Tresham Pedigree. 43 

Now let us see whether among the Maurice Treshams of the 
Newton branch we can find one who tallies with this date. They are 
lettered A, B, C, D, and £. 

A. had* three daughters, Bridget, Dorothy, and Mary ; but no 

B. had no daughter^ 

C. was bom in 161 8, or twenty years too late. 

D. was the son of Thomas. In one Harleian MS. this Thomas 
appears merely as second son, without any date. In Harleian MS., 
1553, be appears to have been bom in 161 8. 

of Newton 

In another, 1094, he appears to have married in 161 8. 

Thomas 2 
son mar. 
Elis. d. of 
of Manchester 
ao »- 1618 

Thomas Haurioe 

In The Calendar of State Papers this Thomas is described as of 
Pilton, Northamptonshire. 

Now the father of this Thomas, sir Thomas Tresham, knt., was 
sheriff 8 James, 1610, and be has the date of 1618 against his name, 
shoYTing he was then living : but whether his son, Thomas, was bom 
or married in 161 8, his son Maurice could not have been the Maurice 
we are of. * 

£. There remains therefore only this one. His brother Thomas 
is said to have been 22 ; and if this wds written at the time of the 
Visitation, 161 8, the age would tally exactly. As this memorandum, 
" act. 32,*' appears in copies of the Visitation, the age might possibly 
'have been inserted by some jcopyist who had the information given 
him that this Thomas was 22 years old at the time he was writing. 
The fact is that though the Visitation was taken in 161 8, copies of 
the VisitatiotJ were made from time to time, with '* additions ** and 
" continuations *' by Richard Munday, George Saunders, Robert Dale, 
and others. Saunders lived in 1664, long after the Visitation was 
made ; and thus the dates which were inserted by these copyists are 


44 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

sometimes conjectural and frequently puzzling. If therefore this 
" St. 22 " was written at the time when the copy was taken, it goes 
for nothing. Notwithstanding this, however, it is probable that the 
memorandum " sX. 22*' was written at the time of the Visitation of 
1618; in which case Thomas was born in 1596; for in Bell's Ruins 
of Liveden we find his father William Tresham of Wold died in 165 1, . 
aged 86 -, consequently he was bom in 156^. Taking 30 years as a 
generation, his eldest son Thomas might have been bom about 1595, 
and his third son Maurice about 1597. We may therefore accept the 
''aet. 22 ** as a contemporaneous insertion; and if so, as the Visitation- 
was made in 1618, Thomas was bom in 1596, and Maurice would be 
bom about 1598, which is exactly the date when we suppose Betham*s 
" Sir Maurice Tresham Bart." to have been bom. But here we start 
again with the difficulty that this Maurice the son of William of 
Wold, was neither a knight nor a baronet. Moreover, in BelFs Ruins 
of Liveden, where we get the information of William's age, we find 
the pedigree brought down td a descendant of John Chapman, who 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Tresham of Wold, which 
descendant was living in 1847, ^^^ ^^ taken the name of Tresham ; 
and yet, in the pedigree given by Bell, this Maurice Tresham the son 
of William of Wold, does not appear to have married or had issue. 
Although contemporaneous, therefore, he does not appear to have been 
the Maurice Tresham of Betham's Baronetage. 

We have thus shown that none of the Maurice Treshams of the 
Newton branch tally with Betham*s Maurice Tresham. We must 
come to the conclusion then that Betham's Maurice Tresham was not 
of the Newton branch, and if so he must necessarily have been of 
the Rushton or main stem. 

' We have calculated the birth of Betham's Sir Maurice at 1597. 
If, as Betham says, he was a baronet, he must have been a younger 
brother to Sir William, the supposed last baronet. Sir William died 
in 1642, and letters of Administration were taken out in 165 1. .Let 
us try to discover approximately the time of his birth. 

Sir Thomas Treaham, Ent. == 
d. 1606 

Sir Lewis lYeaham, Bart, 
d. 1639-40 

Sir William Treaham, Bart. 
d. .1642. 

The Treshatn Pedigree. 45 

Now if we take 50 years as a generation^ and '' threescore years 
and ten *' as a life-time. Sir Lewis might have died in 1635, though 
he did live five jears longer^ and bis son Sir William might have 
lived till i66j 5 hot as be died in 1642, he was probablj only 47 when 
he died ^ and if he had a brother bom after him such brother would 
have been about 46 at Sir William*s deaths and consequently would 
have been bom about 1596. The date therefore corresponds perfectly. 

We have now only to consider tbe probability of sir William 
having left a brother. It certainly seems improbable, when we find 
that M his death letters of administration were not granted to such 
supposed brother, but to his namesake and seventh cousin by the 
Newton branch, William Tresham, lord of Newton: but this is 
explained by the circumstance that this William Tresham was 
" consanguineus et creditor principaiisV 

In consequence of the attainder of Sir Francis the eldest son. of Sir 
Thomas, tbe family estates of Rushton' and Liveden were escheated 
to the Crown, and the family became impoverished. His brother. 
Sir Lewis,. though created a baronet, lost his estates, and died in debt, 
leaving no will, letters of administration only being given. His son. 
Sir William, who succeeded to the baronetcy, succeeded also to its 
penury, dying in debt, and letters of administration, as we have seen, 
were given to his principal creditor. Sir Lewis's second brother, Sir 
William Tresham, knt., who was in command of troops in Flanjlers 
under the Prince of Orange in 1634, was divorced from his wife. 
Lady Theodosia, who sued him for her jointure, ^4000, but could 
not get her money.* Maurice Tresham, of Newton, (D.) who, on 
forfeiture of the estates of the main stem, had a grant of Liveden 
made to him, conjointly with the earl of Sandwich, was obliged to 
sell his share in order to pay his debts.* Rushton was bought in 
1 619 by Sir William Cockayne, lord mayor of London. • Sir Lewis's 
other brother, Thomas, was also in debt. Thus the whole family 
were impoverished, and losing their estates became separated and 
dispersed in other parts of England, or on the Continent 

It is not strange then that Sir Maurice Tresham, who succeeded 
his brother in the empty title, was lost sight of. He lefl an only 
child, a daughter, and consequently there was no one to bear his 
name. At the next Visitation of the County in 1681 there was not a 
single representative of the family found by the Herald. No wonder 
then that Sir Maurice's name has been lost sight of. He may have gone 
abroad, or he may have dropped the title when adversity fell upon him. 

* Calendar of State Fapen. 

46 ' Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

Lastly, it may be noticed how the gunpowder conspiracy was 
formed principally in the midland counties, while the members 
of it were principally of old families, as the Catesbys, Treshaihs, 
Wrights, Winters, Ruok woods, and Digbys. Sir Francis Tresham*s 
grandmother was a Catesby; and her bf other Thomas Catesby 
married Sir John Tresham*s sister Isabel | so that this Sir John had a 
Catesby for his wife, and another Catesby for his brother-in-law. Sir 
Everard Digby was of Stoke Dry, the same village in which Everard 
ffalkener lived -y and it was doubtless from this circumstance that he 
formed the acquaintance of the main branch of the Tresham family. 
Sir Everard Digby^ married in 1596 Mary Mulsho^ a rich heiress, 
'descended from Sir Thomas Mulsho, whose daughter married Henry 
Tresham, of Newton. He was knighted in i!5o3. 

Owing to the circumstances we have narrated it is doubtless due, 
not only that we have lost sight of Sir Maurice Tresham, the last 
baronet, but that we are uncertain of the identity even of Sir William, 
the supposed last baronet : for while alt the other MSS. make him the 
son of Sir Lewis Tresham, bart^, by his wife ^' Maria daughter of 
Ricalde a Spaniard;" one MS.. Harl. T467, states that Sir Lewis 
married Mary, daughter and heiress of John Moon, alderman of 
London, and had by her *'one only son, Thomas** Tresham ^ while 
another MS. 1094, makes sir William die ''sans issue 1642,'* although 
we might suppose that he died in 165 1, as letters of administration 
were taken out in that year. But Professor Wharton Jones has 
difected my attention to the circumstance that during the ten years of 
Civil War, 1641-16J1,. business was much interrupted; and that 
Bishop Bedell, of Kilmore, died the same year, in 1642, and his will 
was not proved till 1656. (See his Life, published by the Camden 
Society, 1872.) Unfortunately, being a Roman Catholic family, the 
Parish Registers will not help us. 

In conclusion, we may observe that when all our Courts of L^w 
Ixrould agree that where we have a fact mentioned by a deceased 
writer, whose character we can rely upon, while we are not in 
possession now of the evidence which he had, and' .we find such 
statement of fact hanging together in a most remarkable manner, and 
supported by a mass of strong circumstantial evidence, it would be 
contraiy to reason-to reject it on account of negative evidence, i.e., the 
absence of any other direct evidence 5 especially where the circum- 
stances of the case show how unlikely it was that any other direct 
evidence could be adduced at the time. 
GUnymor, St aoar'i. Edward Falkbnbr. 

Robert de Holcot. 


239. — Robert i>b Holcot (227).— As do complete catalogue 
of Holcot *s priDted works is contained in any of the usual biblio* 
graphical works of reference, the following list, which it is hoped 
maj be approximately if not absolutely exhaustive, has been compiled 
firom the several authorities mentioned below. 

From Fabricii, Bibliotheca Latina Media et Ir^fimtB jEtatis. 
Florence, 1858. 

Bentling, 1489, fol. 

Yenet, 1483, 1500, 1515, 1586. 

De Studio SeMsm Scripturge 
[Vide JaooM Longi Bibliothecam 
BiMioam Exegefcicam, p. 781.] 
In Prorerbia Salomonifi . 

In GaiiticaCantiooram«et in Septem 

Priors Capita Ecdeaiastici Lec- 

tiones ULULVUi. 
In Librom Sapientin Prieleotiones 


[Vide Jao. Qaetif de Soriptoribos 
Dominioakds, i. 629.] 

Paris, 1510, 1515, quarto. 
Layingie, 1519, octavo. 
Sine looo et annq, folio. 
Yenet, 1509, folio. 

Sine looo, 1481, quarto. 

Yenet, 1483, 1500, 1509, 1515, ]5$6, folio. . 
Spiras, 1483v 1486, folio. 
Paris, I486,* 1511, 1514, 1518, quarto. 
Basil, 1488, t 1506, 1586. 
Beutling, 1489, folio. * 
Haganoe, 1494, folio. 
Colon, 1689, folio. 
QosestionesiniT.LibrosSententiarum Lugd, 1497, folio, 1510, 1518, quarto. 
ConferentiflB super artioulis sex iin- 
pngnatifl, ibid. .... 
De Imputabilitate peccati et deter- 
mlnationes quarundam aliarum • 
Qusestionum, ibid. ... 
De Origine, defUiitione, «t remedio Paris, 1517, octavo. 


• .• 

MoraHsationee Historiamm . . Yenet, 1505. 

Paris, 1510, octavo. 

Basil, 1586, with Pneleot. in Lib. Sap. 

From Hain, Repertorium Bibliograpkicum. 1831. 
Opus super Sapientiam Salomonis . Sine looo, anno, typographi nomine. 

fol. [Colon. Ulrio Zell.] 
Sine looo, 1480, quarto. 
Basil, 1489, folio. 

Paris, 1489, quarto, Ulrio Goring et 
Berthold Rembolt. 
De Studio Sacree Scriptune . . Lugd, 1497, folio, [Hain doubts whether 

printed separately.] 
* ? 1489, as in Panzer, Hain and OtesweU. 
t Panxer says 1489. 

48 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

From Panzer, Annates Typograpkici, Iforimlerg<g, 1793. 
De Impntabilitate PeoeatL . . Lngd. 1497, folio. 

From Pits, Reladones HistorictB. Paris, 1619, 
Distinctionum Liber Unas. . . Logd, 1510. 

From Greswell, Annals of Parisian Typography, London, 18 18. 
Super Sapientiam Salomoais . . Paris, 1489, quarto, Gering & Bembolt. 

From Pericaad, Bibliographie Lyonnaise, Lyon, 1851. 

Hagistri Boberti Holkot super quatuor libros sententiarum questiones. 

Impress! Lug^. a mgro Johanne trechsel, . . . x.oooo.xoyn. ad nonas 

Aprilis. . . . Pet. in foL gpth. k 2 ool. (Bibliotheque de Lyon et 
Bibliotheque d* Avignon.) 

Cette Edition eut pour correcteur ^osse Bade qui a mis, 4 la fin du 
volume, ce quatrain adress6 k Marc- Alexandre de Bdnevent, religieux 
c61estin, auquel le livre est dedid. 

Jam portum optatnm per inhospita saxa seouti 

Prendimus, ex alto prospioiente Deo. 
Si qua tamen laoem portent inoulta carinie, 

Humand ignoscee Marce diserte. Yale. 

C'est, remarque Chevillier, une maniere 616gante de demander 
excuse des fautes qui sont restees dans une Impression. Origine de 
rimpr., p. 137. 

Robert Gaguin, dans une lettre k Durand Gerlier, a dit 
de Josse Bade: Libromm imprimendorum diligentissimus ddmodum 
castigaior, De nos jours il est bien peu de correcteurs qui cberchent 
a imiter Josse Bade, et cependant, on ne saurait trop le rep^ter " la 
correction d'un livre est incomparablement plus considerable que la 
beaute de T impression.'* Laroque, TraitS de la Noblesse,chzp.cLix. 

Bibliographie lyonnaise du xv^siede, par Antoine Perioaud Taine. 
Lyon, Louis Perrin, 1851, 8vo, pp. 83, 34. 

Johannes Trechsel sometimes notified that he was the printer of 
a volume by the following verse, as in his edition of the '* Sermones 
dormi secure de Sanctis." Feb. j, 1496. 

*< Lugduni impreesit Treehtel bene tersa lohannet" 


{To be eontinued.) 

240.— Rboistbrs of Maidwbll. — In 1882, by the kindness 
of the Rector, the Rev. Wm. J. Pattinson, I examined the registers. 
There was then only one little old paper book in very bad condition, 
besides a large parchment book dated 1718-181J. The little book 
contained as follows: Marriages 1718-1741 (?i742, the date is 

Date on a Mantle-piece at Helmdon. 49 

Qocerta'tn as the leaf is torn), Baptisms 1 723-1 741, Burials 1708- 
1 73 1. The leaves were all loose^ the pages rotting, and the writing 
much faded. Taking compassion upon it, I copied it out fullj, hoping 
to preserve in the Register Chest of Maidwell a true copy of what, it 
seemed, would ere long he lost. The original register of Maidwell 
seems have begun in 1570, as mentioned. I gather this 
from an old MS. of about 1700. No doubt in Bridges' day the 
roister was actually in existence. The following are the only two 
entries of which I know : — 

'* Moses Ringrose and Mary Tresbam were marryed the a6th day of 

Aprill 1664. 
'' M'. Thomas Andrew of Adington and M''". Anne Kynnesman of 

Broughton were married the first day of March i66j in the 

Parish Church of Draughton.*' 
8. Mieliaal and AU Angeli, Northampton. HsNRT ISHAM LoNODBir. 

241. — Date on a Mahtlb-pibcb at Hblmdow. — This 
mantle-piece is in tbe parsonage house, and is now (1886) 
preserved in the porcb. Tbe date on it is one of those by which 
it has been attempted to show tbe use of Arabic figures long 
before the date commonly assigned to their introduction into this 
country — the fourteenth century. In The ArchcBologia, vol. xiii., 
1797, axe two papers on tbis carving and on the use of Arabic 
numerals, by the Rev. Samuel Denne, of Wilmington. In tbese 
papers are references to other disputed dates and to various works on 
Arabic numerals, &c. A plate accompanies the papers, on which is 
a view of the mantle-piece from Professor Wallis's paper in the 
Philosophical Transactions, xiii., 399. This view is erroneous in 
some details. Tbe representation now given is reduced to » by 
photography from a drawing made to tbe scale of i the real size for 
this work. The date being tbe disputed part is given i real size. 

The block of oak forming this mantle-piece is 6ft.' 6\\n. long, 
1 1 in. wide and 11 in. deep. The soffit is a four-centred arch of only 
aiin. rise, of a common sixteenth century moulding. The ground of 
the carved part is sunk about i or ^ inch. The workmanship of tbe 
whole is rude. The left half has in relief a dragon without legs, but 
with wings and a long tail. The other half is divided into six panels^ 
on the ist, 2nd, and 3rd of which is the date -, and on tbe 5th a 
shield with the initials " W. R." on it, all in slight relief. Dr. Wallis 
it appears read the inscription ''M"* Dom^ An'^ i^^,*^ and thus made 
the date 1133. Professor Ward made the date 1233. The mixture 
of Roman and Arabic figures is found in other places. It is odd 


50 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

that both these gentlemen should hav^ mistaken the letter A in the 
first panel for M. The second panel contains "doV** and about this 
there is no dispute. The third panel bears apparently " M 133," or 
" M 135," but there is a supei^uous line in Ihe M. The upright 
character next to the M must in some way stand for D or V or 5. 
It is conceivable that the last stroke of the M acted as one side of the 
y or U^ and that by accident or clumsiness the carver broke out the 
bottoR) of the character. Or we may suppose the straight stroke a 
misconstruction of an Arabic 5, like many of that date^ and as in 
France at the present day. The character 6f the whole piece and 
the section of the moulding preclude an earlier date than about 1500. 
Whether the two last characters are ^^ or ^^ matters little. 

It has been mentioned that the initials " W. R.*' are carved on 
another panel. There seems little doubt that these are the initials of 
William Renalde, or Reynolde, A.M., who was instituted to the living 
in 1 523, and to whom no successor is named till 1560. We have 
then strong corroborative evidence of the date 1533 or 35 being the 
correct one. 

A(nn)o Do(min)i M«. V ^^ or 35. 

In the Gentleman* s Magazine for 1800, vol. lxx., p. 1232, is an 
account of this itaantle-plece, by R. Churton, with a plate of the date 
full size. See also Baker* s History, i. 631. In nearly all these 
disputed dates the error has arisen from the second characters being 
misread. In some cases 5, being almost straight, has been taken 
for I, so that 1500 is taken for 1100. In one case the 4 of the old 
form (said to be half of 8) is taken for o, so that 1490 is read 1090. 
In The Cambridge Portfolio, vol. 11. 1840,18 a notice and woodcut of 
one of these dates in which case 1552 was asserted to be 11 12. 

H. D. 
242.— Thb Pancake Bell.«— Mr. T. North, in his Church Bells 
of Northamptonshire, 1878, p. 146, says ''In addition to the occasional 
confession of sin to the priest, it was considered, in mediaeval times, 
that the week preceding Lent was specially an appropriate time for 
. all to perform that duty. It was hence called Shrove-tide, and the 
Tuesday in it called Shrove, Shrive, or Confession-Tuesday — shrive 
being an old Saxon word for confession. The confession was made 
in the church, where the priest sat in an open chair, or stall, to hear 
the confessions of his people, to award them such penance as he 
thought good for them, or to give them absolution. In order that 
all might be reminded pf this duty, and be informed that the priest 
was ready to receive them, a bell was rung calling them to the 
church. This was the origin of the ringing of the bell on Shrove- 

The Pancake Bell. 51 

" Bat another castom was followed in those times when Lent was 
more strictly observed than now as a time of abstinence from flesh 
meat. On Sbrove-Tuesday^ we are told by a writer in Nottt and 
Queries^ 3rd S. vii. 404, the boasewiyes, in order to use ap all the 
grease, lard, dripping, &c., made pancakes, and the apprentices, and 
others about the bouse were summoned to the meal by the ringing of 
a bell, which was naturally called ' the Pancake-bell.' 

"The ringing of the Shriye-bell, now called tbe Pancake-bell, i^ 
still continued in a great number of Northamptonshire parishes on 
Shrove-Tuesday. At Daventry (where it is called * Pan-burn-bell ') 
and at Staverton the bell is muffled : at Blakesley and Oundle two 
b^lls (supposed to say ' Pkn on *) are used : at Stamford Baron each 
bell is tolled for a &hort time, llie usual time for sounding the 
bell — which is generally one of tbe larger of the ring — is 1 1 o'clock, 
and it is generally tolled for an hour. 

'* Sbrove-Tuesday has long been considered a holiday by the young 
people: in several parishes in Northants, as elsewhere, they were 
allowed on that day to jangle the bells — a very bad practice now 
. generally disallowed — such wias the case at Islip, Lowick, Higham 
Ferrers, Stan wick and Aldwincle S« Peter. At Sudborough and in 
other places the ' women folk ' were allowed to do the same." 

From The Wellingborough News of March la, 1886, we quote as 
follows : — " The mellow-toned axth bell is the one used at Welling- 
borough. It is known amongst the ringers as 'old pancake.* 
F(»merly (as the fourth bell in the old peal of six) it hung in the 
lower frame, but it is now placed in the new upper iron frame, in 
company with the two new trebles and the fourth bell (old one 
o'clock). Cast — or re-cast — in the year 1764, the Pancake Bell bears 
the following inscription : — t 


Its weight is probably not less than 16 cwt. Tradition says that 
formerly pancakes were thrown from the tower windows whilst the 
Jbdl was sounding." 

Shakespeare, in AlCs well that ends well, speaks of a pancake as 
• fit for Shrove-Tuesday; and Taylor the Water Poet (1630) mentions 
the Pancake-Bell as being then rung on that day ; so too in Poor 
Robin's Almanack, 1684, we read : — 

'< But hark I hear the panoake-bell 
And Mtken make a gaUaat ameU." 

52 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Miss Baker in her Glossary of Northamptonshire Words and 
Phrases, 1854, vol. 11, p. 92, quotes some "jingling rhymes" in 
connection with this day, and says they were repeated' by the 
peasantry, varying in different districts : — 
*^ Pa^oakeB and Fritters, 

SajB the bells of St. Peter^s. 

Where must we fry 'em P 
. Says the bells of Gold Higham. 

In yonder land thurrow (farrow), 

Says the bells of Wellingboroa^. 

Yon owe me a shilling, 

Says the bells of Great Billing. 

When will 3roa pay me P 

Says the bells at lOddleton Gheney. 

When I am able. 

Says the bells at Dunstable. 

That will never be, 

Says the bells at Coventry. 

Oh yes, it will, 

Says Northampton Ghnat Bell. 

White bread and sop. 

Says the bells at Kingsihrop. 

Trundle a lantern, 

Says the bells at Northampton." 

That the bells of the churches of Northampton used also to be 
rung on this day, may be inferred from the following similar 

doggerel : — 

" Boast beef and marsh mallows. 
Says the bells of All Hallow's. . 
Pancakes and fritters, 
Says the bells of St. Peter's. 
Boast beef and boil'd. 
Says the bells of St. Giles'. 
Poker and tongs. 
Says the bells of St. John's.* 
ShoveU, tongs, and poker. 
Says the bells of St. Pulohre." 

243. — Old Libraries: A Suggestion. — Would it not be 
interesting if some one of leisure and ability would take up the 
matter of the Old Libraries of the county, and give us some account 
of their contents : by whom they were founded, and their present 
state. The Law Library at King's ClifTe has been recently catalogued, 
and a new scheme obtained for its management; its catalogue is 
interesting reading. The library in All Saints vestry, Northampton, 
which I shrewdly suspect to be the library which Dr. Crewe, bishop 
of Durham^ presented to the Granmiar School| and merely deposited 
• St. John's HospitaL 

The George Inn^ Northampton. 53 

there for safe keeping, needs cataloguing. The magnificent collection 
of the Dolben family in the parvise of Finedon church would jield 
some interesting notes. Could not some of jour readers supply us 
with a list of others remaining ? S T W S 


244. — ^Thb Gborob Ihh, Northampton. — In The Gentleman's 
Magaadne^ I79i» vol. 11., p. 789, is the following notice :^— 

''Against the front of the George inn at Northampton is this 
inscription on a white marble tablet^ lately renewed : 

Johannes Drtobn^ ar. 

Ashbeise Canonicorum 

in hoc agro natus» 

Vir gravis, probus, sagax, colendus^ 

Pandochaum hoc quod spectas magnificum 

in natalis patriae omamentum et decus 

ingenti sumptu statim ab incendio struxit, 

et moriens anno 1707® ad 


optabili exemplo p\h legavit. 

Dedisce jam, lector, culpare tempora : 

At Northamptonise felici gratulare, ubi cemis 

tantum virtutis, mofum, religionis, 

ex ipsa vel caupona prccreari. 

Lapidem hunc beneficii indicem 

Robert Pigott, R.P." 

John Drjden esquire bom at Canons Aahby hi this oonnty a man gniTe, 
jnst, wise, to be revered, bnilt this magnificent Inn which yon see for an 
omanient and beanty of his native county at great cost immediately after the 
fixe, and dying in the year 1707 pionsly beqneathed it to found by an example 
ta be desired a school for the poor. Learn now, reader, not to blame the times 
but to congratulate happy Northampton where you perceive so .much of 
virtue morals and religion to be generated even out of an inn itself. 

Bobert Pigott has reverently placed this stone as a notice of the benefaction. 

John Dryden, or Driden, of Chesterton, was a son of sir John 
Dryden, bart., of Canons Asbby, and brother of sir Robert Dryden 
of the same place. He was bom about 1641, was M.P. for 
CO. Huntingdon 1690 and 1700. He died unmarried Jan. 3^ 
1707-8, and was buried at Chesterton. The epitaph is given in 
Tke Topographer and Genealogist, by Nichols, vol. i., p. 17. 

He ovmed the site of "The George" inn before 1675, ^^* >* 
does not appear how he became possessed of it. Whether an inn 
stood there before the fire in 1675 ^^'^ ^^^ appear. After the fire he 
built the inn as stated on the tablet. He made a will, dated Jan. a. 

54 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

I joy ( 1707-8), and died apparently on the next day. Robert Pigott 
. and Honour Dryden were the executors. By this will he gave " his 
Inn called the George in Northampton with the appurtenances^ to be 
disposed and settled as his executors, with the advice of the Mayor 
and Aldermen of Northampton, should think most convenient^ to 
charitable uses within the said Town, reserving an allowance out of 
the same for a sermon to be preached one day in Christmas in 
Remembrance of the donor of the said charity." 

In 1800, 40 George iii„ an Act was obtained for *'The Sale of 
the George Inn in the town of Northampton vested in Trustees, for 
charitable purposes under the will of John Driden £sqnire deceased 
and for investing the money arising from the sale thereof in the 
purchase of three pounds per centum Consolidated Bank annuities, 
until a proper purchase can be found, and in the mean time for 
applying the dividends and annual produce thereof for the same 
charitable purposes." In 1800 the net annual produce of the premises 
was ^49. In 1806 the inn was sold by the trustees to a tontine 
company for ^[500. At first there were 90 lives nominated at jfjo 
each by 54 subscribers. Thjs sum amounted to ^4500, which was 
to defray the cost of purchase above-mentioned, and the required 
alterations, repairs, and furnishing. By the deed of purchase when 
the lives are reduced .to four the property is to be divided. In 1873 
there were 35 shareholders, but at the present time the number is 
reduced to six. H. D. 

245.— Tradesmen's Tokens op Northamptonshire. — A 
new edition of Boyne's seventeenth century tokens is being prepared 
for publication. The list of Northampton and Peterborough tokens is 
here printed, from Boyne, in order that any corrections or additions 
may be noted. Many specimens belonging to the county which have 
been recently discovered and are not recorded in Boyne's book have 
been supplied, from original specimens, by Mr. Justin Simpson, 
Mr. H. S. Gill, Mr. C. Dack, and other gentlemen. 

The italip letters denote that the token is quite new to Boyne. 
Those marked [•] are in the British Museum; P] in Mr. Gill's 
collection ; [•] in Mr. Back's collection. 

No. im Boywi. NORTHAMPTON. 

54. O. RICHARD . ALCOVE . AT . Y" . ONE = A pigCOU. R . M . A Jd. 

A variety hi Mr. Simpson's oolleotion has the name of the issuer spell 
<« Alcovt;'* and has the date 1667. 

In the late Mr. Smallfield*s coUection was a yariety with the somame ^pelt 

Tradesmen's Tokens of Northamptonshire. 55 


55. O. THOMAS . COOPER . IV = The Ironmongers' Arms. id>* 

R. NORTHAMPTON . 1653 = T . B . C 

la 1647 be Mrred the oiBoe of Town BailiiL 

In a tnbeidy 8 Jae. I., Thomat Cooper, sen. had goods aaiewed £9t end 
Ihoinee Oooper, jon^ lend el £1, in 18 Cer. I., Mr. Edward Cooper, peid U,, 
end e Mrs. Cowper (Cooper) (both of the Cheqaer Werd), 10«., and in the 
Hearth Tex of Oar. II., Bfr. Thos. Cooper, Sest Ward, was asseised for 6hst (list) 8. 

56. Another similar, dated 1668^. id. 

57. O. AT . THB . WHIT . HIND = A hind statant id. 



58. O. lOHN . LABRAM . IN . THB = A sugar-loaf. ^d.* 


59. O. SAMTEL . pooBL = The paschal lamb. Jd.* 


Samuel Poole was Town BailifF in 1664. 

Banmel Poole paid 3«. M. in the snbeidy of 18 Oar. I. levied on the. 
mhabitaiitsof this town, he being then a reisid^t of the Oheqner (Gkte) Ward, 
and a Daiid Poole; of the East Ward, was assessed for 8 hearths in the tax of 
Oar. II. 

60. O. s . R . IN . NORTHATON = A castle. id. 

R. (No legend,) Two lions passant gardant. 

[6o«] O. s. R. IN . NORTHHATON = Gateway. id.*^* 

R. Two lions passant gardant. 

Engrayed in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 48. 

61. O. I . S . IN . NORTHAMPTON = A CSStle. id* 

R. (No legend.) Two lions passant gardant. 

[6ia] O. I. s. IN . NORTHUAMTON = Gatewaj. id.* 

R. Two lions passant gardant. 

Engraved in Bridges' Northsmptonshire, No. 44. 
Joseph Sargent, Mayor, 1671. 
John Sterens, Mayor, 1668. 
John Spioer, Mayor, 1656. • 

In the Subsidy 8 and 4 Oar. I., John Smyth, Innholder, Northampton, had 
land assessed at 20«. Qnery if the issuer of this and two following tokens P 

[61^] O. I . s . IN . NORTHAMTON = A castle. id. 

R. (No legend.) Two lions passant gardant. 

A specimen was in Mr. Smallfield's collection. 

[61 c] A variety having the letters larger on the Obv. 

56 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Ko. in Boyne. 

62. O. IN . BIRD . STREETS = A pair of scales. id.'** 

R. NORTHAMPTON . 165I = I . D . S 

EngraTod ia Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 17, reads ** W. D. S.** 

[62a] Another variety, reading = bird . streets . in = i . d . s * 

[62^] Another variety with the letters smaller. 

[62c] Another variety has " In Bird Streete In.*' 

Bird street is a oozmption of Bridge street P A.street in laohfield is now 
called Bud street. 

6^, O. AT . the . OEOROE . IN = St. Grcorge and the dragon, id.* 

R. NORTHAMPTON . 165O = I . M . S 

The G^rg^ is still the principal inn in Northampton. 

Among the names of the freeholders who were assessed in respect of 
property in this town in the sabsidy of 18 Oar. I. is that of Mr. Wandly, who 
paid 4«. for the (George. 

64. O. I . T . IN . NORTHAMPTON = A castle. id.* 

R. CHAMBERLAINE . 1660 = Two lions passant gardant. 

These initials are no donbt those of John Twigden, who was Mayor in 1666. 
He was committed to the custody of the Sergeant-at-arms, and detained 
sereral days, which cost him 40«. per day, for making a false return of members 
to serve in Parliament. Eor his private businesii he issued the following 
token :— (BoyneJ 

6y O. lOHN . TWIODEN . IN = A gloVC. id.* 

R. NORTHAMPTON . 1666 = " Crede sed cave." 
Engraved in Boyne (Plate 25, No. 8). 
This token is remarkable for the legend in the field or inner oirple ** Believe, 
but take care," as if to say you may believe, or be sure this coin is genuinef 
but take care of others. Or it may mean ** Give credit, but observe caution in 
doing so." 

"1661. M;r. Twigden gent elected Major the 2Dd. of August 1660. Mr. 
Silsby, Mr. Selby, Mr. Rands, Mr. Bmifield Aaedr -^ColdweU MS. 

In the subsidy 8 and 4 Oar. I., John Twigden, of ' Northampton, was 
assessed £3 for goods ; in that made 13 and collected 16 Oar. II., land at £1. 
In another levied upon the inhabitants of Northampton town, 18 Car. I. John 
Twigden, a resident in the South Ward, paid 4«. 

[6^0] An unique specimen of this coin in silver from the same die 
from the cabinet of the late Mr. H. Christie of London, 
was in that of Mr. H. S. Gill, Tiverton 5 and is now in the 
Northampton Museum. 

66, O. ANCHOR . WILLDIN6B . IN = An anchor. ^d.*^* 


Engraved in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 16, reads " Wildinge.'* 
[66a] A variety has the letters larger and the anchor also. 


Tradesmen's Tokens of Northamptonshire. 57 

»o. » Boy... PETERBOROUGH. 

82. O. The I Overseers \ half, peny . of\ Peierbrougk. \ 1669. id." 

(In five lines.) 
R. CNo legend J Two swords in saltire« between four crosses 
pattfe fitch^e. f Octagonal J 
BngfATed in Bridget' KorUiamploiiihiM, Ho. 47. 
BngnTed in Bojna (Plata 86), No. 4. 
In tiie town book it this ontry s " 1668. Ordered that the miai of £10 bo 
laid oat for a itamp and coinage of the pnblio halfpenny with the town arms and 
the improToment thereof (to wit) for the potting oat poor and fatberUii ohildren, 
apprentioea^ or other eharitable aeee.** 

83. O. Peterhurgh \ halfe . penny\ to . be . changed \by.thi. Toum\ 

. Bailiff'. I 1670. (In six lines.) id.* 

R. fAb legend.) Arms of Peterborough same as the last 
(Octagonal J 

[83a] O. Peterlmrgh\halfe.penny\to.he.changed\by .the.toume\ 

BaiUfe. \ 1670. (In six lines.) 

R. Arms of Peterborough. (Octagonal) |d.* ^ • 

BngraTed in Bridget* Northamptonthire, Ko. 48^ 

[83^3 -^ variety similar to the last with the exception that the name 

of the place is spelt without a final h, and is a slightly 

difierent die. • ^ 

84. O. ROBERT . ANDRBWBS = The Bskets* Arms. id.* * 


The Andrews were Nonoonformiatty ohiefly at Wellingboroogh (See Palmei^s 
Voneonformity.) — Golding, 

A Robert Andrewet earried on the botiDett of a baker nntil the oommenoe- 
ment of thit year, in Peterboroogh 1 he it a Konoonformitt, eridently a 

85. O. IN . PBTBRBOROTGH . AT . T* =s A claSpcd book =: R . B 

86. O. lOHN . BLYDwicK = Three cloves. id.* 


[86ia] O. lOHN . BVTLBR . 1664 = The Grocers' Arms. Jd. 

. R. IN . PBTBRBOROOH = 1 . B . B 

[86i] O. RICHARD . BVRTON . OP = The Grocers' Arms. Jd. 


87. O. ROBBRT . CARiBR = A pelicau feeding its young. ^d. 


SngraTod in Bridget' fforthainptonahire, No. 28, readt ^ Oaryer.** 

58 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

No. in Bojne. 

[87c/] O. ROBART CARYBR = A pelican feeding its young. Jd.' 


[87^] O. ROBART . car[t ?]br. = A pellcan feeding its young. Jd.» 


[87c] O. lOHN . CAWTHORNE = The Bakers* Arms. |d. 


In a tabsidy, matilated, but made late in the reign of Jamea i., a John 
Cauthorne of thia city waa aaaeaaed £3 for goods. 

88. O. ROBERT . DANTBLL = The Grocers* Arms, r . d id.* 


89. O. THO . DILLINGHAM = T . D ^d.* 

R. IN . PBBTBRBOROVOH = A roll of tobacco. 

[890] O. THO . DILLINGHAM. = T . D. ^.« 

R. IN . p[btb]rborrpw. == A roll of tobacco. 

90. O. lOHN . FRENCH . DRAPER = The Drapers' Arms. \i. 
R. IN . pebtbrborovoh = I . f . f 

[90a] A variety has the legend on both sides in smaller letters. 

91. O. oeorob . HAMERTON = The Grocers* Arms, o . m . h ^d.* 


GEORGE . HAMERTON = The Groccrs' ArnQS. g . m . h ^d.' * 


GBOROB . HAMERTON =: The Groccrs* Arms. id.* 


NICHOLAS . HARDY = Three pipes in fes3e. id. 


NICHOLAS . HARDY = Two pipes and roll of tobdcco. id.* 


ALCE (sic) HARVBY . A* . THE. = A claspcd book. Jd.* 


MARORBT . KBMPB = 1664. id. 


[94a] A variety has the name of the place spelt *' Pecterbrovgh.'* * 

95. O. MATTHEW . KNOWLES = A portcuUis. id.' 


[950] A variety in Mr. Dack*s collection reads " Mathew.*' 

96. O. lONB . MANISTT 1668 = HER HALFB PBNY. id.* 

R. OF . PEBTBRBOROVOH = [An omameuted floral knot 
between] i . m 















Tradesmen's Tokens of Northamptonshire. 59 

'So. in BojiM. 

[96a] O. FRANCIS . MORTIMER = A Stockiog. ^.* 

R. i« . p[bt]brborow. ^ F. M 

169&-86. Biohard, ton of Mr. ffhmoii Mortimer, baptixad 10 Febrnuj. St. 
Jolm't registers. 

97. O. THOMAS . SBCHELL = The Groccrs* Anns. Jd.* 


98. O. THOMAS . SHINN . 1667 = The GroceTs' Arms. id. 


[98a] O. THOMAS . SHINN . i66j. = The Grocers* Arms. Jd.* 


99. O. THO . SHiNNB . OP = The Grocers' Arms. id. 


1663-4. Feb. 5. Mr. Thomis Shinne the elder, buried. St. John's parish 
register. (This most hare been the father of the iisaer.) 

100. O. GEO . SLYB . OF = The Bakers' Arms. Jd. 

lOI.. O. IAMBS . TALBR . OF . 1669 = HIS HALFB PBNY. ^d.*' 

R. PBBTBRBOVRowGH (sicj = The Cordwainers' Arros. 

EngrsTed in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 24. 

The oobblcr must hare exercised great ingenuity in derising a new mode of 
writing Peterborough ; it is an excellent specimen of the gross blunders which 
ftre 00 frequently found on the Tokens of this period ; the most illiterate persons 
must hare executed them. In this list Peterborough is spelled ten different 
ways ; the issuer's name was, doubtless, Taylor. — Soyne, 


R. IN . PETERBROVGH . 1668 = [An Ornamented floral knot 
between] R . T 

Engrared in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 26. 

103. O. WILLIAM . WELLS = The Groccrs' Arms. id.*' 


The names of Andrews, French, Hardy, Wells, and the common one of 
Thompson are still to be found at Peterborough. — Boyne. 

The names of many of the above appear in the registers of 
S. John's church at Peterborough. Robert, son of Robert Andrew, 
was buried i Dec. 1665, "At the Pesthouse," having died of the 
plague. Robert Andrew himself was buried 2 Mar., 1669. Jo^iii 
Bind wick was buried "in Woollen" 9 Nov. 1690. Nicholas Hardy 
was buried 7 Mar. 1680; and Margaret Kempe 29 Dec. 16845 hoth 
" in woollen.** Matthew Knowles was buried 19 June 16665 hut 


6o Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

there was a churchwarden of the same name in 1668, who was 
buried 18 Mar., 1680. Mrs. Joane Manistj, widow, was buried 
II Nov. 1673 : but the token> No. 96, could not have been issued 
by her. Thomas SeachilFs burial occurs 14 Apr. 1670 ; Richard 
Tompson's, 14 Feb. 1658 5 and William Wells', 7 Dec. 1668. These 
entries help to fix a limit of date to some of the undated specimens. 

246. — Michael Wodhull. — The dispersion by auction of the 
cekbrated library which for nearly a century — in fact some parts of 
it for more than that period — found a resting-place at Tbenford 
house, has made the name of its original collector a household word 
in both hemispheres^ inasmuch as many of its choicest treasures are 
said to have journeyed across the Atlantic, thus helping to fulfil 
bishop Berkeley's prophetic language : — . 

*' Westward the oonrse of empire take« its way, 
* The first f onr acts already past ; 
The drama- closes with the dosing day, 
Time's noblest empire is his last." 

To be noble this empire must have high culture, and it is a 
symptom of growing taste when both their men of wealth for their 

own gratification, and their public 
libraries for the general improvement 
and enjoyment of the people at large, 
are ready to secure at any cost, such 
volumes as illustrate the history of the 
typographic and bibliopegistic arts. 
It is to be hoped, however, that none 
of these exquisite specimens of the 
early printers and binders have perished 
in the ill-fated Oregon, to the world's 
irreparable loss, when almost in sight 
of their new home, and most disas- 
trously realising the Greek proverb, 
cVl rair Bvptus r^y vbpiap. But to come 
to the collector himself. Michael 
Wodhull was the last of an old county 
family, tracing back to the conquest, 
and which had been seated at Tbenford, 
about midway between Brackley and 
Banbury, for more than three hundred 
years. Their pedigree is given at length in Baker*s History of 
Northampionshire, and from it we learn that Michael, the only son 
of John Wodhull by his second wife Rebecca, daughter of Charles 

Michael Wodkull. 6i 

Watkios, of Aynho^ esq., was born Aug. 15, and baptized Aug. 18, 
1740. His earlier education was entrusted to the Rev. William 
Cleaver, of Lincoln college, Oxford, (who had a school at Twjford, 
Backs.,) the father, of William, principal of Brasenose College, 
Oxford 5 successively bishop of Chester, Bangor, and St. Asaph ; and 
also of £useby» of Christ Church, Oxford> successively bishop of 
Cork, Ferns, and archbishop of Dublin. 

The block containing the WodhuU Arms is copied from the 
stamp inipressed on the covers of many of the books in the WodhuU 
Library, and has been presented by J. £. Seveme, esq., late M.P. for 
South Shropshire, the proprietor of the Thenford estate. 

In the First Epistle of his Second Book, addressed to another son, 
the Rev. John Cleaver, M.A., student of Christ Church, Oxford, 
Wodhull gives utterance to his feelings of gratitude, and esteem for 
his earliest instructor. The lines are taken from the second edition 
of the Poems, in 1804. 

" If e'er my bosom oanght the saored fire. 
Let me with pride relate who strong the lyre. 
Can I forget, while Memory holds her reign. 
And summons forth her bright etherial train. 
Beneath what * anspices my earlier age 
Imbib'd the dictates of the good and sage P 
No, gentle Onse I for oft I loy*d to stray 
Where thy smooth current winds^ its sedgy way ; 
If aught of honor verse like mine can give, 
•Thy name recorded by the Muse shall live ; 
Far dearer than Lyceum's grove, the theme 
Of songs unnumber'd, or Bissus' stream ; 
Although no soulptur'd urn thy source proclaim, 
Thy meads no Bard transmit to lasting f ame^ * 
No lover carve thy praise on every tree 
With his Calista fondly joining thee." 

This William Cleaver was of Lincoln College, Oxford, B.A. 

Oct. 14, 1729 ; M.A. June 28, 173a. He printed four sermon^. 

■ 1. The Doctrine of a future State necessary to the Welfare and Support 

of Civil Qtrremment. A Sermon Preached at the Assizes hc^ at 

Warwick, by the Hon. Mr. Justice Page, on Wednesday, March 28. 1 1%9. 

Publish'd at the Bequest of the High Sheriff, and the G^tlemen of 

the Grand Jury. 8vo. 24 pp. Oxford, 1739. 

'Among the names of the Grand Jurors is '* William Shakepear Geut." 

2. The Time of our Saviour's Goming consider'd, as to its Fitness, and 

Propriety. A Sermon before the University of Oxford, at St. Mary*s, 

on Sunday, March 6. 1742-3. 8vo. 30 pp. Oxford. 

* '*At the Bev. Mr. Cleaver's, father, of the gentleman to whom thia 
epistle is addreesed.*"— Mr. Wodhull's note. 

62 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

3. The Expediency and Advantages o! an early Education in Piety and 
Virtue. A Sermon Preached before the Uniyersity of Oxford, at St. 
Mary's, on Sunday, Noremb. 12. 1749. PubUsh'd at the request of 
Mr. Vice-chancellor [The Key. John Pumell, D.D., Warden of New 
College]. 8vo. 28 pp. Oxford^ 1760. 

4. An Enquiry into the true Character of David King of IsraeL A 
Sermon Preached before the UniTersity of Oxford, at St. Mary*8, on 
Sunday, Jan. 24. 1762. L) which the Exceptions of a late Writer to 
the Conduct of David on some Occasions are obviated. Svo. 27 pp. 


The above titles are taken from copies in a volume of Miscel- 
laneous Sermons, etc., bought at the WodhuU sale, which has the 
note "mostly presents*' in Wodhull's hand, and the three former 
having the inscription, "To Mich. Wodhull ^sq^" thus showing 
that the kindly feeling between the master and pupil was kept up. 

Gentle Ouse. Drayton, in his Poly-Olbion, had already celebrated 
this river. In the Argvment of the two and twentieth Song he says 

'* The Muse, Ouze from her Fountaine brings 
Along by Buckingham.** 

and a few lines from the commencement of the song he writes 

— "how the far-wandring Ouze, 
From Brackley breaking forth, through soiles most heauenly sweet, 
By Buckingham makes on.'* 

and a little further on 

** Ouu hauing OuUney past, as shoe were waxed mad. 
From her fir^ stayder course immediately doth gad ; 
And in Meandred Gyres doth whirle herself about. 
That, this way, here, and there, backe, forward, in, and out, 
And like a wanton Girle, oft doubling in her gate. 
In Labyrinth-like tumes, and twinings* intricate, 
Through those rich fields doth runne, till lastly in her pride. 
The Shires Hoepitious towne, shee in her course diuide, 
Where shee her gracious breast in glorious bredth displayes ; 
And varying her deere forme a thousand sundry wayes, 
Streakes through the verdant Meades ;" etc. 

In the fifteenth song, after noting in the margin ''that Ouze 
arising neer Brackley, running into the German Sea," he calls it an 
Oxonian river : 

" For the Oxonian Ouu was lately sent away 
From JBuekinghoM, where first he finds his nimbler feet ; 
Tow'rds Whittlewood then takes :*' etc. 

Some Leonine verses of a monk in the twelfth century, from 
an ancient Life of St. Neot, probably by a monk of St. Neots 
(Bodl. MS. 535), describe the character of the Ouse (and of its 

Michael Wodhull. 63 

tnbatary stream, the Ivel) with topical accuracy, though not with 
poetical elegance : 

** Est qnidam Flavins, vario ainuamtne tencms, 
Tractibui oSliguua, quosdam lelegrens oomitatos .... 
Ast, alio do fonte satos lUtt abunde meatus ; 
Hehlns et Ousa soi prisci dixftre coloni.'' 

But a more distinguished bard was soon to follow WodhuU in 
singing the praises of this serpentine river — a character which it 
manifests very early just before reaching Brack ley, and which is so 
marked after it passes OIney, " that the distance from that place to 
St Neot*s, which is about twenty miles by land, is about seventy by 
the stream." (Southey, Ltfe of Cowper, i. 203.) 

Cowper indeed^ as Southey says CLifs, i. 202) •' has made Olney 
and its neighbourhood poetical ground," and especially celebrates the 
river Ouse, which, as he tells one of his correspondents, Joseph 
Hill, Esq., " is the most agreeable circumstance in this part of the 
world, being at this town (Huntingdon) as wide as the Thames at 
Windsor J nor does the silver Thames better deserve that epithet — and 
it is a.noble stream to bathe in." ''Its 'silent tide' and the windings 
of the stream, not without chamis to the muse of Cowper, and noticed 
by him in his tale of the Dog and Water Lily, are among the thousand 
instances of his minutely faithful allusions. The Ouse flows with a 
lazy and consequently silent progress, its whole descent to the sea 
being very trifling. It is remarkable for the wildest sinuosities, and 
a singularly tortuous course, from its very source at Ouse Well, near 
the manqr house of Steane in Northamptonshire." (Note by G. C. 
Gorham in Southey's Cowper ^ vii. 255.) But hear Cowper himself: 

" Here Onse, slow winding throi;igh a level plain 
Of spacious meads with cattle sprinkled o'er, 
Condacts the eye along his sinuoas coarse 
Delighted. There, fast rooted in his bank 
Stand, never overlook'd, our favourite elms 
That screen the herdsman's solitary hut ; 
While far beyond and overthwart the stream 
That as with molten glass inlajs the vale, 
The sloping land recedes into the clouds ; 
Displaying on its varied side the grace 
Of hedge -row beauties numberless, square tower, 
Tall spire, from which the sound of cheerful bells 
Just undulates upon the listening ear ; 
Gfroves, heaths, and smoking villages remote. 
Scenes must be beautiful which daily view'd 
Please daily, and whose novelty survives 
Long knowledge and the scrutiny of years. 
Praise justly due to those that I deeoiibe." 

64 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

It will not. be easy to find a more exquisite description of the 
quiet beauty of a thoroughly English home picture^ full of associations 
to ey^^ heart, and mind. See also his Comparisan, Addressed to a 
Young Lady. To end this long note it must be added that the source 
is actually in Farthinghoe parish, which adjoins Thenford, and is a 
little more than two miles from Thenford House, and thus £rom earlj 
days was well known to Michael Wodhull. 

A CoxPABisovi Addbbbbsd to 1. Yoxtno Ladt. 
'* Sweet stream, that winds throagh' yonder glade. 
Apt emblem of a TirtooiiB maid — 
Silent and chaste she steals along, 
Far from the world's gay bnsy throng, 
With gentle yet preyailing foroe 
Intent tipon her destined coarse, 
^ Graceful and nsefol all she does. 
Blessing and blest where'er she goes, 
Pore-bosom'd as that watery glass. 
And heaTen reflected in her face." 

"In the beginning of 1756, Michael Wodhull came fo Win- 
chester, and entered Commoners, as a pupil of Dr. Burton, who was 
then Head Master. On 'Long Roll' for 1756 his name is gtveo 
in Middle Past, v^ Book, and on that; for 1757 as second in Senior 
Past, v^ Book, and a Commoner Prefect. He appears to have left 
Winchester in 1758." (Th^ Wykehamist, No. 207, April, i886, 
p. 50.) *' At Winchester school he used to be called die ' long-l^;ged 
republican.' He was under Joseph Warton ; who, when he used to 
catch him reading Pitt*s Firgil, would say ' Why don't yon read minef 
Sir?' 'Because, Sir,' replied Wodhull, 'Pitt's is better!' I am 
indebted to the present bishop of Norwich (Henry Bathurst) who was 
at school with Mr. Wodhull, for this anecdote." (Dr. Dibdin, 
Bibliographical Decameron, iii., 366.) Reminiscences of these school 
days appear in his poems, for £pistle vii. of Book i., qn ** Philosophy,*' 
is addressed to the Rev. Henry Bathurst, ll.b.. Fellow of New 
College, Oxford, and is dated 1772 : and Epistle v. of Book ii., '' On 
the Abuse of Poetry," dated 1769, is addressed to a contemporary 
in Commoners, Wadham Wyndham by name, in which occur the 
lines which contain the only mention in print that Wodhull has made 
of his Winchester school days : 

'* Fresh to my soti) ocoor those artless, years. 
When, free from gnilt, incapable of fears, • 
Thinking ei^sh boon of earthly grandeur small, . 
And the coy Mnse's favors all in all. 
With thee, my Friend, I trod the flinty side 
Of those bleak meads wher^ Itohin rolls its tide, 
And if some inanspioioiis flower, azray'd ■ 

Michael Wodhull. 65 

In Tenud hoes, iintimely doom'd to fade, 
Adom'd • scene so desolately bare. 
Doting we gai*d, and deem'd a Tempo there ; 
The Judge's coif, the mitre and the pall, 
Blazon*d aloof on that soholastio wall. 
Drew not one eagev look, our raptnr*d ejee 
Saw Mantua's beech and SnlmoVTilla rise.*' 

These references are noticed in The Wykehamist, quoted above. 

There can be no donbt that both at Twyford and at Winchester 
Michael Wodhull had the great advantage of being under the tuition 
of masters of a high order of mind, knowledge, and taste, and that 
he had laid the foundations of sound scholarship so thoroughly that 
the larger superstructure of bis subsequent erudition followed as a 
matter of course. From Winchester he moved to Oxford, where he 
was entered at Brasenose College as a Gentleman Commoner in 1758. 
The following extract is from the college books : 

"1758. Jan. 13. Michael Wodhull. Northton. G. C." 

Two brothers of his great grandfather, Giles and Fulk Wodhull, 
bad been admitted members of Brasenose in 1598, and the college 
also had some property in Thenford, reasons sufficiently strong to 
account for his entering that college ; but another reason perhaps 
was that the then principal, Francis Yarborough, was also rector of 
Aynho, the parish in which his mother's family resided, and thus may 
have had a voice in the determination of his choice. Be this as it 
may, he spent some time — perhaps nearly three years — at Oxford, not 
without improvement in learning, nor without some indulgence in 
what was afterwards his ruling passion. His name does not appear 
in the catalogue of Oxford Graduates, and his leaving without a 
degcee may perhaps be attributed to the fact that the attractions of 
Alma Mater were effaced by the superior charms of Miss Catherine 
Milcah Ingram*. the fourth daughter of the Rev. John Ingram, of 
Wolford, Warwickshire, to whom Michael Wodhull was married at 
New bottle, on Nov. 30, 1761, soon after he had attained his majority^ 
but before he had completed the sixteen terms required for a degree. 
The portrait of Mrs. Wodhull is still at Thenford, and the following 
anecdote may prove that his powers of critical discernment were not 
limited to the niceties of a dead language. " Mr. Wodhull married 
in 1 761 a lady of great personal accomplishments and universally 
loved and respected, who left him a widower without children in 
1808. The bridegroom was at that time in the plenitude of health 
and fortune. At Winchester he used to be called the * long-legged 
republican,' and wheb he was married, it should seem that he had 
preserved not ouly his * long legs/ but his * repablicanisra ' — and 



66 Norihamp tons hire Notes and Queries, 

would argue stiffly and stoutly about the equalisation of rights and 
properties. 'Say you so,' said an intimate friend one day to him at 
dinner, ' Look at that beautiful woman whom you have just married ! 
What other right, than that which the law allows, have you to the 
possession of such a treasure ? If equality be resorted to, I have 
only to exercise the strength of this arm, so much more muscular 
than your own, and she becomes my property in an instant.' The 
appeal and the argument were not used in vain. These are the *rubs* 
which cure a man of his equalising Utopias. The foregoing anecdote 
may be relied upon as coming from a most veracious quarter." 
(Dr. Dibdin, Bibliographical Decameron^ iii. p. !^66), 

I have suggested one reason why Michael Wodhull did not take 
a degree at Oxford ; there may have been another. On the death 
of King George ii. a volume of verses was prepared, according to 
the custom which had prevailed from the reign of Elizabeth, to 
express the sorrow of the University for the loss of his Majesty. 
It seems that Michael Wodhull sent in a copy of verses which was 
for some reason rejected. It could hardly have beeu inferior in 
quality to some that were printed, but considering the strong 
republican principles which he held even as a schoolboy, it is not 
improbable that he had given expression to his sentiments in a 
manner not deemed consistent with such an occasion, and not in 
harmony with the loyal feelings of the academic body. The 
Professor of Poetry, Thomas Warton, was one of the Inspectors 
of these eflEusions, and Wodhull vented his indignation in an Ode to 
Criticism, By a Gentleman of Oxford. London. Printed for 
•J. Goniston, in Piccadilly, mdcclxi. Price sixpence. Four leaves 
in folio. On the copy in the Bodleian there is this MS. note: 
''Michael Wodhull, Gentleman Commoner of Brasenose, whose 
Verses on the death of the King were rejected by the Inspectors 
of which Mr. Thos. Warton was one." This Ode was intended as 
an attack on certain peculiarities in the writings of Thomas Warton. 
Warton took a singular mode of avenging himself, by inserting the 
Ode in The Oxford Sausage among poems of a very different sort. 
It is in the £rst edition of 1764 and all subsequent ones 3 but the 
epistle to Mr. John Cleaver, of Christ Church, which was also 
inserted in the first edition, and is also in the ^ublin reprint of 1766, 
was afterward omitted. Mr. Wodhull never reprinted the Ode. The 
original is now very rare. The rejection of the verses, which evidently- 
stirred the indignation of the youthful poet, may have also induced 
him to quit the University which had thus shown rather the temper of a 
Noverca than the gentle love of an Alma Mater, w w n 

(Ih be continued,) 

Northamptonshire Characters. 67 

247«-r-SAR6BNT Familt OP NORTHAMPTON. — I am anxioos to 
obtain particulars of the genealogy of my ancestor, William Sargent 
(or Sargeant, or Serjeant) who emigrated from Northampton, in 1638, 
together with his wife Sarah, " late the wife of Wm. Minshall of 
Whitchurch in the Coimty of Salop, gent., deceased.*' William 
Sargent is described as a *' haberdasher of hats." 

Any particulars of the family will be gratefully received. Is it 
known if they were entitled to any armorial bearings ? 

SomerriUe, Man., U.S.A. Aaron Sargbvt. 

248. — Moravians in Northampton. — Preachers came from 
Bedford, 1759, and afterwards. New chapel consecrated 24 June, 
1770, Rev. Francis Okely, Minister. The work was continued 
certainly till 1789. Mr. Okely published many books, some of which 
are in the Northampton Reference Library. Can any one supply 
information as to the site of the chapel? or why the work was 
abandoned ? 

HUlHouso, Upper Wortiey.Loedi. J. J. English. 

249. — Riots IN 1641 and 164a.— There are said to have been 
some considerable disturbances in these years between the inhabitants 
of Peterborough and the Cromwellians, on the road between Peter- 
borough and Stamford. Where can any particulars be found ? Do 
any parochial registers make mention of them ? And is the precise 
locality known ? . A. P. 

250- — Northamptonshire Characters and Caricatures. — 
Much yet remains to be done in the collation and publication of the 
abundant materials — old and new — illustrative of Northamptonshire 
history and biography 5 and to one who has the necessary time and 
qualifications, an interesting task oflers in the compilation of a 
complete record of caricatures relating to the coonty. The subjoined 
contribution (compiled from a series of prints in the possession of 
Mr. John Taylor) is published in the hope that it may be largely 
supplemented later on. There is, we believe, ample scope for further 
work in this direction, and no doubt readers of " N. N. & Q.'* will 
welcome any addition to our stock of information on this subject. 

Probably there are not many now living who witnessed the famous 
election contest which called forth the first caricature on our list, 
a water-color drawing entitled ** The last scene of the New Grand 
National Meleodrama, called the Mob Daemon, or John Bull's 
Miltonomaniain 1831. Lapidosoinv. Flammoso sculpsit." This is 
an elaborate pictorial squib, in colors, issued during the election of 
two knights of the shire for the county of Northampton, which 


68 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

commenced at Northampton on May 7tb, and continued (Sundajs 
excepted) until May 23rd, 1831. The Whig candidates were lord 
Althorp and lord Milton, and the Tory candidates Mr. W. R. Cart- 
wright and sir Charles Knigbtley, bart. ; and Althorp and Milton, 
were returned. The Tory carriage, presumably containing the Tory 
candidates, is represented going " To Northampton up Constitution 
Hill/* On one side is a car containing a Red Indian sort of 
caricature of viscount Milton, attired in blue military coat with yellow 
facings, red knickerbockers, and large open collar with scalloped 
border ; his head-dress consisting of a profusion of gaily coloured 
feathers. In one hand he holds the flag of " Liberty ** and in the 
other the torch of *' Truth." Thus gaudily attired he is being drawn 
down hill to the verge of a Gehenna, from which arise the demons of 
Radical Reform (represented by a triple-crowned beast of horrible 
aspect^ with widely-opened mouth) —Foreign Com Free, National 
Debt «^8oo,ooo, 000, and other frightful but nameless figures. On 
. the margin of the Gehenna is a figure presumably intended for lor^ 
Althorp, and in a morass on the hill side are strewn crowns, mitres, 
and coronets, with the watchwords, "No Tithes," "No Union," 
"No Rates," "No Taxes," ''No Oligarchy," "No Slavery," "No 
Work," " Address of Thanks to the King," " Annual Parliaments," 
and " Universal Suffrage." The squib was evidently intended to 
strike terror into the hearts of the voters during the crisis of 1831. 
The legend of the drawing is found in the following rhyme. Lord 
Milton loquitur : — 

Come, ye Gnomes and spirits all, 

To our yearly festival, 

See my banner wide unforrd 

Waving Freedom through the World. 

See my torch whose cleansing brand 

Purges a corrupted land. 

Let it bum — we hail the Storm 

That shall generate reform. • 

Taxes sink tho' credit fall 

*Tis the good cause sanctions alL 

The remaining subjects are classed alphabetically under their 
respective place-names, such arrangement being at once simple and 

Aldwinckle, Samuel Bbbslet. A striking sketch of an eccentric 
personage of considerable repute in his own neighbourhood, by 
Robert Cruikshank. Beesley was an old carrier, who travelled 
between Thrapston and the neighbouring village of Aldi^inckle for 
some 30 or 40 years. He is represented seated in a primitive sort of 


In NewesC Designs and Colourings^ 






An immense Stock of the above may be seen at 


14 Wood Street, Northampton, 




(For 18 Yean with Mb. W. Law, late of 33, Abington Street, XorthamptonJ 

Respectfully solicits your Patronage and Support, which he will do his 

utmost to deserve. 

Furniture of all kinds Re-stuM & Polished. 


(ftrers gitscriptton of ^linbs Sn^plieb or ^iepaireb. 

Present Retidence — 





33, 35, 37, 39, 

The Drapery, Northampton. 





33, 35, 37, 39, 

The Drapery, Northampton. 


Part XI. Vol. II. 

JULY, 1886. 

Price Is. ed. 


Nihil sub sole novum^ nee valet quisquam dicerc : Ecce hoc recens est : jam 
enim praecessit in stsculis, qum^uitfumt gjiienos, Eccles. i. lo. 

To make i^e past prd^^f^hP'l^fffPki^Tljtsian^ near, to place us in the 
sodetif of a great ma A ^ on ttprrminencewt^h overlooks the Jielii of a 
mighty tattle^ to invesl ^i^jlkfh^ ^^5'^ tSt)^^'' J^^'^^ ^^'^ blood beings whom 
we are too much inclin\d to consi der as penonifiJd qualities in an aJlegory^ 
to call up our anceston'^i^flcfpfcMit^^ peculiarities of language, 

manners, and garb, to showuT'\ivmiiktii''f!ouses, to seat us at their tables, to 
rummage their olti-Jashioned u*ardrobes, to explain the uses of their ponderous 
furniture . . . parts of the duty which property belongs lo the historian. 

Macau LAY, Essay on Hallam. 


Notes ^ Queries, 



The Antiquities, Family History^ Traditions, Parochial 
Records, Folk-lore, Quaint Customs^ &c., of the County, 

ZDtfrB ii5 
JhE HeV. ^. P ^WEETINQ, «^t . ^ . 
Vicar of Maxeif, Market Deeping. 



Hortli&mptoiitliire Characten. 

263 Tradetmen'e 



A Yietimised Townsman of the 


Thingden or Finedon 

Eighteentli Century. 




BiUe HeetingB at Kettering. 




Inoculation in 1790. 




Stone Coffint^t Cottesbrooke. 

Preston (Great) 



The Horthampton BilU of Mortality. 




Hay Song at Nassington. 




Wight of Blaketley Hall. 




Local Dialect. 

Stamford Baron 



Orrne Family ? Incendiary Letter. 




Horthamptonshire Briefh. 

Sntton (Kings) 


Plan of Battle of Haaeby. 

264 Mantle-piece at Helmdon. 


Boddngham Acconnt Book, 16^. 

266 Th'Kanan' 

th' Boggard. 

portl^ampton : 


[^Entered at Hiaiioncru* Mail.} 










^ a! 

Co o 

ki w 


X -»; 

^1 cfi 









































J5 S 

Northamptonshire Characters. 69 

donkey cart, holding the reins in bis right hand and bearing in his 
left a mug of ale. His whip is under his right arm, and he is 
apparently engaged in conversation with a jovial-looking roan who 
stands, pipe in mouth, in front of a shop of which he is probably the 
occapier, and which, in the midst of saddles and so forth displays the 
name of " S. Mason." The rugged face and beetling brows, the 
dwarfed form and homely costume — in which the old coat and hat 
and leathern gaiters are conspicuous— proclaim the man a character. 
The picture is an excellent specimen of the artist's work. It is a 
coloured print (ijin. by pjin.), published by J. T. Notcntt, Tbrapston. 

AUhorp, Caricature of lord Altuorpb behind his pedigree stock. 
Here we have an apparently simple-minded clown in smock-frock, 
with bis right hand thrust into its corresponding pocket — the trousers 
and boots, by the bye, do not correspond with the outer-garment 
already mentioned — ^the left arm resting on one of the pedigree beast. 
This small print bears the legend : " What a pleasure it is to get at 
something one does understand. '* 

JsiwelL The Right Honourable Sblina Countess Dowager of 
Huntingdon. From the original picture painted by J. Russel, 
Carington Bowles excudit. This mezzotint comes more properly 
under the category of allegorical than caricature engravings. The 
countess, who is of a very melancholy cast of countenance, wears a 
long veil which falls over her shoulders and bosom. Her gown, 
loosely tied round the waist by a white band, is partially supported 
by her left hand, while in her right is a crown of thorns, and beneath 
ber feet a coronet. 

Easton Neston. Will Sommbrs Kinge Heneryes Jester. This 
representation of a notable Northamptonshire character was published 
April and, 1798, by William Richardson, York House, No. 31 Strand, 
and represents the jester in a gaily-coloured gown with padded sleeves 
and curious decorations, with fool's cap hanging at his girdle, and 
having in his right hand a horn. On his breast appear the letters 
" H. R.'* His head is adorned by a cap with feathers, and he wears 
"slashed*' sandals. Behind him is a view of a street in London and 
games of the period. The following rhymes appear on the print :— 

" What though tboQ thinkst me olad in straage attire, 
Knowe I am anted to my owne deseire 
And yet the Characters desorib'd upon mee 
May shewe thee that a King bestoVd them on mee 
This Home I have betokens Sommers game 
Which ^ortive tyme will bid thee reade my name 
All with my Nature well agreeing too 
As both the Name and Tyme and Habit doe." 


70 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Fawsley. John Dod. Ob. An. Ch. 1645. iEtatis sua 96. This 
venerable divine is bere presented in the clerical dress of the pericxl : 
skull cap, frilled collar and cuffs, and high shouldered gown. In his 
right hand he has a book. At foot of the portrait are the followix^ 
lines : — 

" A Grave Divine ; precise, not tnrbolent ; 
And never goilty of the Churohee rent: 
Meek even to sinners; most devont to God: 
This is but part of the due praise of Don. 0. B.*' 

Dod*s character is too well known to need comment here j and of 
his writings an excellent bibliographical list will be found in Mr. John 
Taylor's Memorials of Rev. John Dod, M.A, 

Grafton Underwood. Thomas Carlet. This is a small water- 
colour drawing from the original in the British Museum, and shows us 
a smiling, contented-looking little man, clad in brown coat, buff* knee- 
breeches, grey stockings, and buckle shoes. The Nortkampttm 
Mercury records the decease of this remarkable character in the 
following words :— 

<* On the 29th nit. in his 68th year, after a long confinement, at Grafton 
Underwood, in this county, Mr. Thomas Carley ; who was bom without hands, 
and his arms not more than eighteen inches in length, yet, this great 
phenomenon of nature could write well, understood nrithmetio, was clerk of the 
parish, and many years employed as pubHc school-master, all which offices he 
discharged with satisfaction to the parish. Octr. 1826." 

Hardingstone. Antiquarians viewing Queen's Cross. In this 
coloured design by Woodward (engraved by Cruikshanks) are depicted 
three amusing figures. The foremost, in brown coat and knee- 
breeches^ and with spectacles on nose, is closely examining the cross ; 
while at a little distance behind him^ also busily occupied with an 
eyeglass, is a ruddy faced and gaudily attired gentleman, whose coat 
is of a bright blue colour, his waistcoat vermilion, and his lower 
garments yellow, top-boots appropriately terminating this gorgeous 
costume. The last of the trio is a sour-visaged old fellow, whose 
grey coat and three-cornered hat well-match his antiquated appearance. 
The print is dated i Jg6. It should be mentioned that <the cross is 
very unlike the structure of which Northamptonians are justly proud. 

Higham Ferrers. Thomas Britton. The Musical Small-coal 
Man. Ob. 17 14. Although this cannot properly be classed as a 
caricature its subject may be called a character, for he was in truth a 
man of very noticeable character^ as indeed might be surmised from an 
otxamination of this portrait. He is here shown in slouched hat 
-^der which his long hair hangs down to his shoulders) and frock. 

Northamptonshire Characters. 71 

his right hand clasping his left arm. The print in question is after a 
painting by WoUaston, himself a friend of the Musical Small-coal Man. 

''Though doom*d to small coal, jet to the arts allied, 
Rich without wealth, and famous without pride; 
lCasio*8 hest patron, judge of books and men, 
Beloy*d and honored by Apollo's train. 
In Greece or Rome sure never did appear, 
So bright a genius in so dark a sphere ; 
More of the man had probably been say*d 
Had Kneller painted and had Yertne grav'd. Pbiob." 

Kings Cliffe. William Dakin. In this '' proof before letters '* 
the lunatic settler at Cliffe is shown seated upon a "whelmed** 
hamper, habited in a long coat and the usual knee breeches and low 
shoes of the period. His appearance is sufficiently dishevelled to 
give coimtenance to the published accounts of his peculiarities. 'A 
biographical sketch of Dakin appeared in the Gentleman*s Magazine 
of October, 1800, from which the following is quoted : — " William 
Dakin . . .is not more than 45 years of age, though the coarse 
dirty habit which he constantly wears, and the enormous length of 
bis beard, which he suffers to grow (only now and then clipping it 
with scissars), give him a much older appearance." Later on he is 
reported to have been possessed with the belief that he .was Jesus 
Christ The print was published by Nichols & Son, Nov. ist, 1800, 
Branscomb, Newbury, Pinxt. B. Sc. 

Northampton. The R*. Honb*«. Spbncbr Perceval, the able De- 
fiender of Her Majesty in 1806. W. Read, Sc. This small coloured 
print shows the minister (after the manner of a bust) in loose blue 
robe. The fine grave features and white hair and eyebrows form a 
striking picture. 

- — John Bellimoham, Taken at the Sessions House, Old 
Bailey, May 15, 18 12. Drawn and etched by Dennes Dighton. A 
coloured engraving of Spencer Perceval's assassin, whose peculiar 
sharp-featured face is shown in profile. He holds in his left 
hand an open letter, and wears a light-brown coat with high collar, 
buff-coloured stock, and an abundance of frill. His biography may be 
summed up in few words : born at St. Neots, Hunts. -, merchant at 
Liverpool ; shot Mr. Perceval; executed 181 2. 

Old Ham an the Northampton-Lamp-Lighter. Drawn from 

Life. L Read pinx. T. Roberts Sculpt North**". 1773. A 
rare coloured etching of an eccentric-looking character, of whom 
the print declares : — 

'< His Ability & Agility will make a Man Laugh 
As he lights 18 Lamps in an Hour and a half.'' 


72 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

The following description of this portrait is quoted from Cole's 
Popular Biography of Northamptonshire, and will give a tolerably 
correct idea of his costume : — 

" His hat is peculiar, the orown being high, and finished off in the centre of 
its top with a round boss-like ornament ; in front is a small flat poke, and 
behind a very extended slouch ; under this is a sort of skull-cap, fitting tigrl^t 
at the forehead, and tied under the chin, but being loose and handkerohief-like 
behind, is perhaps intended to represent the hood of the loose fijing doak 
which he wears over his doublet. His wrists are ornamented with the frilled 
work of the period ; in his right hand he carries a lanthom, and his left 
supports a long ladder upon his shoulder. He Ib represented as an aged 
character, with a countenanoe of suavity." 

The Northampton Bellman. This is a photograph from 

a silhouette portrait, which was exhibited as a specimen in the 
window of Mr. Spokes, in Grold street. The original portrait is in 
the diary of John Cole, the historian and antiquary ; the bellman in 
question being John Ward, who resigned his appointment in 1855, 
He is habited in the official costume, and has his bell, mouth upward, 
in his hand. 

Tommy Mallard. A son of the old carrier between 

Warwick and Northampton, who used to bring the well-known 
*' Leamington Waters " to this town. This is also a photograph, 
and presents a quaint figure, with eyebrows raised and thumbs in 
pockets, supported by a pair of extremely short legs. 

Old Poppet. How this portrait came to be added to our 

gallery of local characters we learn from an account of its subject, 
which appeared in the Northampton Mercury of June 3, 1865 : — 

" A photographer in the town onoe invited him to dinner, with ulterior 
views, and when he had filled him with good things, and warmed the cockles 
of his heart with sufficient ale, he invited him to walk into his parlour and be 
photographed. Poor Poppet at once felt he was a celebrity, and didn't see 
why he shouldn't turn it to account, and he demanded a half-guinea fee for 
sitting, and got it. His likeness wiU go do^n to posterity in the gallery of 
eccentricities, side by side with (General Tom Thumb, the Musical Small Coal 
Kan, and Qieasy Beugo." 

The same account says : — 

<* His framework was of singular construction. He had the visage of a 
stem senior — a profile not unlike the heroic outline of the Welling^n face, 
and the body seemed as if at some unlucky period of his existence it had been 
crumpled up in an hydraulic press, which had left no bone of its proper shape. 
For some time he was in the Union ; latterly he lived at large, and was assisted, 
we believe, by many sympathisers, the number of which used to produce 
eccentric variations in his costume. We have seen him in a blue dress-coat 
belonging to the long swallow-tail period, the extreme ends coquetting with 

Northamptonshire Characters. 73 

the gfODnd as he walked ; white oord hreeohee, made to do duty aa tiowaen, 
and ddng it; white waiatooat, and Beloher handkerohief." 

Old Poppet is supposed to have died at the age of 9.3. 

Northampton. Enough for nothing. This is one of a series 
of large woodcuts of much merit, issued by the Diceys some 150 years 
ago. It represents au old piper in three-cornered hat and full-skirted 
coat, with stick suspended from bis left wrist, who is apparently 
making bis bow after manipulating his pipes with no perceptible result 
in a pecaDiaiy sense. 

Peterborough. Old Scarlet, Sexton of Peterbro' from an 
ancieot picture in y« Cathedral o** July y« a** 1594, R. S., aetatis 98. 
W. Williams, 0. 1776. As an accurate description of the various 
engravings of this well-known portrait appears on a previous page 
(249, vol. i.,) it is unnecessary particularly to describe the above. It 
may be mentioned, however, that the old sexton is represented with 
spade, keySj and whip in girdle. 

Stamford Si. Martin. Mr. Daniel Lambert, of Leicester. 
Weighs 39 stone, I2lbs. J. Parry, del. A. Van Assen, sculp. The 
subject of this engraving was born at Leicester, March 13, 1770, and 
died at the house of Mr. Berridge, the Waggon and Horses Inn, 
Stamford St. Martins, June ai, 1809. He is here presented in a 
broad-brimmed hat, open coat, and striped waistcoat of enormous 
extent ; while his legs, encased in breeches and gaiters, forcibly 
remind one — so hugely fat are they — of modern prize pigs. This 
portrait was published August 31, 1804, by R. S. Kirby, London 
House Yard, and J. Scott, Strand. 

Wakefield. Grafton. An etching signed " R. S." A portrait 
of George Henry FitzRoy, fourth duke of Grafton, who was bom in 
1760, and succeeded to the dukedom in 181 1. The Sporting Times 
of January 30, 1886, says of this etching: "The portrait of the 
Pourth and younger duke, as he stands with an umbrella under his 
arm which Mrs. Gamp or Dr. Kenealey might have envied, and clad 
in a light-coloured frock-coat with enormous black velvet collar, and 
in tightly-strapped trousers, would, doubtless, cause no slight 
merriment to-day at Newmarket were it a living presentment of his 
grandson, the seventh duke of Grafton. The famous Grafton scarlet 
has been unknown in connection with Euston Hall upon the Classic 
Heath since 1844, when the subject of this present memoir died." 

Woodford. Josiah Eaton. A native of Woodford, in North- 
amptonshire. Aged 49. In stature 5ft. ain. T. C. Smith del. T. 
Hodgetts sculp. A coloured engraving of the Woodford pedestrian. 

74 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

who is attired in un old battered hat, open blue coat^ buff trousers, 
and low shoes. The following is the list of his performances : — 

" Performed at Stowmarket in the Comity of Suffolk, the most wonderfoll 
Pedestrian feat ever heard of, Whidi was he walked a Quarter of a 
mile, in every successive quarter of an hour ; For the space of six 
weeks ; commenced at 2, 0' Clock on the 12 May, & finished 6 minntet! 
before 2 O'Clock on the 23, June 1818.— Having Previously Performed 
the following pedestrian feats. 

Dec. 26, 1816. on Blackheath 1100, miles on the Barclay plan, viz. a mile 
every hour. 

July 20, 1816. kt the same place 1100, miles commencing each mile within 
20 minutes after each hour. 

Deo. 6, 1816. on Brixton Causeway 1998, half miles in 1998 succeeding 
half hours. 

June 18, 1817. on Wormwood Scrubs, 2000 miles in 42 days. 

Sep. 6, 1817. From Colchester to London, one day k returning to Col- 
chester the next, being 61, miles daUy, for 20 Successive days." 

fFoodford. Old Simon. An etched portrait of Simon Edy, a 
native of Woodford, a cooper by trade, who, being disappointed in a 
love affair went to London, where he was speedily dispoiled of 
all he possessed and reduced to beggary; losing, in addition, the 
greater portion of his wits. To judge from this portrait, he was 
a short ihick-set man, wearing his hair very long, and allowing his 
beard to grow, which together gave him a venerable appearance. 
Upon bis bead is placed a hat, in shape like one of the earthenware 
pancheons in common use^ other portions of his costume consisted 
of rags and shreds of books and papers, cut out much in the shape 
of a beaver's tail, and arranged over each other in a continued series, 
forming a kind of apron in front. Over bis left shoulder was thrown 
a sort of loose cloak, much tattered ; and thus he is represented in 
Seago's etching of the Queen's Cross, near Northampton. In this dress 
he wandered, proving, wherever he went, a subject of amusement 

Wooilon. The Old Wootton Sand Man. F. Merry weather. 
Sculpt. Northampton. We have here a quaint trio-— the man and his 
donkeys -, very slim-legged beasts the latter, with sand-bags slung 
across their backs, one having also a basket balanced on his bags. 
The sand man himself is habited in a loose great-coat, with very large 
cuffs and cape, having a long stick under his arm, and wearing 
a peculiarly shaped hat, with a low round crown, and a large square 
turn-up in front ; behind, it has a very extended slouch, similar to 
that worn by the metropolitan dustmen. His head is very much out 
of the perpendicular, and from his mouth issues the cxy '' Woot ton 
Sand White Sand." The engraving bears also the following couplet : 
"In Frost and Snow, or Rain and Shine, 
I briog my Sand so White & fine.** F. T. 

A Victimised Townsman. 75 

251. — A ViCTiMiSBD Townsman of the Eighteenth 
Century. — In The Gentleman s Magazine for December, 1761, an 
accoant is given of the life and execution of John Perrott, a native of 
Newport Pagnel^ who was hanged at Smithfield on Wednesday, nth 
November^ 1761^ for concealing part of his effects. 

In the ardcle in question several references are made to a Mr. 
Edward Whitton of Nortbandpton, who appears to have been his chief 
Tictim. As these may perhaps interest some readers of *' N. N. & Q./* 
I have appended the paragraphs in which Mr. Whitton*s name appears. 

'* He was indebted to Mr. E(hp. Whitton of Northampton^ in 
4iooi. and Mr. ff^hitton having expressed himself with some warmth 
of resentment^ upon hearing Ferrott was become a bankrupt, at the 
very time when he pretended to derive great advantages from his 
business, in order to cajole Whitton to advance him more money, 
under the pretence of enlarging it : Perrott conceived a project, by 
-which he could at once take off the weight of Mr. Whitton as a 
creditor, and by lessening the loss of the rest, dispose them to treat 
him more favourably : When Mr. Whitton therefore appeared to claim 
bis debt of 4100/. Perrott pretended, that no more than 15 or 1800/. 
was legally due to him, the rest of his demand being accumulated by 
usury and extortion ; for that Whit ton ^ whose debt was money lent, 
not only charged 10 per cent, interest for the original loan, but had 
also charged interest upon interest at the same rate. 

" It is a sufficient refutation of this wicked calumny, in which the 
most flagitious injustice was complicated with the basest ingratitude, 
to say that the commissioners, after the most scrupulous and 
deliberate enquiry, allowed the whole of Mr. Whitton*s debt to the 
satisfaction of all the other creditors of Perrott*s, though in direct 
opposition to his own solemn and repeated declarations upon oath. 
It should not, however, be concealed, that, to this very Mr. Whitton, 
Perrott was principally indebted for his introduction into trade, for his 
support in the course of it, and for the credit he afterwards obtained ; 
that he had declared to several persons, that whenever he wanted 
money, he could have it of Mr. Whitton, his dearest and most vahiable 
frigid, at four per cent, that Perrott, to ingratiate himself farther with 
this Gentleman, made a will about the year 1757, in which he gave 
away 2,000/. & made Mr. Whitton his executor, tho' he was not then 
worth one shilling: and stiled him his lest and dearest friend, in letters 
written so lately as 1758, to induce him to sell out stock at consider- 
able loss, and put the money into his hands, upon pretence that his 
profit would enable him to pay lawful interest for it, and replace it 
whenever it should be required at whatever price." (Gent. Mag.^ 
Dec 1761, pp. 586, 587.) 

76 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

" On the morning of his execution, he (Perrott) confessed the 
justice of his sentence, and acknowledged the injury he had done ta 
his benefactor Mr. IVkitton, and ask his forgiveness." {lb. p. 591.) 

Who was this Mr. Edward Whitton ? He must have been 10 an 
extensive way of business at the time in Northampton, as witness the 
largeness of the debt. 

64 Oakley Road, Islington. J®"^ '^* P^OB. 

252. — ^BiBLB Mbbtimgs at Kettbrino. — ^The late Mr. James 
Sculthorpe (second son of John Sculthorpe, of Harringworth, 
gentleman, referred to in Art. 129 in connection with the ''Four-field 
system " of farming,) describes in his memoranda a meeting of the 
Bible Society held at Kettering in a very large bam, on the 1 2th Jaly, 
1828, which was attended by a thousand persons, who placed them- 
selves before and around the speakers. There was a waggon outside 
one of the doors full of people, and others were congregated on a 
stack of wood. The correspondent who furnishes these particulars 
says that meetings of this sort were particularly flourishing at 
Kettering, and were a part of the religious revival which took place 
in the early part of this century. Descriptions of a more sensational 
character have been given by, persons present at them. It is said 
traditionally that sometimes two or three thousand people were 
present, and old subscribers to the society used to refer to these as 
contrasting remarkably with the ''heavy tiresome meetings of the 
same society about thirty years ago, when about forty persons 
assembled in the neighbouring towns, and they were very fatiguing 
specimens of a paralyzed interest." 

253- — Inoculation in 1790. — The annexed advertisement 
will disclose to many readers a practice of which they were not 
aware. The inoculator received his patients into his house for a 
fortnight 5 boarded them, operated, and watched the progress of the 
treatment ^ and all for a guinea a week. 

By Robert Goodman, of Guilsborough, at a Lodge, in the Parish 
of Guilsborough, at Two Guineas each Patient for a fortnight, with 
all Necessaries (Wine excepted). 

All that please for to put themselTea under my Oare, 
May depend on srood Usage and good proper Fare ;^ 
For twenty odd Years, this my Business I've made, 
And am thought, by much People, to well know my Trade : 
Then be not in Doubt, but with Speed to me come— 
By the Blessing of Gron, I can send you safe Home,** 

Northampton Bills of Mortality. 77 

254. — Stoke Coffins at Cottesbrookb. — In March last, 
while digging in the churchyard, Mr. Samuel Astin came across a 
stone coffio just below the turf. The stone was in perfect preser- 
vation, except that the lid was broken near the foot, displaying the 
bones. The coffin was, as usual, cut out of a solid block, having 
square edges and comers. Digging elsewhere, another appeared. 
Possibly there are more, as there was a cell of Premonstratentian 
monks at Cottesbrooke. Vernon Edliv. 

255. — The Northampton Bills of Mortality. — In the 
dianning article on " Northamptonshire,*' by the late Canon James, 
(Quarterly Review, No. cci., Jan., 1857,) is the following interesting 
accomit of the poet Cowper*s contributions to the Northampton 
"BUlsof Mortality":— 

" The celebrated Northampton Tables, the foundation of all the 
Life Insurance calculations, were framed by Dr. Price on the Bills of 
Mortality kept in the parish of All Saints, Northampton, considered 
at that time as a fair average for insurers and insured : the increased 
general longevity has now caused them to be abandoned as too 
fevourable to the offices. The Northampton Bills, however, have a 
more poetical claim to fame. The clerk of All Saints, whose business 
it was to deliver them yearly to the Mayor and other worthy inhabit- 
ants, was accustomed, with the view to the augmentation of his 
Christmas-box, to accompany them with a copy of verses. No 
doubt the subject was growing oppressive and the theme a little 
threadbare, when John Cox, who held the important office in 1787, 
bearing that Cowper was staying at Weston Favell, [Weston Under- 
wood] walked over to ask the poet to favour him with a copy of 
mortuary verses. Cowper, in a letter to Lady Hesketh, humorously 
describes the interview. On his referring the plain, decent, elderly 
personage who sat before him to a namesake Cox, a statuary and a 
first-rate maker of verses, the clerk answered that he had already 
borrowed help £rom him, but that he was a gentleman of so much 
reading that the people of the town could not understand him. The 
simple, good-natured Cowper came to the relief of his petitioner, 
and for seven successive years furnished the mortuary verses which 
now appear in the poet's collected works, and which founded at the 
same time the fame and the fortune of John Cox. The custom is 
still retained, and ofiers a fair opening for an aspiring native poet in 
a fidd which Cowper did not disdain to occupy.** 

In The Life and PPorks of Cowper, edited by Southey, the verses 
are given for the years 1787, 1788, 1789, 1790, 1792, and 17935 
1 791 being omitted. 


78 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

The verses in 1791 were not supplied by Cowper, and caDon 
James was mistaken in saying that he wrote them for seven successive 
years. Above the verses, in the 1 790-1791 bill, is this note : — ''The 
following Lines, wrote by a Gentleman of this Town, were inserted 
in our Bill of Mortality many Years ago ; we hope our Readers will 
not object to their second appearance for the present year." The 
lines are followed by the signature " J. C.*' 

The first four Bills (i 736-1 739) comprise the Mortality of All 
Saints* parish only. From 1740 to 1871, in which year the last was 
issued, the bills were for the whole town. John Cox, who solicited 
the poet Cowper for the verses, was clerk of the parish of All Saints 
from 1781-1789. He died Feb. 11, 1791. 

In the library of the Rev. John Fuller Russell, sold by auction by 
Messrs. Sotheby and Co., Feb. 1-4, 1886, was the original MS. of 
the verses for the year 1789, the following being the catalogue 
entry : — 

*« Cowper (W.) Northampton Dirge for 1789 (two pages). 
Nine QuatrainB in the Poet's Autograph, 4to, 1789." 

The MS. version varying somewhat from the printed copies we 

give the original : — 


" Oh most delightful hour by Man And all his strength from Scripture drew 

Experienced here below To hourly use applied. 

The hour that terminates his spaD» 

His folly, sin and woe I '^'^^ ™^® ^® P^"^ ^^ ^*^ *>® ^^^* 

He hated, hoped and loy*d. 

Worlds should not bribe me back to tread Nor ever frown'd or sad appeared, 

Again Lifes dreary Waste But when his heart had roreJ, 
To see again my Day o'er spread 

With all the gloomy Past. ^^^ H® '^ '»*»J ^ Thou or I, 

And Evil felt within. 

My Home henceforth is in the skies, But when he felt it, heaT*d a sigh 

Earth, Seas, and Sun, adieu ! And loath'd the thought of Sin. 
All HeaT'n unfolded to my eyes 

I have no sight for you." Such li^'d Aspasio, and, at last, 

CalVd up from earth to heav'n, 

So spake Aspasio, firm possess'd The gulph of Death triumphant pass*d 

Of Faiths supporting rod. By gales of Blessing driv'n. 
Then breathed its soul into its 1 

The bosom of his God, His Joys be mine, each Reader cries, 

When my last hour arrires, 
He was a man among the few They shall be yours, my rerse replies, 

Sincere on Virtue's side, Such only be your lives. 

The above MS. was purchased by Mr. John Taylor for the 
President of the Northampton Museum Committee (Mr. Sam S. 
Catnpion) with the object of adding it to the literary treasures in 
our local museum. 

Northampton Bills of Mortality, 


In the British Museum is a set of the Bills of Mortality, wanting 
those for 1780, 1786, 1798, 1803, 1806, i8ia, 1814, 1817, 1825, 
1828. Id George Baker's sale was a set dating from 1 789-1 841 ; in 
the Taylor Collection are copies for 175 1« and from 1765 to their 
discoDtinuance in 187 1. 

An interesting account of the Bills of Mortality, with a fac-simile 
for the year 179a, appears in the Sunday at Home, August 22, 1874. 

List of the Bills of Mortality from their commencement to their dis- 
continoance ; with names of the Mayors to whom they were dedicated. 

1736—1737 To the Bight Wonhipfol the Mayor, The Aldenoen, BaiHfE^ 
Burgesses, And the Rest of the Worthy Inhabitimts of the 
Parish of All Saints in the Town of Northampton. 

1737—1738 The Mayor, etc 

1738-1739 The Mayor, etc 

1739-1740 The Mayor, etc 

1740-1741 The Mayor, etc. 

mi-1742 The Mayor, etc 

1742-1748 The Mayor, etc. 

1743-1744 The Mayor, etc. 

1744—1745 To the Right WorshipfnlJohn Gibson, Esq; Mayor, The Alder- 
men, BailiflG^ Burgesses, And the Rest of the Worthy Inhabit- 
ants of the Town of Northampton. 
On the Bill for this year the following Note woe appended ;— 
%• Serwal GenUemen, &o., having desired me to give them one of my Bills of 

T^ ^^ I have printed heretofore (which I could not procure for them) I hare 

ttwrfore transcribed from my Book the above Account, which I hope wiU be equally 

wtwfactory to them, it containing the Bills of Mortality within the Parish of All- 

Swntm from Dec. 21, 1784, to Dec. 21. 1745, being two Years before I printed any, 

1746-1746 John Smith, Mayoi^ etc 1766—1766 John Davies, etc 

1746-1747 William Fabian,'etc 

1747—1748 Charles Stratford, etc 

1748-1749 Henry Looock, etc. 

1749-1760 SloswickCarr, etc. 

1760-1761 Richard More, etc. 

1761-1762 John Plackett, etc. 

1762-1768 Oeorge Tompson, etc 

1763-1764 Henry Jeflbut, etc. 

1764-1766 William Jackson, etc 

176(^1766 Stamford FaiTin, etc 

1766-1767 Robert Lucas, etc 

1767-1768 Lucas Ward, etc 

1768-1769 John Fox, etc. 

1769-1760 Robert Tyers, etc 

1760-1761 Robert Morris, etc 

1761-1762 WilKam Gylee, etc 

1762-1763 Joseph Elston, etc 

1763-1764 William Davis, etc 

1764-1766 Robert Balaam, etc 


Thomas Breton, etc 
John Edwards, etc 
Henry WooUey, etc 
Samuel Storgis, etc 
William Gibson, etc 
William King, etc 
Henry Tompson, etc. 
Edward Kerby, etc. 
John Newcome, etc. 
William Ghamberlin, etc 
Robert Traaler, etc 
Edward Cole, etc 
James Clarke, etc 
William Tompson, etc 
Clark Hillyard, etc 
William Marshall, etc 
James Sutton, etc. 
Richard Mills, etc. 
William Gibson, etc 

II ♦ 

8o Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

1785—1786 Samuel Trealove, etc. 
1786—1787 HiU Gadgeon, etc 
1787—1788 IUohardMeaoook,eto. 
1788—1789 Thomas Hall, etc. 
1789—1790 Jolm Lacy, etc. 
1790—1791 James Killer, eto. 
1791—1792 William Francis, etc. 
1792—1798 Jeremiah Briggs, etc. 
1793—1794 Thomas Hall, etc. 
1794—1796 Thomas Hall, etc. 
1796—1796 Charles Smith, etc. 
1796—1797 J. Iff. Hopkins, etc. 
1797—1798 Francis Osbom, etc. 
1798—1799 George Osbom, etc. 
1799—1800 Thomas Johnson, etc. 
1800—1801 Samuel Holt, etc. 
1801—1802 Charles Freeman, etc. 
1802—1803 William Birdsall, etc. 
1803—1804 Francis Hayes, etc 
1804—1806 Thomas Armfield, etc 
1806—1806 Joshua Cooch, etc. 
1806—1807 Luke Kirahaw, etc. 
1807—1808 Thomas Hall, etc 
1808—1809 Nathaniel Jones, etc. 
1809—1810 PhiUp Constable, etc 
1810—1811 John Chambers, etc 
1811—1812 HarmadukeNewb7,eto. 
In this jear the hill is drawn oat ftom 21 
Dae. 1811 to 81 Dae. 1812. From 1813 to 1818 
inoloiiTa, 6 yaart, tha biHi ara from 1 Jan. 
in aaoh yaar, bat in 1819 tha old praotioa, of 
raokoning from 21 Dao., is raanmad. 

1818 William Brown^ etc. 

1814 William Brown, etc. 

1816 William Brown, etc. 

1816 Francis Mulliner, etc. 

1817 John Barrett, etc. 

1818 William Birdsall, etc 
1818—1819 Eobert Smithson, etc 
1819—1820 William Henfrey, etc 
1820—1821 Fiokering Phipps, etc. 
1821—1822 George Osbom, etc 
1822—1823 James Birdsall, etc. 
1823—1824 James Castell, etc 
1824—1826 Edward Gates, etc 
1826—1826 Daniel Hewlett, etc. 
Namet of th$ OUrkt of the FarUh of All 

1786—1766 Alexander Fhillipa 

1767—1780 Richard Claridge 

1781—1789 John Cox 

1790—1817 Samuel Wright 

1826 — 1827 Francis Mulliner, etc. 

1827—1828 John Marshall, etc. 

1828—1829 John Marshall, etc 

1829—1830 HenryL.Stockbuni,eto. 

1830—1831 John Phipps, etc 

1831—1832 John Freeman, etc. 

1832—1833 Wm. Fisher Morgan, etc 

1833—1834 William Gates, etc. 

1834 — 1836 Charles Freeman, etc 

1836—1836 George Peach, etc 

1836—1837 George Peach, etc 

1837—1838 Thomas Hagger, etc. 

1838 — 1839 Thomas Sharp, etc 

1839—1840 William Williams, etc. 

1840—1841 William Turner, etc. 

1841r-1842 Edward H. Barwell, etc 

1842—1843 Edward H.Barwell, etc. 

1843—1844 Edward H. Barwell, etc. 

1844—1846 John Groom, etc. 

1846—1846 Thomas Sharp, etc 

1846—1847 Joseph Wykes, etc. 

1847—1848 Joseph Wykes, etc 

1848—1849 Francis Parker, etc 

1849—1860 Francis Parker, etc. 

1860—1861 Thomas Hagger, etc 

1861—1862 PhiUdelphusJeyes,etc. 

1862—1863 William Williams etc. 

1863—1864 William Dennis, etc. 

1864—1856 Christopher Markham 

1866—1866 Wm. T. Higgins, etc. 

1866—1867 Wm. Hensman, etc 

1867—1868 William Boberts, etc. 

1868—1869 Edmund F. Law, etc. 

1869—1860 PickeringlPhipps, etc. 

1860—1861 Henry P. MayVl^iiTn^ etc 

1861—1862 John Phipps, etc 

1862 — 1863 Mark Dorman, etc 

186a— 1864 Thomas Osbom, etc 

1864—1866 James Barry, etc. 

1866—1866 Pickering Phipps, etc 

1866—1867 James B. Norman, ete. 

1867—1868 John M. Vernon, etc 

1868—1869 William Adkins, etc 

1869—1870 Pickering P. Perry, etc. 

1870—1871 Henry Marshall, etc. 

Saints %$9u%ng th$ BiUi of Mortality .-^ 
1818—1820 Charles Wright 
1821—1866 John Wright 
1866—1870 Henry James 

J. T. 

May Song at Nassington. 81 

The editor has in his possession a small engraving, drawn by 
Thomas Uwins, and engraved by Ranson, of " The Town Clerk of 
Northampton imploring the assistance of Cowper's Muse." It was 
published in 1820. A lady is pouring out tea, the poet standing with 
elbow on the mantle-piece, in a dressing gown, and with the familiar 
cap on bis bead ; the clerk is seated, hat in one hand, and a very 
stout stick in the other. 

256. — ^May Song at Nassington.— Can any reader of "N. 
N. Sc Q." tell us something of the source of the following song, 
which has been sung, I believe, from time immemorial by the 
children of Nassington on May-day? There is one verse omitted, 
which seems to have been forgotten, and I cannot recover the whole 
of it J but it seems to have begun with " Then take a bible in your 
hand," and to have ended with some reference to the day of 
judgment. C. J. Percival. 

'* Here comes ub, for May is up, 
And now we do begin 
To lead our lives in righteousness, 
For fear we die in sin. 

To die in sin is a fearfid thing, 

To die in sin no more, (?) 
It would have been better lor our poor souls, 

If we had never been bom. 

Bepent, repent, ye wicked men, 

Repent before you die. 
There's no repentance to be had, 

When in the grave yon lie. 

Arise, arise, you dairy maid, 

Out of your drowsy dream. 
And step into your dairy quick. 

And fetch a cup of cream. 

A cup of cream, it looks so white. 

And a jug of your brown beer. 
And if we live to tarry in the place, 

We'll call another year. 

We've begun our song, and we've almost done. 

No longer can we stay ; 
God bless you all, both great and small, 

We wish you a joyful May." 

Brand, in his Popular Antiquilies, quotes, from Hone, a song of 
seven verses, '* in the style of a Christmas carol," which is used by 
the Hitchin Mayers. The metre is the same as the Nassington 
song ; and the first verse, and the last two lines of the last verse, are 
nearly identical with the corresponding parts of the song given above. 

82 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Sternberg, (Dialect and Folk-lore of Northamptonshire^ p. i8i,) has 
eighteen lines which are clearly a variation of the same. He thinks the 
origin dates no further back than the times of the puritans. From this 
version we can supply the omitted verse spoken of. It runs thus : — 
''Take a bible in yoar hands, 
Bead a chapter through ; 
And when the day of judgment comes, 
Gbd will remember you." 

Miss Baker, (Glossary, ii. 425,) gives nine verses, as sung at 

Polebrook when the garlands are carried round. She adds that she 

has mauy versions of this, as used in difierent villages, but only verjr 

slightly varying from each other. The line, clearly erroneous, as used 

at Nassington, 

« To die in Bin no more," 

can be corrected by the Polebrook song, thus, 

" To go where sinners mourn.*' 
There are also these additional verses, coming third and fourth io 
the song : — 

"Now we've been travelling all the night 
And best part of this day; 
And now we're returning back again, 
And have brought you a bunch of May. 

A bunnh of May, which looks so gay, 

Before your door to stand; 
'Tis but a sprout, but 'tis weU spread out, 

The work of our Lord's hand." 

It was a custom in Suffolk, (mentioned in Brand,) that a servant 
who could bring in a branch of May in blossom on the first of the 
month was entitled to a dish of cream. 

A similar song, but in an abbreviated form, has attracted the 
notice of the countess Evelyn Martinengo-Cesaresco, in her recently 
published Essays in the Study of Folk-Songs.^ This is a work which 
would charm all our readers who have any taste and liking for this 
branch of the subjects treated of in our periodical. In the instance 
which she quotes in the chapter on " Songs for the Rite of May," the 
children of Great Missenden, co. Bucks., carry about a richly-dressed 
doll. Some of the stanzas are also made to do duty at Christmas. £0. 

257- — Wight of Blakbslbt Hall. — Can any correspondent 
give me any iuformation as to the husband of a lady Wight, who 
resided at Blakesley from eighty to a hundred years ago 3 was he a 
knight or baronet ? 

Woodbridge, Suffolk. £. Moorb. 

* Published by (George Bedway, Ck>vent Garden, 188S. 

Local Dialect. 83 

258. — Local Dialect (43. 64, 109, 167, 223).— I hare heard 
the following words and expressions in the northern part of the 
coanty : they are not to he found in the glossaries of Baker or 

Stoop : a number of sheaves of corn leaning against one another. 
Stout: obstinate, stubborn. Grose and Bailey give this as a 

Lincolnshire word. 
Stont : straight down, not sloped j of turf cut by the side of gravel 

Sap : a small quantity of broth or gruel. " The lady sent her a nice 

little few sup o* broth, and she supped a few.'* 
Swag-shop : a rag and bone shop. Bailey has ''swag*' as a cant word 

for a shop. 
Swees: swings. 
Swel-trees : part of the harness to attach horses to ploughs. Also 

called "swingle-trees," and "wimple-trees.** Sternberg has 

" Swingel, that part of a flail, or thrail, which swings.** And 

Bailey has *' swingle-staff, a stick to beat flax with." Baker 

gives " sway-tree," " way-tree," ** batticle,** and " swingel-tree,** 

as names used in different parts of the county for the moveable 

cross bar to which the traces are attached. 
Tempory : frequently said of something ill constructed, not likely to 

last long. Perhaps only an abbreviated form of ** temporary.*' 
That away : at the other end of the journey. *' We had to fetch her 

from the station; but her master took her to the train that 

Three-months-runned. When a member of a benefit club is three 

months in arrear he is often excluded from participating in its 

benefits : he is then said to be " three-months-runned.'* 
Time : anniversary. " My son will a' been dead fourteen years coom 

Tot : to catch eels by spearing. 
Tottering : " That cock has but a tottering time of it j the old one 

keeps banishing him about the roost.*' 
Twizzle : Baker gives the sense "to twist, to twirl." I have heard 

it used of a lad restless in bed when ill with rheumatic fever. 
XJpgrown : an adjective, " upgrown people.** 
Vapour: to annoy, vex, worry, by ofificious meddling; "the nurse 

kept vapouring her." In another sense apparently meaning to 

act defiantly \ " he went vapouring about with his spud." 
Wad : a short stick put up at the end of the furrows to mark men's 

work when done by the piece. 


84 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Weather : ** the hay may be dry but it*s not weather'd," not properly 

got into good condition. 
Weather-breeder : a fair day before bad weather. 
Weeny : so pronounced : very small, tiny. 
Whemble: "he has whembled his foot," twisted it, sprained it. 

Baker has " to cover anything by tumiug some vessel over it.** 
Wait of : to wait on. " I waited of her for years." 
Whole : " that's the whole and the short of it." 
Wry : unkind, discourteous. " He never said a wry word to me." 
Wowl : so pronounced, of the uneasy noise made by a cat in distress. 
Wrong ways : " He went wrong ways and soon died." « 

" Shelvings,*' in the sense given by you, is a word in common 
use in Westmoreland, and may possibly have been introduced into 
Northamptonshire by some one who had once resided in the north. 
I am under the impression that " raives " is more commonly used in 

I can add two words to your collection, which I have often heard 
used in your county: "muss" and "tegs." "Open your muss 
(mouth) and shew your tegs (teeth)." The former word is also 
used with another meaning : lads playiug at marbles, when a new 
arrival comes shoutiug " muss," hastily gather up their marbles to 
prevent his "mussing*' them, i.e., stealing them. 

Kendal. A. Palmer. 

259. — Ormb Family : Incendiary Letter, 1809. — The 
following is from The Stamford Mercury of 9 June, 1809 : — 

" Whereas some evil-disposed persons sent an Incendiary Letter 
to Waldbn Ormb, then at Peterborough, on Monday last, containing 
a challenge and opprobrious language, proposing a meeting at six 
o'clock in Thorpe Park, with pistols ; and whereas Three Persons 
appeared before the time 3 and, on seeing W. Ormb and friends 
coming to the ground fixed on, the persons made off. Now a 
Reward of Fifty Pounds will be paid by the said W. Ormb on 
conviction of any of the persons concerned 5 and One Hundred to 
the persons that will bring the writer of the letter to justice. Given 
under my hand this seven^ day of June, 1809. 

Waldbn Ormb." 

The family of Orme was of great distinction in Peterborough. 
In the registers the name was first spelt Oarmes, and afterwards 
Ormes ; but on the memorial stones in the cathedral it is always 
spelt as above, Orme. Inscriptions still remain in the cathedral to 

Orme Family. 85 

Hamfrey Orme, 1670 j Francis, 1674; Maria, 1675; Charles, 169 1 j 
Frances, 1709; Mary, 17*0 j and Charles, 1741. These will be 
pnDted in due course among the monumental inscriptions from the 
cathedral given from time to time in "N. N. & Q/* In the books 
of S. John's parish the earliest entries I have noted are these : — 

1^7- 3 Jan* " Thomas Oarmes gentleman was buryed y* : 3 : 

1608. 3 Aug. '' Elizabeth Oarmes j* D. of S'. Humfrey Oarme* : 
cAristned y^ : 3 : daye.*' 

Portraits of this sir Humfrey Orme and lady Orme are in the 
collection of C. I. Strong, esq., of Thorpe hall. They had belonged 
to Captain Orme, of Stamford. A notice of these pictures appeared 
in The Peterborough Advertiser, 14 Dec., 1878, in these words: — 

** In Mr. J. House's diop window, in Church-street, for the past 
few days, tbere has been exhibited the shell of the turtle, which 
tradition says is that of the toothsome animal which was consumed 
at the re-opening of the Peterborough Town-hall, in 167 1. It is 
painted with the armorial bearings of Sir Humphrey Orme. The 
portraits of Sir Humphrey with his lady (the daughter of Chas. 
Wynyates, of Compton Wynyates, Warwickshire) were a short time 
since also in the possession of Mr. House, but are now the property 
of C. I. Strong, Esq., of Thorpe-hall. Sir Humphrey, according to a 
letter from Mr. Thos. Laxton to Mr. House, was a Royalist and 
supporter of Charles I., and was designated by Charles II., to be one 
of the Knights of the Royal Oak, but never invested. He was M.P. 
for Peterborough about that time, and lived then in the Mansion 
House, afterwards sold with the estates, and Mr. Laxton believes, the 
Manor, to Mr. Cooke, by the late Captain Orme. Sir Humphrey 
bailt or contributed to the rebuilding of the Peterborough Town-hall, 
and erected in his life time, his own monument in the cathedral, 
which was destroyed by the Cromwellian iconoclasts, though its 
remains are still extant. The very handsome court vests which 
belonged to Sir Humphrey may still be seen, and are said to be the 
best preserved garments of the Charles period, and are massively 
embroidered in gold and silver. Mr. Laxton adds that he does not 
know if these are for sale, if they are, surely there is some anti- 
quarian in Peterborough who would purchase them." 

Some additional particulars of the family will be given when 
the cathedral inscriptions to the members there buried are printed. 

' la 

86 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

260.— N0RTHAMPT0N$HIRE BrIBFS (2j, 78, 97, I06).-— It IS 

not generally known that collections by virtue of briefs were made 
not only in churches, but also in some cases at the various meeting- 
houses of the nonconformists. Among the records of the " Coll^ 
Lane Church/' at Northampton, are lists of such collections made 
from 170a to 1725, and from 1732 to 1737. In the former list 144 
briefs are named, in the latter there are 27. Occasionally nothing 
was contributed, as (sometimes, but not always) when the object 
was the rebuilding of a parish church ; and the greatest amounts 
were sent on such occasions as the expulsion of " some Thousands 
of Protestants late Inhabitants of y* Principality of Orange, who 
through J* Cruelty of y* ffrench have been forced to leave their 
Native Country & to part with all they had in the World," towards 
the relief of whom ^^3 8i. o\d, was sent in 1704 ; or when the "poor 
distressed Palatines, late Inhabitants near y* Rhine in Germany fled 
for Refuge (to y* number of near 8000 Men, Women & Children) 
into this Nation, by reason of great Hardships & Oppressions they 
sustained from y* ffrench,*' when, in 1709, £2 105. od. was sent. 
The following is the only one which relates to Northamptonshire :— 

1 7 19. 20 Dec. " Collected at our Meeti ng place Decern. >•• 20*^ 1 7 1 9 

ye Sum of 75. 6rf. towards the Reliefe of y*. poor Sufferers by. 

Aire at Thrapston in y*. County of Northampton Endamaged y* 

Sum of j^3748 & upwards. By Virtue of a Briefe granted to 

. them." 

261. — Plan of Battle of Nasbbt. — At a sale of books by 
Messrs. Puttick & Simpson, in April, 1876, there were several books 
and manuscripts of great interest to the Northamptonshire collector. 
Two of the lots deserve description in these pages. 

The great attraction of the collection was a pen and ink sketch of 
the *' Plane off Battell *' of Naseby, showing the positions of tbe 
contending armies, and beneath which is written " O. Cromwell." 
It was found in a copy of Glauber's Philosophical Furnaces, London, 
Printed by Coats, for Thos. Williams, i6ji-j2, from an old library 
of some ten thousand volumes sent in for sale. 

The signature " O. Cromwell " is not only found under the plan, 
but is repeated at the beginning and end of the volume, the former 
bearing date 1653. On the margin of the first leaf of the Dedication 
to ''John Tenison, Esquire," occurs the following manuscript 
note: — 

<<0 msye ye Lorde belpe me in mine piouas vndertaking *' 
" Bie ye meet highe, I will ovett ym. ofl^ roote and branohe.'* 

Plan of Battle of Naseby. 


And on the last leaf of the third part of the work will be found 
aDOtber manuscript note in reference to the author : — 

" Id sayde Glaaber is An amnt knaye, I doo beihinke mee he speakethe oflb 
WQoderes whiche cannotte bee aooompliahed, neuertheeleaae itt ys lawfull fore 
mane toe the endeaTOur." 

Under which appears the "plane of Battell" with the signature 
*0. Cronawell,'* as in the facsimile here given : — 

# (^^ildl 

u T i .• /in," ij& 


The book has been examined by several eminent literary men and 
aQtiqoaries^ including Edward Peacock, Esq., f.s.a., who forwarded 
to the Auctioneers the following letter, which will be read with 
great interest by all who take pleasure in the history of this county :— 

" I have examined the copy of Glauber's Philosophical Furnaces, 
which contains in three places the name O. Cromwell. I have 
1^0 manner of doubt that these three pieces of writing are in the 
haod of the Protector. No one who is familiar with his signature can, 
tt it seems to me, come to any other opinion. The only noteworthy 
variation between these signatures and those which have been so 
^uently engraved consists in the fact that the final U's have the 
stroke through them rather less looped in the signatures before me 

88 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

than those given in common engravings. I have however seen many 
undoubted signatures of the Protector and in some the loop is even 
less visible than in the autographs before me. 

The plan of battle is also in his hand. It must have been 
sketched in or after the beginning of i6ja, in which year the latter 
part of the book was printed. 

There were several Fairfaxes engaged in the great civil war, but it 
may be confidently assumed as no other name except Fairfax is 
mentioned on the plan, that the Parliamentary General Sir Thomas 
Fairfax (the third Lord) is the person meant. Oliver Cromwell 
served with Fairfax in three battles, 

Winceby near Homcastle, 12 Oct. 1643. 
Marston Moor, 2 July, 1644. 
Naseby, 14 June, 1645. 

Of this last battle the plan before me is a sketch. There are plans 
of Naseby fight to be found in sundry books. It is sufficient 
however to mention two. 

1. That given in Rushworth's Historical Coll, part iv. vol. i., 
p. 4a, which the author, who was Fairfax's secretary, tells us is 'the 
exact form of the battell • . . . that of the King's army being 
drawn up soon after by the Lord Ashley, who in an engagement near 
Stow in the Wold was taken prisoner .... and that of the 
Parliament's army given in [andj approved by several of the com- 
manders in chief therein concerned.' 

2. The one which occurs in C. R. Markham's Life of Lord 
Fairfax, p. 213, is a modem, plan made after personal examination of 
the ground, and 1 have every reason to believe very accurate. 

The infantry at the battle of Naseby were massed in solid squares 
in the centre and commanded by Skippon. The horse was under the 
command of Cromwell as Lieut. General, he however obtained 
permission from Fairfax to give the command of the cavalry which 
composed the left wing to Ireton. The right wing was commanded 
by Cromwell in person. Fairfax^ the Greneral, had no special com- 
mand, but 'was everywhere as occasion required;* a little to the 
left of Ireton's position was a greefl lane and mass of thickets called 
Sulby Hedges, here Fairfax had stationed a number of dismounted 
dragoons under the command of Col. Okey for the purpose of 
hindering the enemy from annoying the left flank. These men did 
good service during the battle. It is this lane and path or road 

Rockingham Account Book^ '655. . 89 

amoDg the trees which Cromwell calls a ' passe.* The dismounted 
dragoons who are represented in Rushworth*s plan, as pouring forth 
Tolleys from among the trees upon the enemy, are the ' ambushe * of 
Oliver's sketch. 

Cromweirs plan is foreshorten^, the left wing and centre are 
disregarded. It may have been jotted down to illustrate some point 
that bad arisen in conversation with a person who had himself 
witnessed the battle, and to whom the general arrangement of the 
troops was quite well known. However this may be it is certain 
that with the exception of Okey*s dragoons, the right wing only is 
shown. The little dots which represent men, were no doubt intended 
to show the exact position of the combatants at some one particular 
instant in the battle. The precise period we shall probably never 
ascertain, but I think we may feel pretty certain that it is included 
within the limits of the time during which the troops under 
Cromwell's command were occupied in scattering Langdale's Horse. 
The dots on the right hand bottom corner represent the reserves 
commanded by Fiennes, Rossiter, and Sheffield. No bridge is shown 
on any of the plans I have examined, but according to the very 
careful one prepared by Mr. Markham, it appears that these three 
bodies of men were separated from the rest of the right wing by a 
ditch or stream. As no bridge is shown I presume none now exists. 
Probably there never was one of any permanent sort. What Oliver 
meant was most likely a temporary means of crossing the stream 
made cf trees, furze, and earth." 

The above treasure was secured for the late Lord Houghton for 
the sum of £10 los, od. j rp 

262.— RocKiNOHAM Account Book, 1655. — ^The next lot at 
the same sale was equally interesting in the family history of North- 
amptonshire. It was a curious volume of the time of Oliver 
Cromwell, thus described in the catalogue : — *' Manuscript Memor- 
andam and Private Account Book of Receipts and Expenditure, 
commencing Feb. ye loth, i6jj, in the Autograph of Elizabeth 
Wentworth, with her signatures, 'Betty Wentworth,* and 'Eliza 
Wentworth,' in the original binding, sm. 8vo.'* 

Elizabeth Wentworth was niece to the celebrated Sir Thomas 
Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, executed lath May, 1641. The Lady 
Rockingham mentioned was probably Anne, daughter of Lord 
Strafford, who married Edward Watson, Earl of Rockingham. 

90 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

This volume (bought by Mr. Haziitt for j^8 1 25, 6d.) contains 
many interesting items relative to the prices of articles in general 
use and the amusements of the period, from which we quote a few 
specimens : — 

I came to Rockiogham this last time ye 26 of August 1657. 

My mother left London with us all Aug. ye 23rd, 1658. 

I went from Rockingham to London with my brother Tom, Aug. ye 

29 : returned to Rock : againe ye 30th Oct. with my La : Clair. 
My Lady Rockingham and I went towards London, May ye 28th, 

I came up to London with my young Lady Kinsmill^ Dec. ye 19th, 

1661, to my Aunt Strafibrd. 
I left London to come into Ireland July ye 2yth, 1664, and landed at 

Dublin ye 8th of August following. 

Feb. 20, 1655 Received of my Mother 

April 22, 1656 „ of my La Rock; by my 

Mother's Appointment . 

Septr. ye 2, „ of my Lady Rockingham in 

full of my quarters allow- 
ans ending ye 29th of this 
month, i^jSy the sura of . 

March 29, 1659 „ of my Lady Stafford ye 

summe of 

Sept 3, 1660 „ of Anthony Cooper by my 

Father's appointment 

DislursemenU seince ye 20th Febr: 1655. 
To ye worke-men when I laid the foundation stone of 

the house .... 
Lost at Cards .... 
for flowered luttstring for a Gound 
A token for my Valentine 
A box to put in . 
At my cozen Nell's christening . 
to ye chairman for carrying me to church 
to ye lame souldiers 
for an Alminack 
to ye Morris dancers when ye K. was procla: [Charles IL] 
to ye maids for their Garland . 
for patches . . 

for bindeing a book 

to my La : Ara. W. at Walingford House 
for Pole money ... - 



I 17 10 

S S (^ 


















Tradesmen's Tokens of Northamptonshire. 91 

to ye man jt carried me to ye show 

seeing a play 

halfe a pinte of water for my fasce 

fcM- Spring Garden Beef . 

lost at tables 

for my cozen HazIewood*s men . 

for searching Jane Hazlewood's Will 

seeing ye popet play 

for a right of city ientillwoman . 

for a ballett 

A vizard mask • 

Besides ye sumes mentioned in this Booke to be reed, these sumes 
following have been, and must be paid to my vse 
To ye Frenchwoman 
to ye taylor 
to ye sboomaker 
to Gandon for lase 

for 5 yds. pinke taby . ♦. . . about 

to ye seamstres 
for silke stokens 
for a lased hankerchiefe 

263. — ^Tradesmen's Tokens of Northamptonshire (hj)* 
— An explanation of the small letters after the value of each token 
is g^ven in the former article. One correspondent enquires if any 
reason can be assigned why, when there are three letters, the initial 
letter of the surname should be placed over those of the christian 
names ? Another writes : — " It would be interesting to ascertain to 
-what extent the younger sons of gentlemen's families entitled to bear 
arms were actually engaged in trade in the 17th century.'* This 
query is suggested by the coat of arms on Nos. 73, and 123. 


OVNDLB . HALF . PENT . TO = A talbot ^d 

BE . CHANGED . BT . T* . FBEFEES = A griffin. 

Engraved in Bridges* NorUiamptontihire, No. 46. 

AN . OVNDLB . HALF . PENT . 1669 = A talbot. ^d 

FOR . THE . VSE . OF . THE . POOR = A talbot. 

Engraved in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 45. 


In three lines between dotted lines. 
R. IN . owvDLE . I . 6 . 6 . 9 = A Still. 

se s. 

















i sumes 

14 15 


3 19 



2 10 


I 6 








92 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

69. O. MATHEw . AVSTiN = A flcur-de-lys. id.* 

R. IN . OWNDELL = M . A 

70. O. NATH . BROWNING . IN = A Iamb couchant. id. 

R. IN . OVNDELL . CHANDER = N . B. 16J9. 

[70a] A variety in Mr. Dack*s and Mr. Tite's collections reads 


[70^] O. NATH . BROWING . IN = A Iamb coucbant. id.*^ 

R. OVNOLE . CHANDLER = N . B. 1659. 

Engrayed in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 19. 

71. O. HENRY . coLDWEL . IN = The Haberdashers' Arms. id. 

R. OWNDLB . H SHBR = H . B . C 

[71a] O. HENRY . COLDWEL . IN =s The Haberdasbers* Arms, id.* 


72. O. lOHN . BATON = The Grocers' Arms. id.* • 

R. OF . OVNDELL = I . B 

Engraved in Bridges* Northamptonshire, No. 20. 

73. O. WILL . FiLBRiGG . LINEN = Arms : A lioo rampant, id.*^ 

R. DRAPER . OF . OVNDLB = W . F. 1658. 

The arms on this token are the same as those borne by the family of thai 
name seated at Felbrigg, 00. Norfolk. Had the Oarter Song at Arms seen 
this token the issuer would probably have been " disolaymed^" 

The will of Elizabeth FQbrigg of Oundle, 00. Northampton, widow, dated 6 
July, 1689, and proved 28 August in the same year, is in the Prerogatiye Court, 
Canterbury (reg. ent. 102). In it she names especially her nieoe Elizabeth: 
Billing, daughter of her brother Zaohary Billing, to whom she bequeathes 
£200, £10 for schooling, sundry articles of plate, one piece being a silver tankard 
that had Mr. Felbrigg's arms upon it, and also her household furniture. 

74. O. LAWRENCB . HAVTON = A man making candles. id. 

R. IN . OVNDLB . 1664 = L . H 

[74a] A variety in the British Museum reads law range. 
Engraved in Bridges* Northamptonshire, No. 21. 
WILLIAM . HVLL = The Haberdasbers' Arms. id.** 

IN . OVNDLB = W . H 

MATHEW . HVNT = M . H id.* 

IN . OWNDLB = 1657. 

Engraved in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 22. 
WILLIAM . IAMBS . OF=Three cloves; the Grrocers'Arms. id/ 


DANIEL . MAVLBT . 1657 = Arms : six cloves, D . M id.* 
IN . OVNDLB . CHANDLE = A dove with an olive«brancb. 
Engraved in Bridges* Northamptonshire, No. 18, data 165 . 










TradesmetCs Tokens of Northamptonshire. 93 

79. O. lOHK . PASHLER . IH = 1668. ^d.'* 

R. ovNDLB . CHANDLER = A dove [wiUi an olive-branch] \ 
the Tallow chandlers' device. 

80. O. RICH . STEVBNSOM . OF = The Groccrs' Arms. id.' 


81. O. WILLIAM . TERRBWRST = The Merchant-Tailofs' Arms, id, 

R. IN . OVNDELL = W . K . T 

[Bid] O. WILL** . TERREWFST = The Mefchant-Tailors' ApHis. id.* 

R. IN . OVNDELL = W . K . T 

[81^] O. THOMAS . NEWMAN = A dog (Talbot). id. 


This onpubliBhed token was in Mr. Clement's oolleotion. It probably belonge 
to Paston near Peterborough. 

^8 ir] O. THOMAS * RATCLip . OP = A pair of scales. id- 

R. PALBRS . PBRY . 1666 = T . B . R 

104* O. THOMAS . SAVL . 1 668 = A falcoD. id. 


Engrayed in Baker's Histoxy of Northamptonshire. 
£ 1 04a] Another variety in the British Museum reads pottbrspbrry. 

[ 1 04^] O. WALTER . wiDDOPE = A hammer between two roses, id. 


Engrayed in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 


105. O. SAMVEL . PEARE = The Grocers* Arms. id.* 



106. O. THOMAS . BBBBE . IN = A wheatshcaf. id.* 


Engraved in Bridges* Northamptonshire, No. 26. 
toy, O. lOHN . COLLIER = Thrcc cloves. id.« 

R. IN . ROELL . 1658 = I . M . C 












Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

WILLIAM . DODSON . 1666 = The MerccTs' Arms. id.' 
OF . ROBLL . HIS . HALF . PBNY = [ A Tosc above and 
below.] w . D 

lOHN . PONOBR . OF ROWBL = I . D . P ^d. 

A . HALF . PENNY . 1 664 = OB. (Ad abbreviation of 
obolus or halfpenny.) 

Engrayed in Bridges* Northamptonahiie, No. 27. 
lOHN . PONDBR = A stlck of candles. ^d.'* 

OF . ROWBLL . 1655 = I . D . P 

Engraved in Bridges* Koriihamptonshire, No. 28. 

In the Onndle school-book is this entry : '< Gnliebnos (?) Ponder in Art bao 
Hypo, Buscepit 17 Aug. 1629.** 

A John Ponder succeeded William Dugard, M.A., aa Usher of Oondle 
Onunmar School, being appointed to that post 17 Aug. 1629. 


III. O. 0B0R6B . CARTBR . OF . RVSDBN = St. GeoTge and the 
dragon. id.* 

R. HIS . HALF . PENT . 1666 = O . B . C 

Engraved in Bridges* Northamptonshire, No. 29. 

iia. O. MILES . HODOSON = A falcon. Jd. 

R. STAMFORD . BARON = A WOolpack. M . H 

Engraved in Bridges* Northamptonshire, No. 80. 

[iiaa] O. MILES . HODOSON = A falcon. id.* 

R. OF . STAMFORD . 67 = A woolpack. 

In 1667, *68 and *69 Miles Hodgson was one of the Chorohwardens of the 
parish of St. Martin*^ Stamford Baron. The Registers record the foUowing 

1661-2. Mar. 22. A stranger dyed at Mr. Miles Hodsons*. 

1680. Oct. 1. A stranger at the Woolpack. 

1681. Sept. 15. Grace, the wife of Miles Hodgson. 
1686. Sept. 30. MUee Hodgson. 

In the original lease of Miles Hodgson's premises, now the BuU and Swan 
Inn, from Laurence Robbins, of Stamford, in the county of Lincolne, tanner, 
dated 8 May, 1660, the messuage is described as commonly called by the name 
or signe of the old Falcon, or by the eigne of the WooUpocket. From an 
advertisement in the Stamford Mercury of July 9, 1724, this inn was known as 
the Swan and Wool-pack ; in another of 15th October, 1724, its name was 
changed to that of the Swan and Wool-Pocket. 

Tradesmen's Tokens of Northamptonshire. 95 
STOWE (?). 

[113a] O. FRANCIS Dix = A crown. 

R, Of Stowe . 1666 = p. A. D id. 

EngraTod in Baker^s Historj of Korthamptonahire. 


R. IN . KINGS . SYTTON = B . B . C . 1666. 

EngraTod In Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 

[i 14^3 A variety in the British Museum has three cloves between 
the initials. ^.* 


115. O. AMERICA . BAOBRLBT =: An oak tree. id.** 

R. IN . THINDON . 1669 = HIS HALF PBNNT. (Heart skope.J . 

Engraved in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 31, reads ^ Peny." 
[lija] O. lOHN . niohtin[o]alb = A hart passant, i . n \A^ 

R. of . TH[in]D0N . 1666 =: BIS HALF PENT. 

ii6w O. lOHN . HVNT = A man making candles. id. 


XI 7. O. BDMONO . PALMER . BAKR = The Bakcrs' Arms. id.* 

R. IN . THRAPSTON . [l6]68 = E . P 

118. O. WILLIAM . WILLMOT = A SWaO. \d,^^ 

R. OF . THRAPSTON . 1666 = W • W 

Engraved in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 32. 

Z19. O. WILLIAM . BBLL = The Dyers' Arms* |d.** 

Engraved in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 83, reads '< IMer." 
Engraved in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 

[i 19a] A variety reads towcbter 

[119^] Another variety and different die reads towsbtbr *>> 

[115^] Another variety reads towsett 

lao. O. THOMAS . CLARKE = The Drapers' Arms. |d. 


Engraved in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 

13 * 

96 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

lai. O. THOMAS . CLARKE = The Drapers* Arms not in a shield. |d^ 

R. OF . TOVCBSTBR = T . A . C 

[12 la] O. THOMAS . CLARKE = The Drapers* Arms. Id.** 

R. OF . TONCESTER = T . A . C 

Engrayed in Baker's History of Northamptonshize. 

122. O. RICHARD . FARMER == A talbot passaot. icL 

R. IN . TOSSISTER = R . B . F 

Engrayed in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 

Probably this issner was landlord of the Talbot Inn ; there is one of the 
same sign now in Towoester. 

123. O. CHARLES . ooRE = Arms ; three bulls* heads and crest, id.* * 


Engrayed in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 

The issuer of this token was the fourth son of Thomas Qore of UUesthorpe, 
00. Leicester, lord of the manor, who ob. 1626, by his wife Frances, daughter 

and heiress of Thomas Marshall of Sherebsby. Charles Qtor^ 

Meroer, was Hying when Anthony Gore of Lutterworth (uncle of Charles) 
entered his pedigree in that town 20 March, 1681-2, at the Herald's Visitation, 
Arms : argent, three bulls' heads ooup^ ppr. crest, a bull's head ooup^ 

1%^. O. THOMAS . HARRIS = A basket. T . M . a. id. 


Engrayed in Boyne (Plate 25, No. 5). 

125. O. Pattricke . Herron . qf , Towcester. (In three lines.) ^d. 
R. HIS . HALF . PENT . F . H = Amis^ twolionscombattaDt. 


Engrayed in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 


de-lys. id.« 


[126a] A variety reads = will • howes • on each side. id. 

127. O. lOHN . KINGSTON • OF . TOWCESTER . MERCER = A pair of 

scales. id.* 


Engrayed in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 35. 
Engrayed in Baker's History of Northamptmuhire. 

Tradesmen's Tokens of Northamptonshire. 97 
ia8. O. lOHN . KINGSTON . OF = The Grocers* Arms. id. 


EngraTed in Bridges* Northamptonshire, No. S4. 
Engrsred in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 

'lap. O. GEORGE . WAPLE . IN = The Mercers' Arms. ^d.»^« 


Engraved in Bridges* Northamptonshire, No. 36. 
Engraved in Baker*8 History of Northamptonshire. 

133. O. GEORGE . BOSBMAN = A sugar-loaf. [between the date] 
1663. id.***' 

R. IN . WANSFORD = 0.8 

Engraved in Bridges* Northamptonshire, No. 87> date 1666. A Sugar loaf 
between the date. , 

A George Bcseman, only son of John Boeeman, gent., bom at Brikstoke 
(Brigstock), 00. Northampton, 2l8t May, 1641, was admitted a scholar at 
Merchant Taylor's school, 1652. Perhaps the father of George espousing the 
oanse of the king (an expensive, and by no means remunerative speculation) 
led to the son going into trade at this place, which is about 20 miles from 
Brigstook, and in the same county. 

[133^] A variety reads = gborg . bowman = A sugar loaf between 

the date 1660. 

The description was given by the late Mr. W. Blair, of Peterborough, a 
well known local collector of coins and antiquities. 


130. O. THOMAS . MARRIOTT = The Groccrs' Arms. id. 

R. OF . WBBDEK . l6^^ = T . F . M 

Engraved in Baker's History of Northamptonshire, reads " T . ■ . x** 

131. O. MARTIN . PARKER = The Grrocers' Arms. id.»« 

R. IN • WEEDBN • 165a = M . M . P 

[131a] A variety in Mr. Gill's & Mr. Tite's collections reads packer. 
Weedon is reputed to be the most central part of England. — Boyne. 


132. O. WILLIAM . RESET == A man making candles. id. 


Engraved in Bridges' NorthamptoiiBhire, No. 38. 

98 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

134. O. WILL . wicKBs . HIS . HAL . PENY = St. GeoFgc and 

dragon. id^ 


(In seven lines across the field.) (Heart-shape. J 
[134a] O. WILL . WICKBS . HIS . HALPBNT = St. Geofgc and the 
dragon. id.» 


(In seven lines.) (Heart-shape,) 
Engraved in Bridges' Nortiuunptonahire, No. 89. 


R. OF . WBLLINOBOROW . [l6]65 = R . M . M 

136. O. WILLIAM . SEER . IN = A pair of scales. 

R. WELLINOBORROW . 1655 = W . B . S 

3Sngraved in Bridges' Norfchamptonahire, No. 40. 
[136a] A variety has the name of the town spelt wellinoborow. ^ 

137. O. HENRY . SMITH . IN = Three cloves and a bell. id.**** 


Engraved in Bridges* Korthamptonahire, No. 41. 

138. O. lOHN . WORTHINOTON . OF = The sun. id.* 
R. WBLLiNGBOROYOH . 1 668 = HIS HALF PENY. A crescent. 

Engraved in Boyne, (Plate 25, No. 6.) 

[138a] O. HBNRY . DOiTON . OF = The MefccTs' Arms. 


Engraved in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 

[138^] O. HENRY . DOLTON . OF = H . M . D A shoveL 


[138c] O. EDWARD WALLiNOTON = The Merccrs* Arms. 


Engraved in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 
Qooted in Boyne as an Oxfordshire token. No. 214, p. 882. 

264. — Mantlb-piecb at Helmdon (241). — In regard to the 

nred mantle-piece at Helmdon, I have not been able to £nd any 

'men of a date as early as T553 having the prefix of M.D*o, or 

Anno Domini, preceding the date. If we turn to Knight's 

Th^ Man arC tK Boggard. 99 

Old England, (vol. ii., p. 5,) and notice the signature of Henry viii., 
we shall see a similar capital letter, having only an additional stroke 
Id it, which was a form of rendering in those days the capital letter H. 
Now there is great similarity between the two letters, the one on 
the carved mantle and the capital letter of bis signature ; I should 
therefore be inclined to take the first letters at Helmdon to stand for 
H (for Henry) and D*o short for Dominus, Lord. In the third 
square, that containing the date, I take the first letter to be a double 
letter, having M and D united, (as was often the case in Henry*s 
days,) which would stand for 1500 ; then the next two strokes, 
though separated, form, as I think, the single letter V, for 5 ; and the 
last I take to represent a figure 3. The V, or last figure but one, 
cannot stand for anything but 5 ; consequently, the final figure must 
be 3 ; for it would be, if a 5, a duplicate of the preceding one. I do 
not dogmatically assert that my rendering is the true one, as the first 
two squares are to me an enigma. I feel sure that the first is either 
M or H, certainly not A. Then comes the question, What are they ? 
What do they stand for ? I can only answer that there is no evidence 
to show what they really do stand for, but the third panel to my 
mind reads clear enough 1553. Dblta. 

265.— Th' Man an' th' Boggard. — "Ther* isn't noa boggards 
bere-aboots *at I knaw on, bud when I liv'd i' No'thamptonsheer I 
beerd tell o* won 'at reckoned *at best farm i' loordship belonged to 
him, if ivrywon bed the'r awn, an' he let foaks knaw it an' all. One 
daay he cums to man *at bed bowt land a peace back, an' says 'at he 
mun quit Well, at fo'st man taks noa noStice on him whativer, an' 
maks as if he didn't sea him, nor hear him nayther ; bud at last^ 
when he begins to get fair staird on his witterin' an' knaggin'^ he 
says *at boggard mun tek law on him if he wants to get houd o' 
land. He wean't gie it up till he*s maade. Then boggard chaanges 
his tune an' says, " I tell ye what it is. Me 'an you '11 goa shares. 
1*11 tek hairf stuff off 'n land, an' you'll tek futher hairf. We 
wean't hev nowt to do wi' them lawyers. I haate 'em wo'ser then I 
baate gingey-beer 'ats bed kerk lefl oot." Well, man says *at he does 
n*t want to mak hissen i' noa waays awk'ard, soa he'll let boggard 
goa shares. " Nobbud, we mun sattle won thing fo'st off," says he, 
•' an when we've sattled it we mun stick to it. Will ye tek what 
graws aboon grund^ or what graws benean grund ? " Then boggard 
studies a peace, an' efter a bit he says, " I'll tek what graws aboon 
grund, an* I'll cum an* fetch it at back-end, when you've gotten ivry- 
tbing in." Then man thinks to hissen, " If I'm to hev' all 'at's 
benean grund, I'll set taaties. Boggard mun tek taatie-tops an* 

loo Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

welcome." Soa when sattlin'-time cums, an boggard wants to hev 
his share o' crop, man's as ready as owt, an' lets him hev' all twitch 
an' such-like kelter 'at's cura*d up« as well as taatie-haums. But 
boggard does'nt feal clear suited, an soi he says, " We'll swap. I 
mun hev' all at graws benean grund next time." " All raight," says 
man 5 " nobud, ye knaw, you mun stick to it noo you've said it." 
Then he saws wheat, an' wbeo boggard cums i' fall, man gets corn 
an' straw, an boggard gets nowt bud stubble. Well, at fo'st off he 
was real foul aboot it, an says as lawyers can't be no-bow wd'ser then 
this here ; but efter a bit he cools doon, an' then he tells man *at 
next time thaay moan't share crop oot, thaay mun start mawin' it 
together, an' each on 'em mun tak what he maws. Man didn't think 
a deal to this here waay o' goin' on, fer boggard look*d as strong as a 
six-year-owd boss, an' his airms was o'must as long as teakle-powls ; 
bud, awiver, he says to hissen 'at he'll manage to get o' his blind side 
yit. An' soa him an boggard sattles at it's to be i' that how, an' then 
boggard goas awaay as pleased as a dog wi' two taalls. Bud when 
harvest-time's cum'd roond, man goas to blacksmith's shop, an gets 
blacksmith to maak him a lot o* iron rods 'at's aboot as thick as a 
claay pipe shank. Then he goas an' sticks 'em up amung com at 
boggard falls to maw, fer ho'd sawn wheat agaan that year an' all. 
An' he waats till boggard cums wi' his great long scjrthe, an* thaay 
starts fair an' sets to wark. fiud afoor long boggard's sc3rthe cums 
agen won 6' th' iron rods, an he says, "My wo'd, bud thease here 
docks is straange an' hard to out." Then scjrthe edge catches agen 
anuther on 'em, an' he stops to whet, an co'sses an' swears all time ; 
bud ivry swing o' scythe maade things wo's, an' at last he says, " I'm 
that hot ye mud wring my shet oot, let's knock off an' hev' a bit o' 
bacca." " Bacca ! " says man, "what can ye be thinkin' on ? Why, 
ye hev'n*t mawn a rood yit. I sha'n't gie ower till eleven, an* it's 
nobbud just goin' eaght by owd che'ch clock," Well, when boggard 
hears this, he flings doon his scythe an' says, " Ye maay tek mucky 
owd land, an' all 'at's on it, I wean't ha' nowt moor to do wi' it 
I'm as sick as a toad on it, an' on you an' all." An' off he goas an' 
niver cums back noa moor. Bud foaks says 'at man took scythe 
hoam wi' him, an' 'at it's hingin* i* his bam noo, to testify to trewth 
on it." 

The above amusing sketch is reprinted, by permission, from 
Miss Mabel Peacock's Tales and Rhymes in the Lindsey Folk'Speech, 
recently published. It will be seen that many of the words, and 
much of the pronunciation, are to be heard in this county, where 
the scene is laid. 


In Newest Designs and Colourings, 





An immense Stock of the above may be seen at 


14 Wood Street, Northampton. 

m^mp^ f^p^^^^i^ ^^Km-i^ '^m^ ^Mwm 

20 Guildhall Road, NORTHAMPTON. 

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Part XII. Vol. IK OCTOBER. 1886. Price Is. Gd. 

Miratur, fadlesque oculox feri omnia circum 
jEneas, capUurque iocis, ei singula i^elus 
Exquiritque a uditgue vir&m monimenta priorum, 

Virgil, iEn. viii. 310. 
JillSughl.iJir£.uit^0^f^tad; ttiih tkem 

uUs condemn, 
and ^find 
Instruction with an humbU wind. 

South BY, The Scholar. 


Notes ^ Queries, 



The Antiquities^ Family History ^ Traditions ^ Parochial 
Records^ Folk-lore, Quaint Customs^ &c., of the County^ 

£9ttelf bs 
JhE I\eY. ^{. p. ^WEETINQ, ^.^. 
Vicar of Maxey, Market Deeping. 







WilUam Carey. 


Hinde FamUy of PipeweU /bbey. 


The Iiham Family. 


Garfield a If orthamptonshire Kame. 


Bow-beU at Blakesley. 


Dedication of Churches. 


Saxon Bell fonnd at Peterborough. 


Town House of Bishops of Peterboro*. 


Aocient Village Sports. 


An Incident of Kaseby Fight 


The Duke of Tuscany in Korthamp- 


** Headless Cross " near Northampton. 

tOBshire, 1669. 


Memories of Franklin. 


Carey Family. 


Chester Family of East Haddon. 


Whittlebary Forest Shares. 


AVictimised Townsman of 18th Cent. 


Kay Song at Kassington. 


The Treshams of Newton and Wold. 


The Customs of Daventry. 


Monumental Inscriptions in Peter- 


Washingtons at East Haddon. 

borough Cathedral. V. 


Wight of BUhesley HaU. 


John Baker. 


Galleries in Wellingboroogh Chnrch. 


Hunting Scenee at Fosters Booth. 


A Contemporary Portrait of Mary, 


John Lettice, D.D. 

Queen of Scots. . / 


Tour in Northamptonshire, 1636. 

^ortlbanipton : 


- ? 

William Carey. loi 

266.— William Carbt^ D.D. (iia). — I have lately come 
across tbe followiog reference to Carey, which, as it is not incladed 
in the Biographical and Literary Notices by Mr. John Taylor, may, 
I think, fitly find a place in "N. N, & a" 

It is taken from Incidents of a youmey Round the Worlds by the 
i Rev. W. Urwicky M .A., which appeared in a series of papers in the 
\ Sunday at Home, daring the year 1880. 

In the 2jth chapter (part 319, p. 715), which is devoted to the 
lEast coast of India and Calcutta, Mr. Urwick says : — 

"I crossed the river to Serampore, 13 miles from 

Calcutta, where are the famous Baptist College and the scenes of the 
labours of Carey, Marshman, and Ward. The Rev. J. Trafibrd took 
me through the College, a noble building with a noble staircase, but 
now with only 11 students and 100 boys. The library possesses an 
interesting collection of Bibles tmd some valuable MSS. One of 
Carey's, a Polyglot Dictionary of Sanscrit words with the correspond- 
ing word in six languages, is beautifully written, and shows the toil 
and perseverance of its author. There is also a MS. copy of Watts*s 
Scripture History in Bengali, written by Carey's son. Mr. Trafibrd 
has been at great pains and labour in arranging and cataloguing this 
library. I afterwards visited the Baptist burial-ground, where lie the 
mortal remains of Carey, Ward, and Marshman. Carey's tomb has 
this inscription : 

William Caret 
Bom, 17*^ August, 1 761. 
Died, pth June, 1834. 
*' A wretched, poor, and helpless worm, 
On Thy kind anna I fall." 

.The tombs of all three missionaries have domes, supported on 
pillars 5 but the ground has the air of neglect and decay, and the wall 
near Carey's tomb is broken down. We next drove to the Danish 
Church in which Carey preached. It is now in the hands of the 
Establishment, the Government having built for the Mission a little 
Baptist Chapel by way of compensation (as if such a misappropria- 
tion could be compensated) when the Church was taken from them. 
This little Chapel itself is of precarious tenure. A large jute factory 
has been erected near it 5 the proprietors have already bought up two 
houses and considerable land of Uie Mission property 5 and they are 
seeking to buy the Chapel. Serampore has a calm and cheerful 
aspect with its clean shady roads. It is a pleasant suburban retreat, 
but factories are gaining ground, and the Mission has the air of decay. 
Carey's Botanic Garden of six acres, which contained 3000 species of 

I02 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

plants, is now jungle, and has been sold for business purposes. A 
Christian village purchased hj the Marshmans as a settlement, for the 
native converts, has also been sold. It is sad to see the scenes of 
many years of Christian labour and the fruit of missionary enterprise 
associated with revered names thus on the decline.'* 

64 Oakley Road, Iriington, JoHH T. Page. 

267- — The Isham Family. — ^"Among the Blenheim Collection 
recently dispersed by Messrs. Christie and Manson was one portrait 
of local interest, and which has fortunately been secured by the fainOy 
to whom the original belonged. The picture, which is by Carlo 
Maratti, (1625 — 17 13) represents Sir Thomas Isham. son of Sir 
Justinian Isham, of Lamport, and is a life-size figure of the baronet, 
whom it shows as a young man of some two and twenty. To follow 
the description of the catalogue, * he is seated at a table, upon which 
he rests his right hand, holding a miniature or antique gem set with 
brilliants. His other hand points far away to the right. His fine, 
handsome beardless countenance, with a profusion of dark hair hang- 
ing down on each side, looks towards the left. A full brown cloak 
partially covers his red and white dress. The figure is seen to below 
the knees. A dark-red curtain is discemable in the background.' It 
seems he was a youth of great promise, but he died still young, about 
1684. The artist Maratti was celebrated for his religious subjects, 
but few portraits having been painted by him, which renders a work of 
this kind all the more rare. The price realised was 48 guineas." 

The above is taken from The Northampton Herald of August 14th, 
1886. The picture appears to be a copy, and not nearly so good as 
the original at Lamport Hall. 

268. — Bow-BELL AT Blakeslet. — By his will, dated i Jan., 
1669-70, William Foxley, gent., made provision for the foundation 
of a grammar school in this parish. From a deed of 1470, recendy 
acquired by sir Henry Dryden, it appears that this scheme was taken 
from an earlier foundation ; for in it " certain lands, with meadows, 
woods, watermills, &c., in Blakesley, Maidford, Adston, Norton, 
Silverston, Bradden and Woodend ** are demised, in default of heirs 
male of John Aleyn, to Thomas Chece, called Foxley, of Foxley, 
with certain liabilities, among which are these : — 

''And that Thomas Chece shall pay 53s. 4d. in four equal 
portions to one clerk, called dean, who shall daily instruct the hoys 
of Blakesley and the adjacent parish, to read and sing to the praise of 
God, and the increase of divine service, taking from each boy id. in 
each quarter of year ; and daily ring one bell of the church morning 
and evening for day bell and curfew, and keep the clock of the church j 

Bow Bell at Blakesley. 103 

and shall not be the parish clerk (priest) of Blakeslej or of another 
church, and dailj ring one bell, at the 4th hour after none, for one 
antiphon of the blessed Virgin, to be song in the church bj him and 
the boys. And the said Thomas Cheoe shall pay yearly to the vicar 
of Blakesley 3s. 4d. and shall sustain five tapers of wax before the 
image of the blessed Virgin at the time of the antiphon, with ' de 
profondis' to be sung on each night immediately after the said 
HDtiphon, for the souls of John Asseby, Robert Aleyn and Agnes, 
and for said John Aleyn and for the faithful departed. And the three 
poor men on each night shall be present and pray for same souls.*' 

Four pounds had to be paid yearly to each of three poor men of 
60 years of age. 

The ringing of this bell, which was subsequently known as the 
''Bow-bell," continued after the reformation, although the special 
services connected with it were discontinued. It is mentioned in one 
of the state papers, in a petition of Edward Watts, of the inner 
temple, to archbishop Laud, which we here give at iuU. 

** Kar. 31. Petition of Edward Watts, gentkamm, of the Middle Temple, 
London, io Arohbishop Land. That petitioner and his predeoeesors in that 
estate lie now holds have been seized in fee beyond memory of the patronage 
and right of presentation to the Tioarage of Blakesley, in Northamptonshire, ' 
by firtneof which title Nicholas Short, elerk, was lately presented and inducted 
Ticar; nevertheless Erasmus Dryden, Esq., detains from the vicar the herbage 
of the third part of the old chnrohyard, and refuses to snflJBr burials therein, 
paying to the ohurdhwardens for the same but M, per annum, it being well 
worth 6«. M, per annum. Bepresents that Blakesley is a great and populous 
parish, requiring the whole of the churchyard ; also that, as evidenced by 
a court roll dated 18^ April, 1 & 2 Philip and Mary, the holder of the lands 
now possessed by Mr. Dryden were wont to pay 6«. %d, annually to get a 
man to ring the bow bell there at 8 p.m. and 4 a.m., which is now discontinued ; 
whereby that laudable usage and custom, so long time there continuing for 
the good of that parish and direction of travellers passing at such times tiiere, 
is now like to be quite omitted and lost, because ICr. Dryden will not both 
pay the money and find a man to ring the bell. Petitioner, out of his religious 
care of the general Christian good of that parish, prays your Orace to take 
the premises into consideration, and g^rant redress therein as in your judgment 
shall aeem fit. Endorsed by Archbishop Laud, ' For Sir John Lamb. 

Beceived Slat March 1640.' '* 
(Calendar of State-Fapen, CharUi I. 1640. No. 46.) 

It does not appear what action was taken on this petition. Mr. 
Dryden was the father of the poet, and son of sir Erasmus Dryden. 
In North's Church Bells of Northamptonshire, p. 193, it is said that 
until about 1870 the second bell was rung daily at 5 a.m. in summer, 
at 6 a.m. in winter, at noon, and at curfew. He does not record the 
name " Bow-bell *' as attaching to any one of the peal. There is 
not now at Blakesley any bell of prae-reformation date, the earliest 

I04 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

being one of Bagley's, 1673. He considers the name of " Bow-bell," 
which is given to some curfew bells, to be derived from the Bow bell 
in London^ the ringing of which was the signal for closing the shops. 

The particulars of the i jth century provision to ring the bell* 
given above> are taken from a privately printed account of the parish. 

269. — Saxon Bbll pound at Pbtbrborouoh. — Mr. Joseph 
Anker has in his possession a most interesting Saxon bell^ which was 
found some years ago in an old pond in Tout-hill field, on the north 
side of the cathedral. It has the clapper and handle perfect, and stands 
about 5i inches in height, while at the mouth it measures 4i inches 
by ai. It is of iron, riveted, and much rusted, but bears no inscription. 
In Ellacombe's Bells of the Churchy printed as a supplement to 
bis book on Devonshire bells, is a chapter on "Tintinnabula," which 
contains engravings of a number of ancient belb, not a few of which 
are similar in appearance to the Tout-hill specimen. In particular, 
several of the ancient Irish bells bear a strong resemblance to it. 
For the clapper to remain is unusual. The possessor of this curiosity 
would be very pleased to shew it to any antiquarian interested in the 
subject of ancient bells. 

270. — ^Ancibnt Village Sports (135, 173, 192, 2x7). — In 
his note on the above (135) Mr. Baker says: — ''Will your readers 
say whether they have met with ' Choosing Partners,' or other sports 
of a like kind ? " 

I find I have several versions of a similar game to " Choosing 
Partners " in my MS. notes of Midland Folk Lore, from which I 
copy the following. 

At West Haddon, in this county, the children join hands and form 
a ring, in the centre of which a girl stands. Those who form the 
ring dance round her and sing as follows : — 
" Sally, Sally Watera, 

Sprinkle in a pan. fOirl hnnU.) 
Rise Sally, rise Sally, 
For a young man. fOirl ri$$9.) 
Ghooee to the east and ehoose to the west, 
And choose the dearest one that yon love best." 

The girl now chooses a boy from the ring, who joins her in the 
centre. The children then dance round again, singing : — 
"Now you're married we wish you joy, 
First a girl and then a boy. 
Love one another like sister and brother, 
And never lose time by kissing one another.*' 

After this the girl leaves the boy in the centre and joins the ring. 
The game is then carried on vice versa. 

Ancient Village Sports. 105 

At Long ItchiDgton, Warwickshire, a ring is formed with girl in 
centre as before, the following words being sung : — 
"Sally, Sally Water, 
Come water your can. (Girl kn$$U.J 
Snch a young lady before a young man. 
Rise Sally Water, (Girlriset,) 
Don't look 80 sadt 
For yon shall hare a hnsband, good or bad.'* 

After the girl has chosen her partner those who form the ring 
sing as follows: — 

"Now you're nuurried we wish yon joy, 
Father and mother yon need not ory. 
Eies and kiss each other again, 
Now we're happy let's part again." 

Sometimes other rhymes are used, the game being otherwise 
carried on exactly the same. I have appended two examples, the 
first of which I met with at Long Itchington, and the second at both 
West Haddon and Long Itchington. 

'* Down in the meadows where the green grass grows. 
To see (ffirVi name) blow like a rose. 
She blows, she blows, she blows so sweet, 
Go out, (ffirFt name) who shall he be P " 

After partner has been chosen : — 

** ( GirVi name) made a pndding, 

She made it so sweet. 
And neyer stuok a knife in 

Till (partner' $ name) came to eat. 
Taste love, taste Ioto, 

And don't say nay. 
For next Monday morning 

Is yonr wedding day. 
He bonght her a gown, 

And a guinea gold ring, 
And a fine cooked hat 

To be married in." 

The other example is a variation of that given in Art. 173: — 

" Oh, this pretty little girl of mine. 
See maid 

She cost me many a bottle of wine, 

A bottle of wine and a guinea too, 
To see what .my little girl can do, 
But ihis miid 

Down on the carpet she shall kneel. 
While the grass grows in the field, (Oirl kneeh) 

Stand upright upon her feet, (Girlrisee) 
Biie up, rise up, on your 
And dioose the one she loves so sweet." 
yon love 


io6 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

The words placed in the second line are those used by the Long 
Itchington children, who also add four other lines as follows : — 
** Up the kitchen and down the hall, 
Choose the fairest of them all. 
SeTen years now and seven years then, 
Kiss poor Sally and part again." 

After the partner has been chosen the West Haddon children 
sing :— 

**Now yon're married we wish you joy, 
First a girl and then a boy, 
Gaps and sanoers, sons and daughters, 
Now join hands and kiss one another." 

or else^ like the Long Itchington children, they use their version at 
the end of the " Sally Water " game. 

Islington. John T. Paob. 

271- — The Duke op Tuscany in Northamptonshire, 1669. 
— ^The extract here given from the Travels of Cosmo the Third, Grand 

Duke of Tuscany, through England Translated from the 

Italian Manuscript in the Laurentian Library at Florence, is not only 
interesting in itself, but also incidentally solves a doubt which was 
expressed in Art. 244. It was there said, with regard to the George 
Inn at Northampton, that it was uncertain if the site of the present 
inn was occupied by an inn before the fire in 1675. It is proved, by 
this extract, that it was so occupied. As the Grand Duke stayed at 
it, it was most probably the chief inn of the town at the time. It 
will be observed that it is called ** The Inn of St. George.** 

•'On the morning of the 12th, the weather being very fine, his 
highness, having heard mass privately, left Cambridge, taking the 
road to Northampton, over an open plain, divided into arable and 
pasture land, and for the most part rather wet as far as Stow, a village 
of a few houses, where his highness stopped to dine. As he con- 
tinued his journey, the country was of a better description, spreading 
out into an uneven champain, almost all under the plough. They 
met with thickly-scattered villages, which gave an interest to the 
journey, amongst which those of St. Neot's, belonging to the county 
of Cambridge, and of Highhamferrers, were the best, though these 
were much surpassed by Wellingborough, a borough containing a 
great number of houses, all built of stone, and a considerable popu- 
lation ; besides other places situated on each side of the road along 
which they travelled, and of which they enjoyed the view as they 
passed along. From Wellingborough, the remainder of the country 
was either clothed with trees> or devoted to tillage or pasture, all the 

The Duke of Tuscany in Northamptonshire. 107 

way to Northampton, the chief town of the county, called hj the 
English Northamptonshire. His highness alighted at the Inn of St 
George, situated near the belfry of the principal church. On the 
arri?al of his highness, the bells were immediately rung as a mark of 
joy, and, being well tuned, the sound of them was very agreeable ; 
bat the ringing being continued a great part of the night, they proved 
a great interruption to sleep. The mayor and aldermen, with whom 
the civil government rests, came to pay their respects to his highness, 
who made use of the same formalities towards them as had been 
adopted in other places. His highness walked through Northampton, 
which, both in the structure and elegance of its buildings, is not 
inferior to the other towns of the kingdom. He went to see the 
church close to his lodgings, which was formerly dedicated to St. 
Andrew, but now profaned by the exercise of the Anglican religion ; 
it was intended by Simon St. Liz, first Earl of Northampton, for the 
place of his burial, having been built by him, along with the castle, 
which stands on the Western side of the city; his highness then 
returned, and supped alone. 

"Northampton, as before described, is the chief town of the 
county, and is situated almost in the centre of England. It stands 
on an eminence, which rising gradually, renders the scite, in some 
degree, hilly. Its circumference, which is two thousand one hundred 
and twenty paces, is surrounded by walls, not far from which runs 
the river Nen. The streets and the buildings are good, and in a 
respectable style of architecture ; the greater part of them are built 
of earth, and of stone, a good deal ornamented. The inhabitants 
are estimated at about sixteen thousand ; and all the places of the 
coimty are well peopled, in consequence both of the salubrity of the 
air and the fertility of the soil. Of these, the most considerable 
after Northampton, is the city of Peterborough, where, united to the 
monastery built (according to tradition) by King Wolfer, is the 
cathedral formerly consecrated to St. Peter the Apostle, but now 
profaned, and it is more celebrated than any thing else in the place 
for the nobleness and antiquity of its structure. In it are buried 
Qoeen Catherine, daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella, Sovereigns of 
Spain, and wife of King Henry the Eighth of England 5 also Queen 
Mary Stuart, daughter of James, Viceroy of Scotland, and Madam 
Mary of Guise, who was first wife of Francis the Second, King of 
France, and afterwards of Henry Stuart, son of the Earl of Lenox, a 
Scotsman, son of Margaret, eldest sister of Henry the Eighth — both 
unfortunate women ; the one, owing to her divorce, being compelled 
to die in the village of Kimbolton 5 and the other, in consequence of 
suspicions entertained against her by Queen Elizabeth, deprived of 

io8 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

life at Fotheringay. There are in this county, amongst other things 

worthy of notice, the castles of Towcester, Kettering, Oundle, and 

Collyweston, celebrated for the stone quarries, from which they dig 

not only the stone for ornamenting the buildings, but likewise the 

slate for covering them; and, therefore, Margaret of Richmond, 

mother of King Henry the Seventh, availing herselfof the convenience 

of these materials, built there a very noble mansion. The title of 

Earl of Northampton (which was given to the Earl of Essex by 

King Edward the Sixth) is now enjoyed by my Lord James Compton, 

one of the most illustrious families in the county of Warwick, from 

which was descended Henry Compton, who received the title of 

baron from Queen Elizabeth.*' 

J. C. 

272. — Caret Family.— I shall be glad to know to which 
branch of the Carey family the following incident refers. There 
were branches in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire, as well as in this county. 
The extract is from Busted's Echoes from Old Calcutta. 

"Up to 1 80 1, the last survivor of the Black Hole tragedy was 
living in Calcutta, and bore the name of Carey. Mrs. Carey was a 
country-bom woman, who, when a girl, had married an officer of one 
of the East Indiamen, and with him, her mother and sister had been 
shut up in the Black Hole, where, while they perished, she is said to 
have retained life by swallowing her tears. Dr. Bishop, of Merchant 
Taylor's School — Clive's School — wrote Latin verses on the story, 
which thus conclude — 

' . . • . Nescit flitiendo periie 
Cni flio dat laorymas qnas bibat ipsa fldee.' " 


Can any of your readers give me the relationship between Thomas 
Carey, mentioned below, and Peter Carey, parish clerk and school- 
master of Paulerspury ? 

In the will of Mary Hinde, of Olney, spinster, dated 13 May, 
1783, and proved i Nov., 1784, she leaves "to Thomas Carey 
Son of Robert Carey late of Woobum in the County of Bedford 
Malster one hundred pounds of like lawful money." G. L. 

273. — ^Whittleburt Forest Shares. — ^A correspondent from 
Stratford-on-Avon asks for information about a Mr. Corbett, "who 
had very large shares in Whittlebury forest about ^^ or 40 years ago." 
In particular it is wished to ascertain where he lived. 

Are the books of the forest management still in existence, and 
accessible ? And what is the precise meaning of holding shares io 
Whittlebury forest ? 


The Customs of Daventry. 109 

274. — Mat Sono at Nassinoton (a56). — Your correspoodenty 
the Rev. C. J. Percival, queries the " no more," in the second verse, 
When I heard the song in Huntingdon^ire, 1 took down the words 
as " we mourn." See my notes thereupon in Notes and Queries, 
3rd S. vil. 373, IX. 388 5 and again^ on May 22, 1886, where I gave 
two new verses to the May-day song, as sung last May-day at my 
door, at Lenton Vicarage, near Grrantham. (N. & CL 7th S. i. 406.) 


275. — ^The Customs of Daventry. — Having lately had the 
pleasure of examining a little lamo volume, which contains some 
fery curious information concerning the ancient customs of the 
above-named borough, we here present the readers of " N. N. & Q." 
with a brief digest of the contents, which will, we hope, prove not 
uninterestmg. The book in question is in the possession of Lady 
Koigbtley, of Fawsley Park, and consists of three parts, of which the 
first is entitled: — 

"A Predoiis Belio, being a work written to prove that no man may 
endeavour to obtain his living in the town of Daventry, without 
inonrring heavj penalties. Bj an eminent Author. The profits will 
be applied to establish an' opposite doctrine. 
Davsvtbt: Printed hj M. TonMUn." 

This is followed by a rather original dedication :^ 

''To the worshipfol the Bailiff, and the Burgesses, and the Commonalty, 
snd the Beoorder, and the Deputy Recorder, and the Town Clerk ; and his 
Clerk, and the Chamberlain, and the Head Wardens, and the Under- Wardens, 
and the Serjeants of the Hace, of the Borough of Daventry." 

Next comes a short preface, and the remaining pages are occupied 
by the text of a bill against one John Dickins ; setting forth that he, 
not being a freeman of the borough of Daventry, did presume to set 
certain ancient and laudable customs at defiance, and exercise his 
trade or calling of a whip-maker in the said town ; for which the 
plaintifiEs (the bailifife, burgesses, and commonalty of the said borough) 
claimed damages to the amount of sSsoo. After reciting how 
Qoeen Elizabeth, on the 36th day of March, in the eighteenth year 
of her reign, granted a charter constituting Daventry a free borough, 
with one bailiff and fourteen burgesses and a commonalty of twenty, 
the bill goes on to state that — " within the said Borough there now is 
and from time whereof the memory of man is not to the contrary 
there hath been an ancient and laudible custom there used and approved 
of (that is to say) that no person not being a Freeman of the said 
Borough should use or exercise any Art Mystery or trade within the 
said Borough or the liberties and precincts thereof or have or keep any 


no Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

bouse or shop within the said borough liberties and precincts for 
selling any wares or merchandize thei)e or for the exercise' of any art 
mjTstery or trade therein," and further that " no person whatsoever 
not being a Freeman of the said borough should use or exercise any 
art mystery or trade within the said borough or the liberties or precincts 
thereof or have or keep any house shop stall or standing place within 
the said borough liberties and precincts for selling any wares or 
merchandise there or for the exercise of any art mystery or trade 
therein except at fair times held within the said borough and the 
liberties and precincts thereof and on public stalls on market days in 
the same borough/' and that the defendant, not being a freeman of 
the borough, and not having been apprenticed there, and "well 
knowing the premises but contriving and intending to injure prejudice 
and aggrieve the said plaintifts," did, nevertheless, use and exercise 
the art, mystery, and occupation of a whipmaker within the said 
borough ; and also use and occupy a shop for the sale and utterance 
of wares and merchandise there, to the damage of the said plaintiffs 
of j^joo. 

The second part consists of twelve pages, the title-page being as 
follows : — 

^'BeasonB for Befoaing to Pardiase the Freedom of the Borougli of 
Daventry. By J. D. 
Datbmtbt, Printed and Sold bj M. Tomalin, Dieej ft BxmUiaoB, k Abel, ITortb- 
■mpton, Whitton, Welliogboroagh ft Thrapston. 1825. " 

The defendant cites numerous opinions against the exercise of 
the alleged custom, stating that whereas in the time of John Savage, 
the first bailiff, 2s, was paid by one and 35. 4c£. by another for the 
freedom of the borough, the rate had risen so that fifty years before 
the time of writing it amounted to 155. or i6s, — freemen then having 
the right of common for several head of cattle — while later on, that 
privilege had been taken away, and the freedom money advanced to 
about eight times the last-named sum, " so that," says J. D., " the 
next generation will most likely have to pay not less than £^0 for 
their Freedom of the Borough 5 but they will have this consolation, 
that the Corporate Body will not have the power to deprive them of 
another Privilege** 

Part three consists of 

'* A Beport of the Trial in which an action was broogbt by the Gorporatkm 
of Daventry, against John Bickins, for refusing to purchase his Free- 
dom of the Borough. 
BniiiHGMiM : Printed at the office of T. Dewson, 1825." 

The examination of the various witnesses affords considerable 
insight into the working of the " Custom," during some sixty years j 

Washingtons at East Haddon. in 

and the jury, after listening to some lengthy arguments from defen- 
dant's counsel^ returned a verdict for the plaintiffs— damages one 

I may mention that the list of special jurors included the following 
well-known names : — Sir Richard Brooke de Capel Brooke \ William 
Ralph Cartwright^ esq. ; Thomas Samuel Watson Samuel, esq. \ and 
Langham Christie, esq. F. T. 

276. — Washimotons at East Haddon. — At a distance of 
ahoQt two miles from each other, in a kind of triangle, stand the 
three villages of Brington, Holdenby, and East Haddon. If, as 
seems likely, the children of Lawrence Washington, who died in 
f6i6, made their home with their uncle Robert and his wife, 
Elizabeth, in the house at Brington, it would be interesting to know 
what became of them, after the death of the latter in March, i^ii-^. 
The sons no doubt were making their way in the world, but the 
daughters still unmarried continued, I think, to reside somewhere in 
the neighbourhood. 

Elizabeth had married Francis Mewce, or Muse, and lived at 
Holdenby} Joan, Amy, and Barbara, all married and went away. 
Lucy, the youngest, was apparently in the Althorpe household. 
Where were Margaret, Alice, and Frances ? Certain it is, that at 
£ast Haddon, the names of no fewer than five Washingtons, and a 
Butler, (can it be a niece ?) occur in the registers there as witnesses 
to the baptisms of the children of friends or dependants. Thus, for 
instance, one entry runs : — 

1629. '' Dorothie Bartlet the daughter of Richard Bartlet husband- 
man was Baptized the xx^ day of March. 

Robert Washington ^ 
Dorothie Hicks gent r witnesses " 
Ann Washington ^ 

and so another :— 

163 1. « Katheren Ireton the daughter of John Ireton was baptized 
the xx*** day of March. 

Thomas Bacon ^ 

Margaret Washington f witnesses " 

ffrancis Washington ^ 

In this way the names of witnesses are given at nearly every 
baptism from 1609 to 1645. 

I. *' Ann Washington, gent." occurs 20 Aug., 1626, as witness, 
for Ann, daughter of John Ireton, gent, j 20 March, 1629, as above; 
10 Dec., 1635, for Alice, daughter of Edward Knightley; 2 Nov., 


112 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

1638, for Dorothy, daughter of John Watts j and 11 April, 164a, for 
William, son of John Ireton. 

a. Robert Washington stands as witness 22 March, i6a8, for 
Robert, son of John Watts, chandler 5 and ao March, 1629, as above. 

3. "Elizabeth Muse, gent." is witness, 14 Nov., 1629, for 
Elizabeth, daughter of John Ireton, gent. ; and 13 June, 1637, for 
Robert, son of John Ireton. 

4, 5. Margaret and Frances Washington occur but once, as 
above, in 163 1-2. 

Now of these five, Nos. 3, 4, and 5, 1 take to be sisters, daughters 
of Lawrence and Margaret Washington. Who are Robert and Ann ? 
In Baker's pedigree there is only one seemingly possible Robert 
Ann, I suppose, might be one of the daughters un-mentioned by 
Baker, but it may prove interesting to raise the question. 

In ^^3Si 10 I^-> Alice Butler and "An Washington" stand 
together as witnesses for Alice, daughter of Edward Knightleyj 
Alice, perhaps we may conjecture, had some connection with the 
Wasbingtons; Barbara (Washington) Butler died i April, 1635. 
Can Alice have been her daughter ? 

And so it may be either that these Washingtons were resident 
still at Brington after 1622-3 ; or that they were living with Elizabeth 
Muse at Holdenby ; or perhaps, may I suggest, in a home of their 
own at East Haddon ; and in any case, it seems, in close intercourse 
with the Ladie Anne Tresham and her daughters, Dorothy Hicks 
and Elizabeth Gyll, John Ireton and his family, and Edward 
Knightley and his family. However it may have been, at last we 
find this entry, the last of the four entries for the year 165 1-2, in 
the East Haddon register, recording possibly the burial of Ann : — 

** 1651. M". Washengton was buryed the xvi*** of March." 

Let me add that one member of the family is found later on 
residing in the neighbourhood. T. Isham, in his Journal, under date 
4 Oct., 1672, says, *'Mr. Washington, the deaf man who now lives 
at Maidwell, also came." 

Northampton. Hbnry Isham Lonoobn. 

277.— Wight of Blakeslby Hall (257).— The lady referred 
to by Mr. Moore, of Woodbridge, in the July number of " N. N. & 
Q." was the widow of Henry Wight, esq., of Blakesley hall, and 
was commonly known in the village and neighbourhood as "Madam," 
not " Lady " Wight. 

Blakerioy Vicarage. E- K. Jbnkins. 


Portrait of Mary, Queen of Scots. 1 13 

278. — Galleries in Wbllimoborouoh Church. — The 
foHowing entries, copied from the church books at Wellingborough, 
fix the date of erection of two of the old Galleries formerly existiug 
in the parish church : — 

1682. •' Disbursed in building the Gallarj, 40/. 1 1 j." 

1724, "Memorandum, — That on Sunday, ye 6th of July, 1724, 
Notice was given to ye Inhabitants of this Parish of a Vestry to this 
Effect, viz. :— 

" Whereas many of ye Inhabitants of this Parish have complained 
that for want of room in ye Church they could not conveniently 
attend ye Publick Service of God therein j And whereas there is 
manifest cause of such complaint; The Mimster and Churchwardens 
do therefore desire ye neighbours to meet in a Vestry at ye usual 
place, ye School-house Chamber, to-morrow at 3 o*clock in ye 
afternoon, to consult of ye most proper and convenient place and ye 
best manner of making such Room wanted in our said Parish Church. 

" Memorandum. — Also that ye Neighbours did meet in a Vestry 

on Monday at 3 o'clock in ye afternoon, and did then agree that a 

^ew Gallery should be erected in ye North-West corner of ye Body 

of ye Church, and to reach from ye Gallery commonly called ye Old 

. Gallery to that called ye New Gallery, by ye Churchwardens." 

279- — A Contemporary Portrait of Mary, Queen of 

Scots. — My recently-published volume, Fotheringhay and Mary, 

Queen of Scots, (Alfred King, Oundle; Simpkin, Marshall and Co., 

^ndon, 1886) has, for its frontispiece, a photograph from an original 

«>otenaporar7 portrait of the queen, now first published. The 

ojioiature, now in my possession, is painted on copper ; and, as I 

have stated in my volume (p. 201), was given to me by the late Mr. 

Joseplx Cecil, in 1853. He purchased it in France, at least fifty years 

sjoce, Mrhen he was making researches in connectioji with the French 

^'^^cr of Mary Stuart. The greater part of his collection, contained 

'^ ills bulky Mary Stuart Album, was purchased last year for the 

*^fitis|^ Museum, from his widow, who died in Northampton, 

P^* loth, 1886. Mr. Cecil was a man of great taste and 

'P^^^nce, and he was satisfied that the miniature was an original 

^^^ruporary portrait. In this opinion he was supported by many 

«^^ "^vere qualified to give judgment upon it, including Miss Agnes 

, ^^land. During the thirty-three years that it has hung on my 

. ^^^ i Dg-room wall it has been seen by many experts, who pronounced 

-. ^^ be an original portrait, and not a modem copy ; and its first 

^*^'^ from my drawing-room was to the London photographer, that 

^^ht appear as the frontispiece to Fotheringhay, 


114 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Now comes my motive for mentioning this. In July last, 
Messrs. Christie, Manson, and Woods issued a shilling catalogue — 
prepared by Mr. George Scharf, C.B., F.S.A., Director of the 
National Portrait Gallery — of the sale of the Blenheim Collection. 
On looking through the catalogue I came to the sale of the 
miniatures, on the eighth, and concluding, day, August loth. There 
were three English miniatures of Mary, Queen of Scots; two of 
which are well known from the engravings by Houbraken. And 
there were two French miniatures, described in the catalogue thus : — 

" 874. Mary, Queen op Scots. Of an oval shape, turned 
lengthways or horizontally, with blue back-ground, and, inscribed 
upon it in gold letters, 


The face is turned to the right, a black veil falls behind, and a 
white fur-tippet encircles her neck, within which a necklace, but no 
ruff is visible. Her black dress is striped with white fur. This 
miniature belongs to the type of Mary portraits engraved in meizo- 
tint by T. Simon; and, as Granger observes, vol. i. p. 223, it is a 
very different face from the portrait in St. James's. 

"875. Mary, Queen op Scots. A modern copy of the 
preceding, but placed in a differently turned oval.** 

On reading this, I saw that my miniature was a replica of that at 
Blenheim, and I at once sent it up to Messrs. Christie — a week before 
the sale began — for identification and comparison. They wrote to 
me that it was, in every respect, similar to the Blenheim miniature ; 
and that they had handed it to Mr. Scharf, who wished to give it a 
careful examination. This he has now done, and has pronounced it 
to be an original contemporary portrait. He has also shewn it to 
several experts, " who were all very much interested in seeing it.** 
He has returned the miniature, which (after its second journey to 
London) is again hanging on my drawing-room wall. Whether it or 
the Blenheim miniature was the first to be painted it is impossible to 
say, nor is the artist known. Cuthbbrt Bkde. 

Lenton Vioarage, Grantham. 

280. — HiNDE Family op Pipewell Abbbt. — ^Any information 
respecting this family, and its connection with that of Harcourt, of 
Raunton, co. Stafford, will be very acceptable. 

I have in my possession probate of the will of Valentine Harcourt, 

gent., of Raunton Hall, dated the 21st of Nov., 1689. The testator 

-•aves " to his trusty and well beloved kinsman Mr. Francis Hinde 

Pipewell Abbey in the parish of Rushton in the co. of North- 

Garfield a Northamptonshire Name. 115 

amptoD, all his personal estate whatsoever," subject to certain specific 
legacies, amongst which occur, " to Mrs. Ann Hinde of Pipewell, five 
broad pieces of gold ; her son George Hinde jfioo \ her daughter 
Ann Hinde £^0 j her daughter Mary £<^q j Mr. Brian Hinde all 
mj Books and one Guinea \ to all my Nephews and Nieces of what 
place or name soever twelve pence each if demanded." 

Edgixwton, Birminghain. W. A. 

281. — Garfield a Northamptonshire Name. — If North- 
amptonshire is not to be allowed to claim George Washington as her 
own, is it possible that another American President may be able to 
trace bis origin to one of the neighbouring villages to Brington, and 
add his name to the roll of worthies of whom we may be proud ? In 
examining registers I have met with the following : — 

" '585- Nicolas Garfield and Elizabethe plackett were marryed the 

XXIX daye of June." 
Ea%i Haddnn. 
"1655. Elizabeth Gaifeile the daughter of Willm Garfeile was 

borne the 12th day of January and baptized." 
" 1655. Willm Garfield was Buryed the 30th day of July.'* 

H. I. L. 

282, — Dedication op Churches.— -I am preparing a list of 
dedication of all the churches, existing and destroyed, within the county. 
1 shall be obliged for any notes of errors made by Bridges on this 
matter. He gives, for instance, Tichmarsh church as dedicated to 
the Holy Trinity, whereas it is really dedicated to the Virgin Mary ; 
Maxey he attributes to S. Mary, instead of to S. Peter, or perhaps 
SS. Peter and Paul ; Luddington church is called S. Margaret's, but 
sixteenth century wills call it S. Andrew's. I shall be glad also for 
any evidence of the dedication of the following churches and chapels : — 
Bainton, Barford, Boughton (in Weekley parish), Brampton chapel, 
Little Brington (the old church, if any existed), Churchfield (near 
Oundle), Clasthorpe, Cotton (in Ringstead), Creaton Parva, Den- 
shanger, Eaglethorpe (in Warmington), Elmington, Fawcote (in 
Wappenham), Foxley, Grimsbury, Heatbencote, Kingsthorpe (in 
Polebrook), Newbold (in Clipston), Onley (in Barby), Little 
Qxendeo, Great Preston, Purston (in Newbottle), Old Stratford, 
Teeton, Tborp-on-the-hill (in Earls Barton), chapel of Towcester 
college, Walcot (in Barnack), Wigsthorpe (in Lilford), Wythemale 
(in Orlingbury). I believe that a consecrated building existed at 
each of the above places. I do not include in my list chantries 
founded within the parish churches. Ed. 

ii6 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

283. — Town House op Bishops op Peterborough. — Was 
there ever a residence in London for the bishop of Peterborough, the 
property of the see ? In Kennett's interleaved copy of Gunton, in 
the cathedral library at Peterborough, it is said that '* Bp. Chambers 
lived much in his episcopal house in London, which was near Carter's 
Lane ; flc in the country at Eyburie, where he had a Chapell, Hall & 
Great Chamber — seldom at Peterb.'* And of another bishop it is 
said, *' Bp. Pool's Lodgings in London were Hospitium Revdi Patris 
& Dni £pi Petrib vulgariter nuncupat The Peticanons Lodging." 
In a curious directory of 1754, entitled New and Correct Lists of 
Both Houses of the Eleventh Parliament of Great Britain, I see that 
bishop John Thomas, " Preceptor to the Prince of Wales and Prince 
Edward," had a house in Soho square. £d. 

284. — ^An Incident op Nasebt Fight. — The following is 
extracted from a MS. diary of John Cole, author and editor of many 
topographical works, at one time a bookseller in Northampton, after- 
wards schoolmaster at Rushden, Woodford, and other places : — 

"The late Dr. Hill, rector of Thorpe Malsor, Northamptonshire, 
brother to Serjeant Hill, informed me that he had a relation, a Mr. 
Mansell, who fought in the battle of Naseby field, that he was 
wounded in the breast, k left for dead -, and, as he was about to be 
buried, a young woman, daughter of an apothecary, happening to be 
upon the field, and finding his hand to be very soft, exclaimed, ' This 
certainly was a gentleman ! ' She further observed that she felt a 
pulse, and consequently that he was not quite dead. She put off a 
portion of her dress, and, wrapping him in it, had him convejred to a 
neighbouring village, where he recovered, and lived some years after. 
The young woman lived in his house as housekeeper till the time of 
his death, when he left her a handsome annuity. The above anecdote 
was related to Sam' Ireland, Esq. & is given in his Warwickshire Jvon** 

285. — " Headless Cross,** near Northampton. — Is there 
any hill near Northampton still bearing this name ? Or is there any 
eminence near the Eleanor cross which can be identified with the hill 
in the following passage ? It is taken from a MS. Liler lohannis 
Stone Monachi Cantuariensis. 

" 1460. 6 Id. Jul. erat helium de Norhampton Archiepiscopus 
Cantuariensis un|i cum E^scopo Londinensi tempore belli stetit in 
monte qui vocatur Crux sine capite. Post belluro venerunt ad Regem 
& introiverunt cum eo in domum Sanctimonialium de pratis juxta 
Norhamton.'* According to this extract, the archbishop of Canter- 
bury and the bishop of London observed the battle from a hill called 

Memories of Franklin. 117 

"Headless Cross;" and after the battle joined the king' and went 
with him to the house of the nuns in the meadows^ that is, De la Pre 


It is remarkable that we should find a '' Headless Cross " in so 
many diflferent parts of £ngland. In Godfrey's Market Crosses of 
NotHngkam is mention of " Crux sine capite" in 13 11, and in 1336 
it is called " Headless-cross." Others are named in a review of this 
work in The Athenmum for 21 Nov., 1885. One marked a boundary 
at Derby in Richard the third's reign ; another was near Elsdon, co. 
Northumberland. The first words of the ballad of "Bartram's 
Dirge," by Surtees, are 

^'They shot him dead on the Ninestane rigg, 
Beside the headless cross.*' 


286. — Memories of Franklin. — Can any one inform the 
writer what were the names of Benjamin Franklin's relatives^ that 
were living at Wellingborough in the year 1758 ? At page 215, in 
the biography entitled Benjamin Franklin^ (W. P. Nimmo^ ^875,) 

"Every summer during his stay in England, Franklin, accom- 
panied by his son, spent a few weeks in travelling. A most 
agreeable tour was that of 1758, when he visited the University of 
Cambridge, and received the most flattering attention from the 
chancellor, the vice-chancellor, and the heads of the colleges. From 
Cambridge he went to the counties where his ancestors had lived, 
and sought out living relations of his own and of his wife. He 
found at Wellingborough a female cousin, so aged that she could 
distinctly remember his father's leaving England for America seventy- 
three years before. She received her American relative with hearty 
welcome, old as she was. He discovered another cousin, a happy and 
venerable old maid, 'a good, clever woman/ he wrote, 'but poor, though 
vasdy contented with her situation, and very cheerful.' She gave him 
some of his uncle Benjamin's old letters to read, with their pious 
rhymings and acrostics, in which occurred allusions to himself and 
his sister Jane when they were children. Continuing their journey, 
father and son reached Ecton, where so many successive Franklins 
had plied the blacksmith's hammer. They found that the farm of 
thirty acres had been sold to strangers. The old stone cottage of 
their ancestors was used for a school, but was still called the Franklin 
House. Many relations and connections they hunted up, most of 
them old and poor, but endowed with the inestimable gift of making 
AUe t^s^ ^f ^®*'' ^^^ They copied tombstones 5 they examined the 
^ 16 

ii8 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

parish register; they heard the chime of bells play which Uncle 
Thomas had caused to be purchased for the quaint old Ecton chorch 
seventy years before j and examined other evidences of his worth 
and public spirit. Having paid due honour to the memorials of their 
race, not neglecting to visit many lowly connections of Mrs. Franklin, 
they returned to London.*' 

What pleasant and agreeable reading is the above to any one that 
loves to muse over such interesting reminiscences of past dajs in 
Northamptonshire ! How vividly does it conjure up in our minds 
the lowly contentment of the poor about the middle of the last 
century ! Perhaps some reader can throw a little more light on the 
Franklins of Northamptonshire. 

Franklin's wife's piaiden name was Deborah Read. 

One autumnal evening in the year 1870. I was passing along 

Arch Street, Philadelphia, and 1 came to the small and quiet cemetery 

of Christ Church. I stopped in front of the iron railings to view the 

scene of calm repose so apparent in the surroundings, my eyes rested 

at once on a plain marble slab lying flat on the ground, and nearly 

even with the surface. Inscribed thereon were the names of 

Benjamin Franklin and Deborah his wife. The (ire-flies yrere 

revelling in all their glory on every side within the enclosure of the 

burial-ground. These insects have a luminous patch on the under side 

of their bellies, about the size of a grain of wheat when cut in half, 

which by daylight is of a yellow colour ; these shew a luminous line 

of light when flitting about in the air exactly like the mark of 

phosphorus made by striking a lucifer match on the wall. The eflfect 

was that of a miniature display of fireworks, and exquisitely beautiful. 

Such surroundings would the great philosopher have chosen could be 

have willed it. t^ 


287- — Chester Family op East Hai>oon. — I shall be much 
obliged if any of your readers can enlighten me as to the family of 
lady Chester, who died at Northampton in xBoB, as appears from the 
following extract from the Mercury of 18 June, 1808 : — 

*• Died. — At her house in this town, on Monday last, sincerely 
lamented. Lady Chester, relict of the last surviving branch of his 
family the Rev. Anthony Chester, of East-Haddon, in this county, 
Bart. Her Ladyship retained her faculties to the last, and died in her 
89th year, in the possession of universal respect, well merited by a life 
devoted to piety and good works. We are happy to add (among 
many other equally liberal and discriminating benefactions), that she has 
bequeathed a very handsome sum for the use of the Infinnary in this 

The Treshams of Newton and Wold. 119 

town, and an equal sum to the charitj for the relief of the widows 
and orphans of poor clergymen within the diocese of Peterborough.'* 

As will be seen she was the widow of sir Anthony Chester, of 
East Haddon. Her maiden name was Elizabeth Burt, her father 
b^g, I believe, the William Burt who was mayor of Northampton 
m 1722. I am desirous of ascertaining any facts relative to 
ber femily and its origin. I may ad<l that I believe they had been 
located in Northampton for very many years. Querist 

288. — A Victimised Townsman of the Eighteenth 
Cbnturt (251). — From Villctte's Annals of Neivgate^ i77^f ^® 
learn that Mr. Edward Whitton "was a lace-merchant at North- 
ampton; who had left off business with reputation, and a fortune of 
ao or 30,000/. He, without any other tie than fancy, took a liking to 
Perrott from a child, and made it a pleasure to oblige and assist 
him.*' With The AnnaU is given a plate of the exec ution of Perrott 
in Smithfield. J. T. 

289. — ^Trb Treshams of Newton and Wold. — One cannot 
help feeling that the name of Tresham has in popular estimation 
only one association. In Northamptonshire it must ever be an 
honoured name. The Treshams were of ancient lineage^ wealthy, 
powerful, and prominent members of the state, conspicuous for their 
ability, and the courage of their opinions ^ but it is a mistake to 
suppose that they all shared the political and religious opinions of 

About a century and a half before the time of Francis, the family 
had split into two great branches of well-nigh equal importance j 
called respectively of Rush ton, and of Newton. The elder branch, 
as we know, gained a notoriety that has clung to the whole family ; 
whereas at any rate the later members of the Newton branch were 
faithful adherents of the Church of England^ being apparently 
baptized, married, and buried, according to her rites. Thanks to 
tbe tabular pedigree which Mr. Falkener has so kindly given us along 
with his note at page 41 of the present volume, we shall be able to 
see our way more clearly. Newton became Tresham property 
through a marriage with Mulso. Passing over the earlier generations, 
(including the famous S.T.P. and canon, William Tre^m, rector of 
Bug brook, where he lies buried,) let us come at once to Maurice 
Tresham, of Newton, Pilton, and Geddington (b. 1530) ; of whose 
descendants it is my purpose to give some particulars. This Maurice 
married twice $ by his first wife he had ap only son. This was sir 
Thomas Tresham, who succeeded him, and married his stepmother's 


I20 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

niece, Anne daughter of Bartholomew Tate, by Dorothy daughter of 
Francis Tanfield. 

Francis Tanfield 
of Oayton 

I I 

Margaret Tanfield s Maurice Treaham ^ Mary Odingaells Dorothy Tanfield 
2nd wife i lat w. = Bartholoikiew Tate 


Wm. Treaham Maorioe Treaham Sir Thoi. Treeham= Anne Tate SirWm.Tkte 

m. 1597. Elis. 
dau. of Edw. 
Lord Zooch 

Zoach Tate 

Sir Thomas seems to have left three sons and several daughters. 

On his death his widow, the *' Ladie Anne Tresham," probably gave 

place to her eldest son, and came and lived at East Haddon, at least 

for a time, for the following entries in the register can scarcely be 

accounted for otherwise : — 

1619. " Robert Gyll of London gent and Elizabeth Tresbam gent. 

were married the xiiij*"* day of September." 

i6a3. " M'. Joseph Brian gent and M'^ Eliza Tresham gent were 

married the xvj^ day of September.** 

J 6a 7. *' Mr. Oliver Beacher Esquier and M"* Elizabeth Tate daughter 

of S' William Tate, Knight, were married the xxiiij^'^day of July." 

Again, at nearly every baptism from 1609 to 1645, the names of 

sponsors are given, thus : — 

1625. ** John Bryan the sonne of Joseph Biyan Esq' was baptised 

the xxix*^ of November. 

ZouchTate ] ^ \ 

Robert Hickes ) > witnesses." 

Dorothy Hickes ) 

1628. "Thomas Bryan the sonne of Joseph Bryan Esquier was 

baptised the 27*** day of October. 

Souch Tate Esquier 

Robert Gill gent 

and the Ladie Anne Tresham 

In this way Robert Hickes appears also as witness in 1626$ 

Richard Spencer, Esquier, M*^. Dorothie Hickes and M**. Rose 

Tresham in 1627 ; Thomas Tresham, gent., Marie Tate, gent, and 

Rose Tresham, gent., in 1628 ; Dorothie Hickes in 1629 and 1637, 

and Elisha Bourne, Thomas Bacon, and Elizabeth Hickes in 1639. 

The baptism is recorded of three children of Joseph Bryan, namely 

John (1625), Dorothie (1627), and Thomas (1628) ; and the burial 

witnesses ' 

The Treshams of Newton and Wold. 1 2 1 

of two, John (1625), and Anne (1627). There is also the burial of 
DOTotbie, daughter of Robert Gjll, io 1625. From this it would 
seem that the '' Ladie Anne," with her daughters. Rose Tresham, 
Elizabeth wife of Robert Gyll, Dorothy wife of Robert Hickes, and 
I suppose also £liza wife of John Bryan, was living at East Haddon ; 
it may have been on account of a possible relationship to sir William 
Saunders of East Haddon, or because Robert Hickes owned the manor 
here, which formerly belonged to Wm. Saunders, (Baker, i. 163). 
The Newton Treshams seem to have survived the Rushton family. 

In 1670, Dec. 39. Mr. Guy writes to sir Justinian Isham as to 
"M'. Tresham*s money.'* 

(do year) Dec. 15. F. Lane writes to the same, "my cosen 
Tresham died at Northamton.** 

In 1671. May 31. " M". Anna Tresham" writes to the same, 
and mentions her son. 

InT. Isham's S^oumal, (1671-1673) page 39, under date 28 April, 
1672, we are told, " M'. Clerk of Loddington came and said that the 
son of M'. Tresham was dead and brought to Newton to be buried." 

In 17 15, Newton was sold and the Treshams were without a 
home in the county. 

WHliam Tresham, of Wold, was the elder of the sons of Maurice 
Tresham by his second wife, Margaret Tanfield. This was not the 
first connecUon of the family with Wold. " In the sixteenth year of 
the same reign (i.e. Henry vi.) John Bernard and Elena his wife, we 
apprehend, being possessed of it, settled it on Thomas Burgoyne, 
William Tresham, and other feoffees." Bridges ii. 131. 

However, William settled here, having married for his first wife 
Judith, probably his kinswoman, daughter of Valentyne Piggot. Of 
this marriage there were six children, only the four younger being 
baptized at Wold : — 

1600. " Morice Tresham sonne of Willm and Judithe his wief was 
Baptized the xxxj*^ of August. A* p'dco." 

(In Bridges, i. 462, under Pitsford, in the list of incumbents is 
given " Maurit Tresham sepult 3 April 1636," the previous incumbent 
being buried 21 May, 1628. Can this be the same Maurice ? ) 

1602. " Judith Tresham daughter of Willm Tresham gent & Judith 
his wief was Bapt the xyj**> of January A*. p*dicto." 

1604. '• Valentyne Tresham sonne of Willm Tresham gent and 
Judith his wief was Baptized the viij*^ of Marche." 

1608. " Margrett the daughter of William Tresham and Judith his 
wife was baptised the nineteenth of May 1608." 

122 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Then there are these burials : — 
1607. "A childe of M'. Tresham's dyed in the byrth, and was 

buried the ti}^ of Aprill A» pMic." 
16x9. ** William Tresham the sontie of William Tresham and 

Judeth his wife was buried the eight day of July." J 

1610, "Judith the wife of William Tresham was buried the eight ( 
& twenteth of Octob' Anno 16 £0.** | 

Little more than a year later William married again, to Elizabeth 
fbapt. at Lamport a; July, 1589) second daughter of Richard, jth j 

son of John Isham, of Lamport. So says the Brixworth Raster:— j 

161 1. Dec. 5th. " M'. Will- Tresham & Eliz Isham." j 
Of this second marriage there were six sons and three daughters. j 

1613. " Richarde the sonne of William Tresham and Elizabeth his \ 

wife was baptized the sixteenth day of August.*' 
1615. " John the sonne of William Tresham and Elizabeth bis wife 

was baptized the twenty sixth day of Nnvemb." 

1615. " John the sonne of WiUiam Tresham and Elizabeth his wife 
was buryed the thirteenth day of January." 

1616. " Samuell the sonne of William I'resham and Elizabtth bis 
wife was baptized the eight day of December 16 16." 

1 61 8. " Samuell Tresham the sonne of Willm Tresham & Elizabeth 

his wife was buried the first of May." 
16x9. " Henry Tresham the sonne of William Tresham 8r Elizabeth 

his wife was baptized the fi\Q an d twenteth day of Aprill." 
164a. " Henry Tresham a young youth was buryed loth November." 
1620. '* Elizabeth Tresham the daughter of William Tresham & 

Elizabeth his wife was baptized the 14th day of July anno pd*"." 
1622. •' Willm Tresham the son of Willm Tresham & Eliz his wyf 

was baptized October 27th." 
1625. " Mary the daughter of Willm Tresham & Eliz his wyf was 

bapt 24 Julie." 
1627. ''Anne the daughter of William Tresham & Elizabeth his 

wife baptized Septemb ye 27th." 
1630. " Samuel the son of Willm Tresham & Eliz his wyfe was 

bapt4«»of July." 

Three only of the fifteen children of William Tresham are known 
to have married, Thomas (who married twice), Richard and Mary. 

1622. " Thomas Tresham & Mary Atkins were maryed the first 

day of August 1622." 
1653. " Daniel Wapoole of Clipstone and Mary Tresham of Old • 

were matried Aprill 2^," 


The Treshams of Newton and Wold. 123 

it%i. "Judith the daughter of Thomas Tresham & Mary his ^f 

was bap. May 25." 
i6a6. *' Marie the daughter of Tho Tresham & Mary his wji was 

bapt 4 Feb'." 
i6a6. *' Mary Tresham the wyfe of M^ Tho Tresham was bnryed 

9 March." 
1627. ** Mary the daughter of Tommas Tresham & Mary his wife 

was buried the 9 daye of February." 
1638. Willm the son of Tho Tresham & Jojrsehis wyf. was bapt 

a* Novem." 
1631. "Dorothey the daughter of Tho Tresham & Joyce his wife 
was bapt 29^^ March." 

Dorothy is the only one of these of whom we hear again : — 
165a. " Henry Brey of Brixworth and Dorothy Tresham of Ould 
were married June the third." (Lamport Register.) 
The remaining entries lat Wold are these : — 
165 1. ''M'. Waim Tresham aged 86 buried ffeb. 23rd/' 
1667. ^ Anne the wife of M'. Richard Tresham was buried June 

1683. " Rich Tresham Gent was buried January 17*** 1683." 

We are not told the name of Richard's wife, nor were any 
children of his baptized at Wold. Elizabeth, usually .called his 
daughter and heiress, married, we lare told, John Chapman ) from 
whom sprang the Cbapmans of Wold, wealthy yeomen, who baptised 
their eldest sons by the name of Tresham, and eventually merged in 
a fanlily of the name of Davis, who have in this century taken the 
name of Tresham. But there are, I believe, none, certainly none in 
this county, who bear the name and can trace back in the male Ime 
to the original family. There are still other members of the family 
to account for, but I trust some one else who has the subject at 
heart, and also the leisure, will fill up the many gaps still remaining. 
In conclusion, my thanks are due to. the ReV. W. P. Mackesy and 
the Rev. G. T. Driffield and others for their kind courtesy in 
allowing me to .look through the registers of their parishes. 

8. MiobMl and AU Angels', Nortbampton. Hbnrt Isham Lonodbn. 

290. — Monumental Inscriptions in Pbtbrborough 
Cathboral. V. (23, 73, 125, 205). — These inscriptions remain 
m the north choir aisle : — 

14. On a floor stone:— "In Memory of Eliz. Wells who died 
May y« 16** 1726 ^ged 6a years. Also of James y^ son of James 
and Hannah Hawkins who died Oct y* 9^ 1749 Aged 30 years. 

124 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Also of James Hawkins sen'. (37 years Organist of this Church) who 
died Oct. y* 5*** 1750 Aged 56 years. And near this place lyeth 
InterrM the Body of "M™ Hannah Hawkins Relict of the said James 
Hawkins who died the 23^ of Aug. 1767 Aged 70 years." 

15. On a floor stone next to the last: — " Under 1 this Marble 
Are interred the remains Of Martha The wife of William Hawkins 
Gent. Who having long Labour*d under a bad state of health By 
Divine mercy Was released from all her pain March the ^^^ 1739 In 
the 57**" year of her Age. Also of the above named William Hawkins 
Who passed a great part of his life In a pleasing retirement And a 
carefull practice of the social duties. Under a due sense of the 
Divine Mercies He calmly resigned his breath Nov. the 5*^ : 1762 in 
the 74*** year of his Age. Bene qui latuit, bene vixit." (He who 
has lived in retirement well, has lived well.) 

16. On a floor stone adjoining the last are the remains of an 
inscription of which a few letters only are legible in the upper part 
The lower part reads thus : — ** Also Elizabeth his wife died Feb. 13 
1777 Aged 57 years." 

On the floor of the south choir msle, near the gates of the new 
building, are these inscriptions: — 

17. Beneath a lozenge, Barry with a canton, impaling, A chevron 
between three estoiles, on a chief three stag's heads : " Here lyes 
InterrM the Body of Mn. Elizabeth Fuller who departed this life the 
15** day of February 174a Aged 60 years." 

18. " Samuel Terrick, M.A (col)lated to the fourth Prebend (in) 
this Church June 26**". 1759 (an)d afterwards removed to a Stall in 
the Church of Durham, Died Aug. <S 1761 in the 54th year of his 
life and was buried in this place." He seems to have been the elder 
brother of bishop Richard Terrick. Both were of Clare college, 
Cambridge, the former graduating in 1727, the latter in i7*9- 

19. " In Memory of Frederick Williams D.D. Late Prebendary of 
this Church Who departed this life The la*^ of September 1746 
Aged 38 years. Near this place lye thre Sons Who died in their 
Infancy." Arms, A demi-fox issuant (apparently from water,) a 
mullet for diflerence, impaling Quarterly, over all a bend : Crest, A 
demi-lion rampant. He was rector of Peakirk with Glinton from 
1 740 to his death. 

ao. " Franciscus Lockier S. T. P. Hujus Ecclesiae Decanus Ob. 
Julij XVII A.D MDCCXL -^t. Lxxxiiii.*' (Francis Lockier, D.D., 
Dean of this church died 17 July 1740 in his 84th year.) 

yohn Baker, 


2£. "Here Lyeth the Body of Thomas Deacon Esq late High 
Sheriff of this County of whose Pious Life And ChariUble Acts the 
Adjoyniug Monument erected to his Memory will give an ample 
Account. He departed this life August the 1 9'M 72 x r Inscriptions 
on the tablet to dean Lockier, and on the monument to Thomas 
Deacon, will be given hereafter. 

(To be eontinuedj 

291.— John Baker.— This remarkable person, who ought to 
hold a high rank amongst the "curious characters** of Northampton- 
shire, was born at Eye, in the year 1733, and at a proper age was 

apprenticed to a shoemaker at 
Peterborough. His master 
soon afterwards failed, and he 
repaired to London, where he 
lived for several years in various 
situations. In 1 757 he entered 
on board a man-of-war, and 
during the next ten years was 
present at many severe en- 
gagements. On the death of 
George 11. he was discharged, 
and in 1774 went to America 
as servant to an officer, and 
shared in several bloody battles. 
Peace being concluded he 
returned to England and served 
in various situations, suffering 
many hardships and misfor- 
tunes. He was twice married 
and had thirteen children, most 
of whom died fighting the 
battles of their country. When 
advanced in years Baker enlisted in the York Fencibles and went to 
Ireland, being present at an engagement where only thirty out of 
five hundred escaped. In his old age he was admitted to Covent 
Garden workhouse, but occasionally obtained permission to go out, 
when he exhibited his peculiar feats to admiring auditors 3 whose 
pecuniary gifts somewhat smoothed the cold and rugged path of 
poverty. Being born without gums, and never having had any teeth, 
he could contract his face in a marvellous way ; putting his nose into 
bis mouth, so that his bottom lip then appeared nearly on a level 
with his forehead. He could take a piece of money from a table 


126 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

between his nose and chin, and hold it fast, to the great amusement 
of the beholders. During the war with America he was imprisoned 
with others in the West Indies, when the Indians bored a bole 
through the cartilage of his nose, as a mark of distinction, and 
forced through it a gold chain which hung down on his breast. 
Through this hole he used to thrust the stem of a tobacco-pipe, and 
take up a glass of gin and water with his nose and chin, as shown in 
the accompanying woodcut. These exploits were witnessed by 
thousands of persons, including many medical men, who acknow- 
ledged him to be the greatest curiosity they had ever seen, p .p 

292. — Hunting Scbnbs at Forstbrs Booth. — This is a 
hamlet of which about half is in the parish of Cold Higham, and 
the other half in that of Pattishall. The Roman Watling street^ 
here better known as the Holyhead road, passes between the villages 
of Cold Higham and Pattishall, lying, about n.nw. and At 
Forsters Booth it is crossed by the old road, known as the Welsh 
lane or Banbury lane. In the se. angle formed by the two is "The 
George Inn." (See Plate, Fig, i.J 

I'here is no doubt that the name of the hamlet is taken from 
some hostelry called "The Foresters booth," and there can be little 
doubt that the George inn is that inn or its descendant, though 
much altered from its original state. The place is well suited for a 
travellers' rest. 

On the Nw.and sb. walls of this house was, in 184a, some parget 
work, or embossed plaster work, which is the subject of our 
illustration. That on the nw. wall fFig. 2) is now, 1886, entirely 
destroyed, and part of that on the sb. wall fFig. 3). The scenes 
represented strongly corroborate the probability of the house being 
the ** Foresters booth,'* though probably not the first one. 

The ancient royal forest of Whittlewood lies to the s. of Forsters 
booth. It was perambulated and the bounds described in the reign 
of Edward i. ; and then extended from Wicken on the s., nearly to 
Towcester on the n. ; and from Stony Stratford on the b. to Syres- 
ham on the w. (See Baker's History, 11. 74.) It then contained 
about 30,480 acres. Probably in the time of Charles the nearest 
part of it was within four miles of Forsters booth. But outside the 
forest proper lay many other woods of considerable extent, some of 
them lying between the forest and Forsters booth. 

The deer, of course, often escaped from the forest, and were 
hunted by the crown officials and by other persons, legally and 
illegally. Many of these woods, especially on the sw. of the forest, 

Hunting Scenes at Forsters Booths 127 

had bj the time of our plaster work become parlieu-woods — that is, 
declared to be free from the forest laws^ though formerly in the forest 
boQDdarj. Those who wish information on forests and purlieus 
should consult Manwood*s Laws of the Forest^ 1615* 

On the NW. wall of the inn, a few feet above the ground, was, in 
1842, one of the two hunting-scenes shewn in the Plate, Fig. i. It 
was destroyed several j^ears ago. The figures, arches, &c., are in 
relief of about |in. average. In the centre is a deer being pulled 
down by a hound. The deer from nose to tail is about aft. 8in. 
In front of the deer is a man whose head has disappeared in 
consequence of the insertion of a window. He had a hunting-kuife 
or hanger in his right hand, but this has been destroyed ; its form is 
shewn by the scabbard attached to his girdle. He is dressed in a 
vestment, with sleeves; over which is a jacket, without sleeves, 
buttoned in front; breeches, stockings, and high shoes. He has 
leather gauntlets. 

Behind the deer is a man, in the same dress, with long hair, but 
bare-headed; blowing the mort of the deer on a curved horn, 
apparently formed of the horn of a cow or ox. It is remarkable 
that it has no sling. He has large turn-down collars — part of the 
jacket or of the under-vestment ; he has a stick in his left hand, but 
no weapon. The figures are about 3fl. 2in. high. Behind the last 
man is a tree ; above the figures is a series of semi-circular arches 
of about ifL 3in. to ift. 7ia. clear span each, and below the figures a 
similar series. 

The horns of the deer are neither so spiked as those of the red 
deer (hart), nor so palmated as those of the fallow-deer (buck), but 
between the two. The red deer may be said to be indigenous in 
England, but the introduction of fallow-deer is uncertain. It is said 
that the dark brown fallow-deer were brought in by James i., but it 
is certain that fallow-deer existed in this country long before that.* 
Doubtless there were red deer in Whittlewood in early times, but no 
evidence has been produced to shew whether there were fallow-deer 
in the forest in 1637 ; or when the red deer were exterminated there ; 
or whether the two co-existed for some time. For many years 
before the disafforesting there were fallow-deer only. It is very 
probable that the red deer came to an end in the great rebellion, and 
that the others were introduced after the restoration. We may, 
however, fairly presume that the deer at Forsters booth is a hart and 
not a buck. 

• Consult BnglUh D$$r Parks, by E. P. Shirley, 4to, 1867. 

128 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

On this wall, in the same style of work, but detached from the 
scene described, was a shield, with a border, ift. Sin. by ift. pin., 
on which was embossed 


H F 


On the SB. wall was a more extensive scene, of which a part still 
remains. To the left is a shrub, and running towards it is a hare 
pursued by a hare-hound (greyhound) 5 the latter is about 3ft. 4in. 
long. More to the right is a man in nearly the same dress as the 
others, bt't with shoes and hose in one, having a hat with conical 
crown and broad brim ; his turn-down collar almost amounts to a 
cape. In his right hand he holds a staff, possibly a spear (the top is 
gone) ; and in his left he has a chain, by which he is leading an 
animal which is more like a fox than a dog; having prick-ears, 
pointed nose, and bushy tail. However, we must suppose it to be 
some kind of terrier, as he could not have a tame fox following quietly. 
He is 3ft. Sin. high. Above and below the figures are series of arches 
like those on the other side of the house. An original window with 
parget borders comes in the middle of this scene. 

It is remarkable that from the 13th to the ^^^h century, the 
representations of men engaged in hunting have either high shoes, or 
hose and shoes in one ; not, as we might expect, boots laced on. 
The high shoes are usually low at the ancle, but higher before and 
behind. No laces or ties are represented. The hose and shoes in 
one must have been still more unfit for rough work, especially m 
woods; they were of knitted worsted. (See Costume in England, 

It was stated in 1842, that some years before that time, there was 
on the sw. end of the house, a scene of a pack of hounds and a 
stag, represented in the same kind of parget work. H. D. 

293. — John Lettice, T>,\^, — In Rose's Biographical Dictionary, 
i8j7, is this account of a writer of eminence who was a native of 
this county : — 

" Lettice, (John,) a divine and poet, was born in 1737, at Rush- 
den, in Northamptonshire, and educated at Sidney Sussex college, 
Cambridge. In 1764 he obtained the Seatonian prize for a poem. 
On the Conversion of St. Paul; and he published, with notes, a 
translation in blank verse of Hawkins firowne*s Latin Poem, On the 
Immortality of the Soul. In 1768 he accompanied Sir Robert 

John Lett ice, D,D. 129 

Gunning as chaplain and secretaiy to the British embassy at Copen- 
hagen. He afterwards visited several parts of the continent. The 
Antiquities of Herculaneum he published jointly with his friend, 
professor Martyr, in 1773 5 and in 179a he produced, A Tour through 
various parts of Scotland, in a series of letters. He was presented 
to the living of Peasemarsh in Sussex, in the patronage of Sidney 
Sussex college, in 1785 5 and he was also a prebendary of Chichester 
cathedral. Besides the works already mentioned, he published. Fables 
for the Fireside ; Strictures on Elocution; Miscellaneous Pieces on 
Sacred Subjects, in prose and verse j Sermons and Tracts ; and he 
translated from the Danish, Baron Holberg's Parallel Lives of famous 
Ladies, after the manner of Plutarch. He died in 1832.'* 

In Cooper's New Biographical Dictionary i 1873, we find these 
additional particulars. He took his B.A. degree in 1761, M.A. in 
1764, B.D. in 1771, and D.D. in 1797 ; and he had been a fellow of 
his college. In addition to the works given in the above extract, 
Mr. John Taylor has seen a pamphlet of his published in 1803, 
A Plan Jor the Safe Removal of Inhabitants, not Military, from 
Towns and Villages on the Coasts of Great Britain and Ireland, in the 
case of the Threatened Invasion. And in some Suggestions on Clerical 
Elocution, dedicated to the bishop of Chichester, he describes himself 
as chaplain to the duke of Hamilton. It is said also that he intended 
to have inserted in his book on Scotland the memoirs of some 
eminent literary characters not generally known, but his materials 
were not quite in readiness, and he afterwards published in the 
European Magazine lives of Buchanan, Wilson, Elphinston, Scrimzeor, 
Napier, and Hepburn. 

The statement of Rose, which is repeated elsewhere, as to the birth- 
place, and date of birth, of this John Lettice, has long been a source 
of difficulty. At Rushden, where he is said to have been bom, 
there is no record of his baptism in the register. Mr. Baker, of Har- 
grave, has kindly looked through the books, and has furnished some 
inscriptions on stones to members of the family. John Lettice was 
rector of Rushden and of Strixton, and is buried at Rushden. He 
died 19 Jan., 1720, in his 59th year. His wife, Elizabeth, had died 
1 2th Jan., 1 7 19, in her 53rd year. These seem to have been 
grandparents of our author. Both were buried " in the upper part 
of the middle chancel." Another John Lettice was curate of 
Rushden in 1737 : and he had a daughter baptised 4th Aug., 1737, 
who was buried in October in the same year. There is consequently 
a difficulty in seeing how our author, if he was as is generally 
believed the son of this John, could have been bom, as asserted, at 

130 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Rushden, in 1737. The three Johns are in Gradiiaii Cantabrigienses, 
but of course no relationship is given : John, of Clare college, B.A., 
1682, M.A., 16965 John, of Sidney, B.A., 1729; and John (the 
author) of Sidney, with the dates above given. 

We are fortunate in being able to supply corrections of the errors 
in Rose*s account. Through the courtesy of the Rev. W. R. Brod- 
rick, the present vicar of Peasemarsh, we are enabled to give a copy 
of the inscription on a tablet in the church to the memory of 
Dr. Lettice. It is in these words : — 

" Saored to the Memory of John Lettioe D.D. forty aeven years Vicar of 
Peasmarsh who died the 18th of October 1832 aged 98 yean ft 10 

« Deeply regretted by his Flock, his family and his friends for His 
habitual piety had long caused him to sit loose to the things of this 
world from which he was truly weaned and shortly before his death 
was almost past the power of speech but still Clinging to the Beloted 
Book he pointed with joyful ooxmtenaDoe to these words ' My soul is 
•▼en as a weaned child.' 

'< As a mark of respect to the memory of the late Vioar this TWst 
is erected by his affectionate Parishioners." 

Mr. Brodrick adds that the aged vicar is still remembered hj the 
few ''ancients** in the parish, with esteem and afiection. He had 
been tutor to the celebrated Beckford, and with him made the grand 
tour of Europe. A strong box given by Beckford to his tutor is 
preserved in the vestry of Peasemarsh church. This inscription at 
once corrects the date given erroneously for his birth. He must have 
been bom between 18 Nov. and j8 Dec., 1738, to be 93 years old 
and 10 months on the i8th of October, 183a. We also give an 
extract from the books of Sidney Sussex college, which has been 
very kindly supplied by the Rev, J. F. Hardy, praelector of the 
college. From Uiis it appears that he was in his i8th year when he 
was admitted. This entry also informs us that he was bom not at 
Rushden, but at Bozeat ; so that we may still claim him as a native. 
He was elected fellow between Oct., 1763, and Oct, 1764. 

The following is the entry in the college registers : — *' Johannes 
Lettice, Filius natu maximus Johannis Lettice Clerici, natus apttd 
Bozeate in Com : Northamp : Litteris ver6 grammaticis primo a patrs, 
deinde per triennium Oakhamise sub Magistro Powel instructus 
admissus est Sizator Julii ao^ annum setatis sue 18^™ agens. 

Fidejubentibus [ ^^"^^ 


Tour in Northamptonshire^ ^635. 131 

294. — Tour in Northamptonshire, 1635. — Some very 
curious particulars of a tour made through a great part of Englaud 
two hundred and fifty years ago, are contained in a MS. in the 
Lansdowne collection, (No. 213, folio 34.7-3B4,) in the British 
Moseum, entitled, 

^ A Belationof a abort Soniey of the Weeterae Gountiee, hi which if hreifely 
detcribed the Gittiee, Corporations, Castles, and some other Remark* 
ables in them Obseru*d ui a seuen Weekee Journey be^run at Korwioh, 
ft thence into the West On Thnrsday August 4th i635 and ending att 
the same Place. By the same lieatennant, that with the Captaine and 
Ancient of the Military Company in Norwich Hade a Journey into 
the North the yeere before." 

The previous expedition had been undertaken by three of " The 
Military Company " \ but the lieutenant seems to have been unable 
to persuade bis companions to attempt a similar trip in the following 
year, and to have been obliged to travel by himself. He made a 
round through Essex, Sussex, Hants, Wilts, Somerset, and Oxford- 
shire, before he reached this county. 

*• 1 durst not stay long heere [Banbury] for feare that those two 

(I meane Ale & Zeale) might soone ouer-Load a Trauello'; 

cbumu therefore away I hasted from them ouer their Bridge, crossing 

that Riuei, y* hastens to meet Isis at Oxford, leaning this 

Zealous brood, and this braue shire, and here entred I 

Kortbamptouhire into the next shire, and soe speeded by faire prospects & 

Northamptoa Towns neat Scytuations, to her old shire I'owne, into which 

Hm RhMT I troop*d ouer a Bridge, crossing that Streme that 

glides vnder it^ & thus I found her. 

Her Scytuation is dry, & pleasant, her Buildings fayre, and 
spacious, her vniformity indilFerent, encompassed about (onely that 
pflfte excepted w«** the Riuer hems in) w**» a strong & spacious wall, 
3 mile about, w^ 4 Gates ; The Streets from them are reasonable 
fayrej her Market Place is very large, sweet, & cleane; 

There is 4 churches that grace the Towne, in one of w^ and 
that w*^ to my eye was in my iudgem* the fayrest I did take 
notice of two Monuments. 

The first was the Monum*. of S' W". Samuell. 

The other, the Monum*. of Mr. Creswell, who was a charitable, & 

religious Gentleman, & did very well both in his Life, & at 

^his death \ Hee had beene 4 times a prudent, & careful! 

Mayo' of this Corporation, & charitably gaue (when he 

gaoe vp all) 14'* weekely to the poore, w*^ euery Sunday is distributed 

to them in Bread, vpon his Tombe. 

132 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

There is 2 Hospitalls in her, and an old Abbey call'd St 
Andrew's, late purchasM by a politique Knight, at an easy rate. 

I march'd a pretty distance out of the Towne to view her ancient 
Castle, scytuated on the west, close by y* Riuer, built by the first 
£arles thereof 600 yeeres since ; w*** I found mounted on 
The Canle a hill, enuiron'd wth a strong wall w^ some Towers ; 
intrench'd in w^ a Ditch, passable by a strong bridge & 
a Gatehouse ; the Circuit of the Court is about 2 Acres wherein are the 
ruines, & downefalls of a strong Castle, and other defensible Towers ; 
onely the walles of one large round Tower holds vp her head in spite 
of worme-eating Time, to signify what vseful Handmaids attended 
once that famous strong Castle, before they felt the hot & feirce 
blowes of Ciuill Dissent ions. 

I found the Towne regulated by a Mayor, 2 Bayliffes, and 12 

Aldermen 3 to them I left it, and away speed 1 by that 

I7eim Sweet Brooke, I cross*d before, with a ready and willing 

WiiKngbrooke Guide, to Willingbrooke Market, where I marked a fayre 

Inn, that was lately grac'd by the Queens Highnesse, to 

an Inn of Court, during her Ma**", stay there, to drinke of that 

niedeci liable spring water. 

ffrom thence I hasted, and as I rode I had in view a great many 

goodly spires of Churches, fairely built w** brought me with some 

OaadeU Content to Owndell 5 by many pleasant, delicate, 

Moniton, 8r. Chrirtoph^ rich Scytuations of Lords, Knights, Ladies, & 

H«ttoM Gentlemen, rendring the time not irkesome to 

Drayton, the B of Peter- ^ n « • l • u i • i_- 

boroughs, & Weetmor. weary Trauello". m hamng such pleasmg obiects 

»"»<!• euer in view to beguile the same ; Likewise I 

WaAiTitoM^^ ° pass'd oner many fayre, long, and strong Arch'd 

Aiwinoie, 8r. WfliiMn stone Bridges before I came into the Towne 

^^^^li:^ My Lodging heere was at the Signe of the 

BarnweU CaaUe Talbot, where I found a good Inne, and good 

8t^°M^p2r^' ^^^^® ' ^^ ^^^^ Tovi'ne I tooke notice of a faire 

Hospitall, and a fht& Schoole for 18 poore 
women, and 30 poore Schollers, both w«^. was built, and maintayn'd 
by the religious, and charitable gift of an old Parson, whom God 
had rays'd, & enabled from a very poore estate, to this pious Abilitie, 
w"». the Donors Motto at their entrance 3 On the first, the Hospitall, 
his Quod dedi accept. And on the latter, the ffree Schoole, this. Ex 
ore Infantium, perfedsti Laudem, and so I leaue y aged and the 
young to their Prayers & Studies. 


In Newest Designs and Colourings, 





An immense Stock of the above may be seen at 


, 14 Wood Street, Northampton. 



IS Now 

■ '&3tr ^ 2 r -A. I?/ -A. H) E . C C gt s g' - 

Exactly facing down the Drapery, Only a few yards from the Old Shop, 
Large and Conveni^fnt Premises. 

More Boom. More Assistants. No Waiting. No Crushing. 
Comfort for our Customers. Quickly Served. 

BLUNT & SON are louch obliged for the extensive and extending confidence 
AND CUSTOM given them. They are more resolute than ever to sell at so close 
UPON CASH COST that it will be simply impossible for any uouse in the kinodom 
TO iTNDEBSEix THEM. All they ank is to be well supported, so that they may make 
an ENObMous TUBNOVKB at a tbiflxno pbofit, which will be to the adyantaqe of all 


Noie tke New Address : 






33, 35, 37, 39, 

The Drapery, Northampton. 






33, 35, 37, 39, 

The Drapery, Northampton. 


Part XIII. Vol. II. JANyARY,J887. Price Is. 6d. 


anto ii., Introd. 

" There is cause why we should be slow and unwilling to change^ without 
very urgent necessity, the ancient ordinances, rites, and long approved customs, 
of our venerable predecessors. The love of things ancient doth argue stayed- 
ness^ but leuiiy and want of txperience maketh apt unto innovations.** 

Hooker, Eccl. Polity, Bk. v., vii., 3. 


Notes ^ Queries, 



rhe Antiquities y Family History ^ Traditions ^ Parochial 
Records, Folk-lore, Quaint Customs^ &c., of the County, 

SOiteB &s 
JhE H^V. ^. 5. ^WEETINQ, ^.^. 
Vicar of Maxey, Market Deeping, 


994 Tour in VorthamptontMre, 1635. 
295 Bac€8 in Vorthamptonthire. 
396 The State of the Poor In Northamp- 
tonshire in 1795. 
297 Wlio was ** B. W.," who was Eye- 
witness of the Execution of Mary 
Qneen of Scots 1 
Tke Treshams of Vewton and Wold. 
Vary dueen of Scots' Betrothal Bing. 

300 Sarly Crosses. 

301 Waahington Belies. 

302 The Gradnal Decay of Kirhy Hall. 

303 Caudned Books in Uhraries. p ^ 

804 The Garflelds of Borthamptonshire. 

805 Bnnyan's Porridge-Bowl. 

306 Dedication of Chnrches. 

307 Gorham Family of Flore ft Cransley. 

308 Memories of Franklin. 

809 ** Headless Cross " near Borthampton. 

810 Masers. 

811 The Eyes of Mary Queen of Scots. 
312 Ancient Village Sports. 

913 Burt and Chester Families. 

814 Hampden Family. 

815 Celehrated Horthamptonshire Book- 

sellers. II.— John Simco. 

j^ortfiattiiiton : 

[Entered at Siaiionert^ SailJ] 

Clearance List. 

fiHOXtiAVf (^ifilip S^t Lord of Plessie) Worke concerning the Tranesse 
of Christian Religion, against Atheists, Epicures, Paynims, lewcfs, 
Mahumetists, and other Infidels, trans, by Syr Philip Sydney and 
Arthur Golding, sm. 4to, half calf neat, tiile page mounted, 10/6 

London : Great North doore of S. Paufs Church, 1604. 

Book of CommOIl Prayer, with the Psalter or Psalms of David 
after the Translation of the great Bible and the old Book of Psalms, 
sm. 4to, old calf, wanting hejore A2 and leaf at end torn, 10/6 16/5 

Blue Books on Sepulchural Monuments, Ecclesiastical Buildings (P'lre 
Insurance) Bill, Church Patronage, Rural Commission, 7 vob, folio, 
wrappers, 10/6 1867 — 1872 

Heraldry- — Introductio ad Latinam Blasoniara. An Essay to a more 
Correct Blason in Latine than formerly hath been used, by Gibbon, 
irondcut'i of coati of arms, 8vo, old calf, j/6 1682 

Sepulchral Memorials, Manual of, with Epitaphs, Poetical etc., by 
Archdeacon Trollope, illustrations, sm. 4to, cloth, ^16 1858 

Anglo-Saxon- — Bosworth, Compendious Anglo-Saxon and English 
Dictionary, 8vo, hf. calf, 7/6 i86o 

Westall*8 Designs.— Burns' Songs and Poems, chiefly in the Scottish 
Dialect, 2 vols, j Pope's Poetical Works, 2 vols. 5 Thomson's Season^s, 
beautiful illustrations by fVestall; 5 vols., i2mo, boards, uncut, 10/ 


Paley, Natural Theology, with Notes, illustrated with a fine series of 
plates by Paxton, 2 vols., 8vo, calf gilt, 3 16 1826 

Falconer, The Shipwreck, with Additional Notes and Life by Clarke, 
fne engravings by Filler, sm. 8vo, calf gilt extra, tooled sides, 5/ 181 1 

Arabian Nights Entertainments, with other Specimens of 

Eastern Romance, illustrated with a fine series of woodcuts, 2 vols., 
i2mo, cloth, uncut, 7/6 '857 

Manchester. — History of Collegiate Church, no title, pp. i — 1845 a'so 
Descent of the Manor of Ashton, portrait and engravings^ 4to, half 
bound, with all faults, 8/6 1829 

Pilgrimage to Saint Mary of Walsingham and Saint Thomas of 
Canterbury, by Desiderius Erasmus, with Notes by J. G. Nichols, 
illustrations, sm. 8vo, cloth, 4/6 1849 

Leicestershire. — Ansted, Physical (Geography and Geology of the 
County of Leicester, map, folio, cloth, 4/6 Nichols, i865 

America. — Hutchinson, (Governor) History of the Province of 
Massachusetts Bay from 1749 to 1774, comprising a detailed narrative 
of the origin and early stages of the American Revolution, 8vo, 
boards, 14/ 1828 

Ancient Art, illustrations of, selected from Pompeii and Herculaneuro, 
by Archdeacon Trollope, fne illustrations, 410, cl. extra, 10/6 1854 

Sketch-Book, with Water-color Drawings : Vicarage, Rickmonds- 
worth, Sarat Church, etc., and Pencil Sketches, oblong 8vo, hf. bound, a/ 

Taylor & Son, The, Dryden's Head Boke Shoppe, Northampton. 

Tour in Northamptonshire^ ^635. 133 

Hauiog left this Towne, I hastned to visite a sickly, & dying 

Castle, not able to bold vp ber bead, w^ neuer left aking, euer sithence 

tbat heroicke spirited Queeo left a-king hers there ; 

PotWiojtax Cattle w^. I en tied oufT a Bridge, through a strong Gate- 

M aiy, qqmd of Sooto housc ; In her I found many Laige, and goodly 

Roomes» Chambers, Galleries, Chappell, Kitchins, 

Buttiyes, & Cellars, all correspondent, fitt, and answerable for a 

Princes Court. 

And for strength, both oifensiue, & defensiue, she was nott long 

since well prouided, w*** Towers, Bulwarkes, & Keeps, for Soldiers to 

keepe in; more especially, one round, mounted, 

Bdnraod of Langi^ large & Strong on the right hand of the Gate-house 

Duke of Yorke purposely built by a famous Duke, for those martiall 

men, to play tbeir Peeces ouer j & vndcr those strong 

walls & Battlem^ now roucb ruinated, w*** all their Lodgings, & 

Chambers, in that strong ffetter-lockt-Hold, w*^ dismall Dungeons 

thereby, which are both deepe, & hideously darke. 

Her stately Hall I found spacious, large, and answerable to the 
other Princelike Roomes, but drooping, and desolate, for that there 
^^s the Altar, where that great Queens head was sacrific'd 5 as all 
the rest of those precious, sweet Buildings doe sympathize, decay, 
fall, perish. & goe to wracke, for that vnluckie & fatall blow. 

Vpon the Leads I beheld her pleasant Scytuation, a delightful! 
Riuer, gliding & sporting close to, & by her drooping walls, and a 
sweet Leuell of rich Meadow Grounds louing*y adioyuing to it ; but 
the longer I stay'd, the more was my greife augmented, to see that soe 
stately, and magnificent a structure, should in her florishing strength 
and age, be most vnhappily destin'd to such ruine, and desolation \ 
these spectdations made me vnwilling to dedicate any more of my 
time heere, further then to take a cursory sight (w*^ I did) of the 
ancient CoUedge, standing not far from this Castle. 

Againe then I mounted, '& troop*d through a little Nooke of 
Huntingdonshire, by the same pleasant Riuer of 
P»t«boK)ogii Citty Nenn to the old Mother Church & ancient ffen city 
Tht CathednJi of this shire : the Buildings, & her Inhabitants, much 

Dr. ToiiJI. Deaoe ^^^^ poore & meane j I found in her net anything 
Br. Jo : LMttbe, remarkable, that was worth obseruing, or trauelling to, 

Dr^^H^n ^^^ ^^^ Cathedrall, w«^ is an ancient, lofty, strong. & 

i>r. Wiiiiamton fayre compacted Building of 1000 yeares standing. 

uJ'I^T" Her west entrance is somewhat differing from 

Prebend* Others, which I haue scene, wth a lofty fayre Arch, 

g^^ that makes a fayre walking He before you enter 

8 Boyet thereinto. 


134 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

As soone as I stept in, I stept vpon a Graue stone, vnder w*^ 
lay an old Watchman, & keeper of this old Minster, whose strength 
(as they say) was not to be paralelFd in this Land, the which they 
were loth should dye w^ him, because he had beene an old seruaot, 
and a faithful! Sexton to this his Mother Church ; and although he 
was but in a low Office in her, yet they haue plac*d him in a high 
Posture on y* wall, in his iust proportion, with the Badges of his Place, 
& Characters of his Person, w**, since tbey were so well pleas'd as to 
set up 5 it pleas'd me as well to take, and thus I found them : 

Yoa see old Scarlets Pictare stand on high 
But at your feete, there doth his Body lye. 
His graue-stone doth his Age, & Death-time show. 
His offiee by these tokens you may know. 
Second to none, for strength and sturdy limb, 
A scar-babe mighty voice, w^ visage grim 
Hee had interr*d two Queens w^^in this place ; 
And this Townes Housholders in his liues space 
Twice ouer ; but at length his owne tume came. 
What he for others did ; for him the same 
Was done : No doubt his Soule doth line for ay 
In Heauen : though heere, his Body's dad in day. 

Whilst I was busying my selfe in taking hereof, there entred 4 
old Almesmen, whose age, & calling promised a further, perfect, and 
fuller relation of this Giganticke Church Officer j Of them, I inquir'd, 
& began to read these Lines You see, &c. They suddenly answered 
me : '^ Oh would wee could see his Picture, as well as wee knew his 
Person ! " By which darke Riddle, I soone perceiu*d that they were all 
depriu*d of sight, these good old blind Men, told me many pretty 
passages of this sturdy old Lad, and acted them so to Life, as if hee 
had nott beene dead, nor they blind. 

ffrom hence I was tould away to their Cathedrall prayers, where 
Organs, and Voyces were but indifferent, w**' done I went to view the 
Monuments therein — 

The first I saw was a blind Bishop, & an old Hoodwink'd Monke, 
who was the first Bishop j John the last Abbot his Statue in fireestone 
vpon a Marble Tombe, South aboue the Quire; The other, North, 
right against him, in blew Marble. 

Next the Mourning Hearses of 2 vnfortunate memorable great 
Princesses that were interr'd heere^ viz^ Queene Katherinei Dowager 
of Spaine ; And 

Tour in Northamptonshire, 1635. ^35 

Mary Queen of Scotland, & late renowned Kings Mother, whose 
body bis Ma^ caused to be remou'd from this fienny soyle, ta his 
Royall Predecess". Cbapell att Westminster, to rest there amongst 
those Hereticke Bones, in that precious fiabricke ; for w«^ the poore 
vergers in this Church moume onely with ber Scutchions, w*^ jrields 
to them, but a sad & disconsolate prospect. 

Tbe fayre Grauestone of Prelate Adams, thus insculpt. M. semel 
X. trina, ter, et sex, I. quoque bina. 

Beyond the High Altar (w^ the foresayd last Abbot did build, 

the Partition being lofty & rich) are y« Monuments of S' 

MoBUMBta Humphey Orme, & his Lady, 7 Sons, & 8 Daugbters : 

S'. Henry his Son, his Lady, & tbeir Children in their 

kneeling postures, but both the Knights in their Martiall weeds. 

South of this Quire lies an old Abbott in blew Marble. North 
thereof is Dame Amy's faire Chappell 40 Paces long, the siding 
aboue, is all richly gilt ; & a place adioyning to it where She liu'd an 

On tbe North side of the Crosse He, is lately erected a very 
neat, & fayre Monum*. of Marble, whereon lyeth a milke white 
Done, w^ his long white Beard, in his Pontificall Robes his Statue of 
Alabaster, delineated, & caru'd to the Life, couer*d ouer with a Large 
faire Stone of Touch, supported by 4 Marble Pillers. At his head, 
betweene the Monum' he lyes on, & the said Touchstone couer, is 
the Miter, y* Armes of the Church, & a Doues. & the Statues of the 
4 Vertues in Alabaster; crosse at his feete, is an Anotoroy in a 
Sheet J also a Library, neatly, & artificially cut. 

Neere this is a Monum*. w^'^out any Statue for one M'. Worme, 
wth whose name the Poet desir'd it seemes to try his skill, by way of 
Allusion, thus : 

Vermis edat Vermem, oredas F ciim vermibns exoe est 

Vennis ; sio vermis vemibns esca manet. 
Vermis edat vermen ; baud oredas, cum vermibns ipse est 

Vermis, nee vermis vermibns esca manet. 
Sio est, sio non est, verum est bnno esse beatam 
Vermibns absqne snis, vermibns atqne snis. 

In the Church is the fayre Grauestone of Abbot Ramsey, w** a 
Ram thereon. 

Next I went into the Cloyster, w*** for her structure is faire, and 

Large, & for her Windowes, she excells any other 

The cioytter Cloyster in England, & because they soe farre preceed, 

giue me leaue to trespasse,upon y'. patience, in the reere of 

18 • 

136 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

mj Journey to open their Casemente, & giue you a small light how I 
found them curiously pourtray'd and painted. Thus : 

In one Qoarter 
Adam, and Ene drinen 

out of Paradise 
Cain Killing Abell 
Lamech Killing Gain 
Koahs Arke 
He builds an Altar 
Plants a vinyard 
He 1b made dnmke 
Babelle Tower bait 
8 AnsrellB appeare to 

Sodome burnt 
Abraham oflHnghis son 

Esau hunting 
Jacobs Ladder 
He wrestles with the 

The Historic of Joseph 
Moses by the Bush 
The Law deliuered 
The Arke carry*d ouer 

Sampson, ft y« Lion 
Dauid, and Gk>1iah 
Absolon haDe:*d 
Salomon's Temple 

Job's condition 
Old Tobias. 

In aoother Quarter 
The Angells appeare 
Ohrists birth 
The Shepheardfl 
TheS Wisemen 
They are led away 
Old Simeon 

K Herod alayes the In- 
Christ disputing in the 

John baptising 
TheDeuilltempU Christ, 

setts him on a Pinaole 
Stones made bread 
Christe transfiguration 
He rayseth Lazarus 
Rides to Jerusalem 
Eats the Passouer 
Prayes in the Garden 
Judias betrays him 
The Soldiers apprehend 

He is mookt, whipt, & 

He carries his owne 

Hee is cruoify'd 
Hee is taken downs 

Hee is layd in the Sep- 

Hee descends into HeU 

Hee rises j* Zd day 

Mary goes to the Sepnl* 

The Box of Oyntmt. 

Christs appari^on 

The Disciples togeather 

Thomas puts his finger 
into his wounds 

His Ascension. 
In y« 3d Quarter 

K. Penda y^ first floun- 
der of tms Church 

24 Kings more frosi him 
to i Wm. ye Con- 

And in ye 4th Quarter 
west of the said Cloy- 
ster King Wolphere 

Peda & Etheldred sons 
of K Penda ffounders 
also of this Church 

Ethelwold, Bishop of 

Abbot Aidulph 

King Edgar, both great 
Benefactors to her 

The History of St. Chad, 
and his Children 

Cum multis alijs 

There are many other great vast Buildings, and very spacious on 

the South side of the sayd Cathedral!, that in times of yore, have 

florished, as by those stately structures appeares. And on the top 

of the Cathedral!, to w*^ I ascended, and thence did behold about me 

a !itt!e Kingdome of Marishes and Fenns, wherein were quarter'd 

many Regiments of Cattel! ', and her 2 old neighbouring, watry, and 

Flegmaticke Sisters, Crowland and Ely, w*** their tatter *d & ragged 

blew Azure Mantles about them, which Time, and Age made soe 

decrepit: Heere was I satisfy'd enough w*** their sight, w**out 

marching to them, hauing not long sithence beene full gorg'd w*^ 

them. And although I doe not carry yo" to them, yet giue me leaue 

a little to trausgresse, in the latter end of my Journey, hauing them in 

my sight to racke yo' Patience, & to tell yo** how I then found them.' 

Here follows a description of Crowland, which seems to have 

made a very unfavourable impression upon our traveller. « ^p 

J. 1. 

Races in Northamptonshire. 137 

295. — Racbs in Northamptonshirb. — The first collected 
accGoots of Horse Matches ran at Harlestone, Rothwell, Daventry^ 
Peterborough, Kettering, and Northampton, which I have met with, 
are to be found in 

" An HiBtorioal list or Aoooimt of all the Horse Matches Bun, and of all 
the Flatee and Prizes ran for in England (of the Talne of Ten Pounds 
or npwards) in 1727." 

The compiler has added some ''Proposals for Printing by 
Subscription, Once a year for 7 years successively," which are signed 
" By John Cheny, of Arundel in Sussex.'* There is a copy in the 
library of lord Spencer at Althorpe. 

When the horses entered were more than two or three, there 
were always several heats to decide the races. The value of the 
prizes would not now attract horses of the first class. At Harlestone 
the first prize was a i6U plate. At Daventry there was a purse of 
60 guineas for the best race, 30 guineas for another, and a plate worth 
ij/. for a third race. At Kettering the plate was worth 15/. At 
RothweU were two prizes of 20 guineas and one of 10 guineas. 
Plates worth 40/., 15/., and 10/., were offered at Northampton. 
At Peterborough the best prize was worth 50/., and there were others 
of 40/. and 20/. 

The greatest number of horses that entered for any one race was 
at Daventry, where twelve started for the purse of 30 guineas. In 
the conditions for this race we read that it was " free for Galloways, 
pi/, the highest give and take ; but the Winner to be sold for 30 
guineas, the second best to have the Stakes.'* It is doubtful if 
sportsmen of to-day would perfectly understand the expressions 
made use of. The account of this race may be quoted as a 
specimen : — 

" In running for this Prize, there were but two in either the first 
or second heat that made running for the same ; but all the other 
took up, and came easy in. 

The two that run for the first Heat were Smiling-MoUy and 
Cufid, and the Mare won it. The two that run for the second Heat, 
were Dumplin and Smiling- Betty -Bircher, and the Horse won it. In 
these two Heats, the four last iu the List were distanced. Buck was 
lamed, and drawn, and the other seven started a third Heat, every 
one making all the running he could, and came in as follows : 

Smiling' Moily, first, won the Plate. Dumplin, second, won the 
Stakes. Cupid, third. Smiling-Betty-Bircher, fourth. Fanny-Rock, 
fifth. Cripple, sixth. And iVhy-ask-ye was distanced." 

138 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

The names given to horses in the other races are very similar to 
these. Some are unimpressive, such as " Have-at-all," *' Smiling 
Ball," " Tickle-me-quickly." Amongst the owners whose horses ran 
we find the earl of Cardigan, the earl of Essex, the earl of Hallifax, 
the hon. Mr. Bertie, lord Griffin, sir Thomas Sam well, sir Edward 
Obrien, sir Arthur Hesilrige, and others. The Peterborough meeting 
concluded with a match. '^ On the last Day of this Month of Juhf, 
Mr. Bainbrigges Chestnut Gelding, Carlisle, gsL jL beat on this 
Course of Peterborough Mr. King's Bay Horse Long-yokn^ gst. 
4 Miles, 100 Guineas." 

Can any reader supply an instance of a printed account of races 
in this county earlier than the above ? C. G. 

296. — The State of the Poor in Northamptonshire in 
1795. — The annexed account of the state of a Northamptonshire 
parish ninety-one year$ ago, will be considered not unsuitable to our 
pages at a time when wages, prices, and all the details of agricultural 
receipts and expenditure occupy much of th^ attention of the public. 
It is taken from 

The State of the Poor: or, an Hifitory of the Labooring Clasees in 
England, from the Conquest to the Present Period ; In which are 
partionlarly considered, their Domestio Economy, with respect to Diet, 
Dress, Fuel, and Habitation ; and the various Plans which, from time 
to time have been proposed, and adopted, for the Belief of the Poor : 
Together with Parochial Reports Belative to the Administration of 
Workhouses, and Houses of Industry ; the Btate of Friendly Societies ; 
and other Public Institutions ; in several Ag^cultural, Commercial, and 
Manufacturing Districts. .... By Sir Frederic Morton Eden, Bart. 
LovDOV * Printed bj J. Datu, for B. & J. White, Fleet-itreet, etc. 1797. 

"This parish [Roade] contains, by estimation, 1300 acres j 
and about 370 inhabitants, who are chiefly agriculturists. A few 
women and children are employed in lace-making. There is here a 
sect of Anabaptists : it is conjectured, that about 5 of the parish is of 
that persuasion ; the remainder is of the Established Church. 21 
houses pay the window tax ; and 54 are exempted. There are 3 ale- 
houses in the parish. 

The prices of provisions are the same as at Northampton. The 
wages of labour are various; but, generally, in the winter and 
spring, about is. a day, with breakfast and beer; in hay harvest, 
los. 6d. the week, with beer; in com harvest, 40s. the month, and 
board ; and if the harvest exceeds the month, then the wages are is. 
a day, and board, till it is concluded : lace-workers earn from 6d. to 
IS. or IS. ad. the day ; but generally 8d. or lod. a day. Women here 
are never employed in reaping j and it is even very rare to see them 
milk a cow. A servant-maid, of 20 years of age, has about ^3- a 

State of the Poor in 1795. 


year^ in a farmer's service ; a man of the same age has £6, to £g, a 
jcarj masons, as. a day, with beerj joiners, from las. to 158. the 
week ; a common carpenter, is. a day, and board. 

The greatest part of this parish belongs to the Duke of Grafton, 
and is let at 83. an acre j the average rent of the whole parish is 
about I OS. 6d. or 12s. an acre. Farms are from 4^12. to 4^90. a year, 
but chiefly about jf 30. or £^0, a year. The parish, (excepting about 
160 acres,) is common field ; which is divided into three parts, one 
of which is fallow; another, wheat or barley; and the third, beans 
or pease : this is the constant rotation of crops. I'ithes are taken in 
kind. The land-tax is £^o, los. jd. and is about is. i id. in the 
pound. There is a small coimnon of about 100 acres, on which this 
and two other parishes intercommon. 

The poor receive an allowance at home: the following list 
exhibits their number, ages, and weekly pay : 

1 A spinster, who has been a lace-maker ; 

2 Ditto, . . do. 

3 A labourer's widow, and 3 children 5 

4 A spinster, insane ; . . . 

5 An old farmer, and his wife ; they are about 

6 A labourer's widow, and 2 children; 

7 An inn-keeper's widow ; 

8 A farmer's widow ; . . . 

9 A labourer's widow ; . 

10 A labourer, and wife ; . 

11 A spinster, was a lace maker; now almost blind 

12 An innkeeper's widow ; 

13 A labourer, and his wife ; 


s. d. 




I 6 



. 38 

a 6 






3 a 


, I 6 





; 70 

a 6 




I 6 




To families of militia-men, serving for this parish, weekly 

Total . £1 16 

Besides the above regular pensioners, several have occasional relief. 

The following is a statement of the earnings and expences of a 
labourer's family in this parish : 

Richard Walker, ^6 years of age, has a wife and 5 children, viz. 
3 ^^^> 9 year's o^d ; a boy, 7 years ; another boy, 6 years ; another, 
3 years ; and another child, i year old. 

20 O 



The bread used in this family costs, at present, 7s. or 

8s. a week j it formerly cost 5s. 
Butcher's meat, now as. 6d. j was, till lately, about as, 

AVCCK • • • • • 

Beer, about a gallon a week, at 4d. 

Butter, i pound a week, at 8d. the lb. 

Tea and sugar, about 11 d. a week 

Cheese, potatoes, and milk, (of which very little is 

used,) annually .... 
Soap, candles, &c. annually, cost about 
Shoes, ajs. 5 shirts, about, las. > other cloaths, about 

los. ..... 

House-rent (the bouse is the Duke of Grafton's) 
Wife's lyings-in (say once in two years) cost annually 

about ..... 

Total expence 
Total earnings 

Deficiency of earnings . 











140 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

The roan, in the winter and spring, earns about ts. a day, and his 
breakfast and beer, when he works by the day j when he works bj 
the piece, is. 6d. or as. a day ; in hay time, xos. 6d. a week, ^irith 
beer 5 harvest, 40s. a month. 


He estimates his earnings, annually, at 

He rings the church- bell twice a day, for which he 

receives annually ..... 
He earns a little as a barber ; and digs graves at the 

dissenting chapel : his earnings, annually, by these 

employments, are estimated at • 
His wife is a lace-worker, and, besides taking care of 

the family, earns about 6d. a week ; annually 
Three of his children are at the lace-school, and, 

besides paying for the thread and schooling, earn 

about 6d. a week .... 

His family, by gleaning in harvest, collect com, worth 

about ...... 

ToUl receipts . £26 8 o 






€2^ x6 
%6 8 


£1 8 


State of the Poor in 1795. 141 

Notwithstanding every thing is taken at the last year's prices^ here 
is a de^iency of £1 8s. 2d. This man does not receive any 
parochial assistance; but his neighbours, who know him to be 
industrious and careful, are very kind to him, and give him old 
cloaths, &c. He bss also, sometimes, been assisted by his landlord. 
His expence for fuel, (wood,) which, he says, costs him about 50s. a 
year, is not included in the above statement ; so that his deficiencies 
must be £^ 18s. : he has the character of an honest, industrious man. 

The Poor make a great deal by gleaning here; several families 
will grather as much wheat as will serve them for bread the whole 
year ; and as many beans as will keep a pig. Agriculture, here, is in 
a wretched state, from the land being in common-fields : the farmers 
are often at a great loss for hay : their cows, in the summer, must be 
herded on the head-lands in the day-time, and confined in the night : 
their crops of corn are scanty; and their land, by constant tillage, 
becomes almost exhausted. .In short, they are of opinion, that were 
their lands enclosed, and their rents doubled, they should be 
considerable gainers : it is said, however, that some great proprietors 
object to the measure. 

The produce of the Rates is all applied to the use of the Poor, 
with the exception of a guineas a year, which are paid to the county 
infirmary. Most of the parishes in this neighbourhood consist of 
open-field. In some, where the land is old enclosure, the Rates are 
from lod. to IS. 6d. in the pound. 

A donation of 4^4. a year is annually distributed to the Poor of 
this parish. The assessments are said to be at full rental.*' 

J. T. 

297. — ^Who was " R. W.," who was Etb- Witness of thb 
ExBCUTiON OP Mart Qubbn of Scots ? — The eye-witness who 
sent to Lord Burghley a graphic description of the execution of Mary 
Queen of Scots, at Fotheringbay castle, Feb. 8, 1587, signed 
himself " R. W." Cuthbert Bede, in his Fbtheringhay, and Mary 
Queen of Scots, p. aao, says: "The 'R. W.' is believed to be 
Richard Wigmore, secret agent of lord Burghley." I would 
ask if this is known to be a fact. May not the writer have 
been sir Richard Wortley ? At the time of Mary's execution, Orton 
Longueville was possessed by Henry, the fourth son of the earl of 
Shrewsbury, who was staying at Orton at the time, and, when 
smnmoned by Beale, went over from there to Fotheringhay, on 
Tuesday, Feb. 7th, the day before the execution. There was a 
connection between the Talbot and Wortley families ; and sir R. B, 
Cotton mentions a shield of armour belonging to the family of 


142 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Wortley, as being in a window of Orton Longueville church. Sir 
Richard Wortley's widow afterwards married a Cavendish, a step-son 
of the earl of Shrewsbury; and the earl and sir Richard were, 
probably, friends. Could the latter have been the " R. W." who has 
left us such a moving picture of the hapless queen's judicial murder ? 


298. — The Trbshams of Newton and Wold (289). — A 
correction is rendered necessary by the discovery of the will of sir 
Thomas Treshara of Newton. This will, dated ai Jan., 1635-6, 
was proved 27 Sept., 1636. lo it sir Thomas makes no mention of 
Henry his eldest son, presumably he was dead ; but he bequeaths the 
manor and advowson of Pilton to Thomas Tresham, whom he calls 
his eldest son ; and after him to Maurice, the eldest son of his son 
Thomas. Newton and Geddington, with other smaller estates, are 
settled upon William, the second son ; upon condition that '' he doe 
pay or cause to be paid unto Anne, Thomas, Elizabeth, William, 
Dorothye, and Rosa Maria, the sonnes and daughters of my said 
Sonne Thomas Tresham, the sume of two thousand pounds of lawful 
English money," to be divided amongst them. A farm in Pilton 
purchased in the name of his " sonne Mr. Robert Hickes," is to be 
handed over to his son Thomas Tresham. His "sonne Joseph 
Bryan Esq." and nephew ** Robert Tanfield Esq." are left executors. 
Certain debts are to be paid to his ''daughter Lewes," and bis 
" daughter Cotty." The latter is doubtless the '• Anne Cottie " who 
stands as witness at a baptism in 1629 with her sister Dorothy Hickes. 
Thus sir Thomas seems to have left three sons, two only being 
mentioned in his will, and several daughters, probably seven \ and of 
these or their husbands he names four only, viz., Hickes, firyan, 
Lewes, and Cotty. 

In connection with William Tresham of Wold, it may be inter- 
esting to notice that Barbara, widow of Richard Isham and mother 
of Elizabeth Tresham, died in 162 1, and was buried at Lamport 
29 Nov. Her will, dated 24 Nov., was proved 12 Dec, 1621. In 
it she says " Item I will that my executo" deliver unto my daughter 
Tresham the litle bed-steade wherein I usuallie lie wth ffetherbed and 
boulster thereunto belonginge. Item I give unto my sonne-in-lawe 
Mr. William Tresham one deske standeing eupon a sideboarde in the 
Hall. And to Richard Tresham Henry Tresham and Elizabeth 
Tresham children of my daughter Tresham two shillings and six 
nence a peece severally. . . . Item I give unto my daughter 
-esham the some of Tenn shillings of lawfull money of England." 

The Treshams of Newton and Wold. 143 

Mary, daughter of William and Elizabeth Tresham married 
(a April, 1653) Daniel Wapoole, of ClipstOD. The burial of " Daniel 
Walpole," in all probability her husband, is recorded as having taken 
place 25 Nov., 1677, aged 52. He would thus be exactly of an age 
with Mary. Possibly her death had occurred earlier, but the Clipston 
registers previous to 1667 were burnt. 

Richard Tresham, so far as I have ascertained the last male 
representative of the Wold family, was buried 17 January, 1683-4. 
On 22 March, 1683-4, administration of bis goods was granted to his 
daughter Elizabeth, the lawful wife of '* John Chapman of Lamport/* 
and " ye only daughter and administrator ** of the deceased. 

H. I. L. 


299. — Mary Queen op Scots* Betrothal Ring. — The 
owner of Fotheringhay castle, in 1820, appears to have considered 
the historical ruin rather in the light of a valuable quarry wherewith 
to obtain stone for the repairs of farm-buildings on his estate. In 
June, of that year, a portion of the moat was filled up, the foundations 
of the drawbridge were removed, and the foundations of the castle 
were, to a great extent, carted away. The eastern side of the mound, 
on which was the Fetter-lock keep, was dug into, in the search for 
more stone; and the excavations brought to light the back of a 


144 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

chimney, the entraDces to two closets, and a pavemeDt of Nonnin 
bricks. Some coins of Edward ii. and iv. were also found. One of 
the workmen employed on this occasion was a man of the name of 
Robert Wyatt, who had been a private in " The Prince of Wales* 
3rd Regiment.*' Perhaps it was this employment at the ruins erf 
Fotheringhay, in the summer of 1 820, that led him to take up the 
r6le of a self-constituted guide to the castle precincts. Any way, for 
many years, towards the close of his long life, he chiefly gained his 
livelihood by proffering his attentions to visitors to the castle, and 
describing to them the romantic history of the place. He had got 
up his tale fairly well, and told it many times to myself, and, I 
daresay, to others who will read these lines. They will remember 
his account of how he helped to fill in the moat, and how be assisted 
to dig up the drawbridge, and how a Scotch gentleman had come 
there, and " had measured out the execution room, and had found it 

And then Robert Wyatt was wont to play his trump^^ard, and- 
would tell the visitor how he had himself found Queen Mary's own 
ring, on one lucky day when he was searching among the rubbish 
near to the great mound. I bad searched there again and again, but 
had never found anything of greater consequence than some human 
bones, that the rabbits had scratched out of a burrow on the eastern 
side of the mound : that they were human bones was testified by 
Mr. Wright, surgeon, of Stilton. That ring was, certainly, a 
remarkable discovery ; and when the members of the Architectural 
Society visited Fotheringhay, on Monday, July 29th, 1861, Robert 
Wyatt, then nearly blind and eighty-two years of age, was there to 
tell his tale of the discovery of the Damley ring, to Messrs. Parker, 
Freeman, and many other learned antiquarians who were present 
Miss Agnes Strickland was also there, and she kindly proposed a 
subscription for the old man, who was thereby made happy with a 
larger fee than his threadbare tales had probably ever won for him. 
This was his last chief appearance as the guide to Fotheringhay 
castle 5 for when I went there early in September, 1862, and enquired 
after Robert Wyatt, I was told that, a short time previous, he had 
returned late in the evening from the Warmington " feast,'* consider- 
ably the worse for drink, and had been put to bed and there found 
dead in the morning. 

The ring discovered by Robert Wyatt was the signet-ring, with 
the monogram of Mary and Henry Damley bound up in a true 
lovers' knot^ and, within the hoop, the lion on a crowned shield, and 

Mary Queen of Scots' Betrothal Ring. 145 

the inscription " Henri L. Darnley, 1565." Miss Strickland gives 
an illostration of the ring in the flat^ and so does Mr. Albert Way, in 
a printed paper in the journals of the Royal ArcbsBological Institute.* 
My own illustration of the signet ring, in my Fotheringhay, and 
Mary Queen of Scois, (Alfred King, Oundle,) was taken from a 
drawing made by Mr. Albert Way for the late Mr. Joseph Cecil, of 
Northampton. The various illustrations of the ring now given in 
this journal were most kindly made for me by Mr. Wallis, of the 
South Kensington Museum, and his accomplished daughter. Miss 
Rosa Wallis ; and they are now published for the first time. I had 
never seen the ring until October i jth, 1 886, when I went to the 
South Kensington Museum, and Mr. Wallis was good enough to 
unlock the glass-case in which the ring is preserved, and to take it 
out for my close inspection. He has also given me a fine impression 
of the monogram. Visitors to South Kensington will find the case 
in the centre of the South Court, among the Waterton collecticm of 
rings, in the case marked " Betrothal and Fede rings.*' The Mary 
Stuart ring is thus ofiScially described : — 

"RiNO. Gold signet, with oval bezel, engraved with the initials 
' M. H.' and true lovers* knots, the inside engraved with the royal 
arms of Scotland, and inscribed ' Henri L. Darnley, 1565.* English. 
16* Cent^. Diam. lin. (Waterton Collection.) Bought, 4^. 841. 

The price given for the ring appears to have been absurdly small 
for so priceless a relic 5 but there it is, and it is a fortunate thing that 
it is in a national collection, where everyone may see it, and ponder 
upon its history. 

Probably Miss Strickland's surmise is correct : " Perhaps it 
dropped from Mary's finger in her death agony on the block, and was 
swept away among the bloody sawdust unobserved." Whether or 
no she habitually wore this betrothal ring may be a matter for 
conjecture $ but that she had placed it on her finger before laying her 
head upon the block seems to be a certainty. It may be remembered, 
that one of the rings worn by her in the judicial trial, was the 
diamond ring that had been sent to her when she was a prisoner at 
Lochleveb, by Queen Elizabeth ; with the assurance that, if she could 
effect her escape, the English Queen would meet her on the border 
with a force sufiicient to protect her against her rebellious subjects. 
This was the ring that she shewed to the lords who were her judges. 

* YoL zxv.| p. 29. See alao vol. zv., 264, for the Signet Ring now m the 
Britiah HnBeum. 

146 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

** Look here, my lords ! ** she said to them as she displayed the 
diamond ring, '* I came to England relying upon the friendship and 
promises of your Queen. Look at this pledge of love and protection 
that I received from your mistress. Regard it well. Trusting to 
this pledge I came among you. You all know how it has been kept** 
The history of Mary Stuart*s rings is, indeed, a sad one. 

Whether the gold signet ring was sold by its lucky finder, Robert 
Wyatt, to colonel Grant, I am unable to say ; but it came into the 
colonePs possession, and was exhibited by Mr. Farrer, in the museum 
formed during the annual meeting of the Society of Antiquaries, at 
Salisbury, July, 1849. Subsequently, it passed into the choice 
collection of rings formed by Edmund Waterton, Esq., f.s.a., then 
of Walton hall, near Wakefield, but now living at his ancestral home. 
Deeping Waterton hall. Market Deeping, Lincolnshire; and when 
Mr. Waterton parted with the dactyiiotheca that he had formed with 
so much taste, learning, and expense, the nation were the gainers 

Mr. Albert Way says : " The beautiful ring discovered at 
Fotheringhay has been regarded as a nuptial gift, a token probably of 
plighted troth, from Mary to Damley. The impress presents the 
initials h and m combined ; with a true love-knot repeated above and 
below the monogram. The first stroke of the h, however, has a 
transverse line at the top, forming a t ; a letter which it is not easy 
to explain in connection with the supposed allusion to the names 
of Henry and Mary. Within the loop is engraved a small escutcheon, 
charged with a lion rampant, and surmounted by an arched crown. 
The tressure of Scotland alone is wanting to give a royal character to 
this little achievement >yhich is accompanied by die inscription: 
HENRI L. DARMLET. 1565, This IS, doubtlcss, to be read Henry, 
Lord Darnley." 

Damley had become the accepted suitor of Mary Stuart, both at 
Wemyss Castle and Holyrood, in February, 1565 j and he had 
proposed marriage to her, in March ; but she refused the ring that he 
then offered to her; but in April their nuptials were privately 
celebrated in Stirling castle. On May 15, she publicly announced 
her intention of marrying Darnley ; and on May 29, she was publicly 
married to him. The heralds proclaimed him king of Scotland, and 
thenceforth all documents were signed " Henry and Marie R.** 

Mr. Albert Way says: "Two points of difficulty obviously 
present themselves in regard to this ring, the interest of which is oi 
no ordinary kind, if it may be received as unquestionably a relic of 

Mary Queen of Scots^ Betrothal Ring. 147 

that important p>eriod in the fortunes of Darnley ; still more important 
in the calamitous course of public affairs in Scotland. The intro- 
dactioo of a T in the monogram requires more satisfactory explanation 
than has hitherto been suggested. Some have thought to trace in 
this iuitial some allusion to the royal house of Tudor ; since Damley*s 
maternal grandmother^ it will be remembered, was Margaret, 
daughter of Henry vii. of England, and dowager of James iv., king 
of Scots, grandfather of Queen Mary. Thus both the affianced 
parties, on the occasion for which this remarkable token of betrothal 
may have been prepared, might alike claim descent, in the second 
generation, from the Tudor race ; and, how momentous were the 
questions involved in that claim and that descent ! 

''The other feature of detail not easily to be explained, is the 
introduction of the lion rampant within the ring, accompanied by the 
royal crown, and the date when Mary actually conferred on Darnley 
the title of king. Under these circumstances, a single bearing being 
thus specially selected, not the ancestral coat of Darnley*s family, it 
might naturally be expected that the lion of Scotland would appear, 
accompanied by the tressure, which, however, is here wanting. The 
conjecture is indeed not inadmissible, in the absence of any other 
solution of the difficulty, that the diminutive size of the escutcheon 
may have occasioned either the omission of the tressure j or that the 
tressure may have been expressed merely on the surface of the red 
enamel, now wholly lost, with which the field of the miniature 
achievement was, doubtless, filled up. It has been conjectured that 
the lion rampant might possibly be the ancient bearing of the 
earldom of Fife j which appears to have been borne by the dukes of 
Albany, and may have been placed on this ring in special allusion to 
that title being conferred on Darnley on the day previous to his 

The signet-ring of Mary Queen of Scots, preserved in the British 
Museum, was believed by Sir Henry Ellis to be her " nuptial ring." 
It was in the possession of the queen of George iii. in 1792, and 
then came into the possession of the duke of York ; and, at the sale 
of his effects, at Christie's, March, 1827, it was purchased for 
fourteen guineas by Richard Greene, p.s.a. The ring is of gold, of 
massive form, weighing 212 grains. The arms of Scotland are 
engraved on a piece of crystal or white sapphire, of oval form 5 with 
the motto " In defens," and the initials "M. R." Within the hoop 
of the ring is a cipher, originally enamelled, enclosed within a band, 
and ensigned by a crown. Mr. Albert Way thought that the mono- 

148 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

gram was composed of the two Greek letters Thi and Mu, signifying 
the initials of Frances and Mary ; and that the ring was engraved 
between her betrothal to the Dauphin, August, 1548, and their 
marriage, April 24, 1558. A similar monogram was engraved on the 
small silver hand-bell (now in the possession of Robert Bruce, Esq., 
of Kennet, Clackmannanshire,) which is mentioned in the inventory 
of plate remaining in the custody of Elizabeth Curie, at Fotheringhay 
castle, February 20, 1686-7, twelve days after the execution of het 
royal mistress. Cuthbbrt Bbob. 

300. — Earlt Crossbs. — A paragraph in the fTellinghorougk 
Post of 12 Nov. gives an account of a copy of the famous Saxon 
cross at Eyam, in Derbyshire, recently completed in Clipsham stone 
by our correspondent, the rev. R. S. Baker, which is now to be seen 
at Hargrave rectory. It is intended as a memorial to the rev. G. 
Rowe, many years principal of the training college at York, and 
sometime curate of Swynshed, co. Hunts., and will be placed in 
the churchyard of Osbaldwick near York. ** Three sides have the 
intricate interlacing patterns peculiar to these relics of early Chrustian 
art, thought to be an imitation of wicker-work ; just as the stone 
beam and trusses of Saxon tracery like that of Earls Barton are 
supposed to be an imitation in stone of the wooden buildings of the 
old houses of the Norse invaders. The fourth side has a scroll 
pattern, of Roman or Etruscan character.** All these features are 
faithfully reproduced from the Eyam cross. 

Crosses of this kind are rare in England, except in Cornwall. It 
would be interesting to note here what specimens, either in fragments 
or entire, are to be found in Northamptonshire. 

When the tower of Helpston was rebuilt about twenty years ago, 
several memorial stone crosses were found built up as material in the 
walls. One of these, about two feet in length, is clearly of Saxon 
character, and has a rude cross in the head, and the beginning of the 
interlacing work of the stem. Part of a similar cross is still stand- 
ing in the churchyard at Castor. Will readers of " N. N. & Q." 
kindly supply other instances ? Ed. 

301. — Washington Rblics. — A letter in The Standard^ dated 
13 Aug., 1885, and signed with the initials ''A. M. D.," mentions 
the loss of a well-authenticated relic of Washington, namely, the 
emblazoned arms which hung for years in the house of his ancestor, 
outside Northampton. ** The good lady inhabiting it a few years ago 
received the curious, and pointed out the objects of interest An 
American offered a pound for the brass 5 and she, having no idea of 









B > 









©•r •-• 



^ -sis.! 


The Gradual Decay of Kir by Hall. 149 

its monetary value, gladly exchanged it for the sovereign." A few 
days later a letter appeared^ signed '* Julius Sladden,*' and dated 19 
Aug., which we give entire. " In the secluded little paiish church of 
Wickhamford, near Evesham^ within the altar rails, may be seen, 
graven in the flat stone and well preserved, the Washington coat of 
arms, the well known Stars and Stripes, together uith a Latin 
inscription to the memory of Penelope, daughter of Colonel Henry 
Washington, descended from Sir William Washington, Knight, of 
the county of Northampton. This lady, Penelope Washington, 
baried at Wickhamford, died February 27, 1697, and the inscription, 
highly eulogistic of her noble family, is well worth the notice of 
Amencans and others as showing how the most illustrious of that 
name was descended from a stock honoured alike in public and 
private life." Delta. 

302. — Thb GRADUAL OBCAT OP KiRBY HALL. — There are 
probably few persons now living, who can remember Kirby hall in 
its ondecayed state. It may be that one or two of the very aged in 
its immediate neighbourhood can carry their memories back far 
enough to recall something of its original splendour. Canon James, 
in bis well-known article in the Quarterly in 1857, says that it had 
been a habitable house within fifty years of that date. His striking 
and eloquent description of it, as he knew it at the time of his 
writing, is doubtless familiar to most of our readers. He calls it '* of 
all domestic ruins the saddest by far." It was spoken of as a retreat 
for the court of George iii. in the event of an invasion, so utterly 
secluded is its position. A few lines may be quoted, as the time of 
his writing is nearly midway between the dates of the two notices 
we give of visits in 1834 ^°^ 1885. 

" To see, as at Kirby, the very action of decomposition going on, 
the crumbling stucco of the ceiling feeding the vampire ivy, the 
tattered tapestry yet hanging on the wall, the picture flapping in its 
broken frame — to inhale the foetid air where rats are scuflling behind 
the rotten wainscot, and mice are nestling in the organ-pipes, and 
chimbling the organ-bellows in the library once filled with the MSB. 
and books of Dugdale — to see the machinery of the clock fallen in 
through the roof into the chapel, and the fresh frem ferns sprouting 
up in the choked gutters ) and yet the masonry in all its firmness, 
without a stone displaced — the sculpture as sharp as the first day it 
Was carved — the solid oak staircase yet entire : this is a melancholy 
without a redeeming touch of hope or comfort." 


150 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

The impressions made upon Mr. James Scultborpe, on his visit 
in 1834, 8re given in a paper printed in The Kettering Observer of 
5 Sep., 1884. The following digest of this paper has been kindlj 
prepared by his daughter, Mrs. Hall \ who has added an account of 
the present state of the hall, shewing the utter and hopeless desolation 
into which it has fallen. 

"The late Mr. James Scultborpe, of Gretton, writes in May, 
1834, that he one evening walked to Kirby, and the hall seemed like 
a worn-out garment, no longer fit for the use of the one for whom it 
was originally made ; and therefore cast off for the acceptance of 
someone in a lower sphere of life. It bore many signs of former 
splendour, but was silently and slowly relapsing into destruction. 
Chilliness pervaded the magnificent avenue of lime trees, which was 
peopled with a colony of rooks, cawing in their nests. From the 
avenue, be entered the outer court ; and thence, through a handsome 
portal surmounted by a clock-tower to the inner quadrangle, surrounded 
on all sides by beautiful masonry, some of which was designed by 
Inigo Jones. Here a woman, who occupied some apartments there, 
appeared and proceeded to conduct him through passages bung with 
portraits of the earl of Winch ilsea's family, who is the owner of 
the property. Then she opened one of the front rooms ; on both 
sides of the door stood handsome cabinets, and near the fireplace an 
organ, whose tone was rather disordered by neglect. The next room 
shown was an upper one, containing a bed. The window of this 
room was semicircular and faced the south. The next room was 
more spacious, with an aspect towards the west, having two windows 
with scarlet curtains. Twenty-two years previously, Mr. S., who 
was a farming pupil at that time, had dined in this room with the 
tenantry, when they celebrated his lordship's majority. 

" The next room entered was the ball-room. All the windows 
were plastered up, except one at the end, with folding doors, which 
opened on a balcony, that would admit several persons to the opeo-air 
at once. Then they mounted a flight of steps, and walked into the 
private chapel, with its manifest tokens of fleeting elegance. He was 
next conducted up a staircase in the clock-tower \ the clock was not 
going, and the jackdaws had made it their retreat. From the clock, 
the stairs led upwards to the leads, which aflbrded a view of the 
beautiful pasture-grounds and verdant shades. The garden had not 
been cultivated for a long time, but a flower here and there shot up 
amid the weeds and rubbish." 


B The Gradual Decay of Kir by Hall. 151 

I " In Aagust, 1885, I went to Kirby. On approaching nearer to 

■ the mansion the trees increased in numbers, until their shadoix^y 

■ clamps are of the densest description : chestnuts, hollies, and limes 
I abounding. There is a square enclosure, surrounded by a wall with 

■ an open balustrade at the top 3 this is intersected by three dignified 
gateways, the pillars of which contain niches, and are overarched 
with masonry, ornamented with balls and the Winchilsea arms of 
wheatsheaves. Next this enclosed court is the outside framework of 
a clock -tower, the face of the dial being still perceptible. At the 
basement of this tower is a carriage-entrance, which had been 
guarded by folding doors, filling an archway of woodwork of an 
open pattern like a portcullis ; one of these doors is gone, the other 
hangs in crumbling grace on one hinge. From this doorway some 
very elaborate masonry is discernible immediately opposite. Across 
a quadrangle, surrounded on all sides by the mansion itself, is another 
beautiful tower, with a doorway which leads into the entrance-hall ; 
the roof of this apartment is of carved oak, but has been whited 
over ; it is very lofty, and there is a gallery at one end for musicians, 
but the staircase which led to it has been taken down, as it was 
unsafe. In i860, I and my late husband ascended this staircase, 
passed through the musicians' loft into a closet over the porch with a 
pretty window in it, and we inscribed our names on one of the panes 
of glass ; the whole place is covered with inscriptions made by 
tourists, and it is a favourite place for picnics ; strangers swinging a 
gipsy's cauldron in the old fireplace in the hall. At the other end of 
this hall, is another door, which leads into a passage of freestone 
squares, paved diagonally. At the end of this passage is a window 
looking south. 

"Next the passage is a lovely room, a pretty parlour, whose 
simplicity is so graceful, whose elegance is so perfect, that it seems 
almost a profanation to call it by its conventional name, a drawing- 
room. There is a semicircular window, extending upwards, from a 
low seat which runs round, almost to the ceiling. The framework is 
of carved stone mullions, uprights and curved cross-bars at equal 
distances of about two feet from one another from bottom t(^top j all 
the glass has vanished. Next the drawing-room is the library, with 
a similar bowed wipdow, but in better preservation. There are 
ledges for sliding shelves, which could be altered to suit the sizes of 
the books. The semicircular windows occupy the whole of one end 
of the rooms, and they are carried up in the same style to the roof, 
having two floors above them. The door of the drawing-room is in 


152 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

the centre of the wall, immediately opposite the window. The 
entrance-ball and the rooms described were built in the i6th century, 
bj Humphrey Stafford ; be was a roman catholic, and was displea^bg 
to his sovereign, who coniiscated the property and appropriated it to 
the royal use. Queen Elizabeth gave it to sir Christopher Hatton, 
whose dancing her majesty had admired. This gentleman was lord 
chancellor of England, and he greatly extended the house, building 
all three sides of the quadrangular part, though the style is rather less 
ornate ; it has a frieze of bas-relief sculpture, which includes among 
other things the Stafford knot. In this later part, and opposite the 
drawing-room door, is another door leading into a room lighted by 
several windows j and next this room is another resembling it. Over 
these rooms, there used to be a fine spacious apartment, described as 
the schoolroom of the present earl when a boy ; this is now in ruin. 
The ruin is more complete in this part and further on : bare walls 
being overspread by the canopy of heaven. 

" Strolling round the outside of the beautiful buildings of the 
unfortunate Stafford, you come upon another door, also opening into 
the lofty entrance hall before described. It is said that queen 
Elizabeth once visited Kirby, and entered by this door. There are 
three curved steps bowing outwards, and then five more steps with 
the bow incurved ; making a good flight for the entrance. At the 
foot of the steps are planted two yew trees, one on each side, like 
sentinels. A rather large, rayed, yellow flower, of the herbaceous 
kind, is found near the brook in the spring ; supposed to be Leopard's 
Bane, and an ancient inhabitant of the grounds of bygone days." 

303. — Chainbd Books in Libraries. — What old libraries in 
the county, or churches, still contain books with chains attached to 
them ? In the cathedral library at Peterborough some of the chains 
remain '; and I think one or two have the remains of old catalogues 
attached to them. H. R. S. 

304. — The Garpields op Northamptonshire (281). — 
Since my query at the above reference not a little has come to light 
respecting this family, from whom, it is thought probable, the 
president descended. First of all, it is to-day by no means an obsolete 
name in the county ; there being several of the name in the northern 
and eastern divisions. Next, in 1 883 Mr. William P. W. Phillimore 
published for the New England Historic Genealogical Society, a 
pamphlet entitled The Garfield Family in England; the contents of 
which are extremely interesting, and which Mr. Taylor proposes to 
republish. From this it would appear that anciently the family were 

The Garfields of Northamptonshire. 153 

settled at Ashby S. Legers, Kilsby, and Cold Asbby. Not to go over 
the same ground in the present note, let me add to Mr. Pbillimore*8 
statement at p. 4 that ** only one will of the Ashby St. L^er branch 
b known ; ** I give below exact copies of four proved at Northampton, 
three of which are Ashby S. Leger wills : — 

I. Thomas Garfield, of Ashby S. Legers . Prob. 27 April, 1557. 

a. Robert Garfield „ „ . Prob. 27 April, 1568. 

3. Thomas Garfield „ « • Prob. 12 Sept., 1601. 

4. Thomas Garfield of Cold Ashby . Prob. 17 April, 1624. 

" In the name of God Amen. In the yere of o' Lord god 1556 
the xij daye of January I Thomas Gradfyld of Ashbye legers hole of 
myod and remembrance make ray last will and test* in this manner 
and forme folowynge first I bequethe my sole God Almightie to his 
mother St Marie and to all the holie company of heaven my bodie to 
be buried in the Church yard of Ashbye legers Also I bequethe to 
the mother churche ij** Ite to the reparacon of the aulter in Ashebye 
churche ij^ Ite to the sepulcre light iiij** Also I bequethe to Robert 
Gardfyld my sone vj" viij* to Ric my son vj* viij^ to Ralphe my sone 
vj* viij** to John my sone vj* viij** and to Thomas Gardfyld my sone 
?]• viij^ Also I bequeth to Elizabethe Gardfyld my doughter vj' viij<* 
and a sowe also I bequethe to Thomas also x* vj* viij* The resydue 
of my goods my body buried my detts paid I geve to Hellen Gard- 
fyld my wyf whome I make my sole executrix of all my goods not 
bequethed she to dispose them as she shall thynk the best for the 
welthe of my sole and all christen soles in wytnes hereof S' Robert 
holmes pereiste John Cune Robert Gardfyld w^ other,*' 
Proved 27 April 1557. 

''Test. Robti gerfyle de Ashebie Leagers Def. anno Dni 1568. 
In the name of God Amen the xvij** daye of Marche Anno Dni 1568. 
I Robt Geyfild of Ashebie Leagers make my testament and last will 
in this manner following ffirst I bequeth my soule to god my maker 
and redeemer and to his mother St Mary and all the holy company in 
heven and my body to be buried in the churchyard of Ashebie 
Leagers. Item I ^y^ to the churche of Ashebie legers iiij* Itm to 
the reparacon of the bells iiij^ Itm to the pavement iiij* Also I 
bequeth to thorn's gardfyld my sonn xij^ in money to be made of such 
goods as I have and to be delyvered hym at thage of xviij yeares 
Itm I bequeth unto Elizabeth gardfild my syster a hyve at the daie 
of her mariage The residue of my goods not bequethed my body 

154 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

buried my detts paide I gyve and bequeth to Margrett my wiflfe tbc 
w**» I make my soule executrix of all my goods not bequetbed 
witness" hereof Sebastian boyse gylbert herman and Edmund boyse 
w** other mo." 

Invent, xxxv" v* x* Proved 37 Aprils 1568. 

According to the extracts from the Asbby S. Leger registers, 
which Mr. Phillimore gives on page 4 of bis pamphlet, a Robert 
Garfield was buried 28 March, 1568 ; presumably the Robert of the 
above will. Ought not therefore the date of the will to be 17 March, 
1567-8, and not as therein stated ? 

"Testa. Thom's Garefield de Ashbie Leogers. In the Name 
of (Tod Amen, of Ashby Leogers in the Countie of Northton 
yeoman the xij^ daie of January in the xliij*^ yeare of the Raigne of 
our Soueraigne Lady Queene Elizabeth that nowe is being whole in 
mind and good and p^ect remembrance laud and prayse be given to 
god make and ordaine this my last will in manner and forme 
followinge. That is to saie ffirst I comend my soule unto Allroigbtie 
God my maker and redeemer and my body to be buryed io the 
Churchyard of Ashby leogers aforesaid And I bequeath toward the 
reparacon of the said church iij* iiij^ Itm I give and bequeath unto 
my Sonne Richard Garefield two bedsteads that came from Wrighton 
and one of those bedds wthall furniture belonginge to it at the 
discrecon of his mother one cubboard standinge in the buttery, a table 
and a forme standinge in the millhouse, one brasse pot at his mothers 
appointment, vj* viij^ to buy him a kettle one platter and one pewter 
dish, one payre of sheets and atowell, And also his mother ray nowe 
wife to breed him a calfe w**in two yeares next after my decease. 
And also I give unto him a salt acandlesticke and x* in money. 
Itm I give unto Nathaniell Garefield the Sonne of thafores^ Richard 
Garefield the somme of vi' viij* to be paid w**in one yeare next after 
my decease. Itm I give and bequeath unto my godsoune Thomas 
Browne a swarme of bees yf my bees hit well to be delisrfred 
to him to him (sic) w***in two yeares next after my decease And if 
they hit not well then iij* iiij* to be paid to him by my Executors 
hereafter named. And to all the Rest of my godchildren I give \\xf a 
peece ym mediately after my decease Itm 1 give unto the ringers of 
the parish church of Ashbie aforesaid xij^ upon the daie of my 
buriall and meate and drinke Itm I give and bc^queath unto my sonne 
Willm Garefield the somme of xx*^ to paid to him w**in foure yeares 
next after my decease. And after my debts paide and my Ainerall , 
expences discharged the Residue of my goods chattels cattel and 

The Garfields of Northamptonshire. 155 

jmplem'* of householde stuffe whatsoever I give and bequeath unto 
Aone my wife and Isabell my daughter and to the longer liver of 
them Whom I make and ordaine Execut^. of this my last Will and 
Testament And I do appoint ou'seers of this my pr<*sent Testament 
Willm Browne John Myles and John Goughe whom I hope will see 
all things accomplished accordinge to this my meaninge In witness 
whereof I have setto my hand and seale to this ray present wrigh tinge 
the daie and yeare abovesaid These being witnesses Willm fiecke 
John Hill Willm Ragsdale.*' 
Proved 12 Sept., 1601. 

" Testament Thom*s Garfeild de Cold Ashby defunct 39^ die 
Januarij Anno Dni 1623. In the name of God Amen. I Thomas 
Garfeild of Cold Ashby in the Countie of North-ton husbandman 
beinge sicke in body but of perfect mynde & remerabiaiice thanks be 
to God for it doe make this my last will & Testament in manner & 
forme following Impris I give and bequeath my soule into the hands 
of AUmightie God trusting only thorough the meritts uf my alsufficient 
Saviour Jesus Christ to be saved and my body to be buried in the 
Churchyard of Cold Ashbey & all the rest of my goods as foUoweth, 
It I give and bequeath unto my eldest daughter Anne Garfeild xx' to 
be payd unto her when she shall accomplishe the age of one and 
Twentie yeares or the day of her marriag w«*» shall come first. It I 
give and bequeath unto my sonne Willm xx' to be payd when he shall 
accomplish the age of one & Twentie yeares. Item I give and 
bequeath unto my second daughter Susan xx' to be payd when she 
shall accomplishe the age of one & Twentie yeares or the day of her 
marriag w*^ shall come first. Item I give and bequeath unto my 
youngest daughter Marke xx' to be payd when she shall accomplishe 
the age of one & Twenty yeares or the day of her marriage w**» shall 
come first, and yf any of theis my Childrene shall departe this lyfe 
before they accomplishe the age aforesaid^ then my will is that that 
Childs parte or parts shalbe equally devided amongst the rest then 
lyvinge All the rest of my goods & cattel not bequeathed my debts 
being payd and my Legacies discharged I give and bequeath unto 
my wyf ffirauncis Garfield whom I make and ordajrne my sole executrix 
of this my last will & Testamen', In witnes whereof I have sett my 
hand & seale the day & yeare above wrytten Thomas Garfield his 
niarke In the presence of filrauncis Clipsham, Willm Line his marke ** 
Proved 17 April 1624. Invent: in exhitu 41" 15' 4*. 

It is a difiicult task to draw out a " tree '* from the information we 
now have, and, for the present putting the Cold Ashby branch aside. 

156 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

I would make the suggestion that Thomas (will no. 1) of Ashbj S. 
Legers was the father of Robert and Thomas (wills a and 3). To 
claim President Grarfield himself^ more surely than tradition claims 
him, as in the case of Washington, I can ooly say, we must be 
content to wait in the hope that further details may be forthcoming, 
and these details are as likely to be discovered in America as in 
£ng)and. H. I. L. 

305. — Buntan's Porridge-Bowl. — In the year 1858 a poor 
person in Wellingborough was in possession of a porridge-bowl, said 
to have belonged to John Bunyan. Is this still in existence ? or is 
anything known of it ? It is described as being of a black colour. 

M. M. D. 

306. — Dedication op Churches (282). — Mr. F. A. Tole, 
of Northampton, writes that there are no remains of any consecrated 
building in Old Stratford. Service was of late years conducted in a 
room at the school known as Trinity college ; but there was nothing 
of antiquity about this building. 

Bridges, however, (i. 304,) says "there was formerly here an 
hermitage and free chapel .... the place where they stood, is now 
called ChapeUclosey And a note says that it was probably dedicated 
to S. John, as bishop Tanner speaks of the chapel of the hospital of 
S. John " upon the causeway leading to the bridge at Stony Stratford,^* 
which he thinks was on the Northamptonshire ^de. £0. 

307.-— Gorbam family op Flore and Cranslbt. — I shall 
be grateful for help in completing a pedigree of this family. I have 
fully traced it back to Ralph Gorham, and his son John, born or 
baptized at Benefield, 28 Jan., 1621. Beyond this there is a long 
gap, 1339 to 1621. In or about 1339 ^^^ Gorhams sold possessions 
at Flore, and at Cransley. I believe also there were collateral 
branches at Kings Cliff, Homerton, Upton, and Morbome. The 
period from 1040 to 1307 is fully known, and the family settlements 
in Bretagne, and Maine, as well as those at S. Albans and Westwick, 
CO. Herts., have been amply investigated. 

47 Mancheiier street, London, W. Louis D'Aguilar Jacksok. 

Bridges has occasional, but very slight, notices of the fomily. A 
knight's fee was held in Flore of William de Goreham in 1296, and 
another in the same year in Cransley. In 1279, Amicia de Gorham 
held a messuage and one carucate in the manor of Cotton, in the 
liberty of Gretton. In i2j^ Ralph de Gorham was instituted to the 
rectory of Oakley parva. £0. 

''Headless Cross*' near Northampton. 157 

308. — Memo RIBS op Franklin (a86). — Possibly the following 
additional information from Franklin's autobiography may furnish a 
clue to some Ecton or Wellingborough reader, and may so elicit 
further particulars. Benjamin Franklin's grandfather, bom 1598, was 
named I'homas, and lived at Ecton till past work, when he retired to 
Banbury, co. Oxford, where bis son John, a dyer, resided. Benjamin's 
father, Josias, was apprenticed to this brother John. The eldest of 
the brothers, Thomas, lived in the family residence at Ecton, which he 
bequeathed with the adjoining land, to his only daughter ; she after- 
wards, m concert with her husband, Mr. Fisher of Wellingborough, 
sold it to Mr. Isted, lord of the manor. Josias, with his wife and 
three children, emigrated to America in 1682. p. 

309. — " He ADLBSs Cross " near Northampton (285),— There is 
no other hill commanding the site of the battle of Northampton than 
the hill on which the Eleanor cross stands, and as far as I am aware, 
no record of any other cross. The site of the Eleanor cross itself is 
an admirable position for anyone wishing to see what is going on 
in the valley of the Neue, near Northampton, where tradition says 
the battle was fought. I am, therefore, driven to the conclusion 
that the Eleanor cross itself was the one referred to in the extract 
quoted in '^N. N. & Q." ii., 116. It is not to be supposed, however, 
that the Eleanor cross was originally left incomplete. In a paper 
lately read before the Architectural Society at Northampton, I have 
carefully examined and quoted all the evidence bearing on the 
question, and as the paper will be published in their transactions, I 
must refer to that for a detailed statement ; but the main facts may 
perhaps be summarised here. 

Mr. Hartshome, in his Historical Memorials of Northampton, 
p. 195, and elsewhere, came to the conclusion that the cross was 
surmounted by a fifth figure. This conclusion was based on an 
entry in the rolls of a payment made to William of Ireland " in 
perpacationem xxv. marc, pro &ctura quinque imaginum ad crucem 
de Norhamtona." He does not appear to have noticed that this is 
the concluding payment of a series of four entries, the first of which 
speaks of the five figures as being for the Cross at Northampton 
** et alibi,** and the other two are respectively " ad Cruces Reginae, ** 
and " pro Crucibus Reginae.'* The words " et alibi " were probably 
omitted by accident in the last entry. There were, perhaps, six figures 
in all, four for Northampton and two to be used elsewhere, but a 
detailed statement on this point would be too long to insert here. At 


T58 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

any rate four figures only came to Northampton, as we have an entry 
**pro cariagio quatuor imaginum ad crucem Norhamtonae, et pro 
cariagio capitis et lancese ejusdem crucis, de Londonia usque 
Norhamtonam." There are many entries referring to this head 
and shaft, which I believe to have been the true head of the 
cross. The shaft is generally called "virga," but in one case as 
above "lancea," and in one entry "flecchia." The entries are in 
varying terms " pro factura virgae, capitis, annli et imaginum crucis 
Norhamtonae.** After a comparison of all the entries I have come to 
the conclusion that these terms may be understood as follows : — 

"Virga" a shaft springing from the original base now existing, 
probably a clustered shaft of several members, and bound together 
by the 

" Anulus '* or richly decorated ring, 

" Caput •' the head of the cross, which itself was also richly 
and magnificently carved with 

" Imagines '* figures representing the Crucifixion. 

There is abundant authority in a smaller way for every part of 
this suggestion, in the heads of contemporary crosses yet remaining. 
As an instance 1 may refer to the head of the cross at Tellisford 
opposite p. 58 in Pooley's Old Crosses of Somerset. 

The Head of the Cross at Northampton must have been wonder- 
fully beautiful. Jt was carved by the same sculptor as the four figures 
now remaining, the material used for the head and shaft, &c., being 
of what is now called Purbeck marble from Corfe in Dorsetshire. 
The figures, of which an illustration is annexed, have been praised 
by the best judges for their beauty of design and perfect execution, 
but they must have been far exceeded by the cross, if we are to judge 
by the comparative amounts paid for the work. It cost for carving 
alone, without reckoning the material, the sum of ^25, or £32^ erf 
our money, whereas the cost of carving the figures was only 5 
marks, or gBs 6s. 8d. each. 

I do not think there is any difiBculty in supposing the cross to 
have disappeared before the time of the Battle of Northampton in 
1460. Nejarly 170 years had elapsed since its erection. The 
situation is high and exposed, and either by a flash of lightning or a 
heavy gale of wind it may easily have been thrown down from its 
narrow base, and broken to pieces on the steps below, without the 
necessity for supposing that any act of violence was committed. 
Even in these scientific days we cannot always secure our chimney 

Mazers. 159 

The 14th century was a time of calamity both foreign and 
domestic. Men*s minds were distracted, and it is no wonder that 
under such circumstances the fall of the cross at Northampton 
should pass unnoticed and unrepaired. 

Richard G. Scrxvbn. 

310. — Maxbrs. — A.propos of the recent presentation to Mr. 
Monckton, of Fineshade abbey, of " a set of silver maters," by the 
grateful conservatives of Northamptonshire, the question has been 
asked. What is a mazer ? 

Bailey's dictionary says, "from the Belgic, or Dutch» Maeser^ 
Maple wood ; — a broad standing cup or drinking bowl.'* 

** Standing cup," I presume, by the way, is in contra-distinction 
to the common Saxon drinking cups, with rounded bottoms, which 
could not stand ; of which we found, a few years back, some fine 
specimens^ in glass, in a Saxon grave at Desborough. These are 
now in the British Museum. A tradition of the toping habits of 
our Saxon fprefathers is of course to be found in the name " tumbler," 
though the shape of that useful article has been altered to suit 
modern sobriety. 

Mazer may be set down as a Saxon cup made to stand, and 
therefore not for toping purposes. It may be inferred also that it 
was necessarily of wood, and that the correct wood was maple. That 
the material should give its name to the thing is not singular ^ 
compare for instance "a glass," or *'a pewter." These maple bowls 
were frequently mounted with silver, and thus made handsome and 
costly. It does not appear that they were ever wholly of metal 5 thus 
a silver mazer is somewhat of a contradiction in terms — as if we 
should say, a wooden tombstone. 

There are many ancient mazers in existence. The city companies 
possess several ; some are to be found as items of church properties 
in the keeping of rectors and churchwardens for the time being, and 
some have come into private hands as curiosities. There was a fine 
and unique exhibition of mazers last winter, at the rooms of the 
London Society of Antiquaries, at Burlington House, i regret that 
I had not the opportunity of seeing it. 

Now comes the question, what was the special use and purpose 
of mazers ? I am not prepared to answer that question with confi- 
dence, and should be glad to obtain reliable information on the 
subject. 1 have the impression that there was something of the 
mysterious about them, and that they bad originally a quasi-sacred 
character. Why are they found as portions of church properties? 


i6o Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Were they a tradition of libation cups of the Druid worship of our 
remote forefathers ? Were they cups for augury and divination ? 
Was the cup of Joseph, which Benjamin unwittingly carried off, an 
instance of a silver mazer ? '* Is not this the cup in which my lord 
drinketh, and whereby he divineth ? " " Wot ye not that such a man 
as I can certainly divine ? " 

Hargraye. RoB. S. Bakbr. 

Mr. Peacock (English Church Furniture, p. 194) has an admirable 
note on this word. It seems that the name was sometimes applied 
to similar vessels made of other woods. In many cases they were 
richly carved, and often edged with silver. The "great Maser" 
belonging to the guild of the B.V.M. at Boston, which gives occasion 
to this note, had "a prynt in the bothom gilt wt an ymage of 
AUmyghti god sittynge at the iugement in the myddes of iiij evange- 
listes," and weighed 49^ ounces. A 15th century mazer belonging 
to the Ironmongers' company has the *' Ave Maria *' text inscribed 
on the rim. Mr. Peacock adds, *' The mazer figured also in many of 
those strange practices, half religious, half magical, which lingered 
among our rural poor until quite recent times." And he quotes, from 
Brand, a very strange account of a custom in Herefordshire of hiring 
persons at a funeral to take on themselves the sins of the dead 
person, and in the ceremonial connected with this a mazer was used. 


311. — Tub Eybs of Mart Qubbn op Scots. — Miss Charlotte 
M. Yonge, in her historical romance. Unknown to History : a Story 
of the Captivity of Mary of Scotland, (2 vols., Macmillan, 1883,) in 
describing her heroine's face, more than once says, "there was a 
decided cast in one of the eyes.** What authority had Miss Yonge 
for this statement ? No portrait, or description, with which I am 
acquainted, thus maligns her charms. Cuthbbrt Bbdb. 

312. — Ancibnt Villaob Sports (135, 173, 192, 217, 270). — 
I am glad that Mr. Page has brought up again the above subject, 
which is still very far from being exhausted. 

A Wellingborough lady kindly sends me the tunes of two of 
these games, which she has written down from memory. It would 
be desirable to put on record the tunes as well as rhymes of these 
fast-fading reminiscences of " Merry England," before the board 
schools succeed in making our villagers too clever and too dull for 
these childish and innocent gaieties. 

My correspondent writes, " The first, ' Green grow the leaves,' 
is a very pretty game, more like a country dance than an}'thing else. 

Ancient Village Sports. 


and is simply described as being a sort of dancing ' follow my leader.' 
One couple is chosen to lead, and they go off whither they will, 
followed by a long train of youths and maidens all singing the 
refrain. Sometimes the leaders part company and branch off to the 
right or left ; the others have to do the same, and not until the 
leaders meet can they join again. They march arm in arm and the 
effect is rhythmical, the time very musical aiui oddly attractive." 

Grbbn grow tub lbaves. 

Green grow Um l«av«s on the hnwthorn tree,Gre«n KTOW the leavet OQ the hawthorn tree ; Wc 


mer • ri - ly, The te • nor of our iong goes mer • ri • ly. 

The second air is that sung to the words of the game given in 
art. 135 of our first volume. The words, as here given, vary very 
slightly from those given before ; but it will be seen that the music 
would suit either version. 

Choosing Partners. 


Oats and beans and bar - ley grow, Yoa» I, a • ny- one know. 

Yoa, I, a-ny-one know. How oats and beans and barley grow ? First the 




- f r-w ^ 


farmer sows his seeds,Folds his arms and takes his ease, Stamps his foot and 


claps his hand, And turns him round to view the land, Waiting for a part • 

m m m 



^ =FF=F 




ner. Open the ring and take me in, Make baste and choose your part-ner. 
flargrave; RoB. S. Baker. 

1 62 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

313. — Burt and Chester Families. — Mr. Chester Waters, 
in his learned work Tke Chesters of Chicheley^ p. 620, gives the 
marriage license of the Rev. Anthony Chester, of East Haddon, 
bachelor, above 40, and Elizabeth Burt of St. Mar/ Arden, co. Leicester, 
spinster, above 25. To marry at Famdon or Pisford, co. North- 
ampton. Sir Anthony was the 9th and last baronet of the family, 
and died 17 May, 1769. His widow removed on his death to North- 
ampton, where she purchased a freehold house, and resided nearly 40 
years. She died there 13 June, 1808, aged 88, and was buried beside 
her husband at East Haddon on the 2otb. W G D F 

Mr. F. A. Blaydes, of Bedford, sends the date of the above licenses 
18 Jan., 1 750-1, as given in Marriage Licenses: Faculty Office, ed. 
Harl. Soc. xxiv. 256. 

The enquiry in our last part was after the Burt family, of which 
Lady Chester was a member, and not after that of her husband. 

314. — Hampden FAMiLY.---This family was settled at Rothwell 
in 1482. Any particulars will be thankfully received by 

Cradley Rectory, Malvern. E. R. Hampden. 

315. — Celebrated Northamptonshire Booksellers. 11. 
(54). — John Simco, son of Samuel and Ann Simco, was bom at 
Towcester about 1 749 ; in the house now occupied by Mr. James 
Ward, confectioner. High street. He was apprenticed to his aunt 
Ad kins, a baker and maltster of that town. Having doubts as to 
his future if he remained at his trade, he left and went to London ; 
and after tilling various situations with different booksellers, he 
eventually commenced business on his own account. At first he 
was with Mr. Chapman, in Old Round Court in the Strand, and 
afterwards with Mr. Samuel Hayes, of Oxford street. On leaving 
him he began selling prints at Leather lane, whence he removed to 
Great Queen street, and ultimately to Air street, Piccadilly, where 
he died in 1824, and was buried in S. James's churchyard, Piccadilly, 
where a tablet is erected to his memory. His knowledge of engraved 
portraits was very extensive. After his death the collection of books, 
&c., was sold by auction, the sale occupying five days. The writer 
is indebted to Miss Simco, postmistress, Towcester, and to a 
memorandum found among the papers of the late Mr. Dash, of 
Kettering, for the above particulars, as well as for those that follow. 

He appears to have been very successful in business as a book- 
seller 'y and in collecting rare books, papers, prints, &c., many of them 

Celebrated Northamptonshire Booksellers. 163 

relating to his native county ; some of which he bequeaths iu his will 
to the British Museum, upon conditions, as the following extracts 
from his will shew : — 

" I bequeath also to the British Museum my History of North- 
amptonshire, in four volumes, folio, illustrated with Prints & 
Drawings, & three Port Folios of Drawings collected for it. Also 
my Lysons's Environs of London, illustrated in Eleven Volumes, with 
four Volumes of Drawings collected for it j & my History of St, 
Albans, & History of Derbyshire, in three volumes, folio, illustrated 
with Prints and Drawings. Upon condition of their paying my 
Executors Five Hundred Pounds, not half what it cost me, to be 
preserved there." 

The authorities of the museum declined the bequest upon these 

The first sale was conducted by Mr. Evans, in Pall Mall, in 
1 8^4; and apparently took place before the museum authorities had 
decided not to accept Mr. Simco's books at the price named. These 
lots have reference to his county : — 

245 Duck's Life of Archbishop Chichele, 1699. 

522 Egerton's Life of Lord Chancellor Egerton, Tar. 1812. 

620 Life of Foller, portrait, 1661. 

623 Life of Alban Butler, 1799. 

715 Northampton Mercury, vol. 2, part of the first leaf torn off, 1721. 

723 Gnnton's History of the Churoh of Peterburgh, 1686. 

792 Norden's History of Northamptonshire, 1720. 

899 Stemmata Chicheleana, large jMper^ interleaved vnth manueeript Notee^ 


920 Morton's History of Northamptonshire, 1712. 

939 Nortliamptonshire. — ^Tracts and Manuscript Papers, of various sizes, 

chiefly relating to Northamptonshire. 

958 Peck's Desiderata Guriosa, 1732. 

978 Sermons preached for the I^orthampton Infirmary, 1743. 

988 Spencer's Life of Chichele, 1783. 

The first part of Mr. Sotheby's catalogue contains the following 
prints and drawings : — 

32 Lord Burleigh, by CeciU, 

51 Fairfax, (Thomas Lord) etching bf Streeter; Ditto from Bicraft's 

England's Champions, &c. 
101 Gunpowder CdntpiratorSy with the representation of their Execution, 

byiV. VitMheTf rare, 
114 Yisoount Mordaxmt, by Faithome. 

160 John Hervey, Esq. by Tompeon, 

161 James Harrington, by Marehi. 
164 Strafford, (Earl of ) after Vandyek. 

164 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

165 Daohess of Cleaveland, w. l. after L$ly, 

174 Marquis of Bookingham, w. l. hj Fisher. 

178 Lady Viscoiint Spenoer and Daughter, hj Paul; Lady Charle* 

Spenoer, by I^tt, 
226 Gharles Earl ef Peterborongh, by Gmtt. 
231 Otiory (Thomas Barl of J large oval in armour, after Lely, by Fom- 

238 Thomas Randolph, (bust) by Marshall, fins, 
280 Mary Queen of Scots. 

329 William Duke of Bedford, by E, WiUiams, Jine, 
340 Burleigh Earl of Exeter, by Tompson, ftne, 

344 Grafton, (Henry Duke of) by Beckett, oval ito, ; Ditto, (with Ship at 

Sea) by Ditto, Proof; Ditto, w. l. (in robes of the garter) 
Proof, Bare. 

345 (Grafton, (Henry Duke of) by Beekett, Oval ito. 
359 Peterborough, (Charles Earl of) by Simon, 

391 Russell, (William Lord) Oval 4to. 

397 Earl of Cardigan, by Grozer, 

398 Gr&fton, (Henry Doke of) by C. Turner; Earl and Oountess 

Spencer, after Hoppner, by Reynolds, 

400 John Duke of Montague, by M*Ardell, 

401 Manchester, (Q^orge Duke of ) by Jones, 

431 Sandwich, (Edward Earl of ) by BlooUling, 

432 Richard Spenoer, by Eondius, 

443 EHzabeth Washington (Lady Ferrers) by Chantry, scarce, 

455 Lady Langham, by G. F, Harding, 

462 John Stanbridge, {in pen and ink) by the Bev, Mr, Brand. 

463 Lady Langham, and Lady Paston {pen and indian ink) by Ditto, 

548 Hanis's large View of Northampton ; Queen*s Cross ; GMdington 

Cross^from Britton's Architectural Antiquities, &c. 

549 Views, Sections and Monuments in Peterborough Cathedral, by 

Buckler, Vander Guehi, ^e, 

550 Buck's Views ; Prospects of Althrop, Rushton, &c, 

551 Views &om Bridges' History of Kortbamptonshire ; Mosaic Pare- 

ments, coloured, &c. 

552 Plans and Views of Boughton ; Cateeby ; Compton House ; Eoton ; 

^arrowdon Magna ; Lilford, near Oimdle, (duplicates) ^e, 
554 Set of Plates to Bridges* History of Northamptonshire. 
666 Prints and Drawingfs of Castles and Churches in Northampton, &o. 

556 Miscellaneous Maps, Plans and Views. 

557 Naseby Battle ; Naseby Church (duplicates) ; Holmby House ; Monu- 

mental Brasses, &c. 

566 Cardinal Pole, Pboof. 

570 Patrick (Bishop), by B, White. 

572 Rainbow (Bishop), by Sturt ; Bishop Reynolds, by Loggan, 

576 Archbishop Williams. 

581 Sir Jeffery Palmer. 

587 Marquis of Northampton. 

640 Doddridge (Dr.) 

651 Dr. Preston, by Marshall, 




lith the most lodern and SdentUlc AppUanMs, 









18 NuW 

Exactly facing down th^ Drapery, Only a few yards from the Old Shop. 
Large and Convenient J'icmisee. 

More Boom. More Assistants. No Waiting. No Crushing. 
Comfort for our Customers. Quickly Served. 

BLUNT & SON are mucli obliged for the bztensitb and extendimo confidence 
AND CUSTOM given thenr. They are more retiolute than ever to sell at bo close 
UPON CASH COST that it will be simply impossible for any house in the einodox 
TO UNDEB8ELL THEH. All they ask is to be WELL SUPPORTED, 60 that they may make 
an ENOfiXous tusnovkb at a tbiflino pbofit, which will be to the adtantaoe or all 


Hole the yew Adtirest : 






33, 35, 37, 39, 

The Drapery, Northampton. 





33, 35, 37, 39, 

The Drapery, Northampton. 


Part XIV. Vol. II. 

Price Is. 6d. 

The antiquities of ik^ommon pidple carikotsle studied without acquiring 
some useful knowledgJUf ^i^ini^an^^f^^y b^ truly said, in this instance, 
that by the chemical process of philosophy, evejL wisdom may he extracted 
from the follies and supH^tpf^SQUPfJ/lirefinht^s. 

57Preface to Popular Antiquities. 

Yon warlike mound is formed all round 

For warlike armes and actes, 
4-nd everie stone, ly time overthrown. 

Attests historic Jaets. 

Mrs. Thomas, IVaIke and Talke (1836). 


Notes & Queries, 



The Antiquities, Family History, Traditions, Parochial 
Records, Folk-lore, Quaint Customs^ &c., of the County, 

lEtnteH li$ 

JhE I\eV. ^. P' ^W£ETI^lq. ^.^. 

Vicar of AJaxey, Market Deeping, 


316 Celebrated Kortliaxnptonslure Book- 
sellers. II.— John Simco. 

316 May Song at Hassington. 

317 Horthamptonsliire Paulines. 

318 Sir Walter H^dmay. 

819 Bonnd Dryden's Birthplace. 

320 A Contemporary Portrait of Hary, 

Queen of Scots. 

321 Members for Northamptonshire . 

322 Members for Northamptonshire in 

long Parliament. 

323 Election Squib. . 

324 Curiosities of Northamptonshire 

826 Early Crosses. 

326 Hinde Family. 

327 The " Cotes " near Towcester. 

828 Guild and Guile Families. 

829 Rothwell Market-House. 

330 Sargent Family of Northampton. 

331 The Rev. Canon Collins, M.A. 

882 Brabazon Family of Sibbertoft and 

333 A Northamptonshire Record Society. 

Xortfiampton : 


" \_Ent»r{d at Stationers Halt.] 





leasts made and kept to suit all Feet, 
A well'Selected Stock of Ladies' and Children's Goods. 


Square Toed Boots for Ladies and Gentlemen. 
Square Toed Boots „ Girls and Boys. 

Ladies' and Children's DRESS GOODS for Garden Parties. 

6 per cent. Discount for Cash. 

Sole Agent for the LATCH ET BOOT, which is a perfect 

Jilting button Boot without the trouble of buttoning. 


Agent also for the PATENT GRIP for Lace Boots, which does away 
with all tying and untying, and never comes undone. Can be fitted 
while you wait, in Ladies , Gentlemen s, or Children's '^oots. 




*— -^1 D. 


Celebrated Northamptonshire Booksellers. 165 

These seven are from the catalogue (second part) containing the 
books offered to the Museum 5 — 

40 Bifihop Compton* /. Smith, exe, {oval laryt Uo) JIne tmd tenree. 
227 Earl Spenoer (when Lord Althorp), w. L., bj C. Townley^ p, p. Pboov 

and Lettert, 
235 Lady Elisabeth Montage, by WArdeU, proof and lettert ; Oonnteta 

Spencer, by Finlaywn ; Lady Charles Spenoer, by Dickinson, 
384 Lord Strafford and his Secretary . 
409 Britton, the Small-Ck>alman, by Johnton^ tearet, 
460 Tom Britton, (the Mosioal Small-Coal Man), by Sim<m, 
484 Simon, (Old). 

Drawings Illustrativb of Briooes's History op 
North AM PTONSH 1 rb. 
The drawings collected by Mr. Simco to illustrate his copy of 
Bridges are said to have been *' highly finished " and " executed under 
his own immediate inspection,'* by Mr. Trotter and others. 

638 N. E. and S. W. Views of Oharwelton Choioh; Konoment of 
Thomas Andrews, Esq. and his two Wives, 1690. 

639 Tomb of Thomas Andrews and his Wives {thrte difernU); Coriona 
Font in Charwelton Ckureh, 

640 Brasses in Charwelton Church of the Andrew Ftnnily, 

641 N. E. and S. W. Views of Fawsley Chnroh ; N. and E. Fronts of 
Sir G^rge Knightley's seat, Ihwtley. 

642 Brasses in Fawsley Chnroh of the KnightUy Family, 

643 Sir Richard EInightley and his Lady {Monmnent in Fawsley Church) ; 
Elevation of the South side and head of Sir Biohard KnighUey's 
Tomb ; View of the North Side of Ditto. 

644 Honnments of Sir Valentine EInightley, and D. Knightley, Esq. mi 
Fawsley Church, 

645 Sir Biohard Knightley, and Bichard EJiightley, Esq. ditto, 

646 Lucy Knightley, Esq., and Jane Grey Knightley, ditto, 

647 Knightley Family in ditto ; Monumental Effigy of Sir John 

Nedham at Litekborough, 

648 Views of Norton Chnroh, and Hanor House; Brass of William 
and Katherine Knight in Norton Church, 

649 Monumental Effigy of the Lady Elizabeth Seymour t » Norton Church, 

650 Monument of Elizabeth Vemey ; Ditto of the Breton Family, &o., in Do, 

651 Views of Preston Capes Church, and the Castle House ; Monument of 
the Bev. Knightley Adams ; Ancient Gothio Font in the Church of 

652 Monumental Tomb of Lady Latimer at Stow IX. Churches. 

653 Monument of a EInight Templar, and Two Ornamented Slabs, &o. at Do, 

654 Views of Aynho Church ; Front of the House of Mr. Cartwright, 
and Inside of the Chapel, with the tomb belonging to the Cartwzight 
Family at Aynho, 

655 Monuments of Bebeooa and Bhoda, Cohoizesses to Thomas Chapman, 
Esq., &0. at Aynho, 

656 Views and Font of St. Peter's Church, BraeUey. 


1 66 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

657 Old Font in St. James*8; Monuments in the Collegiate Chnrch of 
Braokley ; Views of the Market House at Ditto, and Stone House neur 
Braekley, ^e. 

658 8.W. and N.E. Views of the Collegiate Church, Braokley, Ditto of 
the Alms House and College at Ditto. 

659 N.E. and S.W. Views of St. James's Church, BraekUy ; Ancient 
Stone Seats, with a ourious ornamented bracket, and Gbtiiic niche in 

660 Views of Croughton Church (two aspect*) ; Monuments of the Rer. 
William Friend, &o. in Ditto, 

661 Views of Evenlie Church ^dittoj ; Monumental Tablets, &o. in Ditto. 

662 Monuments of Creswell Levinz, and Robert Peame, in Ditto. 

663 View of Hinton Church ; Monuments of Salathiel Crewe ; and Rey- 
nold Braye, Esq"., &o. in Ditto. 

664 S.E. and N.W. Views of Kings Sutton Church. 

665 Ditto, with the dates, &c. round the Bells ; View of the Manor House 
at Ditto. 

666 Monument of Tho. Langton Freke, Esq. ; Ditto of John Tibbits, and 
Arms of Robert Kenwricke in Ditto. 

667 Views of Newbottle and Radston Churches, with Monuments in the 

668 Monuments of John Creswell, Esq., and Peter Dormer and family in 
NewbottU Chureh. 

669 Views of Whitfield and Syresham Churches; Monuments of Peter 
Andrew and Robert Style in Syrtsham Church. 

670 West Front and S.E. Views of Steane Chapel ; Monument of Tem- 
perance Browne in Ditto. 

671 Monuments of Thomas Crewe, Esq., and Temperance his Wife, Ditto, 

672 Thomas and John Lords Crewe, Ditto. 

673 ' Nathaniel Lord Crewe, and John (Son of Sir Thomas) Crewe 
f» Ditto. 

674 Portrait of John Lord Crewe, by AtJiow, and two prints of Ditto, by 
Loggan and Place. 

675 Views of Astwell House, and Wappenham Church ; Brass Monumen- 
tal Figure in Ditto. 

676 Brasses belonging to the Lovett Family &o., in Wappenham Church. 

677 Monuments and Brasses of Ditto, &o. Ditto. 

678 Ditto of Sir Thomas (sh-ene, and others. 

679 Monuments of the Hioklinge Family, with medallions of their 
Portraits, in Greens Norton Church. 

680 N.E. and S.W. Views of Maidford Church ; Old Font and Tablet to 
the memory of George Savage, and his Wife Elizabeth. 

681 Monuments of Francis Tanfield and Family ; Ditto of a Knight 
Templar, &o. in Gayton Church. 

682 Views and Monuments in Tiffield Church ; Monument and Recum- 
bent figure of William Spoim at Towcester. 

683 Monuments of Jerome Farmer, and Jane his Wife, V3ith their 
Portraits, ^e. ; Antique and curious Painting tn the Church of Toweeet^. 

684 Font, Shield of Arms, and Tomb of a Kjiight Templar, in the Chureh 
of Alderton ; Views of Ashton Church and Hartwdl Chapel, 

685 Ancient Monuments of a Knight Templar, &c. in Ashton Chuzoh. 

Celebrated Northamptonshire Booksellers. 167 

686 Views of Easton Keston Ghnroh ; Portraits of Lord and Ladj Pomfret' 
and Tomb of tlie Countess of Pomfret in Si, J£ary*« Chwreh Oxford, 

687 Portraits of Sir Hatton Farmer, Ladj Anne and Familj at Batten 

688 Monuments of Sir George and Sir Hatton Farmer, witli their Ladies, 
&c., JHtto, 

689 Brass Monumental Efi&gies ; Tombs and Armorial Bearings of the 
Farmer Familj, &o., Ditto, 

690 Portraits of Bobert Lord Digbie of Goshall, 1640, Sir Thomas 
Wharton, Penelope Lady Denham, and Mary Lady Honsdon. 

691 Views of Grafton Kegis Church, &o. ; Andent Tombs, Fonts, and 
Altar Pieces. 

692 PerspeotiTe and Elevated Views of the Monument of John WidevUle, 
and other Monuments of the same Family, in Orafton Regit Chwreh, 

693 Monument and Tomb of Sir Arthur and Lady Ann Throomorton, at 
Paulerspury ; Monument of Sir Benj. Bathurst and his Lady. 

694 Views and Tomb in Bead Church ; Monuments of the Rev. Richard 
Lightfoot, and others in Stoke Church. 

695 Tomb of the Arundell Family, with pari of the Church of Stoke, and 
Tsrioufl Monuments in Ditto. 

696 S.E. and N.W. Views of Blizworth Church ; Monuments and EfQgies 
of Roger Wake and his Lady, tit DittOs 

697 VieMTs of Horton House and Church ,* Monument and Brass Effigies 
of Sir Roger Salusbury and his Wives, in Horton Church, 

698 Tomb of Sir William Par, and the Lady Marie, ^different atpeeU) ; 
Monument of Sir WilHam Lane and Family, in Horton Church. 

699 View of Piddington Church ; Various Monuments and Piece of 
Antiquity in Ditto. 

700 Monuments in the Church of Weston Favel ; Ditto in the Lidepen- 
dent Meeting, with the Portrait of an Archbishop, and Shield of Arms 
on stained glass, in the Abbey of St. Jamet, ** Northampton.^* 

701 N.W. and S.E. Views of Quinton Church ; Monuments in St. Qileie 
Churchy " Northampton." 

Thb Spbnobb Familt. 

702 Monuments of Sir John and Dame Isabel Spencer ; Ditto of Sir 
William and Dame Susan Spencer, in the Church of Great Brington. 

703 Recumbent Figures of Sir John Spencer, and Dame Isabel his Wife, 
1522 ; Ditto of Sir John and Dame Maria Spencer, Ditto, 

704 Monuments of Sir Robert and Dame Margaret Spencer; Ditto of Sir 
John and Dame Katherine Spencer, Ditto. 

705 Recumbent Figures of Sir Robert and Dame Margaret Spenoer, 
1599 ; Ditto of Sir John Spenoer and Dame Katherine his Wife, 1586. 

706 Monument of Sir John and Dame Maria Spenoer; Ditto of Sir 
William and Lady Penelope Spencer, Ditto. 

707 Monument of Sir Edward Spencer ; Reonmbent figures of Sir William 
and Lady Penelope Spencer, 1636, Ditto, 

708 Monument of John Earl Spencer ; Elevation of the East Window in 
the Dormitory of the Spenoer Family, &c. Ditto, 

709 Portraits of the present Earl Spencer, w. l., habited in Bobee of the 
Oarier, by G. P. Harding ; of the Earl of Sunderland, in armour, ^e, 


i68 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

710 N.E. and 8.W. Views of Kelmarah Chnroh. 

711 Monuments of Sir John Hanbury ; Brass Effigy of Korrys Osborne, an d 
Qtt9Joe his Wife ; Ancient stained Glass in the Window of Kelmmrth Chureh, 

712 Monmnent of the Hanbnry Family, in Ditto. 
719 N.£. and S.W. Views of Bothwell Ohnrbh. 
714 Anoient Brass Monumental Effigies, in Ditto, 

716 Monuments of Sir William Humble, &c. ; Tombs belonging to the 
Family of Bagesdale, in Bothwell Church. 

716 Front View of Jesus Hospital, at Bothwell ; Portraits, curiously oarred 
in wood ; Ancient stones, and Inscriptions in Bothwell Church Yard. 

717 K.E. and S.W. View of Bushton Church ; Exterior and Interior. 
"R^wnaiT^a of the Old Church ^^t Bushton. 

718 N.E. and S.W. Views of Brixworth Church. 

719 Various Monuments and Tombs in Ditto. 

720 N.E. and S.W: Views of Barton Church, and Brass Monumental 
Effigies of Jane Floyde and her children, in Ditto. 

721 N.E. and S.W. Views of Burton Latimer Church. 

722 Monument k Brass Effigies in Burton Latimer and Kettering Churches. 

723 Portraits taken from original pictures of the Rev. Obadiah Sedgwick, 
and Elizabeth Cary Lady Mordaunt. 

724 Tombs of the Mordaunt Family; View of Desborough Church; 
Monumental Antiquities in the Church of Drayton, &o. ; Fonts in 
Bushton, and Higham Ferrers Churches. 

726 View of Castor Church, and Remains of the Cloister of Peterborough 
Minster ; Monuments and Antiquities in Castor and Bameck Churches. 

726 Bbidobb's Hibtobt of KoBTEAiCFroNSHiBE, illustrated with a great 
number of Prints-^ among which are several scarce Portraits^ particularly of 
the Bishops of Peterborough^ ^. the rave print of Eeton Church, with the 
Medallion of Mr. John Palmer, by Hogarth ; Monumental Drawings, 
Armorial Bearings, ^. ^c; the whole bound in 4 vol. uncut, and interleaved 
russia backs and comers ; together with several additional loose Drawingo 
of Monuments, Ibmb»stones, Brasses, MS. Inscriptions, fc. ^. 

In the third part these few lots relating to the county occur :— 


57 Dr. Percy, after Sir Joshua, by Dickinson. 

66 Portrait of Rev. J. Hervey, by Dixon. 

148 Marlborough, (Sarah Duchess of) by Smith, Simon, ^., one a Prooi. 

164 Countess of Peterborough, by Faber. 

161 Countess of Westmoreland, by Beckett. 

274 Huntingdon (Selina Countess of). 

289 John Earl of Exeter, by John Smith. 

293 Lord Burleigh, by John Smith. 

296 Sir G. Eiieller ; W. Wissing. 

814 Dr. Ralph Bathurst, by A. Walker. 

326 Copper Plate Engraving of Sir Francis Crane, of Stoke Park, bj 

Fittler, with 44 impressions and 12 on india paper. 

365 Archbishop Chioheley, w. l., by Bartolozzi. 

372 Nathaniel Crewe, Bishop of Durham, by D. Loggan. 

884 Duchess of Grafton, by Beckett and Schenek, ^c. 

385 Earl Spencer, w. l., by Dtmkarton, proof, &c. 

£ s. 


1180 14 

9*3 1 


1430 16 

633 14 

^4158 II 


Celebrated Northamptonshire Booksellers. 169 

696 A Yoliime oontaining Drawings of Goats of Anns of Uie pcineipal 

Families in Northamptonshire, with «» Alpkmh0tieml Ituks, 
780 Portraits of Sir EnssUiu Isham, and his Ladj. 

It is to be feared that the most interesting of the above are now 
dispersed beyond possibility of recovery. Some of the early 
pamphlets it woald now be most difficult to procure. Mr. Simco 
issued catalogues from time to time, the earliest being dated 1788. 
The prices realized at the sales were these : — 

Books, sold by Mr. Evans 

Prints and drawings, sold by Mr. Sotheby^ part i. 

part II. 

part III. 

The catalogues, with prices realized and names of the purchasers, 
are in the British Museum. The several portions offered to the 
museum for 5^500 sold for : — ^ s d 

Drawings illustrative of Bridges' History of North- 
Bridges* History of Northamptonshire, 4 vols. 
Lysons' History of Derbyshire 
The History of the Abbey Church of S. Albans 
Lysons' Environs of London, 1 1 vols. 
Drawings illustrating Lysons* Environs of London 

An obituary notice of John Simco appeared in the Annual Obituary 
and Biography i 1825. 

The tablet to his memory in S. James* churchyard is on the right 
hand as you enter from Piccadilly, just opposite the belfry-door. It 
bears the following inscription : — " In Memory of John Simco of 
Air Street Bookseller Who died Feb. and 1824 Aged Seventy Six. 
A Sincere Christian." D. N. T. 

316. — May Sono at Nassinoton (256, 274).— This old May 
song or May carols which both Sternberg and Miss Baker attribute to 
Puritan origin, seems to differ very considerably, in various parts of the 
county, as regards the construction and order of its verses. I could 
count six copies in my possession, all slightly varying, before I saw 
the one given by the Rev. C. J. Percival {!iS6)y which in its turn 
differs in many respects from all the rest. 


. 234 10 

. 85 I 

. 89 5 

. 45 3 

. 183 15 

. 164 8 


;f8o2 a 


170 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

I append a copy of the form which was in use at West Haddon 
some fifteen or twenty years ago, and have also carried out the 
Rev. R. S. Baker*s admirable idea of giving the tune to which the 
words are wedded. 


^ h I I 





I. A -wake, a -wake, good peo-ple all, A -wake, and you shall 



m W 


* m 



hear; A - wake, a - wake, lift up your voice, And pray to God in 


# #- 





fear. Hal • le • lu • jah I to the Lamb, who died on the Mount 









# "m 

Cal-va-iy, Hal-le • lu - jahl Hal-le - lu - jah 1 to the Lamb, 

2. A bunch of May have I brought you, 

Before your door it stands; 
It's only a sprout, but well spread about 
By the work of our Lord's hands. — {Bfp^at Ckorui,) 

3. Take the Bible in your hands. 

And read the Scriptures through. 
And when the Day of Judgment oomes, 
The Lord will think of jovi,—{li$peat Chorut.) 

4. I have a purse within my pocket, 

It's lined with silk and string, 
And all I want is silver now 
To line it well within.— (iJ^a^ Chorus,) 

The best rendering of this song that I possess, I clipped from an 
American paper (Sheltering Arms, May, 1886, vol. xix.. No. 5). I 
like it so well that I make no apology for presenting it to the readers 
of «N. N. &a" 

Remember us poor Mayers all, 

And thus we do begin 
To lead our lives in righteousness, 

Or else we die in sin. 

We have been rambling all this night, 

And almost all this day. 
And now returned back again. 

We have brought you a branch of may. 

May Song at Nasstngton, 171 

A bnnoh of ihaj we have bfonght yoa^ 

And at yoar door it stands ; 
It is but a spiont, but it's well budded out, 

B7 tEe work of onr Lord's hands. 

The hedges and trees, they are so green. 

As green as any leek; 
Onr Heavenly Father, He watered them 

With heavenly dew so sweet. 

The heavenly gates are open wide, 

Our paths are beaten plain. 
And, if a man be not too far gone, 

He may return ag^ain. 

The life of man is but a span, 

It flourishes like a flower ; 
We are here to-day, and gone to-morrow. 

And we are dead in one hour. 

The moon shines bright, and the stars give light, 

A little before it is day ; 
80 God bless you all, both great and small 

And send yon a joyful May. 
Holmby House, Forest Gate. John T. Paob. 

317. — NoRTHAMPTONSHiRB Paulines. — In The Admission 
Registers of St. PauTs School, edited by the Rev. R. B. Gardiner, are 
to be found a few names of scholars who came from Northampton- 
shire. By far the greater number of boys came of course from 
LondoD or the immediate neighbourhood ; and the names given of 
pupils before the existing registers commenced, in 1748, are only 
accompanied with information as to their residence. These names 
that follow are all that I can discover as certainly coming from this 
county : — 

Henry Yelverton, bom 1633, son of sir Henry Yelverton, bart., 
of Easton Mauduit. He was afterwards of Wadham college, Oxford, 
and M.P. for the county of Northampton, 1660. He was ancestor 
of the extinct family of Yelvertons, earls of Sussex 5 and of the 
barons Grey de Ruthin. He died 1670. 

Samuel Woodford, born 1636, in London, but son of Robert 
Woodford, of Northampton. He was also of Wadham college, 
Oxford ; rector of Hartley Mauduit, Hants ; prebendary of Chichester, 
1676 i and of Winchester, 1680. 

John Fuller, son of Thomas Fuller (author of The Worthies), 
entered the school in 1653, aged about 11. His birthplace is not 
recorded. He was subsequently, in 1663, fellow of Sidney Sussex 
coU^e, Cambridge. 

172 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Spencer Compton, second son of James, 3rd earl of Northampton. 
The famous speaker of the house of commons. He had been M.P. 
for Eye, for £ast Grimstead, and for, county of Sussex. Created 
baron Wilmington, 1717 5 viscount Pevensey and earl of Wilmington, 
1730, In 1733 be was made K.G. Died, 1743. 

John Fisher, admitted to the school in 1763, aged 14^ was the 
son of the vicar of Peterborough. He was afterwards fellow of S. 
John's college, Cambridge ; prebendary of Windsor j archdeacon of 
Exeter 5 bishop of £xeter, 1803, and of Salisbury^ 1 707. He died 1805. 

George Warcup Malim, aged 12, admitted in 1778, son of the 
Rev. G. P. Malim, of Higham Ferrers. He was of Queens* college, 
Cambridge; vicar of Higham Ferrers, and rector of Irthlingborough. 
1802; and died in 1830. 

Robert Roberts, admitted in 18 r 8, was son of the Rev. Robert 
Roberts, of Stoke Doyle. He was afterwards of Corpus Christi 
college, Cambridge. He has been rector of Wadenhoe since 1831, 
and of Aldwinkle since 1838, and is the incumbent of longest standing 
except one in the dioceste. 

Richard Exton^ aged 13, admitted in 1824, son of the Rev. B. B. 
£xton, of Greens Norton. He died in 1867, rector of Hemley, SufEolk. 

Thomas William Crawley, admitted 1824, son of John Lloyd 
Crawley, of Heyford. The present rector of Heyford. Ed. 

318. — Sir Walter Mild may. — ^The other day, in wandering 
through the church of Saint Bartholomew the Great, West Smithfield, 
I came across, in the south ambulatory, the half -classic, half-Gothic, 
mural monument erected to the memory of sir Walter Mildmay. I 
copied down the Latin epitaph, which I think may fitly find a place in 

'' N. N. & a" 

Mora nobis laonun. 

Hio jacet GhialtemB Mildmay Miles, 

ei Maria uxor ejus. Ipse obiit nltimo 

die Maii 1689. Ipsa deoimo sexto Marfcii 1676. 

Reliquenmc daos filios, et tres filias. 

Fnnditvit Collegium Emannelis Oanta- 

brigice. Moritur CanoeUarins, ei 

Subtheeanrarias Scaooarii, et 

RegiflB Majestati a Oonsilliis. 

Hoc monamentnm restanrandam 

ourayit Etenricns Bingham Mildmay 

armiger 1870. 

Perhaps it will be as well to recall here some of the principal 
events of local interest in the career of this somewhat noted man. 

Round DrydevLS Birthplace, 173 

Having first entered Parliament as member for Maiden in 1552 ; 
in October, 1553, he was elected member for Peterborough ; and in 
1557 we find him returned as one of the knights of the shire for the 
county of Northampton. This latter seat he retained during the 
several parliaments summoned by queen Elizabeth, untd the time of 
his death in 1589. On the death of sir Richard Sackville in i j66, 
he received from Elizabeth the appointment of chancellor and 
under-treasurer of the exchequer. During his tenure of office, being 
a privy councillor, he was commissioned (with the lord treasurer 
Burghley as his colleague) to examine the lord Vaux and sir Thomas 
Tresham as to their complicity in certain treasonable practices ; and he 
was also employed, in 1582, in the treaty with Mary, queen of Scots. 

The present Apethorpe hall, it will be remembered, was erected 
by sir Walter Mildmay, and was used by him as a country residence. 
The manor of Apethorp was given to sir Walter by the crown, in 
exchange for other lands, in the reign of Edward the sixth. It has 
descended lineally to the present noble owner from the first earl of 
Westmoreland, who married Mary, granddaughter of sir Walter 
Mildmay, early in the seventeenth century. 

A drawing of the Mildmay tomb, by the pen of Mr. Joseph Pennell. 
and bearing date April, 1886, appears in the Century Magazine of 
February last. It forms one of a series of illustrations in an article 
entitled "The Oldest Church in England." John T. Page. 

319.— Round Drydbn's Birthplace. — Amolig the many 
interesting villages of Northamptonshire not the least honourable are 
the two Aldwinkles. In one was born Thomas Fuller, author of the 
" Worthies of England** ; in the other, John Dryden. Many of the 
villages in the neighbourhood go in couples, being distinct parishes, 
yet close together. Such are Barnwell All Saints and Barnwell 
Saint Andrew ; Cranford St. John and Cranford St. Andrew j Great 
and Little Weldon j Great and Little Oakley ; and others. Of the two 
Aldwinkles the larger is St. Peter's^ its church, with a handsome 
decorated tower and spire, standing well up amid the cottages. It 
was here that Thomas Fuller was born, in 1608, his father being, as 
he tells us, the ** painful preacher,** of the place. The epithet, appro- 
priate enough to some preachers even now, had doubtless a different 
meaning to the Fuller than it has to us. But, however pleasant or 
wearisome it may have been to listen to the father, one has only to 
read the son to like him. He was a man of portentous memory, and 
it is said that he could repeat a sermon verbatim after once hearing it 
—a matter for no small wonderment. 

174 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

When Fuller was tbree-and-twenty years old, when he had left his 
native village for Cambridge, and had left Cambridge again for some 
distant cure of souls, John Dryden was born in his grandfather's 
house, the parsonage of Aldwinkle All Saints. His father lived across 
the valley at Ticb marsh, where he had a little property, making him 
"passing rich on forty pounds a year"; but he was a stranger in the 
. village, being the third son of Sir Erasmus Dryden, of Canon's 
A^hby, across on the other side of the county. One very good 
reason for his settling at Tichmarsh was that be had married a niece 
of the squire. Sir John Pickering. The Pickerings had been long 
established at Tichmarsh, and lived in the manor-house on the south 
side of the church. The house has entirely disappeared ; but, accord- 
ing to Bridges, it was "embatteled" on the south side, 'and had an 
" embatteled " turret. The Pickerings had moved thither out of the 
old manor-house, of which the ruins had lattly been taken down 
when Bridges wrote. When Erasmus Dryden, father of the poet, 
came among the Pickerings they had been living in their new manor- 
house some seventy years. The head of the family was Sir John ; 
and his younger brother, Hemy, was rector of Aldwinkle All Saints, 
just across the Nen. It was with the Reverend Henry Pickering's 
daughter, Mary, that Erasmus Dryden fell in love, if a man with so 
learned a name could descend to so vulgar an emotion. Indeed, it is 
not on record that he did fall in Jove j all that is recorded is that the 
two were married on October 21, 1630, at the little church of Pilton, 
some two miles further down the Nen. Why they should have gone 
into a strange parish to be married is not at atl obvious. Pilton was 
a home of the Newton Treshams, their manor-house stands a few 
yards from the church, or rather — they would, perhaps, have preferred 
one to say — the church stands a few yards from their manor-house ; 
and why Erasmus "Drydon,*' as the register calls him, and Mary 
Pickering should have jaunted away to Pilton to be married, is a 
question which the curious may answer at their leisure. 

It is not so surprising to find John Dryden making his entry into the 
world in his mother's old home — the rectory at Aldwinkle. He was 
the firstborn, and very likely the parsonage was a more comfortable 
place than the elder Dryden's house, if he kept it up with anything 
like forty pounds a year. But conjecture on this point would, 
perhaps, be idle, for legend assigns no particular house to Erasmus 
Dryden, and legend is the only authority for locating his eldest son's 
birth at Aldwinkle. But legend has maintained the same story since 
the poet's own time, and Bridges, who wrote some 20 ytrars after 
Dryden's death, roundly asserts that "in the parsonage house of 

Round Dry den's Birthplace. 175 

Aldwinkle All Saints was born Mn Drjden the poet.'* Much of the 
rectory is certaioly older than the time in question ; the part facing 
the road, in spite of the modem windows, is the oldest portion of the 
house ; and it is here, in the room over the entrance, that glorious 
John is said to have been bom. 

As bis father lived at Tichmarsh, it is rather with that village than 
with Aldwinkle that Dryden's early recollections must have been 
associated. But, no doubt he frequently went from one house to the 
other ; down the hill from Tichmarsh, across the sluggish Nen, which 
winds amid broad level meadows — in summer, waving with fragrant 
bay J in winter, often a wide and turbulent lake — and then up the gentle 
acclivity to where the church stands amid tall trees, its sunny side 
looking diagonally across the valley to the many pinnacled tower of 
Tichmarsh. Perhaps, when the sun was fierce, and the hay waggons 
were being piled with their fragrant burden, and the horses were 
standing head-and-tail in the shade, switching the flies off each 
other's faces, the lad would take a dip in the quiet Nen, and disport 
himself without fear of such intruders as {experlo crede) the present 
day too freely affords, even in so retired a place as the river above 
Aldwiukle mill. 

But very soon after his potential swimming days had begun, the 
future poet left his home for Westminster School, and came no more 
to his native county, save as a visitor. Tichmarsh, Oundle, and Cot- 
terstock, he must have known as a man ; but Aldwinkle would have 
no further family interest for him, for his grandfather was dead, and 
the Rectory inhabited by strangers. The old man was buried in the 
churchyard, and over his body was raised a plain, massive tomb, on 
which may still be read, when the sun shines from a particular 
quarter of the heavens, the simple record of his birth and death. 
1 here is an epitaph now hardly legible ; it cannot be the work of 
the future laureate for he was then scarcely old enough to have under- 
taken the task, and anyway he might well have been deterred by the 
eflforts of his grandfather's brother in that species of composition. 
No one will venture to say that Dryden derived his poetic faculty from 
his mother's side, if the following epitaph to her uncle, a '* physitian,*' 
written by himself, may be taken as a specimen of his verse at its best : 

Reader thoa art siok to death, more danger in 
Thy soule the lees thoa f eelest, purge oat thy ain : 
Oh, seek to live ; I studied ouies and found 
Christ's pretious blood best balm for every wound ; 
Dear eye, peruse, refourme, redeem, fulfill. 
My lines, thy life, thy tyme, Qod'a holie nill. 
Abi Viator. 

176 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

The great epitaph writer of the family was Mrs. Creed, wife of 
John Creed of Ouadle, Esquire, a coasia of Dryden, and daughter to 
Sir Gilbert Pickering, of Tichnaarsh. Dryden used to visit her pretty 
frequently, and after his death she wrote him an epitaph as long- 
winded as all the others to her family, with which she adorned the wall 
of Tich marsh church. When we read Dryden's verses, or his cousin's 
wordy epitaphs, we feel how far we have left Medievalism behind, 
with its pithy hic-jacets and its crabbed rhymes. Less than two 
centuries lie between us with our bald sepulchral statements of birth 
and death, and John Creed with an epitaph half a page long. Nearly 
two centuries and a half lie between Mr. Creed's monument and the 
brass lying in Aldwinkle Chancel, whereon is graven ** Hie jacet 
Willius Aldewyncle Armig. qui obiit XXVIII. die Augusti A", dni 
Milimo CCCC.LXIII. cuj aie ppicietur Deus." Surely our custom 
and that of William Aldewyncle's time is better than good Mrs. 
Creed's. It is curious how closely we have reverted to the Mediaeval 
type J but the invariable prayer of those brasses — that God would" have 
mercy on the dead man's soul — is now only uttered over the con- 
demned murderer. 

The Williaili Aldewyncle whose brass has just been mentioned 
seems to have been the last of his name. He lived and died long 
before Dryden's time. Doubtless in his day he was a man of author- 
ity, and one who played his part on life's stage with ability and 
applause ', but all his virtues, and all the deeds which he did, are of 
less interest to us now than the brass which simply records his death. 
The whole part which he played moves us not so much as his final 
exit. His sorrowful widow, to whom, no doubt, we owe his brass, 
consoled herself before long by marrying a certain William Chaum- 
bre, and it is to these worthies that Aldwinkle Church owes one of its 
finest features — the chauntry on the south side. 

Bridges gives the reasons for the erection of this charming feature. 
*' In the fourth year of Henry VII., William Chaumbreand Elizabeth, 
his wife, formerly the wife of William Aldewyncle, by deed dated the 
8 Nov., 1489, erected a chauntry at the altar of the Virgin Mary 
in the Church of All-Saints, Aldwincle, for the prosperity of the 
king, and Eliz. his consort ; the safety of the founders while living, 
and for their souls after their decease ; and for the souls of Will. 
Aldewyncle, John Chambre, and Anne his wife, Maud Fossebrok, and 
others. For the support of John Selyman, chaplain, and his successors 
in the said chauntry, the founder gave the manor of Armston named 
Buren's-thing [here follow other descriptions]. He appoints also the 

Round Dry den's Birthplace. 177 

chaontry priest to teach spelling and reading to six poor boys of 
Aldwincle, to be chosen, after the decease of the said William and 
Elizabeth Chaumbre, three by the chaplain, and three by the rector of 
S. Peter's, Aldwyncle ; and that every night the said boys shall say 
for the souls of the founders the Psalm De profundis, with the prayers 
Jnclina Domine, Etjiddium, The chaplain is directed to give every 
year, by four quarterly payments, xxvij. \\\\d. to two poor persons of 
the said town. After the founder's death, the appointment of the 
chaplain is given to the abbat of Peterborough. In 1535, a6 Hen. 
VIII., the profits of this chaunlry, William Peycok being chaplain, 
were rated at viii/. viij. y'md., out of which was deducted, in alms to 
the poor, for the souls of William Aldewyncle, William and Elizabeth 
Chambers xxvij. \\\\d, iu rents resolute y\\s, y'xWd. In the thirty eighth 
year of this reign [1547] it was granted, with the lands belonging to 
it, to Sir Edward Mountague. The chaun try-house, the ruins of 
which were lately pulled down, stood in Mr. Spinckes's yard, where 
human bones have been dug up.'* 

Though the chauntry-house has been pulled down, the chauntry 
itself is left, and has proved a more lasting monument to its founders 
than the nightly recitation of De profundis by the six poor little 

Although in summer the walk across from Aid winkle to Tichmarsh 
through the meadows is an easy and pleasant affbir, iu winter the path 
is not infrequently under water, and then the only route is round by the 
road. Even the road sometimes is only passable to vehicles. But 
this compulsory deviation from the straightest path has the advantage 
of taking the traveller through the interesting hamlet of Thorpe 
Waterville, a collection of cottages close by the Nen. Here once 
stood a castle, but it fell to ruin so long ago that hardly anything is 
known of it. The earliest possessors of the manor were the Water- 
villes, and Bridges conjectures that one Azelin de Waterville built the 
castle. However that may be, it passed from that family so long ago 
as the end of the 1 3th century, and out of the ruins of the castle, 
Walter de Langton *' Bishop of Coventre," built a large mansion- 
house, parts of which still exist, though considerably modified and 
modernised. The worthy bishop in building his house procured " for 
that purpose, without leave of the monks, and to their great detri- 
ment, a vast quantity of timber from the woods belonging to Pipwell 
Abbey." Pipwell Abbey itself is now only a name, and the mansion- 
house, wrongfully built of the monks' timber, can show more remains 
to the present day than the great home of the monks itself. Of the 
house not much remains 5 there are mounds and moats about it, and 

. 178 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

close by a large building, now used as a barn^ but which^ it is said, 
was originally the guest-house of the castle. 

No doubt, had there 
existed in Dryden*s time 
the same anxiety to preserve 
ancient records and to 
fathom past history that 
prevails now, a great deal of 
information might have 
been gathered from the ruins 
such as he must have seen 
them ', but in some respects 
we, in the present day, have 
the advantage of him, since 
we can regard with all the 
interest that time lends to a 
good piece of work that 
little cottage in Thorpe, 
which was built during 
Dryden*s life, and which, 
if he noticed it at all, must 
have seemed too common- 
place to deserve much 

At Thorpe we are on 
the main road leading from Thrapston to Oundle. Turning to the 
right we get to Tichmarsh, while the other way leads to the Barnwell s 

and Oundle. At Tich- 
marsh there is not much of 
interest beyond the church. 
There are a few cottages 
with doors and windows of 
the universal Northamp- 
tonshire type, but the 
manor-houses, as already 
stated, have quite disap- 

We have seen how Mrs. 
Creed adorned the church 
with epitaphs -, but she and 

* This cottage has been polled down and rebuilt since the above waa written. 


Round Dryden's Birthplace. 179 

her cousin the poet, are not the only iuhahitants of Ticbmarsh who 
emerge from the respectable obscurity which inevitably envelops 
small villages. One Lewis Pickering, a half-brother of Mrs. Creed's 
great-grandfather, lives in the pages of Thomas Fuller's Church 
History as one of the earliest who carried to James I. the news of 
B lizabeth's death. Another connection of the family, Robert Keyes, 
brother-in-law of the same great-grandfather, was implicated in the 
Gunpowder Plot 3 and eventually suffered death on that account in 
Parliament-yard at Westminster. There is hardly a village in the 
county which cannot produce some tale, apocryphal or otherwise, 
connecting it with the terrible plot. It is astouisbing in how many 
places the conspirators met to concoct their nefarious schemes. 
Tichmarsh, however, has Fuller's authority for its legend, which is 
thus given in the Church History, with the marginal note — "The 
apish behaviour of Keyes " : — *' Indeed, some few days before the 
fatal stroke should be givei». Master Keyes, being at litchmcrsh, in 
Northamptonshire, at the house of Master Gilbert Pickering, his 
brother-in-law (but of a diff*ereiit religion, as a true Protestant), sud- 
denly whipped out his sword, and in merriment made many offers 
therewith at the beads, neck, and sides of many gentlemen and 
gentlewomen then in his company. This, then, was taken as a mere 
frolic, and for the present passed accordingly ; but afterwards, when 
the treason was discovered, such as renoembered his gestures thought 
thereby be did act what he intended to do if the plot had took eff*ect 
— hack and hew, kill and slay, all eminent persons of a diff*erent 
religion from themselves." 

" The short and simple annals " of Tichmarsh offer little else of 
interest. Indeed, nothing known in song or story occurred in this 
neighbourhood, except the tragedy of Fotheringhay. To be sure, 
could all be written that must have happened along this Nen Valley, 
it would make a stirring tale. For here was a chain of camps in 
Roman times, and in after centuries the castles of Thorpe and Bam- 
well must have been the centres of great events, but their history has 
perished as completely as the buildings themselves. To those who like 
to wander about seeking history in out-of-the-way places, rather than 
to visit Scenes whose history is already made, this quiet countryside 
round Dryden's birthplace is full of interest. We have heard about 
Thorpe and I'ichmarsh, and Barnwell, with its storyless castle. 
Barnwell, however, has worthier claims upon our attention than its 
ruined stronghold, for here lived Parson Latham who built two 
hospitals and founded five free schools in neighbouring villages. 

i8o Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

besides doing much other charitable work. A little further down the 
Nen is Oundle, with its great school and lofty spire, up which an 
adventurous schoolboy recently clinabed by means of the crockets. 
Here lived, in one of the fairest houses in the town, John Creed, Esq., 

husband of Dryden's cousin. 
Legend says that the tim- 
ber used in his house 
came from IVesham's New 
Building at Lyveden, some 
four miles off, whence it 
was taken by one of Crom- 
well's officers, who vainly 
endeavoured to batter the 
place down. The legend is 
probably not tnie, at least, 
so far as the battering is 
concerned. But it would 
not be wonderful if the 
" New Bield *' had excited 
the wrath of the Puritan 
soldier, for it is covered 
with symbols such as only 
a worshipper of the " Scarlet 
Woman** would have de- 
vised. Ourdle still retains 
much of its ancient air, and 
lies pleasantly sloping down, to the Nen and its meadows. 

Coming back from Oundle to Aldwinkle. we pass close to Lilford 
Hall, a fine 17th century mansion, the front of which has two 
large semi-circular bay-windows running up two storeys, and crowned 
with a pierced parapet; and then, crossing the river by two hand- 
some bridges we reach Pilton again, where Dryden's parents were 
married. The rectory, which was formerly the manor-house, is a 
picturesque old building with gabled dormers rising from steep roofs 
of Colley Weston slates. Inside the house the chief feature of interest 
is the 17th century barrel-vaulted plaster ceiling of the drawing-room ; 
but there are very few memorials of the Treshams left except in the 
register. Leaving Pilton on our way to Wadenhoe we see across the 
river the fine spire of Achurch, where lived in the 17th century the 
fanatic, Robert Brown, rector of the place, and founder of the Brownists. 
It is said that he used to say there was no church in England but his 

Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots. i8i 

and that was A-churcL Bridges, in relating this, dryly observes, that 
even fanaticism strives to be witty. Puns have decidedly improved 
since those days, for surely the reverend enthusiast's struggles in this 
line were scarcely crowned with success. 

From Wadenhoe it is not far to Lowick, where is one of the most 
interesting churches in the county. It abounds in stained glass 

and fine monuments, as it 
^=^';]H1\.-. \r was the church of the fine 

mansion of Drayton, which 
is about half-a-mile distant. 
The *' White Horse" will be 
found, not only a pleasant 
country inn, but also an old 
house, with a great deal 
in it that is worth seeing. 

A pleasant walk of two 
miles or so, leads into Islip, 
with another good church j 
and thence to Thrapston 
it is but a step. With 
Thrapston the circuit round 
Dryden's home is comple- 
ted, and a charming tract 
of country will have been 
covered. Not a country exciting violent admiration, but one full of 
repose, full of calm beauty, and full of quiet interest. 

J. Alfred Gtotch. 

The above article is taken from The Building News for Feb. 22, 
1884 ; to the editor of which paper we are indebted for the gratuitous 
use of the blocks. 

320. — A Contemporary Portrait of Mart, Queen of 
Scots. — In note 279, page 113, October, 1886, 1 mentioned that my 
miniature of Mary, Queen of Scots — a photograph from which is 
given as the frontispiece of my little book, Fotheringhay and Mary, 
Queen of Scots (Alfred King, Oundle) — was identified by Mr. George 
Scharf, c.b., f.s.a.. Director of the National Portrait Grallery, as a 
replica of the miniature sold in the £lenheim collection, at Christie's, 
August 10, 1886; and he pronounced it to be an original contem- 
porary portrait. It was shewn for the first time in public at the 
Conversazione at Orton Hall, near Peterborough, on Januaiy 11, 
1887, when the Dowager Marchioness of Huntly exhibited some 
relics of Mary, Queen of Scots. They included a very beautiful 



1 82 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

piece of hanging from a bed that had been occupied by the hapless 
queen — the ornamental device being the royal thistle of Scotland 
worked in gold on velvet. I also exhibited, among other things, an 
impression in wax — kindly made for me by Mr. Wallis, of the South 
Kensington Museum — of the betrothal signet-ring of Mary and 
Darnley, discovered in the ruins of Fotheringhay castle, and believed 
to have fallen from her finger on this very day, three hundred years 
ago — for I write this on February 8th, the tercentenary of her death — 
when her head fell to the axe of the executioner. 

It curiously happens that, only a few days since, I was turning 
over the leaves of the life of Mary Stuart, by Miss Agnes Strickland 
— presented to me by the authoress — when I lighted upon the 
following: — ''In the list of gentlemen attached to Queen Mary's 
household appears the name of Jehan de Court, painter, with a salary 
of ^240 per annum. Such of her Scottish portraits as are really 
originals were probably painted by this domestic artist. Among the 
miniatures claimed to be authentic likenesses of Mary Stuart, is one 
preserved at Ham house, in the Earl of Dysart's collection, supposed 
to have been inherited by the Duke of Lauderdale from his ancestor, 
the celebrated sir William Maitland, Lord of Lethington, Mary's 
Secretary of State, the husband of Mary Fleming ; to whom it was 
probably presented by her royal mistress and namesake. Mary is 
there depicted in the widow's dress she wore in Scotland till her 
second marriage — black, trimmed with white — her head-tire being 
a shovel-shaped black hood, fiat and wide in front, and descending 
from the ears like a stiff" slanting frame on each side the throat ; over 
this a black veil is thrown back — a costume very unbecoming to 
any features less exquisite than those of the royal beauty, who is there 
represented in her twentieth or twenty-first year — pensive, but very 
lovely, with pale, clear complexion, and dark hazel eyes. Her hair, 
bright chestnut colour, is folded in Madonna bands across her broad 
serene forehead, with braids sloping towards her cheeks ; the contour 
of her face is oval 5 her gown is black figured damask, slashed on 
the breast and sleeves, and these slashes are edged with narrow white 
fur 5 a partlet of the same encloses her throat. This miniature is of 
an oval, of very small size, and round the ed^e of the deep blue 
background is inscribed, " Maria Regina Scotorum," in gold letters, 
and " Catharine da Costa, pinx." — being the first instance of a female 
artist's name connected with a royal portrait, but it is a perfect gem 
of its kind." (Vol. iv., p. 27, Original Edition, 1853.) 

Miss Strickland does not mention the double row of pearls round 
the neck, but her description (with the omission of the artist's name) 


County Members, 183 

corresponds precisely with the miniature in my possession, and also 
with the Blenheim miniature, a briefer account of which, from the 
pen of Mr. Scharf. was given in my note, p. J 14. Mary wore her 
widow*s dress for four years, from the age of 18 to that of 22. Was 
the painter of two of the miniatures Jehan de Court, and did 
Catharine da Costa copy one of them ? I know nothing of either 
of these artists, and should feel much obliged for any information 
concerning them. Cothbert Bbde. 

321. — Members por Northamptonshire. — Among the 
Kimbolton MSS. is one giving " the names of divers Knights Cittizens 
and Burgesses of the Lower House of Commons that are Adventurers 
and free of the Virginia Company." Internal evidence proves this 
list to have been compiled about the year 1623, during the sitting of 
the last parliament of King James i. At least two of the names 
included in this list were of Northamptonshire connection and held 
Northamptonshire seats^ viz., " Mr. Knightley," whom I take to be 
Richard Knightley, esq., of Fawsley, who represented his county in 
the parliaments, 1620-1, 1623-4, 1625, and 1627-8, was high sheriff 
to Charles i., and died in 1639; "Mr Edward Spencer,** who was 
clearly the Edward Spencer, esq., M.P. for Brackley in 1620-r,' 
1623-4, and 1625, and the sir Edward Spencer, knight, who sat for 
Middlesex in 1626, having been knighted at Hampton Court 27 Dec., 
1625. He was the fourth son of the first lord Spencer, and died s, p. 
II Feb., 1655, ^^^ ^'» being buried at Brington. Upon hi^ father's 
monumental inscription he is described as " of Boston co. Middlesex 

In addition to the above the list contains a name given as '' Sir 
Thomas Fermin." No such knight is known, and I suspect that the 
true reading would be either " Sir Thomas Jermin," or " Sir Thomas 
Fermor," the latter a well known Northamptonshire family. Can any 
reader of " N. N. & Q.** say if a sir Thomas Fermor was living in 

'^^^ • W. D. Pink. 

322. — Members for Northamptonshire in Long Parlia- 
ment. — I shall be obliged 'by exact date of decease of any of the 
following: — sir Gilbert Pickering, bart , M.P. county, 1640-58, died 
circa 16685 sir John Dryden, 2nd bart., M.P. county, 1640-55, died 
circa 16585 sir Martin Lister, knt., M.P. Brackley, 1640 till secluded 
in 1 648. Concerning the last also I should be glad of some biographical 
particulars. He was, I believe, the grandfather of Dr. Martin Lister, 
physician to queen Anne. -^^ jy^ Pink. 


184 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

323. — Election Squib. — Among the papers oi Mr. Thomas 
Simco, of Towcester, was found a manuscript containing ten verses 
of a squib, or lampoon, entitled ''On a Certain Candidate for a 
Certain Office." At the end it is stated that it " was made upon one 
Esq. Booth Hard by Kettering Northamptonshire.*' I should be glad 
to know what was the "certain office," and what was the date of the 
composition. The four last verses are somewhat obscure, and there 
seem several deficiencies in the copy, but I give the first six verses, 
which will be perhaps sufficient to determine the occasion when they 
were written. D. N. Tr 


Presaming much on wealth and Birth 

A Stewards Son no Higher 
A Soldier onoe of Muckle Worth 

And now a Little Squire 

Unknown beyond three Miles Around 

And where beet known Abhor*d 
Sequeeter'd in his Desart Ground 

Of Brutes alone Rude Lord 

Enoourag'd by some two three Friends 

Or rather say Betray'd 
The Country round his Card he Sends 

And Craves Each Voters Aid 

On Hinges Long unur'd to turn 

Ope Flies the Cellar Door 
And Lab'rers now no Longer mourn 

Small Beer Lock'd up before 

Prophetiok of A Venion Feast 

And Better Days to come 
Transformed the Kitchen is new Drest 

And Bcaroely knows its Home 

The Jack in Rust malignant Lost 

Like some inactive churl 
Forgot almost the Art to Roast 

Now nimbly deigns to Whirl 

324. — Curiosities op Northamptonshire Printing. — Under 
the above title we propose to give from time to time short descriptive 
accounts of the more rare and curious specimens of Northamptonshire 
typography, and the little book we have chosen to inaugurate the 
series is certainly worthy of premier place, both on account of its 
rarity and the excellence of the woodcut illustrations and letterpress. 
The volume in question is a small octavo — one of the series of chap- 
books issued by the Diceys, and we are pleased to be able to present 
our readers with a fac-simile of the title-page and its quaint little block. 

Curiosities of Northamptonshire Printing . 185 

Robin Hood's GARLAND, 

Beiug a Compleat 



All the Notable and Merry EXPLOITS 

perfonn'd by him and his Men, on divers Occafions. 
To which is added, 

A PREFACE, giving a more full and particular 
Account of his Birth, ^c. than any hitlierto publifh'd. 

I'll fend this Arrow from my Bow, 
And in a Wager will be bound 

To hit the Mark aright, although 
It were for Fifteen Hundred Pound : 

Doubt not, I'll make the Wager good. 
Or ne'er believe bold Robin Hood, 

Adorn d with Twenty-feven neat and curious CUTS, 
proper to the Subject of each SONG. 

Northampton: Printed by W. DiCEY. 

1 86 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

As is usual in books of this class, no date is to be found in the 
volume, and the only evidence as to the time of its publication is the 
appearance of the name of W. Dicey alone on the title-page, iu 
succession to Robt. Raikes and W. Dicey, which would place the 
date of its issue between the years 1725 and 1750. Ihatitisone 
of the rarest additions to the catalogue of Dicey chap-books may be 
surmised from the fact that we find no mention of it in any of the 
lists contained in other similar productions of the firm. 

The title-page is backed by a sort of dedication : 


Gentlemen ARCHERS. 

nPHIS Garland has been long out of 

•*• Repair, 

Some SONGS h^ing wanting^ of which we 

give Account ; 
For now at last, by true industrious Care, 
The sixteen SONGS to Twenty-seven we mount ; 
Which large Addition needs must please, I know, 
All the ingenious Yeomen of the Bow. 

To reed how Robin Hood and Little John, 
Brave Scarlet, Stutelt, valiant, bold and free; 
Each of them bravely, fairly play*d the Man, 
While they did reign beneath the Green Wood Tree ; 
Bishops, Fryars, likewise many more. 
Parted with their Gold, for to encrease their Store ; 
But never would they Rob or wrong the Poor. 

Two pages more are occupied by " The Preface to the Reader," 
in which a succinct account of the Robin Hood legend is given, the 
death of the hero being placed in 1195, although the epitaph on his 
reputed tombstone at Kirklees has it '*obit 24 Kalend. Dikembris 
1247,*' and other authorities represent him as dying in 1294. 
However, that is beside our present purpose and need not detain us 
longer. We now come to the ballads themselves, which, commencing 
on page i, are continued t6 page 86, being in number twenty-seven ; 
each one adorned with a small woodcut similar to the one shown in 
our fac-simile title-page; preceded by the title of the piece, and 
(generally) the tune to which it should be sung. As the volume 
before me is undoubtedly a very rare edition of this collection of ballads 
it may be useful for purposes of comparison to give the whole of the 
titles, &c. A re-issue of much later date, with some slight verbal 
alterationSi emanated from the York press^ *' Printed by and for J. 


Curiosities of Northamptonshire Printing. 187 

Kendrew." This also is without date, but we shall not be far wrong 
in placing it at the close of the last century. The woodcuts 
are very rude and much inferior to those of the Dicey issue. The 
contents are almost exactly similar to those of the earlier volume, but 
after the epitaph is an addition of *' A New Robin Hood Song," of 
no particular interest. This York reprint is a small lamo of 108 pp. 
as compared with 90 pp. of the Dicey volume. Of the latter the 
contents are as under : 

Robin Hood*s Garland, &c. 

1. The Pedigree, Education, and Marriage of Robin Hood with Clorinda, 

Queen of Titbury Feast: Supposed to be related by the Fidler who 
play*d at their Wedding. 

2. Robin Hood's Progress to Nottingham, in which he slew Fifteen Forrest- 

ers. To the Tune of, Bold Robin Hood, &o. 

3. Robin Hood and the Jolly Pinder of Wakefield. Shewing how he fought 

with Robin Hood, Will Scarlet, and Little John, a long Summer's Day. 
To an excellent Northern Tune. 

4. Robin Hood and the Bishop : Shewing how Robin went to an Old Woman's 

House, and changed deaths with her, to escape from the Bishop : And 
how he robbed him of all his Gold, and made him sing Mass. Tune of 
Robin Hood and the Stranger. 

5. Robin Hood and the Butcher. Shewing how he Tobb*d the Sheriff of 

Nottingham. Tune of Robin Hood and the Beggar. 

6. Robin Hood and the Tanner : Or, Robin Hood met with his Match. Tune 

of, Robin Hood and the Stranger. 

7. Robin Hood and the Jolly Tinker. Tune of, In Summer Time. 

8. Robin Hood and Allen-a-Dale : or, the Manner of Robin Hood's rescuing a 

young Lady from an old Knight, to whom she was going to be married, 
and restoring her to Allen -a-Pale, her former Love. To the Tune of, 
Robin Hood in the Green- Wood. 

9. Robin Hood and the Shepherd : Shewing how Robin Hood, Little John, 

and the Shepherd, fought a sore Combat. Tune of Robin Hood and 
Queen Catherine. 

10. The Famous Battle between Robin Hood and the Curtal Fryar, near 

Fountain-Dale. To a Northern Tune. 

1 1 . Robin Hood newly Reviv'd : Or, His Meeting and Fighting with his Cousin 

Scarlet. To a New Tune. 

12. Renowned Robin Hood: Or, his famous Archery truely related, in the 

worthy Exploits he performed before Q. Catherine. To a New Tune. 

13. Robin Hood*s Chaoe : Or, A merry Progress between Robin Hood and King 

Henry. Tune of Robin Hood and the Begg^. 

14. Robin HoodS Gk>lddn Prize. Shewing how he robb'd two Priests of Five 

Hundred Pounds. Tune of Robin Hood was a tall young Man, &c. 
Id. Robin Hood Rescuing WUl. Stutely from the Sheriff and his Men, who 

had taken him Prisoner, and were going to Hang him. To the Tune of, 

Robin Hood and Queen Catherine. 
16. The Noble Fisher-man: Or, Robin Hood's Preferment. Tune of, In 

Summer Time. 

1 88 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

17. RobinHood's Daligbt : Or, A Merry Combat fougbt between Robin Hood, 

Little John, and Will. Scarlet, and three stout Keepers in Sherwood 
forest. Tune of Robin Hood and Queen Catherine. 

18. Robin Hood and the Beggar. Shewing how he and the Beggar fought* 

and changed Cloaths ; how he went a Begging to Nottingham ; And how 
he saved three Brethren from Hanging for stealing of Deer. Tune of 
Robin Hood and the Stranger. 

19. Robin Hood, Will. Scarlet, and Little John: Or, A Narrative of the 

Victory obtained against the Prince of Arragon and the two GKants ; 
and how Will. Scarlet married the Princess. Tune of Robin Hood : or, 
Hey down, down, a down. 

20. Little John and the four Begg^ars: Shewing how he went a Begging, 

and Fought with four Beggars ; and what a Prize he got from them. 
Tune of, Robin Hood and Uie Beggar. 

21. Robin Hood and the Ranger. Or, True Friendship after a fierce Fight. 

Tune of Arthur-a-Bland. 

22. Robin Hood and Little John : Being an Account of their first Meeting ; 

their fierce Encounter and Conquest. To which is added, their friendly 
Agreement, and how he came to be called Little John. Tune of, Arthur- 

23. The Bishop of Hereford's Entertainment by Robin Hood and Little John, 

&c. in Merry Bamsdale. 

24. Robin Hood rescuing the three Squires from Nottingham Gallows. 

26. TheKing's Disguise & Friendship with Robin Hood. To a Northern Tune. 

26. Robin Hood and the GK)lden Arrow. 

27. Robin Hood and the valiant Knight : together with an Account of bis 

Death and Burial, &c. Tune of, Robin Hood and the fifteen Foresters. 

This, the concluding ballad, ends on page 85 with the following 

quatrain : 

''There's nothing remains but his Efccapb now, 
which, Rbadbb, here you have 
To this very Day, and Read it you may, 
as it was upon his Grave." 

And on the last page appears the epitaph, in modernized spelling, 
as underneath : 

ROBIN HOOD'S Epitaph. 


Set on his Tomh by the Prioress of Birkslay 
Monastery^ in Yorkshire. 
• OBIN Earl of Huntinotok 
Lies under this little Stone, 
No Archer tuas like him so good ; 
His Wildness nam'd him ROBIN HOOD. 
full thirteen Years, and something more. 
These Northern Parts he vexed sore. 
Such Outlaws as He and his Men, 
May England never know again. 

Early Crosses. 189 

We shall be glad to know of the existenre of any other specimen 
of this very curious book. So far as we are aware, the British Museum 
does not possess a copy. We are indebted to T. Slaney Eyton, Esq., 
Walford Hall, Salop, for the loan of this unique volume. 

In the Taylor collection of printed- sheets in the Northampton 
Museum is a broadside with the heading : 

The Pedigree, Educatioii, and Marriage of Robin Hood, with Clorinda, 
Queen of Titbury Feast. Supposed to berelated by the Fidler, who 
play'd at their Wedding. 
KomTXAicnov : Printed for Robert Dioey of wbom may be bad all Sorts of old and 
new Ballads, Broad-Sbeett. Hutorie^ Piotorea Cat in Wood, and engrav'd on 
Copper Plate, Ao. with finer Cote, mnob better Printed, and obeaper tban in any 
otberPlaoein EngUuid. 

This has a large woodcut in the centre. The pedigree, etc., is in 
verse, arranged in five columns. Robert Dicey's name is not of 
frequent occurrence. In the year 1746, a sermon preached on 
behalf of the county infirmary in All Saints church, was printed by 
William Dicey j and, according to the imprint, was "sold by him, 
John Pasham, Robert Dicey, etc., booksellers in Northampton." 
This approximately fixes the date of the broadside. F. T. 

325. — Early Crosses (300). — The editor asks for other 
instances of early crosses, similar to those mentioned in his note, p. 
148. When the church of S. Nicholas, Stretton, Rudand^ was 
restored, in 1881, under the care of Mr. Fowler, of Louth, portions 
of crosses and coped coffin-lids, were found to have been used as the 
jambs of the Norman south door of the nave, the date of which was 
placed, by Mr. Fowler, at 1090. The modern church had, evidently, 
been erected on the site of a former building. The carving of the cross 
and interlacing work is well preserved, as may still be seen. I took 
care of these memorials of antiquity, and placed them on the western 
side ot the porch, where they now remain. A coped coffin-lid had 
also been utilised for tbe tympanum of the Norman door of the nave. 
This was not removed : and the coped portion may be plainly seen 
from the inside of the church. It would seem that when the new 
church was built, in or about the year 1090, the builders appropriated 
to their own purposes the memorials in the graveyard. 


326.— HiNDE Family (a8o). — A communication from T. H. H. 
informs us that a pedigree of three generations of the Hinde family 
is printed in a StaHbrdshire history, being settled at Evelin, near 
Shififnal, and at Eccleshall. George, of the former place, married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Skrimshire, of Aquilate; of their 

ipo Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

four children one only, Francis, of Eccleshall, was married. His wife 
was Anne, daughter and heiress of Henry Tricket of Pershall. Their 
children were Henry (aet. lo in 1663), Francis, Brian, and Anne. It 
is quite likely that other children were born after this date. Of the 
names given in the query in part xii. (280), four would correspond to 
this family, viz., Anne, the mother, and Francis, Brian, and Anne> the 

The ^rms used by the Hindes of Pershall were these : — Argent 
on a chevron Azure three escallops of the field, on a chief of the 
second a lion passant of the first : crest, a lion's head erased Argent. 


7h9(0\ H U^ ^S^H»t^»nr^rt. 

327. — The "Cotbs'* near Towcester. — The word co/e as 
an afiSx to the names of villages and hamlets is no doubt well known 
to readers of *'' N. N. & Q." It is, however, curious to notice how 
very unequal is the .distribution of this word in our county. There 
are twenty cotes or cotts, six of which, viz., Caldecott-cum-Chelveston, 
Holcot, Muscott, Muscote, Nethercote, and Huscote, are far apart j 
but the whole of the remaining fourteen are grouped together, round 
Towcester, as shewn in the accompanying map. It is to be noticed 
that they are all hamlets, not one possessing, or having any tradition 
of possessing, either parochial rights or a parish church. Moreover, 
with the exception of Heathencote, they are on no main road. I should 
be very glad to learn, first, the exact meaning, historical as well as 
etymological, of cote, and also any historical reason for the presence of 
so many cotes round Towcester, and scarcely anywhere else in the 
county. It may be remarked that the country round Astcote, Eastcote, 
Descote, and Darlescote, is very "out of the way" to this day. 
I have included "Descote," though now it does not strictly exist, 
there being no houses, but its lands lie about where its name is 
printed on the map. Fawcott, which is S. W. of Foscote, makes up 
the fourteen. W. R. D. Adkins. 

Sargent Family. 191 

328. — Guild AND Guilb Families. — Any information in regard 
to these families in England will be appreciated. 

329. — RoTHWBLL Market-House. — We commend to our 
readers a proposal made at Rotbwell to complete sir Thomas 
Tresbam's market-bouse, as a fitting commemoration of tbe jubilee 
year. Mr. Fred Barlow, of Rotbwell, has undertaken to act as 
secretary to tbe committee that has been formed for the purpose, and 
from him particulars can be obtained. Of tbe four buildings which 
sir Thomas commenced, one only, the triangular lodge at Rusbden, 
was completed in bis lifetime. The sketch that has been issued of 
the proposed completion shews a handsome and imposing erection. 
A Latin inscription runs round the market-house, of which the 
following translation is given in Mr. Gotch's book on tbe Tresbam 
buildings : — " This was the work of Thomas Tresbam, Knight. He 
erected it as a tribute to his sweet fatherland and county of North- 
ampton, but chiefly to this town, his near neighbour. Nothing but 
the common weal did he seek 5 nothing but the perpetual honour of 
his friends. He who puts an ill construction on this act is scarcely 
worthy so great a benefit. A" Domini one thousand five hundred and 
sev . . ." 

330. — Sargent Family op Northampton (247). — Some 
additional particulars of this family have been obtained from North- 
ampton. William Sargent's first wife was named Hannah, and she 
died in i6j2. They had four children, Elizabeth, Hannah, Elizabeth, 
and Mary. As only Hannah and the younger Elizabeth went to 
America with their father in 1638, the others were probably dead. 
A second wife and a daughter, both named Marie, were also dead. 
Any information about the dates of these deaths, or about tbe 
immediate ancestors of William, will be most welcome. It is believed 
that monuments exist to some of the family in All Saints' church at 
Northampton, and that some held public oflices in the town. Coat 
armour was granted to Thomas Sargent of Staffordshire, whose 
wife's surname was Collier, by sir William Segar 5 and tbe Sargent 
family in New England have used these arms, which are thus 
described:— Argent, a chevron between three dolphins pariant 
imbowed Sable. This coat in Guillim ijs assigned to Serjeant of 
Staffordshire. The crest is a dolphin, as on the shield 5 and the 
motto " Ut vivas vigila." Can the connection between the North- 
amptonshire and Staffordshire families be established ? 

Chicago, niinoii. JOHN S. Sargent. 

192 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

331. — ^Thb Rev. Canon William Lucas Collins, M.A. — 
As most of our readers are aware, the death of this well-known 
Northamptonshire clergyman took place at Lowick rectory on 
Thursday, 34 March. He had been connected with the county for 34 
years 5 and at his death was rector of Lowick, and vicar of Slipton, 
and honorary canon (14th stall) of Peterborough cathedral. From 
Crockford*s Clerical Directory we learn the dates of bis degrees and 
various preferments : — He was scholar of Jesus college, Oxford, and 
took his B.A. degree in the second class Lit. Hum., in 1838, and his 
M.A. degree in 1841. He was ordained in 1840 ; appointed rector 
of Cheriton, co. Glamorgan, 1840; curate of Great Houghton, 1853 ; 
and of Brafield, 1862 5 vicar of Kilsby, 1867, where it may be noted 
that in less than fkWQ years he built a vicarage house and school, and 
restored the church j honorary canon of Peterborough, 1870 5 rector 
of Lowick, 1873; vicar of Slipton, 1876. He was also, from 1882, 
secretary of the Peterborough diocesan conference, having previously 
been secretary to the board of education, before the appointment of paid 
diocesan inspectors, and tabulated all the reports for the bishop. Lastly, 
he was for some years secretary to the boys* reformatory at Tiffield. 

The Northampton Herald, of April 2, after reciting the titles of his 
works, has this notice of him : — 

" Mr. Collins, as our readers will see by the above, was well known 
for his literary abilities, which had secured a wide popularity for his 
works ; but it was not for these that he was best known or honoured 
in his own neighbourhood. It was rather the charm of a simple, 
earnest, genuine, Christian character that had earned the heartfelt afiec- 
tion of those among whom his latter years were spent. His abilities 
would have won him respect wherever his life might have been cast j 
but it is more to his honour to record that he was never known to 
harbour an unkind thought, or to breathe an uncharitable word ; that 
he was the most faithful of husbands and the most sympathetic of 
fathers, and that to the end of his life love and duty were the principles 
by which all his conduct was regulated. May there never be 
wanting to England a succession of such men to serve God and 
their country in Church and State. We may add that Lowick 
Church — so well known for its ancient stained glass and medieval 
monuments — was indebted to the subject of this notice for the moiety 
of the subscription by which the east window was filled with stained 
glass a few years ago, and also for the chancel and other lights 3 and 
that at the time of his death he was assisting in the contemplated 
work of replacing the chancel roof by one of a more ornamental 

The Rev. Canon W, L. Collins. 193 

"The remains of the rev. gentlemaD were placed in their last resting 
place in Lowick Churchyard on Monday afternoon, amidst every 
manifestation of affection and regret from his parishioners and neigh- 
bours. At the appointed hour the coffin was borne from the Rectory 
to the Church by six of the members of the Bible Class, who have 
quite recently been under instruction by their faithful pastor. It was 
covered with wreaths of lilies, white hyacinths, and ferns, but the 
place of honour was occupied by simple wreaths given by the choir, 
by the Bible Class, by the Sunday School teachers, and by a cross of 
white violets and hyacinths from the Rectory garden, last loving tokens 
of affection which were assuredly * of more honour than many 
crowns.' " 

The following list of his works has been collated by Mr. John 
Taylor from his Bihlioiheca Norihantonensis : — 

False Fear of ChrUt* a Servioe.r-Oospel for Fifth Sanday after Trinity. In vol. i. of 

Praetical Sermons by DigwUariet and olker Clergymen of the Church of England. 

1846. 8vo. 
The Luck of Ladysmede. In Two Vols. 1860. 8vo. 
The Education Qoestion. Reyision a Necessity A Voice from the Unassisted 

Schools. (Reprinted from Blackwood's Magazine). 1862. 8vo. 
fitoniana. Ancient and Modem ; being Notes of the History and Traditions of Eton 

College. 1865. 8vo. 
The Public Schools : Winchester, Westminster, Shrewsbury, Harrow, Rugby. Notes 

of their History and Traditions. 1867. 8vo. 
Paper read before the ArehUeetural Society of the Archdeaconry of Northampton, 

1867. Some Notice of an Antiquarian Bishop of Peterborough -Dr. White 
Kennett. (Chiefly from the Lansdowne MSS.) 
AneieniClauics for English Headers, Edited by the Rev. W. Lucas Collins, M.A. 

VirgU. 1870. 

Homer. The Odyssey. 1870. 

Hoiner. The Iliad. 1871. 

acero. 1871. 

Aristophanes. 1872. 

Ludan. 1873. 

Plautus and Terence. 1873. 

Liyy. 1876. 

Thucydides. 1878. 
Foreign Classics for English Readers, 

Montaigne. 1879. 

La Fontaine, and other French Fabulists. 1882. 
Philosophical Classics for English Headers, 

Joseph Butler. 1881. 

To these may be added numerous essays, reviews, and papers on 
▼arious subjects, contributed to Blacktvood*s Magazine during a long 
period of years -, amongst them being an article on the death of the 
Prince Consort in i86i, which was reprinted in a separate form by 
the express command of tbe Queen. 

194 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

332. — Brabazon Family op Sibbbrtoft and Hothorp. — 
I am wishing for information additional to that I already possess, and 
which is noted below, concerning the family ot Brabazon of Sibbertoft 
and Hotborp, co. Nortbants., and Mowsley, co. Leic. -, and I am more 
especially desirous to know the connection of the Hothorp branch 
with the families of Sibbertoft and Mowsley. 

In 38 Edward i. Roger Brabazon succeeded Nicholas le Archer in 
the manor of Sibbertoft Formerly the Brabazon arms were in the 
east window of the church, viz.. Gules, on a bend Or, three martlets 
Sable. They also appeared in the following Leicestershire churches : 
Eastwell, impaled with the arms of Chaworth and of Harcourt; 
Edmundthorpe ; Harby; Glenfield; Oudebyj Oweston, impaled 
with the arms of Woodford; Saddington ; and Spoxton, impaled 
with those of Woodford. A charter now in the Bodleian shews 
that Roger, son of William Brabazon of Mowsley, April 4, 19 Edward 
III., granted to John Oudeby of Stokedrie, co. Ruth, the whole of 
his lordship in Mowsley, along with iid, annual rent and the homages 
and services of the freemen for their lands held of him. 

By inquisition 6 Edward vi., Oct. 28, William Brabazon, miles, 
was found to be seised of lands in the manors of Eastwell, Mowselli, 
Harby, Etton, Wykhara, and Wilnercote. He died June 2 5 Edward 
Brabson, his son, being his heir. The name Willa Brabason appears 
in an almost illegible Theddingworth manor court roll of the time of 
Henry vi. which is in the record office. Lay subsidy rolls in the 
same office give the name as follows : — 4 Richard 11., under Thed- 
dingworth, "Thomas Brabason**: 16 Henry viii., under Hothorp, 
"Thoma Brabson," "Robto. Brabson": 34 and 35 Henry viii., 
under Hothorp, "John Brobson," " Wyllym Brobson": 7 Jac. i., 
under Hothorp, " Edward Brabson *' : 3 and 4 Car. i., under Hothorp 
"Edward Brabson." 

Elizabeth Brabsonne of Hothorp, widow, died in 1579, 21 Eliz. 
In her will at Leicester there is mention of "Thomas Brabasone, 
Will" Brabasonnes sonne and Twentye shillings which my husband 
dyd bequest him." Also of John, William, and Johan Frowe, the 
children of her daughter Agnes ; and her son Crickes fyve children, 
Morrice, Richard, Edward, Sybbell, and Agnes ; she names Ellen 
Roffe, her brother Humfrie's daughter ) and appoints Gyles Cricke 
of Hothorp, who married Jane Brabason ne her daughter, executor of 
her will, one of the witnesses to the same being Robert Brabasonne. 

Gyles Cricke of Hoothorp, co. Northants., above named, also died 
in 1579, he was the son of Maurice Cricke of Kelmarsh, his will at 


Brabazon Family. 195 

Leicester makes mention of his five children ; Morrice, Richard, 
Edward, Sibbell, and Agnes. ** To Morrice Cricke, my eldest sonne, 
the gamer w*** was my father in laws ... To Sibbell, my eldest 
daughter, the great Coffer w*** was her grandmother Brabasons." 
One of the witnesses was Robert Brabsonne* 

Robert Brabson of Hoothorp, died in 1583. His will at Leicester 
is dated 25 Feb, 1582, and was proved in July, 1583. It contains 
mention of his wife Alice, son Edward, and daughters, Sybell, Jane, 
and Mary 5 also of the children of William Cave of Husband 
Bowsworth, and Sybell and Jane Brabsone the daughters of his 
deceased brother. He also names James Marstone of Haveboroe, 
(Harborough) Thomas Hames of Smeeton, and Richard Brabsone 
of Husband Bowsworth. 

Particulars for grants in the record ofHce (temp. Edward vi.) 
mention Edward Brabson as a tenant of land &c., in Hothorp, parcel 
of the possessions of the monastery of Sulby, co. Northants. 

A Transcript of the Theddingworth parish register at Leicester, 
of date 1613, has : — 
1628. " George Greene & Eliz : Brabson marr^ Nov. 3." 

The above-named George Greene was vicar of Theddingworth. 
He died there in 1662, as he was preparing to quit his living in 
consequence of the act of uniformity by which such clergymen as 
could not conform to the established church were compelled to quit 
their livings by S. Bartholomew's day, Aug. 24, 1662. He made his 
will 25 Feb., 1662 ; it was proved at Leicester 12 April, 1663. From 
a transcript of the register of Barkston, deanery of Framland, co. 
Leic, it would appear that he married his first wife, Agnes Poule, 24 
Nov., 1617. His second wife, Elizabeth Brabson, died in 1673, the 
Theddingworth transcript at Leicester for that year having the 
following entry: — 

" Mrs. Greene y* wid. of Mr. Greene, Min', was buryed March ye 

i4» 1673." 
'' Alice Brabasonne, d. of Edward Brabasonne and Anne his wifFe, bap. 

6 daye of Marche." 

The extant Theddingworth parish register commences in 1635 and 
has Brabazon entries as follows : 
1625. "Thomas Buston, of Harborowe, & Jeane Brabson, of 

Hothorp, maryed ffeb. vij." 
1640. "John Yakesley, Gierke, and Alee Brabson, maryed March vi.** 

It is supposed that the ancient and noble family of Barbanzon, 
Brabazon, or Br^banzon, assumed that surname from the castle of 

196 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

firabazon in Normandy, whence Jacques Le Brabazon (called '* le 
grand Guerner/') came to the aid of William duke of Normandy, 
in his conquest of England. The name is inserted in the roll of 
Battle Abbey. John, his son, succeeded him and had his residence 
at Betch worth, co. Surrey, in the reigns of Henry i. and 11. 

Adam le Brabason, his son, who lived in the time of Richard i. 
and Henry ill,, aliened some part of his inheritance. 

Thomas, his son. Succeeded him at Betch worth, and married 
Amicia, daughter and heir of John de Mosely. of Mowsley, co Leic, 
and by her had a son, knighted in 1628, sir Roger le Brabazon, of 
Mowsley and Eastwell, co. Leic. He married Beatrix the eldest of 
the three sisters and co-heirs to Mancel de Bissett ; and by her (who 
re-roarried with William le Gaunt, and was buried in Christchurch, 
London,) had two sons, Roger and Matthew. 

Roger, the elder, was knighted ; and by charter, 28 £dward i. 
had a grant of free warren at Croxhall and Twyford, co. Derb.j 
and Hareworth, co. Notts, j Sibbertoft, co. Northants. 5 Moseley, 
and Guthmundele (Gumley), co. Leic. In 1317 he was lord 
of the manor of Saxby, co. Leic. which he held at the time of 
his death. He married Beatrix, daughter and heir to sir John 
Sproxton, of Sproxton ; but dying without issue was succeeded by his 
brother Matthew, who is stated to have had, by his wife Sarah, two 
sons ; sir William, his heir j and Roger, who was prior of Tynemouth. 

It would appear that sir William Brabazon lived at Garthorp, co. 
Leic, ao Edward 11. He married Joan, daughter to sir William 
Trussell, of Marstou Trussell and Lamport. They lie buried in the 
church of Sproxton, where their arms were impaled. 

Dublin. RoBT. Edwin Ltnb. 

333- — A Northamptonshire Record Society. — Would it 
be possible to start for this county a society similar to that lately 
founded in another part of the country, '' The Lancashire and 
Cheshire Record Society *' ? This association undertakes the public- 
ation of such original historical papers relating to those counties as 
may be obtainable. It has already issued a list of all the wills and 
administrations at Chester, some parish registers, some corporation 
records, and other similar documents. There is ample material in 
Northamptonshire for such an enterprise, and I should be very glad to 
do anything in my power to heH forward such a plan, which ought 
not to lack efficient support. 

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Part XV. Vol. II. 

JULY, 1887. 

Price Is. 6d. 

How far more int 
the taste and feelings^ 
Clergy, than the present dull 

^---^x^ ^ ---M^'/ look well, 

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tvas-tke old Regj 


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Taylor, Sussex Garland, 


Notes &" Queries, 



The Antiquities, Family History, Traditions, Parochial 
Records, Folklore, Quaint Customs, &c„ of the County, 

SBtteB 65 

The \zS. ^. p. ^WEETINQ, ^.^. 
Hear of Maxey. Market Deeping, 






Brooch of Marj, Queen of Scots. 
The Gradual Decay of Kirby Hall. 
Crick Family, of Hothorp. 
Tradesmen's Tokens of Horthamp- 

Knights of the Boyal Oak. 
Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica. 
Local Dialect. 

Chained Books in Churches. 
Bforthampton Castle. 
Oorham Family of Churchileld Manm-. 
Sir Walter Mildmay. 
Korthamptonshire Brieft. 
Engravings in Ounton's Peterburgh. 
BecoUections of the old Grammar 

School, Northampton. (^ 



Civil War, 1642. 

Barly Crosses. 

Vanx Family of Harrowden. 

Wellingborough and the Sari of 

Crosses cut in the Turf. 
Earl of Winchilsea. 
8W A Monumental Inscriptions from other 


natives of Northamptonshire. 
Verses on an Arrest at Northampton. 

1658. ^ • 

The Haycock at Wansford. 
Lord Mayors of London who were 

Natives of Northamptonshire. 






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Tenacious, Kershaw, and other Tennis Shoes. 


Gentlemen's Court Shoes in high-class Styles. 

all goods marked in plain figuees. 

6 per oent. Discount for Cash. 


Which is a perfect fitting Button Boot without the trouble of buttoning, | 

being Fastened and Buttoned by one pull of the Lace, * 


Agent also for the PATENT GRIP for Lace Boots, which does away 
with ait tying and untying, and never comes undone. Can be Jitted 
while you wait, in Ladies', Gentlemen s, or Children\i Boots, 

©i^caa 'xaiasB airways woiasf. 










The Gradual Decay of Kir by Hall. 197 

334. — Brooch op Mary, Queen op Scots. — I have in ray 
possession a silver brooch, purchased by me sorae years ago, and said 
to be a copy of a brooch worn by the unfortunate Queen of Scots. I 
should be glad to know if the original brooch is preserved, and where ? 
In the centre of the brooch is the monogram of a double M, with two 
flowers above, and two below. On either side, within the ornamental 
border, is the Scotch thistle and the French fleur-de-lys. A. coronet 
surmounts the brooch. 

Holmby House. J. T. P. 

335. — The Gradual Decay op Kirby Hall (30a). — I send 
the following further notes relating to Kirby, feeling it desirable that 
we should place on record, in as permanent a form as possible, all 
that we can glean as to the condition of this "stately home ** during 
the period of its long decay. I have two or three times visited the 
fast-crumbling pile, and on each occasion have marked with sorrow 
the inroads made by time on the fabric of this most interesting 
mansion. When I last saw it (in 1885) I failed to find several 
features that had stnick me on my former visits, and I was no longer 
able — as on an earlier occasion-— to find my way to the gallery over- 
looking the great hall 5 while ceilings and portions of interior walls 
which I remembered as still standing had wholly disappeared. The 
greatly increased growth of parasites on the outer walls, too, indicate 
the hastening process of decay ; and although the fragrant mass of 
honeysuckle overhanging the lichened wall is beautiful to look upon, 
it only the more forcibly recalls the rotting masonry on which it 
feeds. Most lovely as the venerable old house looks in its sylvan 
setting, I have left it after each of my infrequent visits with a feeling 
of profound melancholy : so sad it seems to see this lordly dwelling- 
place deserted and utterly uncared for. 

To my own experience I append a short description of the house, 

published some forty years ago, with two engravings of the house: 

"Although now deserted, this very venerable and exceedingly 
beautiful mansion ranks among the finest of the kingdom. For 
upwards of two centuries, it was the seat of 'The Hattons,'— the famous 
Sir Christopher and his lineal descendants, the Earls of Winchelsea. 
It was built by Humphrey Staffprd, the Sixth Earl of Northampton 5 the 
architect was John Thorpe, and two plans of the building are 
preserved among his collection of sketches in the Museum bequeathed 
to the nation by the late Sir John Soanej one of them is thus 
distinguished:— 'Kirby, whereof I layd the first stone, 1570.' Not 
long afterwards, it came into the possession of the Lord Chancellor 
Hatton, who obtained it from Queen Elizabeth in exchange for that 


198 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

of Holdeobj — a superb structure erected by him, and which Camden 
describes as ' a faire pattern of stately and magnificent building which 
maketh a faire glorious show/ and as ' not to be matched in this 
land.* It is more than probable that Kirby was largely added to — 
perhaps finished — by Sir Christopher ; but that it was commenced by 
the unhappy family of Stafiford is evidenced by the ' Boar's head out 
of a Ducal Coronet^' and the name ' Humfree Stafford/ to be found 
on several parts of the building. The front was decorated by Inigo 
Jones about the year 1638. The mansion is the property of the 
present Earl of Winchelsea, who was born there. 

" It remains in a comparatively good state of preservation, but it is 
certain that in its now neglected and deserted condition, the encroach- 
ments of time will not be withstood much longer. Its situation, like 
that of so many structures of the same date in England, is unfortunately 
low, and the difficulty of drainage (it is liable at times to be flooded) 
offers some excuse for removal to a more eligible site. The approach 
is through an avenue of finely-grown trees, extending above three- 
quarters of a mile. The first Court-yard resembled that of Holdenby 
— a balustraded inclosure, with two grand archways. The external 
front is the work of Inigo Jones, by whom also much of the interior 
was considerably altered. Passing through this, the visitor enters the 
principal Quadrangle. 'On each side of the arched entrance are 
fluted Ionic pilasters, with an enriched frieze and entablature ; the 
arched window above, opening upon a gallery supported by consoles, 
has a semi-circular pediment, broken in the centre, and inclosing a 
bracket for a bust, with the date 1638/ The window is, however, 
an insertion by Inigo Jones, and being of a much later date than the 
other parts of the front, sadly mars the effect of the architecture of 
old Thorpe.* The third story contains the motto and date : — 

'JB. SBR4T 157a, LOTAL/ 

"The Garden front has a raised Terrace — now a co^m field — in which 

the slopes and a few ornamental seats yet remain, ij'his front supplies 

one of the grandest examples of Elizabethan architecture existing in 

England. It was built by Thorpe, and essentially! agrees with the 

German School of Architecture of that day — whfcch the British 

Architect had evidently studied. The Garden seats, vases, &c., of 

which there endure only broken fragments, are imi the style, and 

believed to be the works, of Inigo Jones. The Gardein was terminated 

by a remarkably picturesque little bridge, ornamented with a balustrade 

and scroll work, now, like all other objects about tme structure, or 

connected with it, submitted to the wanton assaults oft every heedless 

• The upper portion is now hidden by a mass olf ivy- 

The Gradual Decay of Kir by Hall. 199 

passer-by. Modern Vandalism has, indeed, been very busy every- 
where within and around this venerable Mansion ; — a farmer occupies 
a suite of rooms, the decorations of which would excite astonishment 
and admiration in a London Club-bouse; farm-servants sleep 
surrounded by exquisite carvings 3 one room in the south side of the 
Quadrangle, decorated with a fine old fire-place, in which are the arms 
of the Lord Chancellor, served, at the time of the artist's visit, the 
purpose of a dog-kennel 3 and an elegant Chapel, constructed by 
Inigo Jones, is entered with difficulty through piles of lumber and 
heaps of rubbish. The Finials crowning the pilasters and gables in 
the quadrangle formerly held staves, with moveable vanes (in metal) 
* turning with every winde.* ** 

In Notes and Queries, 5th S. xii. 122, is an interesting sketch, 
signed " Florence Compton," of a visit to Kirby in 1879. 

** Sir ChriBtopher Hatton's ' lordly hooae * of Kirby being mentioned in the 
account of a vifiit to Naseby {ante p. SI), a description of its present state may 
be interesting, and perhaps indaoe those who do not koow it to visit one of the 
finest, if not the finest, of old Elizabethan houses before its walls fall down. 

" One afternoon, at the end Jnly, I went to see it. From a country road a 
gate opens into fields, and driving across them, grey roofless gables and 
large mulHoned windows are seen between fine old trees. The house stands in 
a large field, and all round the ground slopes gentiy up at a Utile distance from 
it, so that it is not seen till you are near, and, being so retired, is said to have 
been thought of as a hiding-place for George III. when Napoleon's invasion 
was expected. • Before the entrance is a large, square enclosure, within grey 
atone waUs, with three gate ways, one in the centre of each side ; the part of 
the wall opposite the house has an open arcade on the top. Through a front 
now roofless and windowless, designed by Inigo Jones, you enter the very large 
court, and it is like a great Italian palace made English by the mullioned 
windows. On all sides are pilasters two stories high, fluted, with rich capitals ; 
and two bands of carving, flowers, with the Sta£Pord knot and Hatton crest, go 
all round above the windows. Over two of the pilasters on the great hall side 
are carved these letters : — 


The house was begun by the Staffords. Four beautiful doorways, with two 
delicate columns on square bases, having richly carved capitals and lintels, open 
into the court on each side to the right and left on entering ; and opposite, a 
portico of the ** three orders,** the beautiful littie pilasters of the upper stage 
hidden under a mass of ivy, forms a projecting centre between five-storied 
mullioned windows, those on one side belonging to the great hall. This side, 
opposite the entrance, is solid and deep, and forms the great block of the house ; 
and here a few rooms remain, and you can go up the stone staircase, with no 
balusters and partly open to the sky, but still keeping in the centre its fine 
stucco oeiling of bold Italian design. It leads to a few rooms, one having a 
wooden chimneypieoe, a niche and wreaths of fruit, and the cornice of the room 
is of fruit with a ribbon twisted round. There are two or three more rooms 

26 • 

200 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

with ceilings and oomioes of the same date (early eighteenth century), and a 
beantiful wreath on the ceiling of a little room in the portico opening into a 
balcony. Bnt only curiosity can make one forget the risk of walking in 
these rooms, where the ceilings look as if in a few minutes they would come 

"In the great hall a Jacobean waggon-roof ceiling remains and the wooden 
music g^ery, supported by large acanthus-leaf brackets. Beyond this a door 
leads to broken steps at the back, down which, tradition says, Sir Christopher 
Hatton once handed Queen Elizabeth ; and going down you see, as she did, on 
the right a bold projection with two bays of round mullioned windows, two 
stories high. You go on into the field that was once the garden, famous, 
Bridges says, in his history of Korthants, for its plants and exotics, and from 
it the view of the house is very beautiful. To the right, looking eastward 
are the great mullioned windows, with trees behind them, and opposite the 
south front of the house, with eleven gables varjdng in shape, proportion, and 
ornament. White pigeons fly in and out of the one gable that has a roof ; we 
found swallows' nests in the drawing-room, a hen warned us out of the hall, 
and the rooms with the round mullioned windows are shared by an old man and 
a goose. And this ruin has taken place in one lifetime. But nothing could be 
more beautiful than it was on that, almost the first, summer day, with the grey 
walls, mellowed with lichen in the sunshine, masses of hart's-tongue fern for 
hangings inside, patches of golden stonecrop in windows and balconies, and 
thick velyet moss on the beams that once supported the floor of the long goUeiy, 
down which Sir Christopher danced with the queen. The chimneys are very 
good, and all the earring is unhurt by time. 

** Good photographic views may be. had of Mr. Drake, Uppingham, but the 
details should be carefully studied and photographed, for they are of unusual 
beauty ; and one can fancy that in the solemn, somewhat ponderous grandeur 
of Burghley, and in the graceful splendour of Kirby, may be seen the diflferonce 
in the characters of the two great men for whom they were built. Sir 
Christopher wrote in 1680 that he was going to take a pilgrimage to Dene 
* to view my house of Kirby, leaving my other shrine — I mean Holdenby — 
still unseen, tmtil that holy saint may sit in it to whom it is dedicated.' 
Holdenby has long been gone, all but a fragment, before photographs were 
invented; but we ought to learn every lesson that Kirby can teach, we 
children * of an age that lectures, not creates,' before it is silent for ever." 

Neither of these accounts mention the elaborate carvings on the 
pilasters on- each side of the entrance to the inner court. I believe 
an engraving of these appeared in the Building News, in the early 
part of 1876. 

The engraving which illustrates this article is a reduced fac-simile 
of a lithotint by W. L. Walton, from a drawing by J. D. Harding, 
published in 1844. F. A. Tolb. 

336-— Crick Family, op Hothorp. — 1 am wishing to find 
the marriage license, bond, or entry in parish register, relating to the 
marriage of John Crick, of Hothorp, co. Northants, and Anne, 
(surname unknown), sometime about 1704-5. In connection with 

Tradesmen's Tokens of Northamptonshire, 201 

such enquiry it occurs to me that the following notes from deeds 
relating to the above nanaed John Crick's fine, levied about the date 
of his marriage, may be useful, since in all probability his wife 
Anne was related to one or other of the persons named therein. 

Deed to lead to the use of a fine, dated 15 Jan. 3 Anne, between 
John Crick of Hothorp, co. Northants, yeoman, and Henry fiarwell 
of Marston Trussell, co. Northauts, gent., for the barring and docking 
of all estates, tail, and remainder, of and in lands situate in Thed- 
dingworth, co. Leic, in the possession of William Musson and 
Jonathan Martin. 

John Crick's fine is dated 27 Jan. 1704-5, fifteen days from day of 
S, Hilary J it is between Eusebius Buswell, jun.,esq., Henry Barwell, 
gent., Richard Buckby, gent., and John Moore, plaintiffs; and 
William fiacon and Mary his wife, Thomas Hurst, gent., John Crick, 
and Mary filakesley, widow, deforciants. It refers to lands in 
Cadeby, Buckminster, Thed ding worth, and Husbands Bos worth. 

R. E. L. 

337. — ^Tradesmen's Tokens op Northamptonshire (245, 
263.) — Boyne says of this county : — "There are only halfpennies and 
farthings of this county. There are Town pieces of King's Cliffe, 
Northampton, Oundle, and Peterborough." An explanation of the 
small letters after the value of each token is given in the former 


1. O. lOHN . GRANGER = Three awls? ^d. 

Mr. Pretty says ** Three Cloves ; Grocers* Arms." 


Engraved in Boyne, (Plate 26, No. 1.) 


R. AYNHo . VFON . THE . HILL =s A Hou rampant 

Engraved in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 1. 
Engraved in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 

Thomas was probably landlord of the Bed lion, a sign generally represented 
by a lion rampant. This device may perhaps have been adopted as fUlasive to 
the arms of a former lord of the manor, Shakerley Marmion the poet. 

3. O. PETER . PRVCB . AT . THE . BEL = A bell, and P . M . p. id.*** « 

R. AT . AYNO . ON . THE . HILL = HIS HALF PENY. 1 668. 

Engraved in Baker's History of NorthamptonBbiie. 

202 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

4. O. SAMVELL . WRIOHT . OP = A doVC. S . S . W -Jd.* 

Tbia epedmen is not mentioiied by Mr. Pretty. 

[4a] O. RICHARD . BRONSON = R . B id. 

R. IN . BOWDEN . 1658 = A pack borse. 

Tbis may belong to Leicestersbire, Great Bowden being in tbat county, 
wbilat Little Bowden is in Nortbamptonahire. Tbey are only a few miles 
apart.— Prtf//y. 

Engraved in Bridges* Kortbamptonsbire, No. 8. 


5. O. WILLIAM . OLOVBR = W . O -Jd.** 
R. OP . B02BAT . 1668 = HIS HALF PENY. 

A variety in the British Museum has a flower between the w . o 

6. O. BARTHOLOMEW . ATTOW = A bcU. ^d.*' 

Engraved in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 

In Boyne'e list the name of the issuer is spelt as above, but there is reason 
to think it is mis-spelt, and that it ought to be Alton. When James n., Nov. 
11, 1686, granted the first recorded charter of incorporation, the name of 
Bartholomew Atton is mentioned as one of the first 18 burgesses. 

7. O. CONNOWAY . RANDS = A sugar loaf. -Jd.* 

R. OF . BRACKLEY . 167I = C . R i 

Engraved in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 

8. O. coNAWAY • RANDS == A lion rampant. ^d. 


Engraved in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 

In a charter of incorporation of King James n., dated II Nov., 1686, 
Conway Bands* name occurs as one of the first burgesses of the corporation, 
and in another charter, dated 17 Sept., 1688, his name again occurs as a burgess. 

9. O. MARY . SKILDBN . AT . THE ^ SVN = The SUn. Jd.* 

Engraved in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 2, reads <* Penny." 
Engraved in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 

Tradesmen's Tokens of Northamptonshire. 203 

10. O. lOHN . STOAKBS =: Three cloves. id> 


Among the oommanion plate belonging to St. James' Ghnrch is an old 
paten, on which is mdelj engraved, *< Given to the parish of St. James in 
Braokley, by Matthew Gadle, William Maiior, Bartholomew Oadle, John Stokes, 
Richard White, William Bartholomew, and Martin Basfoote." The above 
seven persons are said to have been the lord and servants of the Whitson ale, 
or the mMrris dancers. 

John Stokes of St. Peter's parish was assessed for 4 hearths in the tax of 

11. O. ROBERT . wiLKiNs . OF = Head of Charles II. id.' 


Engraved in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 

These initduls are the issuer's name and his wife's, Robert and Elizabeth 
Wilkins. On the tokens the family name always appears at the top, 

thus, B. B. For the greater convenience of printing they are placed in a row, 
as B. B. w. — Fr$Uy. 

This quotation from Pretty solves the difiBoolty expressed by a correspondent 
at p. 91. 

I a. O. WILLIAM . WILLIAMS = A lioo rampant. ^d. 


Engraved in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 


13. O. THOMAS . ALLEN . CHANDLER = The Grocers* Arms. id.* 


Thomas Allen soflered for being a Quaker. 1666. — OoUUng. 

[13a] O. IAMBS . MASON . MERCER . OF s The Mercers* Arms. id. 

B. BRIGHTON . HIS . HALF . PENT = 1668. 

This specimen is not mentioned byiMr. Pretty. 
This is unquestionably a Northamptonshire token, as suggested by Mr. H. 
8 Gill, who gives these reasons for so thinking : ^ 1 think that the parish near 
Brixworth, containing Chreat and Little Briton, (as formerly spelt, and still pro- 
nounced) must be the one meant ; as the Sa»Bex Brighton is always spelt 
' Brighthelmstone ' on the tokens; and New, Brighton, the growing sea-side 
place in Cheshire, was not then in existence." 


14. O. WILLIAM . WATTS = HIS HALF PENT. W • M . W ^d/^ 
R. OF . BYLWICK . 1669 = A SWaD. 

204 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 


The token issued by Thomas CoUingwood of this place belongs to th e 
lincolnahire Ck>rb7, near Bourn. 

i6. O. EDWARD . ARNOLD = The Groccrs' Arms. id. 

R. OP . DATNTRBB . 1667 = B . A 

Engraved in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 

17. O BASSET = (Detrited.J 

R. OP . DAiNTRY = The Grocers' Arms. 

There is reason to think that the Ch ristian name of the issuer was Henry, 
as about the period of the issue of the above token Henry Bassett was Bailiff 
of the Borough, viz., 1651, 1665,and 1676. Henry, probably of the same family, 
was Bailiff in the years 1748, 1756, ITv'te. 

18. O. RICHARD . FARMOR = The Grocers' Arms. id 
R. IN . DAiNTRBE = A man standing. 

Engraved in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 

19. A variety from a different die^ a tree near the man. id. 
The tree on this variety of Farmor's token is evidently allusive to the seal 

of the borough, whioh instead of arms, has a man with an axe on his right 
shoulder standing against a tree, being evidently a rebus on the traditional 
etymology and common pronunciation of the name of Dane'iree, It is dated 
1595, and circumscribed Sigillum Ck>mune Burgi Be Danetre N. S. 

In the B.M. specimen the man appears to be holding a tree in his right hand. 

20. O. ZACHEVS . FREEMAN . BOOK = A book clasped. id. 


Engraved in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 

21. O. THOMAS . ORVBB = S | { id.. 
R. IN . DAVENTREB = • j | 

Engraved in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 

22. O. WILLIAM . HEALT . IN = Adam and Eve. id.* 
R. DAVENTRY . HIS . HALF . PENY = A rose and crown. 

Engraved in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 


23. O. ROBERT . DAY = R . A . D id.* 


24. O. RICHARD . NiN = A pair of scales. iD. id.* 

R. OF . DVDIN6TON = R . N 

This specimen is not mentioned by Mr. Pretty. 





















Tradesmen's Tokens of Northamptonshire. 205 

FINEDON.— See Thingden. 

25. O. lONATH . ROWLETT = I . R id.* 

R. OP . OBDIN6TON = 16^4. 

[250] A variety in the British Museum dated 1664. id/ 

Engraved in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 6, the date 1664. 

a6. Another similar, dated T 6 j7. id* 

27. O. THOMAS . wALLis = The Gfocefs' Arms. id.* 
R. OP . GEDIN6TOM = A sugar-loaf. 

Engraved in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 5. 


28. O. THOMAS . 6AWTHERNE = T . E . O 

R. IN ORENDON =: The Cordwainers* Anns. 

Engraved in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 


29. O. ELiSHA . ALMET = The Grocefs* Arras. id.* 


Engraved in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 7, reads " Haddon " 


R. THE . PACK . SADLE . A . CARRIER = A pack-saddle. 
[30a.] A variety in the British Museum reads = carier. id.** 

31. A variety reading "the . pack . saoel . a . caror.'* id. 

Engraved in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 8. 
The pack saddle is very different from that of No. 80 ; the saddle appears 


32. O. WILLIAM . chvrch . OF = A pair of scales. id.* 

R. HARTWELL . HIS . HALP . PBNY = W . A . C. 1 666. 

Z^. O. lOHN . CHBTLB . OF = A stick of candles. id, *^* 


34. O. HENRY . CHBTTLE = A stick of candles. id.^ 


2o6 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

^^. O. GILBERT . NBovs . 1669 = The Blacksmiths* Arms. id. 


Engraved in Bridges' Korthamptonshire, No. 10, reads <* Ferers." ^ 

36. O. SYM . PAN . . ALE = ■ Arms. id. 

R. IN . HIGHAM LB == S . M . P 

37. O. TWTFORD . woRTHiNGTON = A goat passant holding a 

garland in its mouth. (The Worthington Crest.) id.* 

R. OF . HIGHAM . FERRERS = 1656. 

Engraved in Boyne, (Plate 25, No. 2.) 

[37a] Another variety. Date 1666. id. 

Engraved in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 9. 


38. O. lOHN . FOX . 1664 = The Grocers' Arms. id. 


Engraved in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 12. 

39. O. lOHN . LADS . OF . KET = 1664. id. 

Eng^ved in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 13, read '* Ladds." 

[39a] On a specimen in Mr. Golding's Cabinet the name of the 
issuer is spelt with two d*s and is dated 1657. 

40. O. THOMAS . WEBB . MERCER = The Mercers' Arms, id.*' 


Engraved in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 14. 

R. IN . KILSBEY . 1670 = I . M . B 

Engraved in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 

42. O. KINGS . CLIFFE . HALF . PENT = A CrOWn. id.» ^ 
R. CHAINGED . BT . Y^ . OVBRSBBRS = A flour-de-ljS. 

Engraved in Bridges* Northamptonshire, No. 42. 

43. O. lANB . BROWNB . l66o = I . B id/ 

[43a] O. lANB . BROWNB . IN = I . B id. 


This is fnll halfpenny size. J. B's first supply of halfpence became speedily 
exhausted or else she would not have required a new issue. 

Tradesmen's Tokens of Northamptonshire. 207 

44. O. lANB . BROWNE = lC6o \A. 
R. IN . KINGS . CLIFB = I . B 

45. A variety has the date 1668. id. 

46. O. THOMAS . LAW = The Grocers* Arms. id.* 
R. IN . CLIPE . 1659 = -^ P^^'^ ^^ scales. 

47. O. THOMAS . LAW =. 1 665. id. 
R. IN . CLIFFS . 1659 = T . L 

[47a] O. THOMAS . LAW = 1 665. id.* 

R. IN . CLIFB . 1 6j9 = T . L 

Engraved in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 4, reads '* In Olife." 
This is onrious from having two dates on it. 


48. O. lOHN . WBBCH = The Mercers' Arms. id. 

R. IN . LAMPORT = I . W 

[48a] A variety has on the Obv. The Haberdashers' Arms. id/ 
[48^] O. lOHN . BROWNING = St. Gcorge and the Dragon. id. 

R. OF . LAMPORT = I . M . B 


49. O. LBwis . FVLCHiN . 1 666 = A Stag. id. 


[49a] O. LBWBS . FVLCH . IN . 1 666 = A hart. id. 


Engraved in Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. 16. 
This ooin is in the cabinet of Mr. C. (folding, who is of opinion that No. 
49 is wrongly described by Mr. Boyne. 


50. O. MATTHBW . oosTON = A pack-horse. id. 

R. OF . LVTTON . [l6]49 = M . M . O 

If this date is correctly given it is the earliest of the Northamptonshire Tokens. 
[50a] O. MATHBW GOSTON = A pack-horsc. id.^ 

R. OF LVTTON . L . O. = M . N^ . O 

Not dated ; may mean Lutton Overseer. 


51. Leefe*s token has been assigned by Mr. Simpson to the 

Lincobshire series. 

2o8 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

5a, O. lOHN . PERYN . MOVLTON = A pair of scales. id.* 


Engrayed in Baker's History of Northamptonshire. 
53. Another, differing in size and arrangement of the letters. 

In Bridges' Northamptonshire, No. n , is an engraving of a token 
thus inscribed : — 

O. OARDENAR . iSHAM . IN = The Groccrs* Arms. Jd. 


But there is no parish of this name in the county. 

It has been suggested that two letters are omitted in Bridges' 
engraving, and that the place meant is Brixworth. But the name 
Gardenar Isbam does not occur in the Brixworth registers ; and it is 
known that a member of the Isham family, of Lamport, went to 
reside in Suffolk. This token, probably, belongs to Ixworth in 

338. — Kniohts of the Royal Oak. — At the restoration 
Charles ii. instituted a new order of knighthood, entitled the order of 
the " Royal Oak.'* The knights were to wear a silver medal, with a 
device of the king in the oak, pendant to a riband. The order 
afterwards fell into abeyance. 

The following is a list of the knights so created for Northampton- 
shire, A.D. 1660, with the annual value of their estates : — 

£ 5. d. 

Humphrey Orme, Esq., of Peterborough . . looo o o 

Edward Palmer, Esq. do 1200 o o 

Bryan Johnson, Esq. do. 1000 o o 

Greorge Clarke, Esq. of Watford 3000 o o 

Walter Kirkham, Esq. of Fineshade-Abbey . . 800 o o 

Tanlield Moulso, Esq. of Thingdon .... 600 o o 

William Stafford, Esq. of Blatherwick . . . 3000 o o 

William Tate, Esq. of De-la-Pr6 .... 1500 o o 

John Willoughby, Esq 600 o o 

Edward Onley, of Catesby, Esq 1000 o o 

John Adams, Esq. ....... 1000 o o 

Francis Arundel, of Stoke Bruerne, Esq. . . . 1000 o o 

Francis Thursby, Esq. of Abington . . . 1000 o o 

Thomas Morgan, Esq 600 o o 

Francis Lane, Esq. 600 o o 

Alton Hall, Birmingham. Alfred J. Rod w at. 

Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldtca, 209 

339. — MiscBLL4NEA Genbalooica ET Heraldica. — We give 
here a list of Northamptonshire references in the four volumes, new 
series, of the above valuable work, published, between April, 1870, and 
December, 1883. The editor, Dr. Howard, is well known as an 
accomplished master in genealogical and heraldic studies, and his 
work should be in the hands of all who are interested in them. 

Gosin, bp. of Dnrham, dn. of l^eter- 

borough, i. 24 
Laurence and Washington (north 

WUts) i. 46, 68 
Eeginald Bray, of Stene, i. 62 
Sanderson family, i. 71 
Robt Barton, of Brigstock, i. 174 
Newton Barton, of Irthlingborough, t^. 
Haldenby or Holdenby, of Holdenby 

and Isham, i. 246, 247 
Henry, earl of Peterborough, was 

deputy to Henry earl of Norwich, 

earl-marshal of England, 1676, i. 

Sotheryn, of Higham Ferrers, i. 302, 

Begd Stewart Boddington, of Eings- 

thorpe, (enquiring about family of 

Ball of Hackney) i. 315 
Hatton, Humble, Lane families of 

Roysthorpe, i. 316 
Wm Harbord, of Ghrafton Park, i. 318 
Cooke, of Eingsthorpe (pedigree, grant 

of arms &o.} i. 346-360, iii. 212 
Lambe, of Newton Bromshold, i. 355 
Sir Richd Lane, of Northamptonshire, 

i. 366 
Wakerley, extracts from registers, 

with notes,!. 416,417 
Weston, i. 416 
Fotheringhay, i. 416 
J. G. Parkhurst, of Catesby, i. 419 
Walter Sly, of Dosthorp, i. 443 
John Johnson of Brampston, i. 451 
Ezeohiel Johnson, of Paulerspury, t^. 
John Jenkinson, of Passenham, i. 455 
Tho. Pickering, of Blakesley, i. 456 
Margaret Worley, of Towcester, i. 456 
John Jenkinson, of Towcester, t^. 
Rich. Ed. Sheppard, of Stoke Bruem, 

Simon Ward, escheator of Northamp- 
ton, ii. 63 

Longueville of Little Billing, ii. 63 

Castle Ashby ch., ii. 66, manor, t^. 

Woodhull, ii. 61 

Sir John Spenser of Wormleighton, 
ii. 109 

Sir Tho. Cave of Stamford, ii. 114 

King, possibly of Northants, ii. 120 

Tho. Woolsey, archdn. of I^orthamp- 
ton, rect. of Thomhaugh, J.P., ii. 123 

WooLjey Johnson, of Wilby, ii. 123 

Thenford, burial at, ii. 125 

Edm. Haselwood, of Northampton, ii. 

Wm. Page, of Nurston, ii. 163 

Rob. Bodyngton, of Scaldwell, ib. 

Bp. Dove, ii. 216, iii. 161 

John Houghron, of Gnnisberry, ii. 

John Watkins, of Badby, ii. 241 

Kingsthorpe, burials at, ii. 244, 245 

Sr John Robinson, 5th bart., M.P. for 
Northampton, ii. 248 

Molesworth family, from John Moles- 
worth of Helpston, temp. Hen. viii. 
ii. 280-289 

Anthony and Willm Molesworth, of 
Fotheringhay, ii. 28 

Tho. Hurland, t^. 

Kennett pedigree, ii. 287, 8, iv. 428 

Rob. Deepup, of Dogsthorpe, ii. 288 

Edw. Biglsnd, of Peterborough, ib, 

Francis Eyre, of Warkworth, ii. 299 

Jos. Webbe, of Wilford. t*. 

Mary, wife of Louis baron Buras of 
Holdenby, ii. 305 

Tho. Shepard, of Wilbarston, ii« 306 

Carey-Elwes family of Gt Billing, ii. 
566, iv. 133, 135, 148 

Mary, dau. of Bp. Henshaw, of Peter- 
borough, ii. 402 

Tho. Gresham, of Peterborough (inn- 
keeper) ii. 418, iy. 263 

John Parker, of Northampton, ii. 451 

2IO Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Guilsborough, Tho. Sikea, vio. of, ii. 

Henry Sawbridjre, sheriff of • North- 
ampton, ii. 425 

Fran. Welford, of Daventry, ii. 426 

Sir George Denys, of Eaaton Neston, 
ii. 583 

Serjeant family, of Castor, iii. 161 

Harington family, of Wolphege, 229, 
236, 269, 285, 316, 398, 401, 436 

Green family, iii. 327 

Tho. Cooke, iii. 355 

Bp. Jeune, iii. 382 

St. John family, harts., iii. 365, 356 

Bernard family, harts., iii. 356 

Longthorpe, tablet in, iii. 359 

Bp. Marsh, iii. 386 

John Nassau Simpldnson, of Brington, 
iii. 389 

Beg^ters at Harringworth, extracts 
from, iv. 61 

Wall family, query about, iv. 54 

Sir John Harpington, of Old, iy. 63 

Ann Marmion, of Aynho, iv. 108 
Tho. Haweis, LLD., of Aldwinkle, iv. 

Peter Kye, of Culworth, iv. 135 
Valentine Sparrow, of Kettering, and 

others, iv. 171 
Daniel Amiand, of Holdenby, iv. 180 
Wilmer family, of Sywell, (plates of 

arms) iv. 238, 239 
John Wingfield, eecheator for North- 
ampton, iv. 262 
Maddock family (now Ashby), of 

Naseby, iv. 263 
Chr Smith of Northampton, iv. 369 
WodhuU, or Woodhull, of Thenford, 

iv. 417, 418 
Lord Crewe, of Stene, iv. 417, 418 
James Hennell, of Kettering, iv. 440 
Sir Wm. Hatton*s funeral certificate, 
nephew of sir Ch'., of Haldenbye, 
son-in-law to sir Thus. Cecill, of 
Burghley, iv. 440 
Lord Burghley, iv. 83, 263, 240 

340. — Local Dialect (43, 64, 109, 167, 223, 258).— I here 
give a few additional examples of local dialect which have come to my 
knowledge since my former lists were prepared. None of them is 
found in fiaker or Sternberg. 

Bet : past tense of beat. 

Block : " We must each stand on our own blocks," said as an equiv- 
alent to " be answerable for our own deeds." 

Bonny-rake : a large rake for hay or straw. 

Booby : dressing machine to sift corn and separate the sorts. 

Breears : briars. 

Change : in a person's last illness the expression is nearly always 
used, " He changed for death," at a particular time. 

Chingle : used of the rattling noise and motion of the chain-harrow : 
•' It goes chingle, chingle, chingle." 

Clout, or possibly glout : a hollow under a pillar. 

Church-book : " I've come to put down my name in the church- 
book," that is, have the banns of marriage published. 

Eggs and bacon : the laburnum. Baker has the expression as used 
toT the bird's-foot trefoil. 

Fastly : thoroughly, entirely. "They're not fastly well." 


Local Dialect. 2 1 1 

Force-put : Hobson's choice, no alteruative. 

Frost: name for children's complaint commonly known as the Thrush. 

Gore : a part of a field, usually triangular in shape, which presents a 

difficulty in measuring, as interfering with the quadrilateral form. 
Jet : a bowl at the end of a long pole used for ladling out water. 
Mauling : '* The ground is mauling/' sodden, too wet to work. 
Prince's-feathers : the lilac. 
Ram : to cram. ** The church was rammed." 
Rattlejack : the bearded wheat, Rivett's wheat. 
Wrong-handed : old fashioned people are very particular about 

walking at funerals " wrong-handed,'* that is, with the man on 

the left hand side. 

To these examples of dialect may be added some of the retention 
of old inflections and grammatical forms. A word ending in st forms 
its plural by adding a syllable (just as brush or fox) ; thus I have 
heard, •* nestes,** "wristes," " break fastes/' "postes,** "roostes." 
The old plural in en is also retained frequently in the words *'housen," 
"closen,'* "placen.'* *'Mysen,*' "hissen," are not uncommon for 
myself, himself. The adjective termination en is retained in 
" boarden," made of boards. The old form of the past participle is 
still in use : '* I wish I'd letten her go "; " Has your little boy gotten 
better?" The object of a verb is sometimes placed first for 
emphasis, but probably this is not peculiar to this county : '* If you'll 
me believe." Such words as " deaf," " bread," ** breadth,*' are 
commonly pronounced as though spelt "deef," &c. While the 
vowel sound in "earth," and in the first syllable of •'earnest," 
"Herbert," is given as air, "airth,*' &c. I have not else- 
where but in the north of the county heard the u in "build" 
pronounced, but there it is almost universally sounded with great 
distinctness. There are two uses of the verb have that are note- 
worthy. This word is used as an auxiliary to the verbs ought and use, 
" He had ought to have come." "Why has Tom left off going to 
church ? he used to go." " Yes, he had." And it is also used, as it 
seems redundantly, with the verb have itself; as in the sentence "He 
hadn't 'a gone," formed apparently on the model of the sentences 
" He wouldn't 'a gone," " He should 'a gone," and the like. ^ 

"Totting" for eels is not spearing, as given in art. 258, but 
sinking a bunch of lobworms (stnmg on worsted) about .the size of 
a turnip, in a shallow in the stream. The eels bite, and are gently 
lifted over the side of the boat, and allowed to drop off. The string 
is fastened to a short stout stick. I have repeatedly seen the 

212 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

operation on the river Nene. " He's gone totting " was a commoD 
expression when looking for the man who used to throw the cast net 
for us. The expression, among the same class, " a tot of ale " was 
common enough. It meant a mug of ale. 

" Cleaving," or '* glejving," is a term for catching eels with the 
eel-spear. This implement is not barbed or pointed, but has serrated 
blades, which open and pinch the victim, and hold him till he is 
squeezed out (generally with the foot) into the boat. " Glaive," or 
" gleive," is a dictionary word for a sword : but an eel-gleave is 
not at all like a sword. A. P. 

341. — Chained Books in Churches (303). — Your corres- 
pondent "R. B. S." will find an interesting article on chained 
books in Book Lore for July, 1887, headed "Volumes in Fetters." 
A quotation from this I forward : — 

"A list of the various books still to be found jealously chained to 
desks would be interesting, not only to the bibliophile, but many 
who, engaged in antiquarian and other pursuits of a similar character, 
look with pleasure on the manners and customs of our forefathers. 
At no very remote period books commanded a large sum in what 
did duty for a market, and the possessor of a dozen volumes was 
looked upon as a collector of considerable renown, while he who 
had twenty or perhaps thirty kept a small fortune on his shelves. 

" Readers being few, books were scarce, and such as were in the 
possession of public bodies, were frequently chained to the desks upon 
which they lay, as a precaution against their being surreptitiously 
carried off. The usage, it is evident, was owing to the scarcity of 
books, and may be traced back to distant ages. It was common in 
St Bernard's time, for he says in Serm. IX., de Divers, No i. : '*Et 
est velut communis quidam liber, et caten& alligatus, ut assolet, 
sensibilis mundus iste, ut in eo sapientiam Dei legat, quicumque 
voluerit,*' speaking clearly of a custom which was known to all, 
though it was specially applicable to books on the reading-desks of 
churches ; nor did these books always consist of Bibles and Prayer- 
books, as is supposed by many to have been the case 

''An order for the setting up of the Paraphrases of Erasmus in 
English upon the Gospels in some convenient place within all churches 
and chapels in the province of York will be found in Grindal's 
Injunctions for the Laity. We do not think that any chained copy is 
now to be found within the province of York, or, indeed, elsewhere 
in England. Time and a change in popular habits and customs 
could hardly leave such bndmarks standing to our day.*' 

Northampton Castle. 213 

Particulars of an instance where chained books jet remain in 
Northamptonshire — at Walgrave — will be found in Notices of Archhp. 
WUliams by B. H. Beedham ^ an extract from which I append : — 

'' Upon a desk at the east end of the Nave is a Bible, which is old 
enough to have been obtained at the suggestion of Williams, for it 
bears upon the title page of New Testament the date 161 1. It has 
been restored and bound, and is secured by the original chain and 
lock, together with the Second Book of the Homilies^ of an edition 
printed in 1676, and which no doubt replaced one of earlier date. 
There exist also the imperfect remains of, probably, the first volume 
of the edition of 1551 of the Paraphrase of Erasmus upon the New 
Testament. These books, it will be remembered, were ordered by 
public authority to be placed in all Churches i and as Williams, in his 
capacity of Bishop, made inquiries if they were duly provided in the 
Parishes under his jurisdiction, so we see evidence yet remains that 
they were not wanting in the Parish Church of which he was Rector.*' 

J- T. 
342. — Northampton Castle. — In the early part of the year 
1863, excavations were made within the area of the Castle mound at 
Northampton ; and, in the north-eastern angle of the inner ballium, 
the excavators came upon the remains of a very early Norman build- 
ing. A noble circular pier, 3ft. loin. in diameter, and 4ft. 6in. in 
height, was found, in excellent preservation and admirably wrought 
of the red native iron-stone. The abacus was quite perfect and the 
masonry sharp and clear. The shaft in parts was of a bright red, as if 
it had been subjected to the action of violent heat. Heaps of stones, 
some of which were evidently the voussoirs of an arch, were turned 
up in the immediate neighbourhood, red also with fire ; and the evidence 
was strong that large buildings on the site were destroyed by fire and 
violence. As the excavations proceeded, part of a wall was discovered 
about ten feet north of the pillar ; the foundations of the correspond- 
ing walls — south, east, and west — were also traced j and it was 
manifest that the pillar was the central support of a vaulted chamber 
about twenty feet square. The north wall was about three feet thick, 
strengthened or ornamented by a flat pilaster-like buttress on the inside. 
There had been two windows or apertures in the wall, apparently 
round-headed, very low, and broadly splayed, so as to bring the open- 
ing, which must have been extremely narrow, in the centre of the wall, 
from which there was a corresponding splay outwards. There is 
scarcely room to doubt that the ruins thus unexpectedly opened to day- 
light are referred to in the survey of the Castle by the Commissioners 
appointed for that purpose in 1393. Mr. Hartshorne gives a copy of 


214 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

this inquisition in his valuable Historical Memorials, p. 145. The Com- 
missioners report — "quod in castro Northaraptonae magna aula, longa 
camera juxta aulam versus Austrum et magna camera juxta aulam, 
versus Orientem et capella yma versus Austrum comhusta fuerunt 
tempore domini Ricardi de Lemesy quondam custodis castri predicti;'* 
that the great hall, the long chamber next the hall towards the south, 
and the large chamber next the hall towards the east, and the lower 
chapel towards the south,. were burnt in the time of Richard de 
Lemesy, formerly keeper of the aforesaid castle. The 'same inqui- 
sition speaks of the chamber in the new tower, and other buildings, 
as having been destroyed by Nicolas de Segrave, but the word used 
in this case is "dirutae," while, in the other, it is "combusta," and 
the marks of a great conflagration are here unmistakeable. The 
Commissioners estimated the cost of repairs of the buildings at ^400 
for the masonry alone, for the carpenters' work ^200, besides other 
necessaries, making together the sum of ^702— a sum equivalent to 
something like ^8000 of our present currency. It is evident these 
repairs were never executed. There were other restorations reported 
as necessary by the same Commissioners — a chamber in the new tower, 
six small towers in the circuit of the walls, weak walls, and an insecure 
barbican — and it may have been thought necessary rather to attend to 
the outer defences and the newer buildings than to the structures which 
had been so utterly ruined. It would appear that, after the destruction 
of the building now discovered, the ruins were undisturbed, and, in 
course of time, became wholly covered over, so as to form part of the 
earthworks of the fortress. The woodcut, which was sketched on 
the spot by the late Mr. De Wilde, represents the pillar and the north 
wall, with the openings already described. 

The more recent discoveries made in clearing the ground entirely 
of the castle ruins, for the purposes of the London & North-Western 
Railway Company, in 1869, are described in the proceedings of the 
Architectural Society of the Archdeaconry of Northampton for iSSo. 

343. — GoRHAM Family of Churchfield Manor (307). — 
William de Gorham, living in 1338, was the last recorded owner 
of the larger Northamptonshire estates, including Churchfield manor 
also called Gorham manor. He also held lands in Cransley and 
Flore, though Amicia (of the Leicestershire branch) held other lands 
here as well. There are probably now living in the New England 
states, as well as in England and the colonies, as many as a hundred 
descendants of John Gorham, of Benefield, who was born in 1621. 

The branch in Huntingdonshire was doubtless descended from 
William of Churchfield ; except perhaps that settled at S. Neots, 

Gorham Family. 215 

which used a different crest. The Lincolnshire family and the 
Churchfield family were collaterals. All were by presumption 
descended from the old stock at Westwick-Gorhambury, and at 
Sarret, co. Herts., which divided perhaps as early as 1 xjo, certainly 
not later than 1203. 

To the places in this county named as having settlements of the 
Gorhams, Glapthorne should be added. L. D'A. Jackson. 

In the Army and Navy Gazette for March is published a most 
interesting memoir of major-general Joseph Gorham, (Governor of 
Placentia, Newfoundland,) who died in or about 1790. It is from 
the pen of the correspondent who has furnished the above note, 
and gives some further particulars of the family, and makes mention 
of many of their foreign possessions. £p. 

I send some extracts from the registers at King's Cliffe, and one 
from Nassington, relating to this family. 

Stamford. J. SiMPSON. 

1592 " Matthew son of Matthew Gorham, 9 Aug." 
1600 "John son of Matthew Gorh*m, 9 Aug." 
1663 *' Lyonell son of John Gorham, Oct. 16." 
1669 " Matthew son of William Gorham, Apl. 5." 


1608 " James Gorth'm & Anne Cleapoole, 27 Oct." 

1599 " Matthew y« sonne of Matthew Gorh'm, 8 July." 
1605 " Grace dau. of Matthewe Gorh'm, 20 July." 
X607 " Margaret, dau. of Matthewe Gorh'm, 4 Oct." 

1609 " Agnes the wife of Matthew Gorham, 26 Apl." 

1613 "William son of James Gorh'm, 26 Mch." 

1614 "Matthew Gorh'm, 18 May." 
1670-1 " EUenor Grorham, 23 Mch." 

1597-8 " John Goreham, bur. 3 Feb. " 

344.— Sir Walter Mildmat (318). — In the last line of this 
article the church of S. Bartholomew the Great, in Smithfield, is 
referred to as '* the Oldest Church in England.** It is perhaps well 
to note that this is a lapsus pennce for " in London," although few 
will have (ailed to observe that the expression was a mere slip. 


2i6 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

345. — Northamptonshire Bribfs (25, 78, 97, 106, 260). — 
The following additions to our lists are taken from some notices of 
collections at North Walsham, co. Norf., recently published in The 
East Anglian : — 

Towccster. 1706. i6 Mar. " Collected upon a Brief for Towces- 
ter in Northamptonshire for a loss by fire " 8f. 2}(f. 

1 7 12. 28 Sep. " towards a loss by fire at Little Brickhill 
in y* County of Bucks & an' fire at Towester in y« County of 
Northampton (y* loss being 12701b) " 35. ^\d. 

Thrapston. 17 19. 17 Jan. "for a fire in Thrapston in the County 
of Northampton (the Loss computed to be 3748**') " 35. io\d. 

In the list of briefs read at Bottesford church, co. Line, given in 
Peacock's Church Furniture , app. xi., is this : — 

" Ffor Tewcester in Northampton a letter of Request July 22, 1677 '* 

25. 8(/. 

346. — Enoravings in Gunton's Pbterburgh. — The 
following notes relative to the etchings of Peterborough Cathedral 
given in dean Patrick's publication of the Rev. By m on Gunton's 
history of the building, published in 1686, may not be without 
interest at the present time. 

The first plate in Gunton presents an external view of the east 
end of the cathedral, differing from such view at present only in 
the following points : — 

I. The showing of the leaden spire then existing over the bell 

II. The octagonal leaden stage on the lantern tower with its 
battlemented parapet, existing until the removal of the same by the 
Chapter order passed June 28, 18 10. 

III. The lady chapel is wanting. But the entrance door, 
afterwards inserted, and still remaining, in a filled up arch, is shown, 
(with its very hinges) as well as the windows which Mr. Craddock 
states were brought from the cloisters, and inserted into the other 
arches. (Of course all is seen nearly as at present.) We know 
the lady chapel was taken down in 165 1 ; of course this plate must 
therefore be later than that year. 

The second plate is an etching of the west front, borrowed from 
the Monasticon (inscribed below "Daniell King sculp: 22"). It 
presents the lead spiie, and a semi-bulbous leaden roofing over the 
S.W. unfinished tower. 

It shows, however, a casing of the ancient western doors with a 
much richer design of perpendicular wood work than that wherewith 

Engravings in Gunton^s Peterburgh. 217 

they now are covered. As the present looks not very old wood, it 
seems likely a repair, including, unfortunately, an abandonment of the 
old rich design, took place towards the end of the last century or the 
commencement of the present. 

The third plate is another borrowed from the Monasticon, being a 
view of the north side of the church. In this a seeming error in 
representing the plane of the n. end of eastern aisle of n. transept as 
if at first receding, may produce the idea of incorrectness of the 
view of lady chapel. But it arises actually from shading of the bad 
original drawing, or from carelessness in transferring to the plate by the 
etcher ; a carelessness which so mixes a narrow strip of choir roof 
(seen over the ridge of lady cbapel) with the n.e. pinnacle of the 
apse, that in the plate it may be taken for a sort of bell-tower or 
ventilator on the roof of this kdy chapel — which it is not. (This is 
inscribed " D : King delin : et sculp : 23.") 

The fourth plate is inscribed at base " The Old Altar-peice, beaten 
down by the Souldiers in the great Rebellion." 

The object here shown is thus distinctly stated to have been 
destroyed. However, the original sketch may have been borrowed 
from some earlier and much ruder view, for certain fragments of the 
reredos in the shape of quater-foils (square, not round) and fragments 
of canopies, lately found, seem to have a possibility of assignment to 
parts of it. 

Its '' make-up ** is undoubted, for while the twelve steps stated in 
Gunton*s text to have led up to it are wanting, the rails represented 
appear to be those entered in the chapter accounts as paid for in 1663. 

The salver seen placed on the table is in fact that used at present. 
The one " gifted " by Bp. Joseph H^nsbaw to replace the older stolen 
by the parliamentar>' soldiers, but recovered and restored by colonel 
Hubbert in 1643, to be afterwards in 1667 stolen and not recovered. 

Gunton (p. 97) tells us the ornamental canopy work of reredos 
was destroyed July 13, 1643, by captains Barton and Hope (see 
P* 334> Francis Standish*s account) ; while the plain walling below 
stood until 1651 (p. 97). 

The manufacture of this view prior to 1684 is suggested also by 
the fact that its author does not reproduce the simple reredos (by 
chapter ordered to be made by Mr. Thamer in that year,) shown in 
Bridges' view of the choir. 

The "Abbots Chaire'* shown in it (and of stone) is, however, a 
production of the artist's fancy : an error of which a note on p. 97 

2i8 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

of Gunton*s work suggests the cause. As seen remaining so late as 
when Bridges* plan was made, there was under the arch, on tbe south 
side of the altar, a shrine, having a wall down its centre, with an open 
arcade on each side to choir and to aisle. Its ornamentation can now be 
seen in the part preserved plastered up against n. wall of apse, together 
with a portion used to form a window in the east wall of tbe great 
gateway at the entrance to the precincts. Several fragments of it 
were lately found under the floor at the west end of the s. aisle of choir, 
proving it to correspond in date and workmanship with Abbot R* 
Kirkton*s gateway to present deanery. Its solid base was of some 
height. Thus, inside the choir, where the altar platform of twelve 
steps high abutted, it would be high enough to permit that side 
of the arcade to serve as a sedilia, or the so-called " abbot's chair." 
In this way we can explain also Gunton's statement that *' the Abbots 
Chair of stone adjoyning to the ^uth end [of the reredos], suffered 
no alteration^ but continued to our tiniest Which a stone chair placed 
anywhere on the platform could not have done, as it would have had 
first to suffer through the pulling down with ropes of the canopy work 
of the reredos ; and next, the destruction of the solid wall behind 
it with the platform of twelve steps on which it had stood in i6ji. 

The whole explanation appears to be : — i. That the sedilia side of 
this shrine was what was termed the " abbot's chair *'} which, being 
under the arch and unconnected structurally with either reredos or 
steps, had thus escaped even to dean Patrick's time. xi. It escaped 
the building of walls across the opposite arch on n. side, and the 
next two arches west, on both sides of the choir, in 1693. iii. 
Thus reaching the period of the making of the plate of plan of the 
church for Bridges' work (Bridges is said to have commenced 
collecting for his work in 1719, and died in 1724). 

This shrine had most probably undergone removal when the erasure 
of so many old landmarks of the interior took place by dean 
Lockier in 1733 and 1734. An entry in the audited accounts of 
chapter seems to fairly settle the date of these drawings and the 
making up of this sketch. For as before stated, dean Patrick's 
publication of Gunton's work and the large additions the dean made 
to it took place in 1686. 

The audited accounts of chapter for 1684-85 contain the following 
entry : — 

*'To Mr. Fawket y" Limnr for several draughts about 

y« Minster by y« Dean's Order (Dean S. Patrick) £1 15 o *• 

Northampton Grammar School. 219 

Thus the two drawings engraved (the above first and fourth) cau 
scarcely have been by any other author but this "limner" Mr. 
Fawket, whoever he was. 

What became of Gunton's MS. and dean Patrick's additions to it, 
and of the drawings, is not known. The dean became bishop of 
Chichester, but it is not in the chapter library there. Is it at Ely ? 

A plan of the interior was made about 1720. Under chapter 
accounts fur 1720 appears : — 
"Paid Valentine Deeping for a groimd plan of y* Church £0 10 6" 

Could this have to do with Brown Willis* work, and be the plan 
therein given ? or may it be connected with vol. 56 of bp. White 
Kennett's collections in Lansdown collections, Brit. Mus. " Reliquia 
S. Petri de Burgo,'* containing the Antiquities of the Church, Fol. 118, 
1720, intended to have been published by that bishop? 

Under the head of Extraordinary Expenses, 1772-1773, in the 
chapter accounts appears the payment of ^f 2 1 00 for the purchase 
at the sale of James West, Esq., of bp. Kennett's own copy of 
Gunton with his MS. additions. This is now preserved along with 
Swapham, &c., in the library. It is, however, very disappointing in 
regard to the architectural history of the fabric, but presents the 
following note by that bishop : — *' This abbot's chair is said to be at 
the seat of sir John Cotton at Coning ton. Memorand. that I make 
application for it.*' 

In reference to the above mentioned shrine on south side of 
choir of abbot R. Kirkton's period, we have evidence of shrines or 
monuments of that sort existing in the cathedral prior to the date of 
the erection of the shrine on the south side of choir, for Kirkton only 
became abbot in 1496. But in 1474 Thos. Tanfield orders his body 
to be buried in the abbey choir near the relics of S. Oswald. 

Peterborough, Jas. T. Irvine. 

347. — Recollections op the old Grammar School, 
Northampton. — "To the east of S. Peter's," says Bridges, in his 
History of Northamptonshirey vol. i. p. 449, "was the church dedicated 
to S. Gregory. It was confirmed to S. Andrew's convent, with the 
other churches in the town, by Hugh Wells, bishop of Lincoln. In 
the old taxations there is no mention of it ; but, pursuant to a special 
commission issued for that purpose, it was rated in 1538, 29 Hen. 
VIII., at \\\\s, iv{/.'* John de Sancto Medardo was incumbent in the 
year 1235, and Henry Breton in 1532. "From this time forward we 
meet with no more incumbents presented to the church of S. Gregory. 

220 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Cardinal Pool archbishop of Canterbury by deed dated at Greenwich 
4 Id. Mart. 1577,* at the petition of the parishioners of All-Saints 
and S. Gregory's, and with the consent of John bishop of Lincoln 
in the vacancy of the See of Peterborough, annexed the parish of 
S. Gregory to All-Saints, and granted the site and church of S. Gregory, 
then in ruins, for a Grammar-school, with the vicarage house as a 
dwelling for the master." 

Nearly a quarter of a century has passed away since this old 
grammar school was closed. The school, I should judge, had been 
for some years in a declining state. This was certainly the case 
during the last ^we years of its existence (the time the writer 
attended). Many who read these notes will remember how the Rev. 
Charles West, M.A., (the respected master) used to refer to those 
better times when the school was more richly endowed ; when it 
could boast of two, if not three, masters 5 and when more attention 
was given to keeping the building in proper repair. In those days, 
Euclid, mathematics, and Greek, were included in the curriculum — 
at least so it was stated on the paper at the front of the master's 
desk. On this paper was also marked the minimum size of slate 
pencil allowed to be used. A too close attention to the principles of 
slate pencil economy resulted disastrously to the free grammar school 

Let it not be inferred, however, that Mr. West was a severe 
master. He frequently drew our attention to the motto, " Be just 
and fear not,** which, to the best of its faded ability, adorned one of 
the school walls. He used to show his regard for this motto by never 
inflicting punishment upon any of his pupils without first asking one 
of the older boys, " Is there any doubt about it ? ** He invariably 
received a reply in the negative j but how some of us (to whom, 
alas ! he never appealed) would have rejoiced if the answer had 
been ''Yes!" 

Mr. West loved, now and again, to break the monotony of school 
life. At one time it would take the form of a familiar talk on plants 
— suggested by some simple flower which he had plucked in his 
garden, through which he had to pass on his way to school. As we 
knew his discourse would certainly shorten our usual " grind " at 
Latin or English grammar, we never failed to be interested. At 
another time (some sunny afternoon) we were sent off in parties of 
four, in different directions — some to Berry Wood, others to Dane*s 
Camp, &c. The next day we had to write a short account of our 

^ This ia an error of Bridges, because the cardinal died in 1568. The see of 
Peterborough was vacant in 1657 ; and this probably is the true date. 

Civil War, 1642. 221 

excursion. These were not the days of "cramming." A third 
instance of a welcome innovation was when Mr. West would say 
from the desk, '' Occupy your time for half-an-hour," at the end of 
which time he would go round to see how we had improved the 
opportunity. Generally speaking, he did not complain. On one 
occasion, however^ he was shocked hy the attention a pupil was giving 
to Valentine Vox, and told him to substitute books of history or travel 
for such trash. But judge of his horror on the next occasion when he 
discovered that his instructions had been literally obeyed by the 
youth providing himself with Gulliver* s Travels, 

Mr. West was a strict churchman (at one time chaplain to the 
borough gaol), but he was thoroughly tolerant towards those of 
us whose parents were nonconformists, allowing us to substitute 
Watts for the Church Catechism ; whilst every pupil was required on 
Monday mornings to hand him a note, signed by a parent, to the 
effect that he had attended " divine service " on the day preceding. 

There was one feature of the old grammar school that was 
altogether unique, viz., the playground. Under our restless feet was 
the dust of many an old saint, whose remains, hundreds of years 
before, had been committed to the earth in the churchyard of S. 
Gregory. Reference has been made to Mr. West's talks on plants. 
I suppose it was the great interest he took in gardening that led the 
boys to place fences along two sides of the playground, and so make 
themselves gardens in miniature. In digging a few feet below the 
surface, we were sometimes awe-struck on beholding a human skull 
which our spade had laid bare. 

However, we were not a school of gardeners merely. Our sports, 
I imagine, were as varied and as boisterous as those of any other 
school ; and when our territory was invaded by the " Green " boys, 
we usually gave a good accoimt of ourselves. 

One learns with great regret that both school and playground are 
now gone. But where are the "boys** who felt such pride in 
being "on the Foundation?" Could a re^union be arranged? 
Although many miles removed from the old town, such a meeting 
would be attended and greatly enjoyed by 

lianohester. " Secono-Smith." 

348. — Civil War, 1642. — ^The following interesting extract 
is from a rare tract of eight pages published by order of parliament 
on the a6 Aug. The year is not given 5 but the events described 
took place in the year 1642. The title is lengthy, commencing with 
" Newes from the Citie of Norwich : " the portion of the title relating 


223 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

to this coanty is as follows : '* Also shewing the resolution of the 
Inhabitants of Northampton-shire, being 4000 men ready arm'd, in 
the opposition of the Cavaliers, who are Enemies to the Parliament, and 
the Protestant Religion : Also how some Parliament men of North- 
ampton-shire, have in two dayes the last week, taken subscriptions of 
of {sic) plate and money, to the value of 3000 pounds, and 480 Horse 
brought in by the Countrey-men into Northampton." 

The passage here given is to be found on pp. 1-3. 
'• From Northampton-shire. 

"There are good and prosperous informations brought from 
Northampton-shire ; for the towne of Northampton is verie strong 
having 4000 men in Armes, and 400 Horse for the defence thereof : and 
as soon as the Earle of Peterborough comes downe, whom they verie 
earnestly do expect, they hope to declare their magnanimitie and 
fidelitie to the Parliament, for being animated with standing in their 
defence, they intend with much cheerfuU alacritie to declare themselves 
against my Lord of Northampton and his Cavaliers. Coventrie 
(whither of late the King is march'd to set up his Standard) hath a 
thousand men in Armes, that will lose their lives in repelling any 
hostile violence that shall bee ofiEered by the Kings Forces, having 
taken away a Peece or two of Ordnance, and a load of Armes from 
my Lord of Northaroptons men last week. The generall and 
inclinations of this countie doe stand right and full of integrity to the 
Parliament, so that some of our Parliament men being come downe, 
they have so well confirmed them in their resolutiobs to stand for 
the Parliamen, that by taking subscriptions of plate, money, and 
horse, they have found the cheerfull bounty of the County, so ample 
and affectionate, towards them, so that in 2 dayes sitting they have 
got to the value of 1000 1 worth of plate, and twice so much money, 
and about 2 or 3 hundred horse, many yeoman men comming in with 
Tol and a horse, and 20 1 and a horse, and the Parliament have 
subscribed so many horse, and so much money in the County as they 
did in London 5 the commissioners for the Array finding that 
Northampton is so well replenished with men and Armes, doe grow 
somewhat timorous and fear full to execute their ofike, and there is 
nothing lacking for the defence of the Town, but Ordnance, 
whereby they might be able to defend the money and plate, gathered 
and collected by subscription, beiug a booty that will be much aym*d 
at to instigate the ravenous Cavaliers, who are ready to attempt 
anything especially being drawn on by the temptation of getting and 
obteyning any considerable prize.'* 

T. J. G. 

Vaux Family of Harrowden. 333 

349. — Early Crosses (300, 325).— A good fragment of a very 
early cross is preserved in the baptistery of Stow-Nine-Cburcbes. 
It was discovered at the restoration of the church about 30 years 
ago> amongst other stone built into a gallery at the west end. It has 
on one side rich interlacing work^ and on the other a much larger 
flowing design. The whole fragment is 26 inches in height, narrower 
at the head than at the f oot^ so that it is very probably a portion of 
a churchyard cross. There is little doubt that it is of Saxon date. 
In the tower of the church a portion of " long and short work " 
is to be seen, so that a church existed here before the Norman 

Stow Rectory. M. Crawlbt. 

350. — Vaux Family op Harrowdbw. — I shall feel much 
obliged if any reader of " N. N. & Q.*' can assist me in the following : 

Elizabeth countess of Banbury (widow of sir William Knollys, 
earl of Banbury) married Edward lord Vaux of Harrowden, North- 
ants, a few weeks after the death of her first husband ; and the claims 
to the barony of Harrowden and earldom of Banbury rested princi- 
pally, I believe, on the question whether her son Nicholas was by her 
first or her second husband. This Nicholas Knollys, commonly 
called earl of Banbury, married twice; first, Isabel daughter of 
Mountjoy Blount, earl of Newport, by whom he had a daughter Ann ; 
and secondly Ann daughter of lord Sherard. 

All authorities are agreed in making Ann (daughter of Nicholas^ 
earl of Banbury) wife of sir John Briscoe of Broughton, Northants« 
and Amberley Castle, co. Sussex, but I wish to know if she did not 
first marry a Charles Fry. My reason for thinking so arises from 
what Dugdale says in his Baronage, p. 413, and in the addition to his 
Baronage in Collect: Topog: et Geneal: vol. 11. p. 212, where it says: 
" This Nicholas, earl of Banbury, first married Isabel, daughter to 
Mountjoy Blount, earl of Newport, by whom he had issue one 
daughter, Anne, married to — Fry, of — in co. Dorset.*' This 
remark is strengthened by an entry in Membury parish (Devon) 
register, '* 1668. 10 Nov. Mountjoy sonne of Charles Fry, gent., and 
the lady Ann his wife, bapt. bom 19 Oct last past." 

The Charles Fry here mentioned was in all probability one of 
the sons of William Fry, of Yarty, Devon. There was also a case in 
the Court of Chancery about this time (1668) see Cases in Chancery, 
p. 138, Reports in Chancery, vol. ii. p, 14., Ventris Reports, pt. i., 
Harleian MSS. 1222. fo. 88. " Charles Fry and Ann his wife and 
Mountjoy Fry an infant versus (Jeorge Porter an infant represented 


224 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

by George Porter his uncle," which goes to show that this Ann 
Knollys (or Koowles) actually did marry Charles Fry. 

Can any one throw further light on the subject, as to when and 
where Ann Knowles married Charles Fry, and when and where their son 
Mountjoy Fry died ? And also when and where the said Ann married 
sir John Briscoe, and when she died ? I shall be happy to go into 
further details with any one who may have any notes on the subject. 

Sir William 
Knollys, earl 
of Banbury, 
let busb. 

Ann dan. of ^ 
lord Sherard 
2nd wife. 

Howard dan. 
of Thomas, 
earl of Suffolk. 

== Edward Dfountjoy 
lord Yaux Blount, 
2ndhu8b. earl of 

called earl 
of Banbury 

== Isabel 
I Ist wife 

dau. of 


Sir John 
2nd husb. 

Yarby, Kings' Norton. 

Charles Fry 
Ist husb. (F) 


Mountjoy Fry 

George iPorter. 

E. A. Fry. 

351, — Wbllingborough and the Earl op Warwick. — 
In the Topographical and Statistical History of Northampton, which 
forms a volume in Cooke's English Traveller, published early in the 
present century, it is stated in the journey from Bozeat to Kettering, 
that " we cross the river Nene and enter Wellingborough ; '* and then 
the writer adds : " Entering Wellingborough, on the left is the seat 
of the Earl of Brooke and Warwick." 

Which was lord Warwick's seat ? Was it the house known as 
Swanspool ? and now occupied by Mr. Pearce Sharman ? 

Parkhurst, Hatton Park, WeUingborough, JuLIA CoNRON. 

352.— Crosses cut in the Turf. — It was the practice in 
many parts of the country to cut a plain cross in the turf at places 
where any person had met with a sudden or violent death. I 
remember the newspapers giving an account of this being done on 
the spot where bishop Wilberforce, of Winchester, was killed by a fall 
from his horse. I have read in some work on this county, though I 
cannot find the reference, that several of these crosses were to be seen 
in the parish of Rushden. But during a stay of five or six weeks in 
the parish I could not find one ; and the present rector, canon Barker, 
tells me be does not know of one. 

Earl of Winchihea. 225 

The only instance I know of is in my own parish of Deeping 
Gate. In August, 1877, a man shot his little son, a boy of two years 
old, and then destroyed himself, on the grass by the road side about 
a quarter of a mile from the Deeping S. James bridge. In the case 
of the child a verdict of wilful murder was returned against the father ; 
and in the case of the man a verdict of felo de se ; and his body was 
accordingly interred the same night without any religious service. 
Two crosses were cut in the turf on the spot where the tragedy 
occurred ; and these have since been trimmed and cleared of the grass 
that concealed them. The arms of each of the crosses were about one 
foot in length. 

Does any one know of other instances in the county ? ^ 

353. — Earl op Winchilsba. — The late Georgejames Finch- 
Hatton, Earl of Winchilsea and Nottingham, Viscount of Maidstone, 
died 00 the nth June, 1887; he was the tenth earl of Winchilsea, 

and succeeded his father in 
1858, he married first the Lady 
Constance Henrietta Paget, the 
second daughter of the Earl 
of Anglesey, by whom he had 
a son, who died in 1879, ^^^ 
three daughters. After the 
death of the Lady Constance, 
Lord Winchilsea married the 
Lady Elizabeth Georgiana the 
daughter of the Marquis of Conyngham. 

Lord Winchilsea in his early youth was an ardent lover of the 
chase and rode well to hounds ; he afterwards became a supporter 
of racing and owned some good horses, Imperieuse being the best 
animal he ever possessed, but he parted with her before she won the 
St. Leger in 1857. 

His Lordship used frequently to correspond with the papers on 
sporting and classical subjects, his earliest contributions being to the 
Keepsake and The Gentleman s Magazine ; he wrote and published in 
i.849 ^ paraphrase of the Book of Job, which was considered an 
excellent production 3 he also published in 1879 under the name of 
" John Davis," poems called " Voices Through Many Years,*' which 
were issued to subscribers at the price of five guineas for the three 
volumes ; the compositions of " The Lay of Caraebus the Racer," 
and " The Ring," being the most popular as well as the best of his 

226 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

sporting verses. In 1872 lord Wmchilsea wrote a ballad called 
Lord Haiton : a Tale of Castle Cornet in Guernsey, being the legend 
of" Viscount Hatton's escape when his castle was blown up by 
gunpowder in Guernsey, said by the writer to be *' as rattling a ballad 
as ever was writ ! " This poem, with notes, was published in 
Blackwood* s Edinburgh Magazine for April, 1873. 

Lord Winchilsea represented the Northern Division of the county 
from 1837 to 1 841 in parliament. 

Lord Winchilsea was descended from Sir Moyle Finch, of East- 
well, in Kent, Baronet, who married Elizabeth Heneage, the daughter 
of Sir Thomas Heneage, Knight, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lan- 
caster. This lady was created Viscountess of Maidstone by James I., 
and afterwards Countess of Winchilsea by Charles L 

Sir Moyle Finch had three sons. The youngest married, and had 
a son who became Sir Heneage Finch. He was made Treasurer of 
the Inner Temple 3 he was also a reader to that society, and choosing 
to read on one occasion the statute 39 Eliz., on the payment and 
recovery of the debts of the crown, which had not been treated of 
before, he rose to high honour, and Charles II. dined with him in the 
great hall of the Temple. 

Sir Heneage Finch was solicitor General, and created a Baronet 
in 1660. Ten years later he became Attorney General, and in 1673 
Lord Keeper of the Great Seal 5 he was then created Baron Finch of 
Daventry in this county, and afterwards he became Lord High Chan- 
cellor and High Steward ; and on the 12th May, 1681, he was created 
Earl of Nottingham j he was a consummate lawyer, and has been well 
called " The Father of Equity." This Finch, being indeed, a rara 
avis in terris, nigroque stmillima cycno: he is styled by Evelyn 
*'the smooth-tongued solicitor," and Pepys mentions in his diary 
that " The cause was managed for my Lord Privy Seal by Finch, 
the Solicitor General, but I do really think that he is a man of as 
great eloquence as ever I heard or ever hope to bear in all my life.'* 

He died in i68a and was interred at Ravenstone, Buckinghamshire. 
The Earl of Nottingham had two sons, the elder of whom was 
Daniel, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, and sixth Earl of Winchilsea. He 
married first Lady Essex Rich, daughter of the Earl of Warwick, and 
after her death, Anne the only daughter of Christopher Lord Viscount 
Hatton, referred to in the aforesaid ballad of Lord Hatton, the 
nephew and heir of the famous Chr. Viscount Hatton, of Holdenby 
and Kirby, who for his handsome person, his taste in dress, and his 
great skill in dancing, was chosen by Queen Elizabeth as the keeper 

Monumental Inscription. 227 

of her cooscience, in other words, as Lord Chancellor. By his 
second wife he had fiYQ sons, the youngest of whom assumed the 
additional name of Hatton, in obedience to the will of his aunt. 

In this way the Earl of Winchilsea became possessed of Kirby 
House, which has ever since remained in the family ; it has only lately 
become ruinous and unfit to live in ; a few years ago the tapestry 
was on the walls, and the books in the library. A charming little 
sketch of Kirby House, written by Lady Constance Howard, appears 
in the Shakesperean Show Book, published when the Shakespere 
show was held at the Albert Hall. 

George Finch- Hatton of East well Park, Kent, married Lady 
Elizabeth Mary, the daughter of the Earl of Mansfield, by whom he 
had two sons and two daughters, the eldest of whom, George William, 
succeeded as the ninth Earl of "Winchilsea, the youngest son became 
Rector of Great Weldon, and Chaplain to the Queen. 

George William Earl of Winchilsea married first Lady Georgiana 
Charlotte Graham, the daughter of the Duke of Montrose, she was 
the mother of the late earl, and also of the Lady Caroline. Earl 
Winchilsea married for his second wife Emily Georgiana the daughter 
of the Right Honble. Sir Charles Bagot, and for his third wife Fanny 
Margaret, the daughter of Edward Royd Rice, Esq., the mother of 
the Honble. Murray Edward Gordon Finch-Hatton, who succeeds as 
the eleventh Earl of Winchilsea. 

A pedigree of the Family of Finch, compiled by John Philipott, 
Rouge Dragon, privately printed in 1872, gives much information 
concerning the history of the Finch-Hattons. 

C. A. Markham. 

354. — Monumental Inscription from other Counties (27, 
126, 181). — On the south side of the Priory Church of Great Malvern, 
Worcestershire, stands John Knotsford's tomb. He and his wife 
Jane are represented in a recumbent position on the altar tomb 5 while 
around it are the effigies of their children. At the head of the tomb 
is the large figure of a lady, kneeling at a desk, and looking towards 
the altar. This represents Anne, their eldest daughter, and the wife 
of the then head of the Savage family. The monument bears the 
following inscription :— " Here lieth the body of John Knotsford, 
Esquire, servant to King Henry the Eighth, and Jane his wife, 
daughter to Sir Richard Knightley, who being first married to Mr. 
William Lumley, had issue five daughters and co-heirs ; he died in 
the year 1589." 

Bftth. F. K. H. 

228 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

355.— Natives op Northamptonshire. — The following list 
of natives of Northamptonshire is taken from a catalogue of provosts, 
fellows, and scholars of King's college, Cambridge ^ Harl. MS. 6i 14. 
Stamford. JuSTIN SiMPSON. 

Dusting, William, admitted scholar 12 Aug. 21 Hen. 7 (1506). Vicar 
of Fording, co. Camb. Doctor of the Civil Law, 1529. He 
was an excellent astronomer, born at Corby. 

Johnson, Guido, clerk to sir Robt. Brudenell, L.C.J., born at Fother- 
inghay, scholar. 

1520 Linnell, John, expelled, was afterwards M. A., born at Weedon. 

1520 Keeple, Edward, prebendary of Salisbury, fellow, and was bene- 
ficed, born at Everdon. 

1534 Fuller, Thomas, alias Hurland, usher of Eton, afterwards school- 
master at Fotheringhay. He changed his name in the reign of 
queen Mary. (He was the first master ; memorial inscription in 
the church says he held that post ^^ years, and died j Jan. 1589. 
I saw his will at Somerset House, but can not now remember 
whether he designated himself as Hurland alias Fuller.) 

1534 Pickering, Robert, M.D. (Query of the Northants. family ?) died 
in the house of Dr. (John) Hatcher, who was afterwards regius 
professor of physic, and elected in Nov. 1578, vice chancellor of 
the University, and died 1586-7. 

1563 Kirkham, George, M.A. (Query of the Fineshade family ?) 

356. — Verses on an Arrest at Northampton, 1658. — 
The following verses are from a manuscript volume of poems by 
Mildmay, 2nd earl of Westmoreland, written between the years 
1655 and i66j. It would be interesting to have a precise account of 
the occurrence to which they relate. 

Upon taking up of Severall Persons of Honer & qoallety by y« Maior k 
Soiildiery & securing them at Northampton y« l^^ of Aprill 1658. 

Not like y« Gentler Spring whose porle-like dew 
Its Tyssne in y« Riuolets doth shew 
Or Those Heat-Drops an Aprill Showre distills 
From Glowds of TiflEany upon ye TTilla 
My sorrowes are, but Torrent-Hke they flowe 
From my two windows as doth Alpian Snowe 
I' th* Dogdayes when y« sun with Trebled flame 
Shoots Rayes yt melt & soe dissolve y« same 
Or like some Cataract or fall of Nile 
That threaten Deluge and a wrack y« while 
They Roar & Break, my Sadnet is noe leas 
To see soe many Frends now in distress. 

Verses upon an Arrest at Northampton. 229 

And noe cause ahowne, nor help, nor sacoor neer : 

(Enough to force from Marble Ston a Tear) 

Or t' Petrify y« Stupid Senoe to see 

Such needless Fear k Caoielees Jeloosy 

As now posees y* Mighty of y« Land 

Who hoiild ye Baynes of Sonranty at Command 

(The Sword I mean) whose Conqunng Blade & Edge 

Hath gaind this powre & daymes this prioiledg 

That whoso doth w^bstand its force is sure 

To be excnaed of dying by Calenture 

Surf et or Ague whilst the Twisted Hemp 

And Axes chop from all disease exempt 

Traytor*s a name soe common grown of late 

Since Kingdom is Transformd into a State 

That 'tis less wonder Hydra like surmise 

Deems whence heads of thence other heads should rise 

Soe to make all Cocksuer & w^ut strife 

Guive me y« priuot Sell & Cuntry Life 

Wher in a Minors Fortune I*le posess 

More than All Maiors enuied happines. 

357. — The Haycock at Wanspord. — The disappearance of 
this famous hostelry deserves to be placed on record. From Tht 
Peierborough Standard of xi June, 1887, we learn that the Haycock 
hotel at " Wansford in England ** has " been converted into a private 
house, and the old sign sent to Woburn Abbey.** It is mentioned 
also that the queen, when in her 17th year, stayed a night at this 
hotel with her mother, the duchess of Kent, on a Sep., 1835. "The 
circumstance which gave rise to the name of the hotel is well known. 
Drunken Barnaby, in his Journal published in 17 16, but written a 
century before, describing four journeys to the North of England, 

says: — 

On a Hay-cook sleeping soundly, 
Th* Riyer rose and took me roundly 
Down the Current : People cry'd, 
Sleeping down the Stream I h/d: 
Where away, quoth they, from Greenland f 
No; from Waneforth-brige in England,^* 

M. M. D. 

358. — Lord Mayors op London who were Natives of 
Northamptonshire. — It was in the year 1189 that Richard i. 
appointed the first chief magistrate of London; and in 1333 the 
citizens obtained a charter whereby they have ever since annually 
elected this functionary themselves. 

Although the office of Lord Mayor of London may be considered 
to be one of no little importance, yet the information to be gained 
concerning the lives of the vast majority of those who have held it 


230 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

appears to be most meagre. The only two books^ in fact, of general 
value on this head that I have come across, are, Citizens and jheir 
Rulers, by B. B. Orridge, 1867 ; and the well-known Stow's Survey, 

So far, my list contains the names of six Lord Mayors who are 
said to have emanated from Northamptonshire. As, however, there 
are yet scores of others whose birthplaces are at present wrapped in 
obscurity^ I hope that I may from time to time be able to supplement 
the list. 

Perhaps readers of " N. N. & Q." will take the matter up ; and 
assist in piecing together the biographies of these worthy natives of 

I. — Sir Robert Clayton. 
Sir Robert Clayton, who was one of the most noted Lord Mayors 
of the seventeenth century, has left behind an historic name of which 
the county may justly be proud. 

He was born at Bui wick on the 39th of September, 1629 3 and 
the entry in the parish register states that — 

" Robert Clayton son of John & Alice was baptized Oct : 8 Anno 

Early in life he was apprenticed to his uncle Abbot, a scrivener t 
of the city of London, who possessed one of the best businesses then 
in existence. Cla3rton and a fellow apprentice, Morris, eventually 
succeeded their master in his profession. Between them they 
amassed a large fortune ; and Morris having died childless bequeathed 
his all to his partner. Thus Robert Clayton became one of the 
richest citizens of London. 

On the 20th of June, 1670, he first entered in earnest upon his 
public life, being then elected alderman of Cordwainer ward. On 
the a4th of June, 1671, he took office as sheriff, and on the 20th 
June, 1676, he removed from Cordwainer ward to the ward of Cheap. 
Two years later we find him a member of parliament for the city of 
London ; and on his birthday, the 29th of September, 1679, he was 
chosen Lord Mayor. 

* It is to the Yioar of Biilwick that I am indebted for this extract, as well 
as other yaluable information. He also adds in his letter to me " There ore 
seyeral other children of John and Alice, but the Clayton is not always spelt 
the same— Cleaton and Claiton occurring." 

t The Company of Soriyeners is now eittinct. The business of a Soriyener 
^ comprehended that of a Banker, and what is now called a Conveyancer." 

Lord Mayors of London. 231 

The different city companies seem to have vied with each other 
Bbout this period as to which could produce the most splendid 
pageant at the annual Lord Mayor's procession. Clayton now 
belonged to the Drapers' company^ and Jordan in his London 
in Luster* thus describes their procession when he assumed office : — 

" In proptr Habits ordirly Array* d^ 
The Movements of the Morning are displayed. 

Selected Citizens i* th' Morning all, 

At Sev*n a Clock, do meet at Drapera-Hatl, 

The Master, Wardens, and Assistants, Joyns 

For the first Bank, in their Oowns f ac'd with Foyna. 

The second Order do, in merry moods, 

March in Gowns fac*d with Budge and Livery Hoods. 
Li Gowns and Scarlet Hoods Thirdly appears 
A youthful numher of Foyns Batchellors. 

Forty Budge Batchellors the Triumph Crowns, 

Gravely attir'd in Scarlet Hoods and Gowns. 

Gentlemen-Ushers which white Staves do hold 
Sixty ; in Velvet Coats and Chains of Gold. 

Next, Thirty more in Plush and Buff there are. 

That several Colours wave, and Banners bear. 

The Sergeant Trumpet Thirty six more brings, 
Twenty the Duke of York*8j Sixteen the Kings. 
The Sergeant wears Two Scarfs, whose Colours be 
One the Lord Mayors, t' other's the Company. 

The Eling's Drum-Major followed by Four more 

Of the Kings Drums and Fifes, make London roar. 
Seven Drums and Two Fifes more in Vests of Buff 
March with Waste-Scarfs and Breeches of Black Stuff. 

Two City Marshals mounted and attended. 

Are by Uie Company with Scarfs befriended. 

And (next to th' Drums) do Troop it in the Beer, (eie) 
But the Foot Marshal doth the next appear ; 
Who puts them all in Bank and File, and wears 
A Shoulder Scarf as broad and rich as theirs. 
Attended by six persons that dare do 
What e're their Marshal may Command them to. 

Next the Fence-Master troops, and (to defend him) 

Divers with drawn broad bright Swords do attend him. 

* London in Luster : projecting Many bright Beams of Triumph : disposed 
into Several BepresentatiozLB of Scenes and Pageants performed with great 
splendor On Wednesday, October Txrx. 1679. at the initiation and instalment 
of the Bight Honourable Sir Bobert Clayton, Knight, Lord Mayor of the City 
of London. Dignified With divers delightful Varieties of Presenters, with 
Speeches, Songs, and Actions, properly and punctually described. All set 
forth at the proper Cost and Charges of the Worshipful Company of Drapers. 
Devised and Composed by Tho. Jordan, Gent. Londen, Printed for John 
Playford at the Temple-Church, 1679. 


232 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

Many poor PensioDers that march ith* Rear, 
With Gk>wii8 and Caps, Standards and Banners bear ; 
A numerons Troop of Per8on^ that are poor, 
In Azure Gowns and Gaps, one hundred more, 
With Javelins and with Targets are all Actors, 
And bear the Arms of their good Benefactors." 

Then comes a description of the march. Besides this there were 
four Pageants^ the second of which allegorically represented the twelve 
months of the year. The dresses and the various incidents connected 
with the procession are graphically described by Jordan. 

Sir Robert Clayton's town hoase was at No. 8 Old Jewry (where 
in 1805 the London Institution was first started). John Evelyn 
states that it was built "for a great magistrate, at excessive cost"; 
and also mentions that the cedar dining-room was painted to 
represent the history of the giants' war, incomparably done by Mr. 
Streeter, but that the figures were too near the eye. A view of the 
garden front of this mansion is given in Old and New London, vol. i. 
p. 427. 

Evelyn seems to have been on very good terms with the Lord 
Mayor, perhaps from the fact that sir Robert had bought an estate at 
Marden irom his kinsman, sir John Evelyn. At any rate, we find in 
Evelyn's diary mention made of many dinners at which he was 
present. From these references we are enabled to form some slight 
idea of the sumptuous splendour which surrounded one ''whose 
banquets vied with those of kings." 

Thus, on the i8th November, 1679:— "I din*d at my Lord 
Maiors [Sir Rob^ Clayton] being desired by the Countesse of 
Sunderland to carry her thither on a solemn day, that she might see 
the pomp and ceremonie of this Prince of Citizens, there never having 
ben any, who, for y** stateliness of his palace, prodigious feasting, 
and magnificence, exceeded him." 

Again on November 31st, ''I din'd at my Lord Maior's to accom- 
pany my worthiest and generous friend the Earl of Ossorie j it was 
on a Friday, a private day, but the feast and entertainment might 
have become a King. Such an hospitable costume and splendid 
magistrature dos no city in the world shew, as I believe." 

Several important historical events happened during sir Robert 
Clayton's mayoralty, amongst which was the disclosure by Titus Oates 
of his pretended " Popish Plot," through which the lives of many 
innocent Roman Catholics were sacrificed. 

: : .kst-cuss workmanship, and uniformly low charges, 



Witli the lost Modern and Scientiflc Appliances, 

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BLUNT & SOXS are mach obliged for the bxtbnsivb and bxtendino confidence 
AND CUSTOM glven them. They are more resolute than ever to sell at so close 
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an ENOBMous tubnoyeb at a tbiflxno pbofit, which will be to the advantage of all 


^foie the New Ad^lresa : 



^ 1 




33, 35, 37, 39, 

The Drapery, Northampton. 





33, 35, 37, 39, 

The Drapery, Northampton. 


Part XVI. Vol. II. 

OCTOBER, 1887. 

Price Is, ed. 


in ensigm there, 
st ancient toum. 

Northamffton uith-trxastie sratea high, 

Drayton: The Battle of Agincourt. 


Notes ^ Queries, 



The Antiquities, Family History, Traditions, Parochial 
Records, Folk-lore, Quaint Customs, &c., of the County. 

£9tte9 be 
' JhE 1\eV. ^. p ^WEETINQ, 'jVI.^. 
Vicar of Maxey^ Market Deeping. 






Lord Mayors of London who were 
Natives of Horthamptonahire. 

" E. W." who sent to Lord Borghley 
tlie well-kn3wn Accoont of the £xe- 
catiou of Mary Qaeen of Scots. 

Bowlins^ Green in Snlehay Forest. 

The Cross in the Chorchyard of 8. 
Sepulchre's, Northampton. 

Master John Ball, Minister. 

Mr. Pickwick at Towoester. 

Sheppird Family of Tawcester. 

Massinberd, or Massingberl Family. 

Parish Certificates at Olapthorne. 

Monnmental Inscriptions firom other 

The Drummer's Mound. 

Northampton Pronounced Tranton. 

370 Diary of John Cole. 

371 Volunteer Officers in Northampton- 

shire, 1804. 

373 Oorham Family. 

873 West Haddon : an Old Inn. 

374 Knotsford Monument at Malvern. 

375 Wakerley Church. 

376 Jack of all Trades at Astrop, 1793. 

377 Mason FamUy. 

378 Drunken Barnahy in Northampton^ 


379 Plaarue at Towcester, 160S. 

330 Parish Eeglsters of Daene. 

331 Tercentenary of Mary Queen of Scots. 
333 Clai'ke, Fry, and Howett : Queries. 
383 Curiosities of Northamptonshire 




{EnUred at Stationfri ffoli.] 






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w - 

a ^ 






Lord Mayors of London. 233 

After his year of office sir Robert remained member of parliament 
for the city until 1690,, when he was chosen to represent Bletcbingley 
in Surrey, which constituency he continued to serve as long as he 

In the year 168 1, during the meeting of parliament at Oxford, 
at the request of his constituents, he moved the reading of the 
celebrated Exclusion Bill, being supported therein by his friend lord 
William Russell. 

As a benefactor to the city of London he holds a very high place. 
He built the south front of Christ's Hospital, and was the projector of 
the mathematical school connected therewith; he became the first 
president of the London Workhouse in 1680; and on the i8th of 
February, 1691, he was elected president of S. Thomas's Hospital, 
to which establishment he left considerable property by his will dated 
14th December, 1706. In such high esteem was sir Robert Clayton 
held by the governors of this hospital that they erected a statue to 
his memory during his lifetime in the centre of the third court. 
An engraving of this court as it appeared in 1840 and shewing the 
statue in place, may be seen in Old and New London^ vol. vi. p. 90. 
The inscription is given in Stow's Survey, but I have thought it best 
to re-copy it, and for this purpose have paid a visit to the new S. 
Thomas' Hospital, on the Albert embankment, near Westminster 

The statue now stands in the centre court of the huge block 
of buildings, and may be seen through the railings from the road 
leading to Lambeth palace. It is of white marble, and has been 
wonderfully preserved. Sir Robert is represented in the full costume 
of Lord Mayor, with a scroll in his right hand. On the south front 
of the pedestal is a shield bearing his coat of arms, supported by two 
dilapidated cherubs. The inscription on the west side is given in 
Latin, while an English translation occupies the east side. Both are 
appended below. 


in Agio Norihamptoidenai nato, 

Givi Londiniensi et Urbis Fnetori, 

Hujns Noaooomii Pnesidi, 

Novi Faupemm Ergastnti Vice PrsBaldi 

Et Fautori Benefioo ; 

Quod m Magistratn semper MqmxB, 

Fatriffi Libertatis, et Fidei Ref ormata 

Vindfix fait aoerrimns : 

Qaod prsBter alia Llb«ralitatii aim 


234 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Erga Egenoa Monnmenta, 

Paellamm in Christi 

Orphanothropio, Cabicolnm 

Sois Sumptibos extrni CoraTit, 

Quod ad haao Domiun Befioiendam Libraa 

Primnm D.C. ErogaTit Vivua, 

Et in super icx ooo Testamento X^egavit ; 

Ob tanta Viri Merita, Hanc Statoam 

Qnam Honoris Gaiua, Viyenti Posnerant 

NoBOcomii CJnratores, Ao.D. MDCGI. 

In Memoriam Mortui, DecoraTenmt 


To Sib RoBBBf Glattov, Ehioht 

Bom in Northampton^dre, 

Gitisen and Lobd ICjltob of London, 

President of tHs Hospital, 

Vice President of the New Work House 

and a Bountiful Benefactor to it, 

a Just Magistrate and a Braye Defender 

off the liberty and Religion of his Gountrj 

who besides many other Instances 

of His Gharity to the Poor 

Built the Girles Ward in Ghbist's Hospital 

Gare first towards the RebuildiDg of 

This House Six Hxtitdbisd Poxtnds 

And left by His Last Will Two Thousaot) 

Thbeb Hundbed Pounds, to the Poor of it. 

This Status was Erected in his Lifetime 

By the Goyemours A.D. MDGGI. 

As a Monument of their Esteem of so xuor worth 

And to preserye His Memory after Dxath 

was by them Beautified 


Sir Robert's portrait was ordered to be painted by the Governors 
of the London Workhouse ; and it may now be seen hanging in a 
conspicuous position in the Guildhall. The picture is set in an 
elaborately carved frame^ the work of Grinling Gibbons, of which 
a full description is given in the Catalogue qf Works of Art belonging 
to the Corporation, (part i. p. 31).* 

• "Sir Robert Glayton, Knt., Alderman. Painted by order of the 
Governors of the London Workhouse ; and removed from the Gourt-room to 
the Library upon the breaking up of that establishment. 

'* A natiye of Bnlwick in the county of Northampton ; elected Alderman of 
Gordwainer Ward, 16th June, 1670 ; removed to Gheap Ward, 20th June, 1676 ; 
chosen Sheriff of London and Middlesex, 24th June, 1671 ; Member of Parlia- 
ment for the Gity of London, 1678, and for Bledungly, 1690, 1698, and 1702 ; 
elected Lord Mayor of London, 29th September, 1679 ; first President of the 

Lord Mayors of London, 235 

There is a fine mezzotint portrait of sir Robert Clayton, of which 
the following description appears in the British Museum catalogue : — 
"Sir Robert Clayton. H.L., [half length] in oval frame, at top of 
which is monogram with scroll and motto in panels, Non Vultus 
Instantis Tyranni, near bottom two shields, and beneath sword and 
mace crossed and cap in centre, directed towards left, facing towards 
and looking to front, long wig, bands, gown, chain. Under, in centre 
arms, scraped, rising into subject. The R* Hon^^ S' Rob Clayton K* 
Lord Mayor of y« City of London 1680. I. Riley pinx. I. Smith 
fee. . . .'Date, 1707 given to this print. . . . Satirized by Dryden, 
as *Ishban.* He died, 1707, aged 79. His nephew and successor 
was created a baronet." 

Copies of two speeches delivered by sir Robert Clayton during 
his mayoralty are amongst the treasures of the Guildhall Library ; 
as well as a pamphlet bearing date 1681, vindicating bis character 
against certain slanders.* 

One of the only three kind acts registered to the memory of the 
infamous Judge Jeffreys, is said to have been the saving of sir Robert 
Clayton's life. Charles the Second had determined to sacrifice some 
well known personage as an example to those citizens who had sided 
with the popular party during the late troubles, and Clayton was 
selected as the one to suffer. Jeffreys interceded for him with the 
king because he remembered that it was mainly through Clayton's 
interest he had obtained the office of recorder under the late govern- 
ment. As, however, this story cannot be guaranteed, it must be 
taken cum grano salis^ 

London Workhonse, 1680, bendes being the projector of the Mathematical 
School of Christ's Hospital, he also rebmlt the South Front in 1682 ; elected 
President of St. Thomas's Hospital, 18th February, 1691, to which estab- 
lishment he left considerable property by his will, dated 14th December, 1706 ; 
died July, 1707. 

** [The frame is surrounded by civic em blems entwined with fndt and flowers 
bearing the following Shields of Arms. Sir Robert Clayton's, Sir Robert 
impaled with his wife's. The city Arms. Badge worn by the Children of the 
London Workhouse (a Naked Boy and a Sheep), and a device from the Seal of 
the same (a Hive and Bees on a Chief with several Ears of Wheat). Carved 
in wood, by Grinling Gtibbons.]" 

• Speech of Sir Bobert Clayton, Knt., Lord Mayor Elect, at Guildhall, cm 

the 29th September, 1679. London, 1679. 
Speech of Sir Patience Ward, Lord Mayor Elect, together with that of 

Sir Robert Clayton, Lord Mayor, 1680. 
Truth Vindicated : or a Detection of the Aspersions and Scandals oast 

upon Sir Robert Clayton, 1681. 


236 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

When William, prince of Orange, arrived in this country, the 
citizens of London deputed sir Robert Clayton to welcome his royal 
highness in their name, and h^ accordingly met the new king at 
Henley-on-Thames, and accompanied him to the metropolis. 

It would take far more space than I have at my disposal to enter 
into further particulars now, respecting this eminent native of our 
county. Suffice it, therefore, to add that he died at his country seat 
at Marden, in 1707, after a long and busy life, at the ripe age of 78 
years. He was buried in the church at Bletchingley, b^ide his wife> 
and their elaborate tomb may still be seen in that part of the edifice 
known as the Clayton chapel. 

A description of this tomb is given in Manning and Bray's 
History and Antiquities of the County of Surrey, vol. ii.Jp. 310^ 
from which book I have copied the following : — 

" The South Chancel is entirely taken np by a magnificent monument for 
the first Sir Robert Clayton and his lady. She died first, and the inscription for 
her is as follows :-^' To the pious memory of Dame Martha Clayton daughter 
of Mr. Perient Trott, of London Merchant, and wife of Sir Robert Clayton^ 
Knt, Alderman and sometime Lord Mayor of the City of London. Thia 
monument is erected by her surviving husband in testimony of her many 
admirable endowments and uncommon strictness in aU moral virtues ; of her 
unfeigned piety towards Almighty God through the course of her whole life ; 
of her true conjugal affection during a happy partnership of zlvi years, and 
of her diffusive charity to all those whom poverty or other necessities made 
them any ways the objects of her relief. Having had only one son, who was 
christened Robert,* and died very young, she departed this life the zxvth 
day of December, anno Dom. ic.doov. in the Lzmd year of her age, and i» 
deposited in the adjoining vault, where the late dear companion of her life, 
when Qod shall call him out of this mournful state, desires to be interr^ by 

** Over this are the figures of Sir Robert and his lady, which are whole 
lengths in white marble, standing on a projecting base. He is in his robes aa 
Lord Mayor of London with the ensigns of his office. 

'' Under his figure, 

** * Non vultufl instantis tyranni.' 
" Under hers,— 

« < Quando nllam invenient parem ? * 

* In a list of the epitaphs of St. Martin's, Westminster, Maitland fEiitwff 
of London and Westminster, 1739) has the following, which undoubtedly refera 
to this young man : — 

^ Hie juxta situs est Robertus Clayton, Armiger ; qui Literis, ad quas 
natus, assuetus, olim ScholsD Regiss Westmonast, Alumnus, hinc Trin. Coll. 
Cantabr. Discipiilus, Templi deminm (sie) interioris Sooius, ubique looi 
delioisB ft decus, ingenio pariter pr»oooi ao fato quo functus est Dso, 14. 1672. 
^tatis 28.'' 

Lord Mayors of London. 237 

" Between them, on a curtain of white marble, is this inscription :— 
" * Here rests what was mortal of Sir Bobert Clayton, Knt, in the year 
X DO Lxxx Lord Mayor, and at his death Alderman and Father of the City of 
London, and near zzx years was one of its Bepresentatives in Parliament. By 
the justest methods and skill in business he acquired an ample fortune, whidi 
he applied to the noblest purposes, and more than once ventured it all for his 
country. He fixed the seat of his family at Harden, where he hath left a 
remarkable instance of the politeness of his genius ; and how far Nature may be 
improved by Art. His relations, his friends, the Hospital of St. Thomas in 
Southwark (of which he was President), Christ Church Hospital, and the Work 
house in London, were large sharers of his bounty. He lived in the Commu- 
nion of the Church of England, and in the most perfect charity with all good 
men, however divided amongst themselves in opinions. The welfare of his 
country was the only aim of his public actions ; and in all the various efforts 
that were made in his time for preserving its Constitution he bore a great share, 
and acted therein with a constancy of mind which no prospect of danger could 
ever shake. It is but just the memory of so good and so great a man should 
be transmitted to after-ages, since in all private and public transactions of his 
life he hath left so bright a pattern to imitate, but hardly to be outdone. He 
was bom at Bulwick in Northamptonshire the yxtt*" day of September, Anno. 
Dom. X DO TTTT, and died at Marden the xvi day of July, x doo Tn.' 
« ' GnUelmus Clayton Nepos et HsBret D J>.' " 

Sir Robert Clayton having died childless, his estates passed by 
will to his nephew William, who was created a baronet on the 18th 
of January, 173a. The present families of Clayton and Clayton-East, 
both baronets, are descended from him. 

flohnby House, Forest Oate. JoHN T. Pagb. 

Addenda et Corrigenda. 
I $nd I unwittingly used the word chief-magistrate on p. 229. 
It should read mayor. The foot-note on the next page, in which, on 
the authority of Evelyn's editor, Mr. Bray, I state the Company of 
Scriveners to be extinct, is incorrect. 1 have since learned from an 
authority that the company still flourishes. 

The following additional particulars of books quoted at p. 235 
relating to sir Robert Clayton may be given : — 

The Speech of the Right Honourable Sir Patience Warde, Lord Mayor Elect, at 
Uuild-Hall, London, September 29, 1680. being the Day of his Election. 
Together with the Speech of the Right Honourable Sir Robert Clatton. Knight, 
the Present Lord Mayor of London. London^ 1680 

To the Right Honourable Sir Robert Cletton, Kt., Lord Mayor of the City of 
London. [An Address of the Commons of the City of London in Common 
Ball assembled praying him to beseech His Majesty in their names to call a 
Parliament for the preservation of the King's person and government, and of 
the Protestant religion.] London^ 1679 

Truth Vindicated : or, a detection of the Aspersions and Scandals cast upon Sir 
Robert Clatton, .... in a Paper . . . Intituled, The Confession of 
Edward Fits Harris, Esq. ; &o. London, 1681 


238 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

An Aooount of a Straii0re and Prodigious Storm of Thunder, Lightning h Hail, 
which happened in and about London, on Tuesday the Eighteenth of this 

Instant May ; With an Account of the Noble and MagnifioeDt 

Appearance at the first going out of the Colonel's Company of the Orange under 
the Command of the Right Honourable Sir BoBBBT Clatton Lord Mayor of 
London. London.^ 1680 

The Speech of Sir Robert Clayton Kt. Lord Mayor Elect for the City of LondoD, 
at the Ouild-Hall of the said City, to the Citizens there Assembled on the 29tli 
of September, 1679. For the Electing of a Lord Mayor for the year ensuingr. 

There is a portrait of sir Robert Clayton by Jonathan Richardson 
in the Governors' Hall of S. Thomas's Hospital j and the Drapers* 
Company also possesses a three-quarter length of him^ painted bj 
Kneller in x68o. J. T. P. 

359.— "R. W." WHO SENT TO Lord Burohley the well- 
known Account of the Execution op Mary Queen of Scots. 
— In this magazine for January, 1887^ I, under the signature 
" Enquirer," asked who this *' R. W." was (art 297, p. 141, vol. 11.). 
In my Fotheringhay I had stated that he was believed to be '* Richard 
Wigmore, secret agent to Lord Burghley." But my note — derived 
from information supplied to me by the marchioness dowager of 
Huntly — was to suggest that he may have been sir Richard Wortley, 
who was kinsman of the earl of Shrewsbury. One of the family of 
lord Wharncliffe has also been suggested as the original " R. W." 
The question is now decided in favour of R. Wingfield, or, as he 
signed himself, ** R. Wynkfeilde.'* His manuscript of the " Examy- 
nacioun and Death of Mary the Queen of Skottes, A®. 1586, 8th 
Feb.," (from the Loseby MSS.) was lent by W. More-Molyneux, 
Esq., to the Tercentenary Exhibition of Mary Stuart Relics, held at 
the Peterborough Museum from July 19th to Sep. 24th, 1887. This 
document was placed, with other valuable manuscripts, in a glass 
case, under lock and key. After the exhibition was closed, I had the 
opportunity to examine the manuscript, and to compare it with the 
transcript given in Archdeacon Bonney's Fotkeringhay. The writer 
was probably the same *' Mr. Robert Wingfield " who carried a 
banneret at the state funeral uf Mary Queen of Scots in Peterborough 
Cathedral. The world is indebted to R. Wingfield for one of the 
most graphic and absorbing narratives ever written on the execution 
of an eminent personage. Cuthbert Bede. 

360. — Bowling Green in Sulbhay Forest. — Among the 
recent acquisitions of the Bodleian is a Latin poem dedicated to 
Charles, earl of Westmorland, entitled " Suleianum." It is printed 
on eight quarto pages, and contains about 100 lines of Hexameters. 
It has no imprint of place or date, but is clearly of the latter part of 

Bowling Green in Sulehay Forest. 239 

the 17th century, about 1670-80. With it is a MS. translation in 
blank verse. The press mark is " MS. Eng. Misc. d. i, folio 41.** 

In the poem is described a bowling-green on some high ground 
at Sulehay. A club of gentlemen used to meet there twice a week : 
two of the chief players are called in the verses by the names of 
" Sylvius " and " Nisus." 

Is anything known from other sources of this club of bowlers ? 
Does the bowling-green still exist ? M. M. D. 

BemaiDB of a Gnioifix placed hi the wall of a low bonsd (of a level with 
the eye) in the churchyard of S. Sepulchre's Church, Northampton. Above 
the head are four holes, the three largest are from a musket, and the smaller 
one from a pistol shot. Taken Oct. 13, 1782. From the original drawing in 
the British Museum, by Carter. 

361. — Thb Cross in the Churchyard at S. Sepulchre's, 
Northampton. — The small cross built into the wall of a bouse at 
the south-west corner of the churchyard at S. Sepulchre's, North- 
ampton^ is not very remarkable except for the various theories which 


240 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

have been attached to it It has been supposed to be the original 
termination to Queen's Cross, or the '* Rode in the Wall" in 
Northampton to which Henry viii. sent offerings (see quotation 
from Mr. G. J. De Wilde annexed), while the popular legend is that it 
was put up in commemoration of the crucifixion of a boy by the 
Jews at Northampton, which event took place, according to a 
statement in Weever's Funeral Monuments^ 1631, p. ^^i^ in the 
seventh year of £dward the first. 

The first theory is too absurd to require refutation. The cross in 
the churchyard could not have been more than 30 inches high when 
perfect, and it measures 19 inches across. It is rudely carved by an 
inferior workman, out of common stone. The head of the Eleanor 
cross, as I have shewn in a former number (*' N. N. & Q." vol. 11. 
p. 157), was of Purbeck marble, carved by one of the first artists of 
the day, at a cost representing £32^ of our money, and it must have 
been of large size. As to Mr. De Wilde's theory, the fact of the 
cross being carved on both sides is against it, while it can hardly be 
considered important enough to have received the offerings of a 
king. Of the popular legend, all that can be said is that it is at 
least as probable as the other two theories which we have already 
considered : the tradition is not evidence upon which we can rely. 
The stone is undoubtedly the head of a small cross of early date, and 
is so far valuable as representing many hundreds of similar crosses 
which have disappeared, but it could never at any time have been a 
work of very great interest or importance. R. G. Scrivbn. 

Mr. De Wilde's observations on the cross were published in Notes 
and Queries^ 4th S. vii. 124, and are here given. 

'* * At the south-west corner of the churchyard, St. Sepulchre's, 
Northampton, built into the wall of a cottage, is a crucifix, apparently 
the top of a cross. The same design is repeated on the other side. 
There are marks of bullets in it. Could this have originally formed 
the apex of Queen's Cross ? ' 

*' So wrote the late Mr. Pretty in Wetton's Northampton Guide, 
The crucifix is still there, rebuilt into the wall of the house which 
superseded the cottage. Mr. Pretty, a careful and conscientious 
antiquary, in all probability saw it when it was taken down ; otherwise 
it would not be easy to know that the sculpture was repeated on the 
other side. The fact that it was so supports the conjecture that it 
may have been the crowning stone to Queen's Cross. But in * The 
King's Book of Payments,' 15 11 (Letters and Papers, Foreign and 
Domestic, in the Reign of Henry Fill., vol. ii. part 11.), is an entry 

Cross in the Churchyard at S. Sepulchre^ s. 241 

purporting that, on Aug. 3, the king was at Pypwell Abbey ; and 
among the expenses between that time and the loth, were 'offerings 
at the Rode of the Wall in Northampton, at Our Lady of Grace 
there, and at coming to Leicester Abbey/ * Our Lady of Grace * was 
the church, long since destroyed, of the Blessed Virgin in St. Mary 
Street. Is it possible that the sculpture in St. Sepulchre's Churchyard 
was the ' Rode of the Wall ' of the church in St. Mary's Street ? 
When the church was destroyed, the materials were no doubt used 
for other buildings, and the distance from St. Mary*s Street to St. 
Sepulchre's Churchyard is not considerable. I am not aware that any 
mention of * The Rode of the Wall ' occurs in any history of North- 
ampton, or in any place but the * King's Book of Payments.' '* 

The tradition about a boy being crucified by the Jews is one that 
is current in many places, as Norwich, Lincoln, and elsewhere. Its 
antiquity is shewn in the following extract from Weever's Funeral 
Monuments, 163 1, p. 377 : — 

" In the seuenth of £d. the first, the lewes at Northampton 
crucified a Christian boy vpon Goodfriday, but did not throughly 
kill him. For the which fact many lewes at London after Easter, 
were drawne at horse tailes and hanged." 

362.»Mastbr John Ball, Minister. — Is anything known 
of Master John Ball, Minister of Northampton, who in 1628 
wrote a Life of the Renowned Doctor Preston ? The doctor was 
master of £mmanuel college, Cambridge, and is described, in a 
review in the Athenceum of the above work, as " a Puritan of the 
Puritans." The manuscript from which Ball's life was printed in 
1865 was found in the library at Nuneham. Ko. 

363. — Mr. Pickwick at Towcester. — In an admirable 
article in The Standard of i Dec, 1886. speaking of the Jubilee 
edition of The Pickwick Papers, is this passage : — 

" The old-fashioned £nglish inn, which still existed in Charles 
Dickens's youth, has now become a thing of the past. The des- 
cription of the Saracen's Head at Towcester will occur to all readers 
of ' Pickwick ' as an illustration of our meaning.** 

The description is in the fifty-first chapter. In reference to this 
passage a correspondent signing himself " Tocestrensis " addressed a 
letter to the editor of The Standard, a portion of which is annexed : — 

"It may interest some of your older readers to know that 
although fashions have changed during the last half-century that old 
hostel is not 'a thing of the past,* it still exists, and is full of life 

242 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

and work. The substantial brown stone bouse, with its long 
frontage and many windows and steep tiled roof, remains as it tHen 
was ; and the massive oak doors (nearly a ton of timber in each of 
them) will still admit through the broad gateway in the centre of tlie 
house a coach and four. Internally, the kitchen, the scene of the 
memorable conflict between the rival editors of the EatanswilL Gazeiie 
and Eatan swill Independent has now become the 'smoking roona,* 
the only change being that the broad fireplace and open chimney, 
with seats in each comer; has disappeared, and a modern grate has 

been substituted The house is there -, the company is 

there; little is changed but the 'sign* of the inn since Dickens 
visited it. Shortly after that visit a new lord succeeded to the title 
and estates, and by his direction the Saracen^s Head Inn became the 
Pomfret Hotel/' H. R. S. 

364. — Sheppard Family op Towcester (59, 168, aai). — I 
give a few particulars of one of my progenitors, William Shepard, of 
Towcester. I should be very pleased if any correspondent can furnish 
me with additional facts connected with the family. 

William Shepard was born at Foscote, near Towcester j he resided 
in Towcester and died in 1615. His first wife*s maiden name was 
Bland, and by her he had a sou William, who died before his father ; 
a second son, John, born in 1599 ; and a third son, Thomas, bora 
5 Nov., 1605, died 2j Aug., 1649, ^^^ became one of the most 
prominent divines that appeared during the early history of the 
Massachusetts colony. He had also five daughters : Ann, married 
— Farmer -, Mary, married — Mapler, or Maples j Elizabeth, who 
died young j Hester ; Sarah. By his second wife. Amy (married at 
Towcester, surname unknown), he had a son, Samuel, bom in 1613, 
who became a major in the English army and was sent to Ireland, 
and died in 1673 ; and a daughter Elizabeth. 

Boston, U.S. CrBO. L. ShePARO. 

365. — Massinberd, or Massxnobbrd Family. — In the 
registers of S. Peter's, Comhill, is the entry of the marriage by 
licence, on 12 May, 168 1, of William Ash, of Paston, co. Nortbants, 
bachelor, and Elizabeth Massinberd, of the same place, widow. 

On 4 Nov., 1680, Richard Massingberd, of Northampton, gent, 
a benefactor to the borough, made his will, which was proved by 
his widow and executrix, Susannah, on 23 Apr., 1683, in P. C. 

Were any of these persons related to the Lincolnshire family, long 
seated at Gunby > J* S. 

Parish Certificates at Glapthorne. 243 

366. — Parish Certificates at Glapthorne. —From the 
parish chest in Glapthom church I copy the enclosed certificates 
(from amoDg many others) for '* N. N. & Q.,'* if you think them 
worth a place. 

StramoDgate, Kendal. A. Palmer. 

"We the minister Churchwardens and overseers of jr* poore 
w**^ y p'ish of Stibbington in county of Huntingdon dee hereby 
certifie unto y* overseers of y« poore of y* pish of Glapthorne in y* 
county of Northampton, that Rich**. Rippon, Mary his wife, firiget 
and Mary his daughters, and Rich**, his son, who are lately removed 
into y* p'ish of Glapthorne aforesaid, are setled inhabitants of y* p'ish 
of Stibbington aforesaid, in witness whereof we have hereunto set 
our bands and scales this 26th day of Jan^ an. do. 1698. 

This certificate is allowed by Wm. Love, Minister of Stibbington 
John Driden John fiishopp 

Jo Ferrar "William Nelen.** 

" Northtons. To y* Churchwardens, Ov'seers, of y* Poor 

for y* Parrish Glapthorne in the county 
" Wee whose hands and seals are hereunto sett being present 
Churchwardens and Overseers of y* Poor of fienefield in the s** 
county of Northton doe hereby certifie and acknowledge that Jn*. 
Gledrow and Elizabeth his wife, & Edward, and Richard Gledrow 
their two sons are legally setled inhabitants of y« Parrish of fienefield 
afores^, and yt y« said John Gledrow, Elizabeth Gledrow, Edward 
Gledrow, and Richard Gledrow, or either of them shall nott at any 
time hereafter become chargeable to y® Parrish of Glapthorne afores**, 
but shall be relieved at fienefield, according to an Act of Parliament 
in y* case made and provided, in witness whereof wee y* s** Church- 
wardens and Overseers of y® Parrish of fienefield afores** have 
hereunto sett our hands and seals y* third day of June in y*' seventh 
year of y« Reign of our Soveraigne Lady Queen Ann, Anno Dom. 1708. 

Sign'd and Seal'd by y* Church- 
wardens & Overseers of )r* Edward Hodgsk in *> p, , , 
Parrish of fienefield in the William Naddson i 
p'sence of Henry Cole | Ov'seers 

Mark Lewis, Rectr. Lyonell Rowell ) 

Green Wortley 

S. J. Yorke Amos Spencer 

A. Lyne John Creed." 

244 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

367. — Monumental Inscriptions from other Counties 
(27, 126, 181, 3j4). — In History from Marble, by Thomas Dingley, 
(Camden Society, 1868, vol. 11. cccxlvii.) is the following inscription, 
taken from a tombstone on the pavement at the upper end of Tewkes- 
bury church : — " Quod Mortale erat in spem beatissimae Resurrectionis 
hie deposuit Maria filia Jacobi Thompson RectorisdeTHORNHAUOH 
in agro Northampton iensi et Anna uxoris suae filiae scilicet 
Theoph et £lenor Alye Obiit Maij xi A* Dni. mdclxxvii" jet 
sujE XVI." The arms of Alye are drawn on the same page, and, on 
a previous page, is the escutcheon on the grave of Mr. Edward Alye 
of Tewkesbury, gent., 1616. He was one of the bailiffs of the town, 
and was father of Dingley's friend, Mr. Theophilus Alye, of Hereford. 
There is another epitaph of Elenor, wife of Theophilus Alye, 
gentleman, daughter of sir Thomas Vaughan, 1642. 


368. — The Drummer*s Mound. — Close to the Kettering and 
Uppingham road, on the top of the rise north of Barford bridge, is a 
mound planted with trees, now of considerable age. This goes hj 
the name of the '* Drummer's Mound ; *' the local tradition being 
that a drummer is buried there and that he comes out and plays his 
drum at midnight. What is the origin of this tradition, and what is 
this mound? There is another, apparently similar though not so 
well defined, but also planted with trees, by the side of the road 
above Middleton village. G. L. W. 

Readers will be reminded of the legend of Salisbury plain given 
in The Ingoldshy Legends under the title of " The Dead Drummer." 
He is represented as having been murdered by a sailor, and his 
murderer as being betrayed into a confession by the drummer's 
appearance at the place where he was murdered. A note says that 
the proceedings were recorded in the law reports 5 but Thomas 
Ingoldsby can hardly be quoted as an authority for facts. 

369. — Northampton pronounced Tranton. — Is there any 
tradition or survival of such a pronunciation as the above ? I find it 
spoken of by Polydore Vergil in a passage given below. I quote 
from the folio edition of 1646. After describing the rising of 
Boadicea against the Romans, and the defection of the Trinobantes 
under her leadership, he examines the question. Where did the 
Trinobantes dwell ? He gives reasons why it could not have been 
near London, "veluti multi suspicant," nor yet near Verulam, nor 
yet by the estuary of the Thames, '* quemadmodum Ptolemaeus 
tradlt : '^ and then he adds that some suppose Northampton to have 

Diary of John Cole. 245 

been their chief town, founding an argument upon the fact which he 
mentions that the country people in their ordinary speech call the 
town " Tranton," — the first two letters of this corrupt pronunciation 
suggesting TrinobaDtes. I do not quite understand whether the 
author, in the last sentence, means that the Nene was also called 
Tranton, or was called the Northampton river. 

The passage (book li., p. 37,) is as follows : — 

'' Quare sunt, qui dicunt Trinobantum urbem fuisse, quam hodie 
Northantonum appellamus> id quod corrupta nominis oppidi uox ex 
primis duabus literis indicat : nam agrestes uernaculo sermone oppidum 
uocant Tranton, propter quod labitur Nyna flumen, quod flumen nunc 
commune cum oppido, nomen habet" £d. 

370. — Diary op John Colb. — The following extracts from 
the MS. diary of John Cole relate to different parts of the county. 
The writer is often described as " the eccentric bookseller of Scar- 
borough/' where he resided for many years : but he is well known to 
Northamptonshire as the author of various topographical works 
which have an interest as recording many customs and occurrences 
not to be found elsewhere, although their arrangement is not very 
scholarly or systematic. 

Earthquake at Peterborough, 179a. 
'' In the year in which I was born an earthquake was felt all 
over a tract of country extending from Derby to Boston on the north, 
from Derby to Leicester on the west, and from thence to Peterborough 
on the south. The concussion, as it was felt in the above towns and 
intermediate places, is described to have been accompanied with a 
rumbling noise like thunder, or wheels passing over a pavement, and 
consisted of two undulating shocks in quick succession: different 
people estimated it from a quarter of a minute to a minute. In 
Rutland, no material hurt was done by it \ some who were standing 
were seen to reel; and one who was walking was thrown against a 
wall by it, but not hurt \ a stack of wood was thrown down, and 
some said a chimney. The season was at the conclusion of a frost ; 
there had been a little rain, and a thaw was begiiming. The bar- 
ometer gradually fell from the 23d to the 26th February. The 
direction of the shock was from west to east." 

Funeral by candle-light at Weston Favell, i8oa. 
** I remember following her to the grave ; it was a solemn scene, 
the ceremony being performed by candle-light | and the earth was, at 
that time, covered with a mantle of snow." 

246 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

He is here speaking of his grandmother, Grace Cole, formerljr 
Lambert, origiuallj White, who died 6 Jan., 1802, and was buried a 
few days afterwards in the churchyartJ of Weston Favell. 

S. George's Fair at Northampton, 1833. 

*' A curious practice takes place at Northampton after St. George's 
Fair. One of the Corporation men carrys about a paper thus 
worded, demanding from each person who uses weights and measure 
— one penny. 

*' * Saint George's Pence. 

" * Every person whatsoever residing within the liberties and using 
any weights or measures in his or her trade or dealing to pay yearly 
at the feast of St. George, the Martyr, one penny.' " 

Lace-making at Wellingborough, 1834. 

" In Wellingborough, and the neighbourhood, and toward the 
s.w. corner of the county, from 9,000 to 10,000 persons, mostly 
young women and boys, are employed in lace making. They earn 
from 2d. to 1/6 the day : generally, however, about 6d." 

Cows on Higham Ferrers common, 1838. 

" Walked to Irthlingborough .... On returning through 
Higham I was much struck with the appearance of all the cows of 
the parish about 100 which were feasting on the Common, where 
they are from 4 o'clock in the morn*, until 6 in the ev*, and being 
there at that time, 1 witnessed the pleasing scene of their retirement 
for the ev« : up the whole length of the town, preceded by a boy 
blowing a horn, in order that those who had cows might be on the 
look out.** 

371. — Volunteer Officers in Northamptonshire, 1804. — 
This list, taken from Tke Stamford Mercury of the period, is inter- 
esting not only for the names of the officers, but also from its giving 
the names of the districts where companies were raised. 

"Officers of the Yeomanry Cavalry and Volunteer Infantry of 
Northamptonshire in 1804. 

Finedon, — Captain Commandant, Sir Wm Dolben, Bart. ; Lieu- 
tenant, John English Dolben ; Ensign, Wm. Wayte Andrews. 

Geddington. — Captain, Lockwood Maydrick; Lieutenant, John 
Arden ; Ensign, Thomas Lydiott. 

Kettering, — Major Commandant, George Robinson ; Captains, 
John Cooper Gotch, Fen wick Skrimshire, and E. Busnell ; Lieu- 
tenants, Samuel Wallis, Arthur Wilson, and John Adams ; Ensigns, 
Geo. Wallis, Wm. Cock, John Smith. 

Volunteer Officers in Northamptonshire. 247 

Northampton Cavalry. — Colonel, George Earl Spencer 3 Lieut.- 
Colonel, Wm. R. Cartwright 5 Major, Joshua Earl of Carysfort j 
(Captains, Fras. Dickens, Hon. George Watson, Geo. Gunning, Thos. 
Reeve Thornton, Thomas Lord Lilford, Thos. Carter, Wm. Wake, 
Bart., and John Christopher Mansell ; Captain Lieutenant & Captain, 
Robt. Wm. Blencowe j Lieutenants, Fiennes Wickham, Rd. Booth, 
John Hervey Thursby, Wm. Walcot, Wright Thos. Squire, Edw. 
Dryden, Bart., John Godfrey, John Capell Rose, Lewis Robert 
Tookey, Edward Bouverie, and John Beauclerc j Cornets, John M- 
Kirby, — Powis, Henry Cole, John Palmer, John Jackson Blencowe, 
S. W. Harrison, John Viscount Althorpe, Henry Bame Sawbridge, 
Geo. Eland, Charles Hill, Robert Sberrard, Robert Andrews, and 
Geo. Rush. 

Northampton Cavalry, — Captain Commandant, Wm. Kerr ; Cap- 
tain, Joseph Sibley 5 Lieutenant, Thomas Butcher and Greo. Osbom ; 
Comet, Samuel Holt. 

Northampton Yeomanry Infantry, — Lieut.-Colonel, Geo. Earl 
Spencer } Major, Wm. Sawbridge 5 Captains, Andrew Morris and 
Robt. Lloyd Breton; Lieutenants, Fras. Benj. Hathcot, Samuel 
Hughes, and Edward Lamb ; Ensigns, John Metcalfe Wardell and 
William Henry Sutton. 

Northampton, — Colonel, Earl of Westmorland; Lieut.-Colonel, 
Thos. Tryon j Major, Geo. Fras. Lynn ; Captains, Stafford O'Brien, 
William Meeke, Hon. Fred. Powis, and Chas. Berkeley ; Lieutenants, 
John Miles, John Webster, Thos. Cyles, Donatus O'Brien, Thos. 
Low, Henry Whitewell, John Selby, John Smith, and Wm. Hough- 
ton J Ensigns, — Hewson, P. Law, Thos. Bonney, — Adams, Geo. 
Webster, and Chas. Fred York j Adjutant, — Skelton. 

Northampton, — Major Commandant, Hy. Locock ; Captains, Thos. 
Johjison, Thos. Burnham, & John Bull Collins ^ Lieutenants, John 
Cole, Chas. Whitworth, and Chas. Doddj Ensigns, Geo. Osbom, 
Joseph Lewin, and Thos. Stevenson ; Surgeon, Walter Mills. 

Peterborough Cavalry, — Major, William Earl Fitzwilliam ; Cap- 
tains, Henry Cole, Martin James Gooch, and Francis Hopkinson j 
Lieutenants, John Miller, Wright Thos. Squire, and Thomas Alderson 
Cooke ; Cornets, — Bailey, Edward Lloyd, and William Salmon. 

Peterborough (Soke and City of), — Major Commandant, Thos. 
Wright Vaughan 5 Captains, William Squire, John Spalding, Robt. 
Lowe/ and Wm. Simpson j Lieutenants, Morris Tonge, Samuel 
Allen, Wm. Wright, and John Sweeby^ Ensigns, Spencer Mair 
Robinson, Thos. Parside, John Pridmore, and Francis Lowe. 


248 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Sudhorough Cavalry. — Captain, John Bragge ; Lieutenant, Thos. 
Fox J Comet, Wm. James. 

Thrapston Cavalry. — Captain Commandant, Thos. Squire; ist 
Lieutenant, Wm. Yorke ; 2d Lieutenant, Samuel Rush Mansfield ; 
Cornet, Lewis Robert Tookey. 

Wellingborough Cavalry. — Captain, J. Newton Goodhall; Lieu- 
tenant, David Wood. 

fFkittering, Pilsgate, Southorpe, and Bamack. — Captain, Robert 

For the above extracts our readers are indebted to Mr. C. Dack. 

372. — 60RHAM Family (307, 343). — ^The following additional 
extracts from Northamptonshire registers relate to this family. The 
Gorhams at Stamford Baron were most likely a branch of the King's 
Clifie family. 

Stomford. J. Simpson. 


1660 *' James Gorrham, bur. Apl 13." 
1674 " Wyddow Gorham, bur. Dec 28." 

1 73 1 ''Martha, the dau. of Matthew & Susanna Gorham, bapt. 

Aug. I." 
1733 '' Susanna, the dau. of Matthew & Susanna Grorham, bapt. 

Aug. a6, bur. %J Apl. 1735." 

1735 ''Martha, the dau. of Matthew & Susanna Gorham, bapt. 

Aug. 3." 

1 736 "Alice, the dau. of Matthew & Susanna Gorham, bur. Mch 3 r .*• 

1737 ''Mary, the dau. of Matthew & Susanna Gorham, bapt. June 

1739 "Rachell, the dau. of Matthew & Susanna Gorham, bapt. 

July 30." 
175 1 ''Susanna Gorham, bur. Nov. 15." 
1763 "Elizabeth, the dau. of Mary Gorham, bapt. Jan. 11." 

373. — ^Wbst Haddon : an Old Inn. — ^The last house but one 
at the west end of the village of West Haddon, for some time past 
known as Ash Tree cottage, has just passed out of my hands. 
Formerly two houses occupied the site, but the property has of late 
years undergone considerable alteration, although the original walls 
Still remain. 

On speaking to an old inhabitant of the village the other day, he 
told me, much to my surprise, that one of the two houses alluded to 

Knotsford Monument. 249 

was originall7 a public-house known as " The Dun Cow." This 
was late in the last century and therefore not within his recollection, 
but he had always heard it spoken of as such during his boyhood ; 
and, furthermore, could well remember a rhyme which the villagers 
then repeated as having been written beneath the sign-board which 
swung in front of the house. The four lines he gave me run as 
follows : — 

'*I am the oow that ne'er did low. 

My akin's as soft as silk. 
Gome, gentlemen, retnm again 

And taste of mj sweet milk." 

Further instances of rhyming public-bouse signs formerly or still 
existing in the county would be acceptable to John T. Paob. 

374. — Knotspord Monument at Malvern (354). — As 
there is a slight inaccuracy in the inscription as given at the above 
reference, I send a more exact copy, together with some additional 
particulars of the family. 

The arms of Knotsford impaling Knightley are at the foot of the 
tomb. Sable, on a cross engrailed argent, a mullet of the field, 
impaling paly of six or, and gules for Knightley 5 which it is to be 
inferred, could not then have been borne as it now is : — quarterly, 
I and 4, ermine, 2 and 3, paly of six or, and gules. On a line 
with these arms is the inscription : — 

*' Here lyeth the body of lohn Knotsford Esq'^ servant to King 
Henry the viii and lane his wife, daughter to Sir Richard 
Knightley Knt : who being first married to Mr. William 
Lumley had issve, John, Lord Lumley and by lohn Knotsford 
had five daughters and Coheyres.'* 

On the right side of the tomb are the figures of two of the 
daughters, Mary and Eleanor. Mary was the wife of Thomas Price, 
of Manaty, esq., and Eleanor the wife of John Campion, esq. On 
the left side are Elizabeth and Frances. Elizabeth was married to 
William Ridgeley, esq., with the arms of Knotsford only. Frances 
was the wife of Thomas Kyrle, of Marde, esq., who bears vert a 
chevron between three fleur delis or, crescent for difference, impaling 
Knotsford. In the course of restoration and other influences, the 
tomb has undergone many changes, judging by the difierence in 
the monument as it now stands as described above, and the account 
given of it in an old book called The Antiquities of the Cathedral 
Church of Worcester, by that learned antiquary, Thomas Abingdon, 

250 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

esq. In that there is a description of the priory church at Great 
Malvern, from which 1 have become possessed of the following very 
interesting extract : — 

" On the south side of the Choir lieth, on a fair Alabaster Tomb, 
is the Portraiture of Mr. John Knoteseford, all armed, saving his 
Head and Hands, as in prayer. On his right hand, his Wyfe, in a 
noble Fashion, and written above, over their Heads this Inscription : — 

" ' Here lye the bodyes of lohn Knoteseford Esquyre, servant to 
Kynge Henry the eyght and lane his wyfe Daughter to Sir 
Richard Knightley, who' being marryed to Mr. William Lvmley, 
had issve lohn Lord Lvmley and by lohn Knoteseford had fyve 
davghters and coheyres. He dyed An Do. mccccclxxxix. 
xxiii. Novemb.* 

^* Over this inscription are his arms, being sable on a cross Ingrailed 
argent an Annulet of the field. Impaling or, two palets gules. On the 
right side of the tomb are his daughters, Mary, wife of Thomas 
Price, of Monaty, Esq., and Eleanor, wife of John Campion, Esq. 
On the left side are Elizabeth, married to William Ridgeley, Esq., 
with the armes of Knoteseford only ; and behind her Frances, 
married to Thomas Kyrle, of Marde, Esq., who beareth vert a chev- 
ron between three fleur de Lizes or, crescent for difference. Impaling 
Knoteseford. All these are kneeling in prayer, and at her parents* 
heads kneeleth the portraiture of the Founder of this monument, in 
her full Proportion, praying before her book at a pillar on which is 
argent, six lionelles sable impaling Knoteseford and underwritten : — 

"Anne marryed to William Savage of Elmley Esq" father to Sir 
lohn Savage, Knt.** 
9 Boyal Cretoent, Bath. FRANCES Kniohtlet Henderson. 

375. — Waxerlet Church. — ^This church possesses architectural 
features of much interest. Seen from the railway below the high 
ground on which it stands, the result is a fore-shortening which gives 
it less attractiveness than is produced by the beautiful tower and 
spire of its near neighbour across the Welland, Barrowden, in 
Rutland : though the tower and spire of Barrowden appear to be but 
a borrowed idea, improved, from its older friend. The fine and 
richly ornamented Norman remains at Wakerley far surpass an)rthing 
found at Barrbwden. The Norman building at Wakerley consisted 
of nave and chancel only, without western tower 5 a plan often 
existing in this end of the county. The portions still remaining shew 
that it received first an addition of aisle chapels to the nave, in 

Wakerley Church, 251 

neither case extending its entire length westwards. After this came 
tbe western extension of tower and spire. Much more recently, 
in the 17th or i8th century, the chancel suffered alterations which 
almost divested it of architectural interest. 

The font, of early English or early decorated date, is in plan a 
square, reduced to an octagon by stopped splays at its angles, having 
the large sides ornamented by cusped circles (these cusps terminating 
in carving) and cusped arches. It is believed that this has been 
engraved. It has lost the central shaft, and now rests on four short 
legs, almost square, of perpendicular date,^a late treatment often 
found in early fonts in this district. 

The greatest interest concentrates in the remarkably rich and 
beautiful remains of the Norman structure. The chancel arch, 
westwards, is flanked by arched recesses, having pillars and mouldings. 
The capitals of the arch itself are of the most exquisite late Norman 
carving. The main capital of the north respond is entirely surrounded 
by a most curious subject. The eastern side presents a carved 
representation of a castle with towers, windows, and embrasures. 
Through its open portal has just passed a knight on horseback, 
(seen on the front of the capital,) armed in ring mail, with conical 
helmet, retaining the nasal, fiehind and above him bends his lady, 
who bids him God speed, as with hand pointing upwards to heaven 
she commits him to its keeping. Tbe western side is covered with 
the representation of a church with three domed spires, possibly 
intended for the church of the holy sepulchre at Jerusalem. The 
other capitals present beautiful enrichment, so thoroughly in accord 
with that seen at Castor, accompanied also with the peculiar scaled 
bases, invariably found in the work of its architect, as to leave no 
reasonable doubt that the Norman work in both churches may be 
assigned to the same period and architect. The arch above, 
of moulded and zigzag orders, originally circular, has been 
here taken down, with the wall over it, and rebuilt in the pointed 
shape, doubtless to give space for the figures on the later rood-beam. 
So well is this rebuilding done, that it might at first deceive a practised 
eye, and suggest the idea that here was a pointed arch, that had 
appeared very much earlier than any other in England. A little 
consideration reveals the greater set-back on the abacus, to form 
respectably the new pointed shape out of the older circular on^ 5 and 
discovers it to be only a rebuilding of the Norman work. 

The newer aisle chapels open in to the nave by two arches each. 
On the south side the arches have been cut through the old Norman 

252 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

wall : and in the spandril over the central pillar a portion still remains 
of one of the Norman nave lights. On the south side of this 
wall, close up under the apex of the lean-to roof, there is still to be 
seen a considerable portion of the much ornamented Norman corbel 
table, composed of carved corbels, between which there ran a 
broadly splayed space, such sloping splay enriched with a sort of 
shallow zigzag. The Norman string from under the side windows, 
ornamented with longitudinal strips of lozenges, has been also re-used 
in this building below the new aisle lights inside. Counterparts 
of this very string remain not only at Castor, but also in another addition 
made by this same architect to the lower part of the west tower of 
Maxey church. A much decayed monumental slab, of early English 
date, that bad been richly carved, remains in the churchyard 
to the north of chancel. 

It is singular that so curious and fine a work as here found 
should have hitherto escaped illustration in the reports of the 
architectural society of the county. The society has never yet, so 
the rector believes, seen or visited the church. J. T. Irvimb. 

376. — Jack op all Trades at Astrop, 179a. — ''A corres- 
pondent who read the account in our paper of the 21st ult. respecting 
a singularly industrious character in Cumberland, informs us that 
there is now living at Astrop, in this county, a person of equal 
celebrity: — He sells ale and spirituous liquors, is a blacksmith, 
whitesmith, and belt-hauger, cutler and edge-toolmaker of all kinds, 
mathematical instrument maker, cleans clocks and watches, is a 
farrier and cow-leech, lets blood, draws teeth, shaves and cuts hair • 
he has likewise accommodations for gentlemen and ladies who attend 
the wells, and their horses and carriages." ♦ 

377. — Mason Family. — Information is desired as to the parent- 
age of Nathaniel Mason, of London, merchant. He married Ann 
Hunt in 1759. He possessed land in Sharnbrook and Odell, co. 
Beds., sold by him to William Gibbard for £1000 ) also lands in 
Berks, and Northants. ; besides estates in the West Indies. He died 
at Billericary, co. Essex, and was buried at Clapham, in 1782. His 
bookplate shews these arms: — Quarterly, i and 4, Or, a double- 
headed lion. Azure, (Mason) : 2, Azure, a fess Argent, over all a 
bend Gules charged with five mullets of the second (supposed foreign 
coat) : 3, Azure, a butterfly Or, between 3 Tudor roses, in chief a 
ducal coronet (Madocks, of Glenywern, co. Denbigh). Motto : Non 
quantum sed quomodo. 

• Northampton M^reur^, Angiut 4, 1792. 

Drunken Bamaby in Northamptonshire. 253 

The MasoD arms appear in Winchester cathedral, on the tomb of 
sir John Mason, knight : and they are impaled on a monument in 
Rushden church to John Ekins, who married Elizabeth Mason, 
daughter of Nicholas Mason, of filetsoe, co. Beds., clerk. 

Auriol Road, Weet Kensington. N. H. Mason. 

378- — Drunken Barnaby in Northamptonshire. — At p. 229 
in this volume, art. 357, is given a quotation from one of Drunken 
Bamaby's Journeys. We here give all the passages in that very 
quaint work relating to this county. Our extracts are taken from 
the first edition, published according to the registers of the Stationers' 
company, 1638, of which the full title is this :— 

Mttctili & FAnaruLi no- 
minibus insignitnm : Viatoris 
Solatio nnperrim^ editom, aptissimis 
nomeris redactum, yeteriqne Tono 
Babnaba public^ 



Undergo Names of 


shadowed : for the Travellers 

Solace lately published, to most apt 

numbers reduced, and to the old Tune 

of Babnabb commonly 


Authore Cotymbao, 

By Corymbaua, 

Bffleit egregioB nobilis alia Ptroa, 

The oyle of malt andjuyee ofapriUly neetar 
Save made my Muse more valiant than 

The book is a square duodecimo, with a frontispiece by Marshall. 
It should be added that in the succeeding editions there is a plate 
representing Bamaby floating down the stream on a hay-cock, as 
described in the verses relating to Wansford, 

The author was Richard Brathwait, who died at the age of 85 in 

1673. He was credited with abundance of wit and humour : but 

while the undoubted value of this work to students of topography 

makes it still read, its coarseness obliges them to keep it on their 

topmost shelves. 

Part I. 

Yeni Brackley, ubi natus 
Stirpi vili Magistratus, 
Quem conspezi residentem, 
Stramine tectum contegentem, 
Et me vocaos, *' Male agis, 
'* Bibe minus, ede magis. 

From thence to Braehley, as did beseeme one, 
The May'r I saw, a wondrous meane one. 
Sitting, thatching and bestowinij^ 
On a Wind-blowne house a strewing, 
On me, cald he, and did charme mee, 
** Drink lesse, eat more, I doe wame thee. 


254 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

Veni Daintre oum paella, 
Prooenun oelebre duello, 
Ibi bibi in Canpona, 
Nota mnliere bona, 
Gum qua vixi semper idem. 
Donee creta fregit fidem. 

Man^ Daintre nt yenissem, 
Goronlnm quod reliquissem, 
Avid^ quseiens per musaeum, 
Deeponsatum esse earn 
Intellexi, qua audita, 
"Vale (dixi) Proselyta. 

Veni "Wedon, ubi varii 
Omnis gentis Tabellarii 
Ck)nvenia8ent, doneo mundus 
Gurrit cerebro rotundus : 
** Solvite Sodales Iseti, 
'* Plus 1 reliqui quiun aocepi. 
1 Nftiueftiiti ttomftoho efflaant omnift. 

Veni Tosseter die Martis, 
Ubi Baocalaureum artis 
Bacobanalia celebrantem 
Ut inveni tarn constantem. 
Feci me consortem f esti 
Tota noote perhoneftti. 

Thenoe to Daintree with my Jewell, 
Famous for a Noble DueU, 
Where I drunk and took my Gommon 
In a Taphouse with my Woman ; 
While I had it, there I paid it, 
Till long chalking broke my credit. 

Part n. 

At Daintre earely might you find me, 
But not th'Wendi I left behind me, 
Neare the Schoole-house where I bopsed. 
Her I sought but she was spoused, 
Which I having heard that night-a, 
"Farewell (quoth I) Proselyta. 

Thence to Wedon, there I tarried 
In a Waggon to be carried ; 
Garriers there are to be f ound-a, 
Who wiU drink till th'world run round-a : 
" Pay, good fellows, I'le pay nought heere, 
" I haye > left more than I brought heere. 
1 Mj qaeuj itomftoh making bold. 
To giye them that it ooald not hold. 

Thence to Tosseter on a Tuesday, 
Where an artfull Batchler ohus'd I 
To consort with ; we ne're budged. 
But to Bacchus revels trudged ; 
All the Night-long sat we at it 
Till we both grew heavy pated. 

Part in. 

Veni Wansforth-brigs, immanem 
Vidi amnem, alnum, anum ; 
Amnem latum, anum lautam, 
Gomptam, oultam, castam,cautam ; 
Portas, Hortos speoiosos, 
Portus, Saltus spatiosos. 

Bed Bcribeutem digitum Dei 
Spectans Miserere Mei, 
Atriis, angulis, conf esiim 
Evitandi cura pestem, 
Fugi, mori licet natus, 
Nondum mori sum paratus. 

Inde prato per-amsano 
Dormiens temulent^ fseno, 
Rivus Burgit ft me capit, 
Et in flumen alt^ rapit ; 
QuorsumP clamant; Nupererro 
A Wansforth-brigs in Anglo-terra. 

Thenoe to Wansforth-brigs, a river. 
And a wife wiU live for ever ; 
River broad, an old wife jolly, 
Gomely, seemely, free from folly ; 
Gates and gardens neatly gracious. 
Ports and Parks and pastures spations. 

Seeing there, as did become me, 
Written, Lord Have Mercy On Me, 
On the Portels, I departed. 
Lest I should have sorer smarted ; 
Though from death none may be spared, 
I to dye was scarce prepared. 

On a Hay-cock sleeping soundly, 
Th' River rose and tooke me roundly 
Downe the current ; people cryed. 
Sleeping, down the streame I hyed ; 
Where away, quoth they, from Greenland p 
Ko ; from Wansforth-brigs in England. 

Plague at Towcester, 1608. 


Veni * Burleiflrh, lioet Bnima, 

Sunt fornaoes sine fomo, 

Fromptaaiia sine promo, 

Clara porta, olansa domo ; 

* Camini sine f oco, 

Et onlince sine Coquo ! 

« Ifto domof flt P^sTPO^v dwniia. 

V ^— Hadeneqae tropluM oamini. 

damans, domnm 6 inanem ! 
Besonabat ^ Ecco, f amem ; 
Qoinun habitant intra mnros P 
Bespirabat Ecoo, mures ; 
Ditis omen, nomen habe ; 
Ecoo respondebat, Abi. 
1 ^— Ciutofl domna JBcoo reliota. 

Thenoe to " Bnrleigh, though 'twas winter 
No fire did the Chimnej enter, 
Buttries without Butlers guarded, 
Stately gates were dooble- warded ; 
Hoarj ^ Chimneyes without smooke too, 
Hungry Eitchins without Cooke too. 

Q Thia house the Leraratt bash. 
V Vfj the Ohinmeit trophy. 

Hallowing loud, 6 empty wonder ! 
^ Ecoo streight resounded, hunger. 
Who inhabits this vast brick-house P 
Ecoo made reply, the Titmouse ; 
Ominous Cell, no drudge at home Sir 
Eooo answer made, Be gone Sir. 
1 Booo't the keeper of e forlome honee. 

379. — Plague at Towcester, i6o8. — ^The following extract 

A Gknealogioal History of William Shepard, of Fosseout, Northampton- 
shire, England, and some of his Descendants, by George L. Shepard, 
Boston, Mass. 
Saluc, Haas :. Obaerrer Book and Job Print, 1886. 

is interesting as well from its reference to a visitation of the plague in 
this county, as from its connection with a family about which several 
queries have appeared in these pages :— 

'* Thomas, son of William, born in Towcester, Northamptonshire, 
six miles from Northampton, Eng., Nov. 5, 1605 ; and, as he states 
it, ' the Powder treason day & that very houre of the day wherin the 
Parlament should have bin blown up by Popish priests^ I was then 
borne, which occasioned my father to give me this name Thomas, 
because he sayd, I would hardly beleeve that ever any such wicked- 
ness should be attempted by men agaynst so religious and good 

"At the age of three years (1608), a great plague ravaged through 
the town of Towcester ' which swept away many in my father's 
family, both sisters and servants -, and I being the youngest & best 
beloved of my mother was sent away the plague brake out to live 
with my aged grandfather & grandmother in Fossecut a most blind 
town & comer, & those I lived with also being very well to live yet 
very ignorant ', & there was I put to keepe geese & other such 
country woorke, all that time much neglected of them.' 

" From there he was sent to Adthrop, an adjoining town, to reside 
with an uncle, where he remained until the epidemic bad disappeared, 
when he again returned home> his dear mother having meanwhile 
died, ' but not of the plague.' '* 


256 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

380. — Parish Rboistbrs op Debnb. — The following inter- 
esting extracts from the Deene registers, which commence in 1558, 
have been communicated by Mr. F. A. Blaydes, of Shenstone Lodge, 
Bedford. He has compiled the notes, which illustrate and explain the 
extracts, from Collins (5th edition), and from the monmoental 
inscriptions remaining in the church. 

T558 Aug. 29 Henricus Armstrong, Rector, sep, 

1565 Aug. 6 John Kinder, Rector de Blatherwick, sep. 

15^6 Jul* 5 Dom. . . . lizabetha Nevell, sep. 

1576 Dec. 14 Thomas Quicke, Rector de Deene, sep. 

1576 Mar. 6 Christopher Everard, clericus, institutus et inductns 

est in rectoriam de Deen s'f die mensis Martij, a« d'ni salutis 
n*re 1576 secundum leges Anglicanas testibus Thoma 
Brudenell, Armigero, Willielmo Brudenell, gen., Matheo 
Odell, clerico, cum pluribus aliis. 

1577 Dec. 29 Agneta Brudenell, bapt. • 

1578 Mar, 14 Edmundus Brudenell, bapt.» 

1580 Feb. 26 Elizabetha Brudenell, bapt. • 

1581 May 8 Christopher Everard, rector, et Elizabetha Diggles mar. 

1581 Jan. 23 WilFm Brudenell et Anna Patridge, mar. 

1582 Nov. 8 Anna Brudenell, sep. 

1582 Jan. 8 Domina Agneta Brudenell, uxor Edmundi militis sep. ^ 

1583 Jun. 3 Helena Tinnsley, uxor [sic] sep. 

1583 Dec. 12 Edmundus Brudenell, miles, et Etheldreda Roane, 

vidua, mar. • 

1584 Apr. 19 Everarde, filius primogenitus Cbristopheri Everard 

rectoris, born and bapt. 

1584 Jun. 7 Johanna Fitzgeoferye, sep. 

1584 Sep. 4 Franciscus Brudenell, sep. 

1584 Sep. 6 Etheldreda, al*s A . . . rta, filia Edmimdi Bru- 
denell, militis, bapt. ^ 

T584 Sep. 9 D*na Etheldreda, uxor Edmundi Brudenell, militis, sep. 

1584 Mar. 6 Edmundus Brudenell, miles, sep. Decessit ante 24^* 

« Ohildren of Sir Edmund by hia first wife, Agnes, d. & heir of John 
Bossey of Hougham, 00. Lino. 

b First wife of Sir Edmund, ut tupra, 

Da. of Thomas Femley, and widow of Anthonj Boane. 

d Only da. of Sir Edmund, by his 2nd wife, Etheldreda. She m. Sir Basil 
Brooke, of Madelej, co. Salop, Knt. 

• Husband of the above, and s. of Sir Thomas Brudenell, by Elizabeth, his 
wife, eld. d. of Sir William Fit2william, of Milton, 00. Northants. He waa 
bom in 1525. (Inq, p.m.) 

Parish Registers of Deene. 257 

1586 May 1 Jacobus Everard, bapt. 

1587 Aug, 18 Charissiraus noster in domino, Thoma Brudenell de 

Deene, Armiger, decessit vero xvj® 4ugusti circa horam 
septima po : meridianam cujus anima in pace nunc et 
semper cum Christo requiescat. ' 

1590 Jul. 28 Lucia Harrington, bapt. > 

1590 Nov. 16 Willhelmus Brudenell> armiger, sep. 

1592 Aug. 8 Petrus Everarde, bapt. 

159 j Aug. 21 Elizabetha Hatton, sep. 

1396 May 6 Xtiana, filia Henrici Fitzwilliams, bapt. 

1596 Jun. 24 Elizabetha, filia Chr : Everard, clerici, bapt. 

1597 Aug. 12 Anna Brudenell de Clapthom, quondam uxor Thome 

Brudenell de Deene, sep. 
1597 Oct. 3 Alexander Thorrold, armiger, et Xtiana, filia Rob*ti 

Brudenell, armigeri, mar. ^ 
1599 Jul. 5 Robertus Brudenell, armiger, sepultus, decessit autem 

iii]^ die dicti mensis circa quartam horam ante meridiem. 

1606 Oct. 26 Joh*es Brudenell, armiger, sep. * 

1607 Jan. 21 Chnstopherus Everard, sep. 

1609 Mar. 6 Mr. Petrus Tindsley sepultus erat sexto die Martij 

A** [609. Summae humanitatis magnaeque p*bitatis vir 
obijt vero quarto die Martij, media nocte^ iguorante 
uxore, cubante cum illo. 

16 10 Aug. 2 Johannes, fiHus Pauli Brudenell [Rector], bapt. 

161 2 Mar. 13 Edmundus, filius Pauli Brudenell [Rector], bapt. 

Sep. 1 8th. 
16 14 Apr. 7 Edvardus tertius natu filius vere hon'abil viri 
Thomae Brudenell miUt: et Baronett: primo aetatis 
suae anno et mense quarto secundi anni fato cessit et 
sepultus fuit. i 

f Second 8. of Sir Thomas ; he m. Anne, d. of Robert Topoliff. 

9 Grand- daughter of Sir Thomas ; her parents — Harrington, of Witham, 
CO. Line, who m. Julian, d. of Sir Thomas. 

k Son of Sir Edmund Thorold of Hough, co. Lino., Ent. She, d. of Robert 
Brudenell by Catherine, his wife, d. and h. of GeofiErey Taylarde, of Dodington, 
00. Hunts, m. 16 June, 1670. 

i Third s. of Sir Thomas, ob. B.p., when the estates devolved upon the 4th s. 

J His father Sir Thomas Brudenell (eld. s. of above Robert), or. Bart., 29 
June, 1611 ; Knt., 9 Apr. 1612; Baron Brudenell of Stanton- Wivill, oo. Leic, 
26 April 1627; and Earl of Cardigan, 20 April 1661 ; ob. 16 September 1663, 
set. 80. His mother, Mary, d. of Sir Thomas Tresham, of Rushton, oo. 
Northants, who ob. 13 October, 1664. His brother Edmund, ob. unm 16 June 
1692 ; bis only sister, Mary, m. John Constable of Burton Ccmstable, Viscount 

258 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

161^ Feb. 10 Lucia Brudenell^ gen. sep. in hoc sacrosancto Templo 

Deenensi. ^ 
1615 Feb. I J Katherina Tinsley, gen'osa, uxor Petri Tinslj'e 

gen'osi, nuper de Deene, sed nunc de Deenethorpe profecto 

sepulta fuit. 
1619 Jun. II Maria Hennidge [Heneage], filiaGeorgij Hennidge, 

Militis, et Domina Elizabetha uxoris eius, p'fecto> bapt. 

fuit. » 
1624 Aug. 26 Etbeldreda, uxor Basilij Brookes, militis^ sep. 
1634 ^ow, 22 Mr. Robert Brudenell had a son and heire borne 

vnto him by Marie the daughter of the Lord Don Barr 

vpon the 2 1 day of November being Friday about six of 

the clock at night which son was baptized and christened 

Thomas vpon Saturday the two and twentieth day of the 

same moneth. " 
1636 Jan. 7 Marie, d, of Mr. Robert Brudenell and Marie, bapt." 
1638 Oct, 23 Thomas, s. of Mr. Robert Brudenell & Marie his 

wife, bapt. [sic, sed query buried.] ■* 
1674 Sep. 7 Robert, s. of y* R* Hon**** Francis L* Brudenel and 

Lady Frances his wife borne at Deen. ■ 
1676 Mar. 15 Francis 2** s. of y* R* Hon'ble Francis, L** Brudnel 

and Lady Frances his wife b. 
1690 Jul. 30 Dorothy d. of Robert Linwood and Ann, bur. 
1690 Oct. 4 William, s. of Mr. Robert Linwood and Ann, bur. 
1693 Jan. 12 Mr. William Staunton of y* University of Cambridge 

and Mrs. Elizabeth Ekins of Peterborough, mar. by Licence. 
169J Jun. 15 Frances, Lady Brudenell, bur. 

1696 Jun. 19 Anne, Countess of Cardigan, bur. 

1697 Man 3 Frances, d. of Mr. Robert and Ann Linwood, bapt 

1698 Jul. 28 The Right Hon'ble Francis, Lord Brudenell, bur. 

k Third d. of Sir Thomas and his wife Elizabeth, d. of Sir Wm. Fitzwilliazo. 

1 P. of Sir George Heneage, of Hainton, 00. Lino, (knighted 8 December, 
1683), by Elizabeth, hiB wife, only d. of Sir Richard Southwell, of Southwell, 
CO. Notts., Knt. 

m Issue of Robert, 2nd Earl of Cardigan by Hary, his first wife, d. of 
Henry Constable, Viscount Dunbar. Mary m. William Hay, 3rd Earl of 

n Eld. s. of Robert, 2nd Earl by Anne, his 2nd wife, d. of Thomas Yisoount 
Savage. He m. Frances, only d. ni James Saville, Earl of Sussex. He had 
three sisters, viz: — Anna Maria (ob. 20 April, 1702, bur. in St. Giles in the 
Fields), m. 1, Frances Talbot, 11th Earl of Shrewsbury, 2, George Rodney 
Bridges, of Eeynsham ; Catherine m. Charles, Earl of Middleton ; Dorothy 
(ob. 26 Jan. 1739, est. 91, bur. in Westminster Abbey), m. 1, Charles Fane, 
Earl of Westmoreland, 2, Robert Constable, Tifoount Dunbar. 

Parish Registers of Deene^ 259 

1699 Jun. 19 George, s. of Mr. Robert Lynwood and Add, bur, 

1699 Oct. 14 Thomas AUem of Deen, grazier, and- Dorothy the 

d. of Mr. William Lynwood were maryed as they told 
me, but I know not where, nor by whom. 

1700 Oct. 3 Thomas Bennet of Tansover, Clarke, and Mrs. Ann 

Buck of Benyfield, widow, were m. by licence from Mr, 
Archdeacon Woolsey. 

1702 Oct. a; Mr. Robert Lynwood, a p*fest papist had a son bom 

and bapt. by ye name of John as he tells me, quere by 
170a Mar. 13 Thomas the s. of the Hon*'^ Collonell Thomas 
Brudenell and Frances his wife was born tuesday the 9th 
of March and baptized in the Church Saturday ye 13. 

1703 Jul. 18 The R* Hon»»^ Rob*, Earle of Cardigan, bur. • 

1705 1^^' '5 Mrs. Mary, wife of William Lynwood, sen', of 

Deene, gen., bur. 

1706 Sep. 5 James Wing of North LufFenham in ye county of 

Rutland, gen., and Rachel Wood of Bulwick mar. by 

1708 Mar. 8 Thomas Kettleby, gen., who dyed at Weldon, March 

the 6th, bur. here. 

1709 Feb. 27 William Lynwood, Jun'., gen., bur. 
171 1 Mar. 15 Frances, d. of George Jones, gent, bur. 

1713 Feb. II Anne, wife of Mr. Robert Lynwood, bur. 

1 7 14 Apr. 2 Mr. Nicholas Biggs, a reputed priest of the Church 

of Rome, bur. 

1 7 14 Jan. 19 Mrs. Ann Kettleby, bur. 

1 7 15 Apr. 27 William Lynwood, gen., bur. 
1718 Oct. 23 Robert Busby, gen., bur. 

1 718 Feb. 4 Bennet Williams, a reputed popish priest, bur, 

172 1 Jul. 14 Mary, d. of George Jones, gen., bur. 

1 72 1 Aug. 26 Charles, s. of George Jones, gen., bur. 

1722 Dec. 16 The most noble Ann, Dutches of Richmond, eldest 

d. of the Right Hon'ble Francis Lord Brudenell, bur. p 
1/22 Feb. 12 William Lee of Leicester, gen., and Mrs. Penelope 
Goode, d. of the Rev^. Mr. (roode, R'. of this parish, m. 
by lie. 

1723 Jan. 7 Robt Lynwood, gen., bur. 

1724 Apr. 9 Rob't, s. of John Lynwood, gen., bapt, 

o Second Earl, ob. 16 July, set. 96. 

P She m. first Henry, YiBoonnt Bellasis, by whom she had 1 d. who ob 
inf ana. By her 2nd husband, Charles Lennox, Duke of Biohmond, she had 
issue 2 daurs.,— Louisa, m. to James, Earl of Berkeley, K.G. ; Anne, m. to 

26o Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

1725 Mar. 7 Ann, d. of Mr. John Lynwood, bapt. 

1729 May II John Linwood, gent., bur. 

1730 Feb. 26 Samuel Eaton, gent., and Elizabeth Sanderson, 

spinster, mar. by license. 
1732 Jul. II The Right Hon**^ George, Earl of Cardigan, bur. ' 
1737 Jan. 4 Mr. Thomas Morgan, gent., bur. 

1745 Dec. 14 The Right Hon*»*» Elizabeth, Countess Dowager of 

Cardigan, bur. 

1746 Aug. 15 The Hon"* James Brudenell, Esq., bur.' 

1753 Dec. 15 The Rev. Mr. William Leaver, Rector of Dean, and 

Chaplain to the Earl of Cardigan, bur. 
1766 Apr. 22 Simon Black, Clerk, Rector of Glooston, and curate 

of Deen, bur. 
1800 Jan. 22 Lady Frances Tilson, sister to the R' H*ble the Earl 

of Cardigan, bur. 
1810 Jan. 13 R* H'ble Mary, Countess of Courtown, niece to the 

R* H'ble the Earl of Cardigan, aged 73, bur. 

1 8 10 Apr. 12 The R* Hon'ble James, Earl of Courtown, bur. 

18 1 1 Mar. 7 The R* Hon'ble James, Earl of Cardigan, bur. 

381. — ^Tbrcentenary op Mary Queen op Scots. — The 
exhibition of relics of Mary queen of Scots, which was open at 
Peterborough from the 19th of July to the 24th of September this 
year, proved of very great and general interest. For some time 
before the anniversary of her execution, which took place on the 
8th of February, 1587, the public had become familiar with the 
intention to get together, if possible, a very complete collection of 
portraits, rings, jewels, manuscripts, books, and indeed of all objects 
of interest connected with the unfortunate queen. It was soon found 
that the owners of these highly valued relics responded very readily 
to the application for the loan of them for the purposes of the 
proposed exhibition. The Queen not only extended her patronage to 
it, but contributed several valuable articles. At one time it was 

William Anne, Earl of Albeimsrle, R.6. ; and one s. Charles, who became 
Duke of Richmond and Lennox. She was bom 14 Deo. 1679, and ob. 9 Deo. 
1722, eet. ^3. She had two Bi6ter8,^iHary, who m. Richard, YiBoount Molineox ; 
and Frances, m. 1, Charles Livingston, 2nd Earl of Newbnrgh, 2, Biohaidy 
Lord Bellew. 

q Succeeded his grandfather as 3rd Earl of Cardigan. He married Eliza- 
beth, eld. daughter of Thomas, 2nd Earl of Aylesbury. 

r Brother to George, above mentioned. He married Susan, daughter of 
Bartholomew Barton, of North Luffenham, co. Rutland, Esq., and had issue, 
— Gtoorge Bridges, son and heir ; Augustus, ob. inf. ; and Caroline, married 
3 Sep., 1758, to Sir Samuel Hudyer, of Leigh, 00. Kent, Ent. and Bart. 

Tercentenary of Mary Queen of Scots. 261 

hoped that some member of the royal family would have been present 
at the opening. But though the actual date of opeuing was postponed, 
in order to try and secure this, it was found that the manifold engage- 
ments of the Jubilee would not allow the exhibition to be graced by 
the presence of any one of the Queen's children or near relations. 

Not only the local papers, but many provincial ones, and not a few 
of thQse published in London, had articles upon the occasion. It was 
from the first intended that this commemoration should be attended 
by no controversy ; and that it should be of an historical character 
only. The question therefore of the justice or injustice of the 
execution was kept in the background. And those who condemn 
and those who defend the ill-fated queen of Scots were alike able to 
enter into the spirit with which the exhibition was prepared, and to 
admire the valuable and varied collection brought together. 

It would be impossible in these pages to describe the collection itself. 
The exhibition was held in the rooms of the Peterborough Natural 
History Society, originally the chancel of the church of S. Thomas h 
Becket, and for many years used as the grammar school. It was indeed 
due to the energy of the officers of this society, that the scheme proved 
such a conspicuous success. The catalogue of the treasures lent, the 
work of the indefatigable secretaries, is a pattern of what such a 
catalogue should be : and it may be mentioned that several persons 
who were unable to come to Peterborough sent for copies of this 
catalogue, as containing a perfect storehouse of curious information 
about the queen of Scots. Fresh objects of value were forwarded to 
the committee almost to the very close of the exhibition. In the 
revised edition of the catalogue the number of articles lent was given 
as 313. One of the latest acquisitions was a portrait which was held 
to be the most valuable of all, as it was a condition of lending that it 
should be insured for ;^ 10,000. This was a portrait belonging to 
Blair's college, originally the property of one of the queen's personal 
attendants, Elizabeth Curie. It is feared that notwithstanding the 
great success of the exhibition, it has done little more than pay the 
expenses. The contents were insured for the enormous sum of 
^^34,550; and the premium on this amount almost exhausted the 
receipts, although the number of visitors exceeded jooo. 

Where there was so much to attract it would be difficult to say 
which department of the collection secured the greatest attention. 
But perhaps the opportunity here given for the first time of comparing 
the various portraits, authentic and doubtful, drew most of the 
visitors to attach the greatest importance to these portraits. Some 


262 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries, 

account of the portraits is given at the conclusion of this 
notice. On the occasion of the opening of the exhibition by the 
marchioness dowager of Huntly, the dean of Peterborough gave 
expression to a feeling which would be shared by many« when he 
spoke of the embarrassment which he experienced in looking at the 
pictures of the queen. Of a very small number could it be said that 
they did justice to the original^ unless her traditional beauty is a 

The very general interest in queen Mary which has been called 
forth by this tercentenary commemoration, has had the pleasing 
result of clearing up some uncertainties. One of these, the author- 
ship of the account of her execution, has been treated of by our 
correspondent '* Cuthbert Bede " in another portion of the present 
number. And it is now established that the interment of the queen 
took place within the choir, and 
not, as usually believed, just 
outside in the south choir aisle. 
Marks of the place where the 
canopy and hearse were erected 
can still be seen in the two piers 
nearest the apse, on the south of 
the choir, and it is customary to 
point out the slab between them 
as covering the actual grave. But 
Mr. Irvine, the clerk of the works 
at the cathedral, described (at the 
opening of the tercentenary exhi- 
bition) some excavations which 
had been made under his super- 
intendence, by the direction of the 
dean; he explained that there 
could have been no vault in the 
place generally pointed out, be- 
cause the sleeper wall of the 
cathedral is there; and that on 
searching within the choir, on the 
spot assigned by Browne Willis, 
it was found that the soil was 
loose, as if it had been filled in, 
and exactly presented the appearance that would be expected. 

Lady Huntly wrote to the papers in July proposing that the 
occasion of the tercentenary should be utilized to collect small 

Tercentenary of Mary Queen of Scots. 263 

subscriptions from any one bearing the name of " Mary," in order to 
raise some memorial to the queen of Scots, in connection with the 
cathedral restoration. It has not been announced what success has 
attended this project. 

Two woodcuts accompany this note. The full-page illustration 
is from Cuthbert Bede*s Fotheringhay and Mary Queen of Scots, 
published last year. Our readers are indebted to the publisher, 
Mr. King, of Oundle, for permission to use this plate. The 
sketch of the helmet and escutcheon is from a drawing by Dugdale> 
who visited Peterborough and copied the inscriptions in the cathedral 
in 1641, at which time they were hanging over queen Mary*s grave j 
but they were pulled down and destroyed during the great rebellion. 
The engraving is from Bonney's Fotheringhay. 

A few weeks before the exhibition commenced there was sold in 
London for the large sum of ^^127, a manuscript which ought surely 
to have found its way to Peterborough. It was indeed the very 
prayer-book used by queen Mary at the last scene of all, an exquisite 
copy on vellum of the " Horae Beatae Mariae Virginis," richly 
ornamented with borders of fruit, flowers, &c., and containing several 

The portraits, as might be expected, represent the queen at various 
periods of her life. Many have not the name of the painter. In the 
following abbreviated list, the painter's name, if known or conjectured, 
is given first j and the name in italic is that of the owner, or person 
who lent the portrait for exhibition. 

1 Zucchero. Queen and son. Drapers* company. 

2 Medina. Copy of original in possession of marquis of Allsa. 

Mrs. Wood. 

3 H. E. 1563, aged 24. Mr, Vernon Wentuxtrth. 

4 Widow of Francis II. Mr. A. Stuart. 

4a Given by queen herself to ancestor of present owner. Sir R. 

5 Jeannet. With arms of France and Scotland, yesus College, 


6 Aged 16. From Hardwick. Marquis of Hartington. 

7 Portrait in contemporary frame. Mr. Partridge, 

8 Bordone. Profile. Miss Fletcher. 

9 Clouet. On panel. Miss Fletcher. 

10 De Court. Queen of Francis II, from Greystoke. Mr. H. C, 


11 On panel. 158a. Mr. R. J. Shepard. 


264 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

la " Maria Scotorum Regina, A* 1580." Master of Trinity college^ 

13 Medina. Daupbiness of France, «t. 15. Mr, f. Ferrier. 

16 Poarbus. Daupbiness of France. Duke of Portland, 

17 De Court. Widow's dress, 1563. This forms tbe frontispiece 

of Cuthbert Bede's Fotheringhay, Rev. E. Bradley. 

18 Copy by Shaw of portrait believed to have been sent by Mary to 

Elixabeth. Mr. IV. Foster. 

19 Copy of Antwerp portrait. Hon. W. Eaton. 

ao Janet. " Marie royne descosse en leage de neuf ans et six mois 
Lamsse au mois de Juillet." Mr. G. Howard. 

a I Harding. Copy of full length portrait belonging to Sardinian 
consul. Mr. G. Murray. 

aapa Hilliard. Full length, with son. Hon. R. C. Trollope, 

Three of the portraits are of such exceptional interest as to deserve 
a more detailed account. In the Bodleian library was a portrait which 
was discovered to have been painted over, and when this second 
work was removed "a portrait wholly difierent in character and 
costume was brought to light, which is now to be seen in the 
Library." A coloured engraving of the portrait in its original state 
was shewn, No. 14 in the catalogue, lent by Mr. More Molyneux. 
Other copies are known to be in existence j Mr. Heathcote contributed 
one (ij), and Mr. Curzon (api) another. Earl Spencer lent the 
portrait at Althorp, representing the queen when wife of the Dauphin. 
This is attributed to Jaaet, and is believed to be one of the most 
correct. Dibdin, in his Biographia, says of this picture, that he 
believes "the portrait of her when about sixteen, and the wife of 
Francis II. when Dauphin of France, as seen at Althorp, in small, 
upon panel, is the only legitimate resemblance of her in her younger 
days in this country. It has never been engraved.*' Of the portrait 
from Blair*s college (295) the secretaries give this account ; — *' This 
portrait was formerly the property of Elizabeth Curie (one of Mary*s 
attendants at the execution), and was bequeathed by her in 1620 to 
the Seminary or Scots' College at Douai. Elizabeth Curie's brother 
was at that tinae one of the Professors there. At the breaking out of 
the Revolution in France (the Reign of Terror) the inmates of the 
College were obliged to fly, and the portrait was taken out of the 
frame, rolled up, and hidden in a chimney of the refectory, and the 
fireplace was built up. The late Rev. Charles Gordon, of Aberdeen, 
was at that time a student of the college, and helped to hide it. In 
1814 it was taken from its hiding place, and transferred to the Scotch 
Benedictine Convent in Paris, and was brought to Scotland in 1830 


For Young Men and Maids : 


I. Near an hundred Riddles with Pidures, and a Kej to 

II. Two true Lovers Knots. ( each. 

III. Several Maggots and Whimfies to puzzle Lovers. 

IV. Cupid's Cabinet opened; Or, a new fecret waj of 

V. An Hieroglyphical Letter in Verfe. ( Writing. 

VI. A new True Lover's Knot. 

VII. The Tunbridge Love-Letter. 

VIII. Wit and Folly in Amaze. 

IX. The Trial of Ingenuity. 

X. Pofies for Rings. 

XI. A Fancy in Hieroglyphicks that may be read 3 Ways. 
And thefe following Things ( which are not in the 

Counterfeit Book are here added. 

1 A Minadab the Quaker's Letter to Tabitha. 

2 Sifter Tabitba's Anfwer to Fnend Aminadab. 

3 Another True Lover's Knot. 

4 A Fancy that may be read Twenty Ways. 

5 The Woman's Queftion. 

6 Keys explaining all the Hieroglyphical Letters and Fancies 

fo that the meaneft Capacity may read them. 

Two Women meeting three Men, one asks the other, 
What arc thefe three Men ? To which she anfwers, 

The first by the Father's side is my Brother, 

So is the fecond, in right of my Mother, 

The third is my Husband lawfully begot. 

Yet all three are Brothers for a Pot. 

Without Hurt, or Lineage in any Degree, 

Now pray tell to me how can this be? 

Printed and Sold by WILLIAM and CLUER DICEY, 

at the Printing-office in Bow-Church- Yard, London. 

N. h* This Impression contains more Fancies than any other. 


Curiosities of Northamptonshire Printing. 265 

by the late Bishop PatisoD, and deposited in Blair*s College. This 
painting is recognised as one of the very first authentic portraits of 
Queen Mary. The portrait at Windsor is supposed to be a copy of 
this picture. At the top right hand corner of this portrait the arms of 
Scotland are painted, at the left hand corner is the inscription *' in 
Latin, ascribing her death to perfidy and possible cruelty of the 
English parliament. " At the bottom of the left hand comer is a 
representation of the execution of Queen Mary, above which is painted 
AViA. [ ? A vla] fod RiNOHAMii.** There are other inscriptions. " It is 
very probable that this portrait may have been painted by Amyas 
Cawood, for Jane Kennedy and Elizabeth Curie after their removal to 
France. The portrait of the decapitated head at Abbotsford is signed 
Amyas Cawood, and be may have painted this Portrait from a drawing 
made in Queen Mary's lifetime.** Ed. 

382. — Clarke, Fry, and Howbtt: aueries. — I am anxious 
to know where the following persons lived. Their signatures occur 
in old bibles in the possession of my family : — Thomas Clarke, 1676. 
Richard Fry, 1646. Thomas Howett, 1698. 

Kingsiborpe. A. H. 

383. — Curiosities op Northamptonshire Printing (3a4)« 
— The second place in this series I have allotted to another of the 
Dicey chap-books. To illustrate its nature I cannot do better than 
refer to the title-page, which appears in facsimile on the opposite 

The copy now before me was probably published prior to 1756, 
as in December of that year the name of Wilham Dicey disappears 
for ever from the imprint of the Northampton Mercury, being 
succeeded by that of Cluer Dicey, which later on became Dicey 
and Son. Doubtless the book, which is a duodecimo of 24 
pages, passed through many editions, of which this was clearly 
not the first or even an early one, since the title-page alludes 
to a "Counterfeit Book,*' and declares that "This impression 
contains more fancies than any other.*' The type and blocks, 
moreover, have many indications of long use. As to the contents, 
pages 2 to 10 are occupied with a long series of riddles, each one of 
which has a small woodcut representing the answer, a key being 
added at the foot of each page. As many of these riddles are 
extremely curious I append two or three specimens. The first in the 
list reads : 

" Least of all numbers, yet doth get 
Yiotory o're Kings, and them defeat." 

266 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

The answer is, *' Ace of Trumps." No. 47 is as follows : — 

" When I went by the way, 
I found a thing in a lock of Hay, 
'Twas neither, Fish, Flesh nor Bone, 
Yet I kept it till it went alone.*' 

The figure of an "egg*' explains this; while a hive of bees gives 
answer to no. j8 : — 

" We dwell in Cottages of straw, 
Labour much but reap no Gain, 
Sweets from us our Masters draw. 
But don't regard us for our Pain." 

Many of the riddles are of too free a nature to reproduce here. 

On pages 11 and 1% are keys to several puzzles which appear 
later on ; the next page displays a rhymed puzzle entitled " Wit and 
Folly in a Maze," of which I give a rough representation^ considerably 
reduced in size: — 

WIT and FOLLY in a Maze. 

had both 
lent my 
ask'd my 
loft my 

of neither thought I ftore. 
and took his word therefore 
and nought but words I got 
for fue him I would not. 


At laft with 
So got I 
If I had 
I'd keep my 

came my 
but my 
and a 
and my 

which pleas'd me very well, 
away quite from me fell, 
as I have had before, 
and play the Fool no more. 

I had both Honey and a Friend, Of Neither thought I Store, I lent my 
Money to my Friend, And took his Word therefore, I ask'd my Money of my 
Friend, and nought but Words I got, I lost my Money and my Friend, For sue 
him I would not. At last with Money came my Friend which pleas'd me very 
well. So got I money, but my friend away quite from me fell. If I had 
money and a Friend as I have had before, I'd keep my Money and my Friend 
and play the Fool no more. 

Curiosities of Northamptonshire Printing. 267 

The upper portion of p. 14 is filled with '* An Hieroglyphical 
Letter in Verse/* while at the foot is given " The Art of Secret 
"Writing," which is thus explained : — 

Make the Characters according to the 
Form of the Figures, wherein the Letters 
stand, the first hath no Dot in it, the second 
one, and the third two Dots, so that you'll 
find the Alphabet to stand thus. 

a i) c 





q r s 

t li 

W X 

y z 




J J J u u u L L L a 3 a 

nopqr s tuwxyz 

□ III H c E E "n n ri r i_ 

If, therefore, I wished to write " Northampton '* in this ' 
method,*' I must proceed as follows : — 


n □ II "1 L J 3 

This invention would certainly not commend itself to a shorthand 
writer. The following page (ij) shows "A New Way of Secret 
Writing, which none can read but those who have the Key." This 
device is simple enough, merely consisting in the substitution of one 
letter for another, as shown underneath : — 

nopq rstuwxyz 

For the first row of letters use those in the second row and vice 
versa. Thus for use h, for w, i ; for s^ f: and so on, as in the 
sentence following : — 

God above encrease our Love, 
Tbq nobhr rapemfr bhe Ybhr. 

A curious " never-ending " puzzle occupies the greater portion of 
this last-mentioned page, at the foot of which is a ''never-failing 
Receipt to cure Love." Page 16 contains "The Welshman's Letter 
to his Sweetheart," and " Maggots to Puzzle Lovers " with a Key to 
the latter J next comes "The Trial of Ingenuity," occupying the 
whole of page 17 and consisting of a block puzzle similar to that on 
p. 13. Page 18 is entirely taken up by "The Tunbridge Love 
Letter/' an elaborate hieroglyphical puzzle in the style of the specimen 

268 Northamptonshire Notes and Queries. 

page given below; on p. 19 is **The Epsom Lady's Answer/' and 
pp. 20 and a 1 contain respectively ** Friend Aminadab*s Letter " and 
" Tabitha's Answer'* —all very similar productions. 

The two following pages present other puzzles, and the last is 
occupied by '* An Hieroglyphical Love Letter," which is here repro- 
duced as a specimen of the blocks used in this entertaining little 

An Hieroglyphical Love-Letter. 

Tis Love alone 
Makes two but one. 
This and the Giver 
Are thine for ever. 
Where hearts Agree 
No strife can be. 

Love's Knot once ti'd 
who can divide. 
In her Breast 
My Heart doth rest, 
I trust in time 
Thou wilt be mine. 


God above 
Increase our Love 
we are Agreed 
In time to speed. 
Nought so sweet 
As when we greet. 

F. T. 




With the most loiiern and ScieBtlflc AppilaDces, 

'|31umbmg, (ias-Jittinj, ^dl-Panging, 






^ VERY Lafkgb & Fine ^tock op J'apeh-^angings. 


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